Supplemental Unit    Islamic World
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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • Muhammad (570-632)
      • Caravan trader living in Mecca
      • First teachings of the Koran revealed by the Angel Gabriel in 610
      • Koran – the Islamic holy book
      • Rejected by the people of Mecca
      • Accepted by the people of Medina (Medina was the first Muslim city)
      • Led an army back to Mecca in 632 and conquered the city without a fight
      • Died in 632
      • Seen as a prophet – the final prophet from God
  • 3.
    • Islam – submission to Allah
    • Muslim – one who submits to Allah
    • Allah – Arabic word for God (Arabic Christians and Jews use the same word)
    • Muslims pray to the same god as Christians and Jews
    • Muslims see Jesus as a very holy man, but still a man (a prophet from God
    • Jews and Christians are considered “people of the book”
  • 4.
      • One god, Allah and Mohammad is the Prophet
      • Prayer – 5X/day facing Mecca
      • Alms to the poor
      • Fasting during Ramadan
      • The Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca
    The Five Pillars
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.
    • Largely through military conquest
      • Jihad (holy war)
      • Within 100 years, Muslims conquer territory from Holy Land to the Iberian Peninsula
      • Displays weakness of Byzantine Empire
      • Stopped in the West at the Battle of Tours (732)
    The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
      • To the West (North Africa and Europe)
  • 8.
    • Largely through trade
      • Attraction as a religion of salvation
      • Arab traders control trade throughout the Indian Ocean
      • Largest Islamic country is Indonesia
      • India is 25% Muslim
      • Spices and tea trade will be important for later units
    TheTaj Mahal
      • To the East (Asia and India)
  • 9.
      • Attraction as a religion of salvation
      • Berber traders cross the Sahara Desert
      • Timbuktu in Mali becomes a center of Islamic learning with a great library
      • Islamic proverb states that "Salt comes from the north, gold from the south, but the word of God and the treasures of wisdom come from Timbuktu.“
    Mosque in Timbuktu
  • 10.  
  • 11.
      • Draws on Greek, Persian, and Indian sources
      • Mathematics, astronomy and medicine
      • Idea that learning is a gift from Allah
      • Algebra, the Zero and Surgery
      • Developed the first hospitals where the sick could be treated by professionals
      • Advances become important components of later western culture, although it will take Christian loses in the Crusades to bring many Arab cultural ideas to Europe
    Islamic Science and Medicine