Asbestos in Buildings and Health Effects
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Asbestos in Buildings and Health Effects

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Asbestos in Buildings and Health Effects

Asbestos in Buildings and Health Effects

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Asbestos in Buildings and Health Effects Asbestos in Buildings and Health Effects Presentation Transcript

  • Asbestos in Buildings and Health Effects Alan M. Ducatman, MD, MSc Chair, Department of Community Medicine [email_address]
  • Asbestos-Containing Building Materials (ACBM) Source: www.tradewinderealty.com , via the Google Images Library, 2006.
  • Asbestos-Containing Building Materials (ACBM) Source: www.committeeforbetterschools.org , via Google Images Library, 2006.
  • Examples of ACBM
    • Pipe coatings and coverings
    • Spray-on and textured materials, including acoustics
    • Textured paints, patching and joint compounds
    • Shingles and siding
    • Boiler/furnace insulation
  • Examples of ACBM
    • Vinyl floor tiles, flooring sheets, and adhesive
    • Building insulation
    • Sealants and coatings
    • Fireproof textiles and lab equipment
    • Heat register tape and fuse box liners
    • Gaskets
  • Trades with Exposure Risk
    • pipefitters
    • insulators
    • electricians
    • mill and foundry workers
    • boiler makers
    • laborers
    • carpenters
    • heating/ventilation workers
    • masons
    • welders
  • Trades with Lesser Exposure Risk
    • mechanics
    • painters
    • custodians
  • Chrysotile Source: Chrysotile Institute, 2006.
  • Amphibole Electron micrograph of amphibole particles, from www.nature.com , via the Google Images Library, 2006.
  • American Lung Association, 2006
  • White Blood Cell Ingesting Asbestos Fiber Image of lung macrophages (a type of white blood cell) ingesting asbestos fibers. University of Utah Library of Medicine, 2006
  • Asbestos fibers lodged in lungs, ATSDR web site, http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/asbestos/asbestos/health_effects/ . Accessed 6/20/06.
  • Normal lung cells, http://medocs.ucdavis.edu/PMD/study_aid/OrganPages/respiratory/respiratory.htm , via Google Images Library, 2006.
  • Pulmonary Function Test A portrayal of a pulmonary function test, from www.slate.com , via the Google Images Library, 2006
  • Abnormal chest x-ray showing changes of asbestosis. Rachel Rubin, MD, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, IL, 2006.
  • Normal chest x-ray, www.szote.u-szeged.hu/radio/mellk1/mellk2b/gif , via Google Images Library, 2006.
  • Lung x-ray showing pleural plaque. Rachel Rubin, MD, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, IL, 2006.
  • Scanning electron micrograph of lung cancer cells, ATSDR web site, http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/asbestos/asbestos/health_effects/ . Accessed 6/20/06.
  • Malignant Mesothelioma Source: www.41-mesothelioma.com/pleural.htm , via the Google Images Library, 2006
  • Malignant Mesothelioma Source: University of Utah Library of Medicine, 2006.
  • Source: Pathology Lecture, Alan M. Ducatman, MD.
  • Source: Pathology Lecture, Alan M. Ducatman, MD.
  • Source: Pathology Lecture, Alan M. Ducatman, MD.
  • Source: Pathology Lecture, Alan M. Ducatman, MD.
  • Source: Pathology Lecture, Alan M. Ducatman, MD.
  • Source: Pathology Lecture, Alan M. Ducatman, MD.
  • A Vignette
    • The 71-year-old parking guard at the hospital presents with excruciating inspiratory pain.
    • Physical examination reveals LLL effusion and probable consolidation.
    • There is pleural thickening.
    • Tap shows possibly malignant cells of undetermined type.
  • Source: Pathology Lecture, Alan M. Ducatman, MD.
  • WVU Buildings Containing Asbestos
    • Most buildings and homes built prior to 1980 were constructed with asbestos-containing building materials.
    • For example. . . .
  • Agricultural Sciences Building Source: Craig Lefevre, WVU Office of Environmental Health and Safety, 2006.
  • Agricultural Sciences Building: Textured Ceiling (15% asbestos) and Floor Tile (5% asbestos) Source: Craig Lefevre, WVU Office of Environmental Health and Safety, 2006.
  • Percival Hall Source: Craig Lefevre, WVU Office of Environmental Health and Safety, 2006.
  • Percival Hall: Tank Insulation (65% asbestos) Source: Craig Lefevre, WVU Office of Environmental Health and Safety, 2006.
  • Percival Hall: Pipe Insulation (45% asbestos) Source: Craig Lefevre, WVU Office of Environmental Health and Safety, 2006.
  • Mountainlair Source: Craig Lefevre, WVU Office of Environmental Health and Safety, 2006.
  • Mountainlair: Floor Tile (5% asbestos) Source: Craig Lefevre, WVU Office of Environmental Health and Safety, 2006.
  • List of WVU Buildings
    • http://www.hsc.wvu.edu/som/cmed/extra/asbestos_buildings.asp yields a list of buildings whose materials may contain 1% or more asbestos.
  • Enclosure for asbestos removal, from Google Images Library, 2006.