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Spain(Sem3)  3

Spain(Sem3) 3



Created by Colour Kong ,Connie Ngai ,Trish Liu Twinkle Tang, Onyx Tsang

Created by Colour Kong ,Connie Ngai ,Trish Liu Twinkle Tang, Onyx Tsang



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    Spain(Sem3)  3 Spain(Sem3) 3 Presentation Transcript

    • HTM 2118 Hospitality and Culture
      • Spain
      • Seminar 3
      • Group members: Colour Kong Connie Ngai Trish Liu Twinkle Tang Onyx Tsang
    • Spain – brief introduction
      • Area: 504,030 km² - the 2 nd largest country in Western Europe and the European Union
      • Main Cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Seville
      • Population: 46 million people
      • Official Language: Spanish Regional Languages: Aranese, Basque, Catalan/Valencian, Galician
      • Currency: Euro (€)
      • Capital and the Largest City: Madrid
      • Religions: over 90% of citizen are Roman Catholic
    • Spain – brief introduction
      • Form of Government: Constitutional Monarchy
      • Head of State: King Juan Carlos
      • President: José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero
      • Tourism: 57,4 million visitors per year (2008)
      • GDP 2008 (nominal): $1.395 trillion
      • Spain's economy is the 9 th largest worldwide and the 5 th largest in Europe
    • Map of Spain
    • Geography
      • Located at the Iberian Península
      • In the southwest of Europe
      • 5 big mountain ranges crossing the country
      • Landscapes are extremely varied, some almost desert-like, others green and fertile
      • The long coasts - in the east along Mediterranean Sea from Pyrenees to Gibraltar - in the west along the Atlantic Ocean and Cantabrian Sea
    • Climate and Weather
      • Extremely diverse
      • 3 major climatic types: Continental, Oceanic, and Mediterranean
      • Extreme temperature records
      • Rain fall – northern mountains
    • History of Spain
      • 1212 - Decisive Christian victory at battle of Navas de Tolosa spells the beginning of the end of Moorish rule in Spain
      • 1492 - Jews are forced to convert to Christianity, those who refuse are expelled from Spain; Christopher Columbus sets sail on his voyage of discovery
      • 1702-14 - War of Spanish Succession; Bourbon dynasty accedes to Spanish throne
      • 1726 - bullfighting introduced to Spain
      • 1931 - Spanish king is forced to abdicate; Spain becomes a republic
      • 1936-39 - Spanish Civil War; Dictatorship established
      • 1975 - Becomes constitutional monarchy
      • 1992 - Barcelona hosted the Olympic Games; Seville the world exposition EXPO'92
    • Impacts of History
      • Architecture
      • Festival and events
      • Food
      • Clothing
      • Religion
      • Sports
    • Religion
      • Spain is a traditional Catholic country
      • Over 90% of citizens are Catholic
      • Also have others religion, just like Islam and Muslims
      • Many old churches were built in Spain
    • Impact of religion on tourism
      • As tourist attractions
      • Appreciation on Gothic style Churches
      • Some Catholics will come for pilgrimage
    • Impact of religion on tourism Church in Seville
    • Festivals
      • religious in origin
      • for celebrations nowadays
      • towns and national in scale
    • 3 major festivals in spain Las Fallas
      • held in Valencia
      • in March
      • origin from mid-century
      • origined from carpenters worshipped San Jose
      • held before spring
      • competition of making fallas winning fallas would be put in EL Museo Fallero
      • Bonfire is built to burn the fallas that are made of wood
      • night-time parade
    • 3 major festivals in spain San fermin
      • held on 14th July, last for 8 days
      • in Pamplona
      • worship San Fermin
      • bull-fight (las Corridas) - human’s ability
      • bull run
      • dance with bulls
      • parade with their head wrapped in a red cloth
      • Impact on hospitality: - tourists are more than local people to participate - deep-routed and traditional culture - controversial
    • 3 major festivals in spain feria de abril
      • 1874, market for exchanging livestock
      • important industry in the past
      • celebrate successful exchange
      • elements of dancing, drinking overtaken exchanging livestock nowadays
      • formal and elegant-dressed knight riding on carriages
      • impacts on hospitality: tradition and local culture attract tourists
    • festivals relate to entertainment
      • San AntonioAbad - dance and music - bless the animals of Barcelona
      • Winter Carnival -coloured customs -fancy-dress parade -It was banned due to religious and political reasons
      • Tamborrada -march, drums -San Sebastian streets
      • Tomato Throwing Festival - 30,000 people - good spirit: clean up
    • Festivals’ impact on hospitality
      • visit Consistently
      • one of the major attractions of tourists
      • traditional, legendary festival
      • promote spain culture
      • religious origin provides inspirations
      • casual in nature thus would come back
      • have fun is the key
      • emphasis on food, music, dancing
    • Architecture
    • Architecture
      • 12 th century Gothic style
      • Cathedral de Toledo Cathedrals of Burgos
    • Architecture
      • 15 th and 16 th century Plateresque style
      • University of Alcalá
      • University of Salamanca
    • Architecture
      • 16 th century to the early 18 th century
      • baroque style
      • El Escorial
      • Convento de Catedral de Santiago
      • San Esteban de Compostela
    • Architecture
      • Visigoth and Neoclassical Style
      • Romanesque styles
      • Monasterio de las Huelgas
      Madrid- Prado
    • Architecture
      • 19th century Spanish Colonial
      • Neo-Mudéjar Style architecture
      • Communications Palace The church of Santa Prisca
      • of Madrid
    • Architecture
      • 20th century Contemporary
      • Catalan Modernism architecture
      • Sant pau
      • pavilion
    • Impact on Hospitality
      • extraordinarily rich in art and architecture
      • coexistence of diversity cultures
      • appreciation
      • Historical architecture
      • Historical tourism development
      • Tourists come to marry in Spain’s church
    • Traditional spanish clothing Mantilla
      • A light lace or silk scarf worn over head and shoulers
      • over a high comb, peineta, by women
      • traditional Spanish garment
      • religious celebration
      • using pins
    • Gilet
      • sleeveless jacket like a waistcoat
      • waist-to knee -length
      • straight -sided
      • In the past, they were fitted and embroidered
      • In 19-century, dress bodice shaped liked man’s waistcoat
    • Flamenco Dressing
      • many different costumes
      • women in black red, or white frilly dresses
      • many ruffles, high heels, hair in bun, rose behind ear
      • men wear black or red tuxedo undershorts with classic pants
      • spirit of Spanish life
    • Impacts of clothing on tourism
      • relax by dressed casually
      • special and formal during festivals
      • red in San Fermin
    • Marriage
    • Marriage in Spain
      • Marriage formalities in Spain
      • Civil and religious (Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish and Muslim) marriages
      • Same-sex marriage
      • for people over 18
      • religious ceremony involving a foreigner requires the Bishopric's permission
    • Marriage customs in Spain
      • traditional white dress or a genuine flamenco dress
      • several flower girls and boys
      • unlucky for the bride to see the groom the night before the wedding
      • During the ceremony,
      • rings will be exchanged, and these will be worn on the right hand
      • The bride and groom will often
      • exchange a pouch of 13 gold coins
    • Impact on hospitality
      • homosexual couples are attracted
          • new marriage law
          • homosexual is generally accepted
          • vacation destination for the gay community
      • Catholics are attracted - religious marriages
    • Family structure
      • Low divorce rate
      • emphasizes family ties
    • Family structure
      • Imply Spanish care the relationship between each one including the guest-host relationship
    • Others issues of Family
      • policies support family
      • policies protecting the family
      • family aid measures in the tax area
    • family Impacts on hospitality
      • passionate and friendly to tourists
      • Harmonious society is created
      • less focus on business
      • People can concentrate on their work (benefit to tourism industry)
    • sex discrimination
      • hinders women’ participation in the labour marker
      • some women’s decision to work was subject to the will of the head of the family on which she legally depended
      • Spanish women have about two hours less free time than men
    • age discrimination
      • no significant age discrimination
    • racial discrimination
      • Lack of awareness of issues of racism and racial discrimination
      • Racial discrimination -employment -housing and access to public places still affects the daily lives
    • Impacts of racial discrimination
      • Pay attention on their thought so that you would not embarrass them
      • Don’t be a racist
      • Little negative effects
      • create harmonious and coexistence environment
    • Food
      • el desayuno ( breakfast)
      • café con leche magdalenas sugary churros
      • (small sweet cakes ) (Spanish doughnuts)
    • Food
      • Hot chocolate lemon flavored
      • torrijas cupcakes
    • Food
      • La Comida & La Cena (Lunch & Dinner)
      • Tapas Tortilla de Patata
      • (Omelet)
      • Potatoes Bravas
    • Food
      • Game Hen
      • with Paella
      • Mushrooms wine (rice dish)
      Pork Scratchings
    • Food-Desserts & Foodstuffs
      • Marzipan Panellets
      Cabrales blue Cheese
    • Food
      • cured ham
      • dried pig legs
      • Fried food
    • Fast Food
    • Fast Food
      • a strong growth of international food restaurants
      • the Middle Eastern fast food outlets that augmented by 250% from 2002 to 2007
      • Many fast food restaurant opened in Spain due to the fast food culture
    • Fast Food
      • approximately -14% regularly consumes ready food -48% occasionally
      • Spaniards view chilled ready food as modern, innovative, natural and healthy
      • Sales of ready meals grew by 7% in 2008 to reach €1.6 billion
      • Hamburger and sandwich restaurants both lifted sales
      • obesity population is increasing
    • Restaurant Culture
      • Meals are “eating out” style
      • 32% of the total consumption on food 2009 is consumed outside home
      • Sunday lunches are of great importance to many Spaniards families
      • Rising demand for eating out, fast food solutions and convenience food
      • value-added-tax is usually included in restaurant bills
    • Eating culture
      • Relaxing life style
      • Have lunch at 2 p.m.
      • Dinner at 9 p.m.
      • Shops close at lunch time till 5 p.m.
    • Tipping culture
      • Hotel and restaurant bills usually include service charges
      • additional tips are welcomed for services rendered
      • tips of about 10% are expected
      • Drivers of metered taxis expect small tips
      • it is customary to tip 5-10% for most services, including guides
    • About Spanish Drinking
      • Spain is a traditional wine drinking countries
      • shift in demand for alcoholic beverages
      • total wine consumption has slightly decreased
      • beer, cava and spirits consumption have increased
      • wine consumption is higher in small villages
      • cava, beer and non-alcoholic beverages consumption is higher in the largest towns
    • Food & Beverage comsumption
      • Meat 26%
      • Fruit and Vegetables 20%
      • Fish 16%
      • Dairy Products 14%
      • Bread 7%
      • Soft drinks & beer 4%
      • Cakes, Pastry 4%
      • Prepared food 3%
      • Olive Oil 3%
      • Eggs & potatoes 3%
    • Impacts of food culture on hospitality
      • Tourists need to adopt the tipping culture
      • Night life – wine and music
      • Regular meals, lifestyle
      • Restaurants will not run overnight
      • attract meat lovers
      • International restaurant is not very common -psychocentric tourists difficult to adapt
      • enjoy unique traditional Spanish dishes
    • music characteristic
      • Flamenco and the spanish
      • songs of the time is presumed to be closely related to the style of Moorish music
      • Early 16th century :Renaissance and Baroque
      • 17th century the "classical" musical culture was in decline
      • Musical creativity mainly moved into areas of folk and popular music until the nationalist revival of the late Romantic era
    • music characteristic
      • Enthusiasm, optimistic, out-going
      • Full of cultural elements in the society
    • music style
      • Flamenco: traditional folk music
      • Lacked the prestige of art forms among the middle and higher levels at this time of persecution.
      • The Gitanos have been fundamental in maintaining this art form, but they have an oral culture.
    • music style
      • Special music style is national in color and distinctive national features
    • Dance
      • Spanish classical dance :incorporates characteristics of folklore
      • associated with the passionate stereotype of Spain that was portrayed during the dictatorship and that still exists today.
    • Dance
      • Active, colourful, positive
      • Suit first time visitors
    • public transport
      • mainly operated by the state-company
      • Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Espales (RENFE)
      • AVE High speed network
      • suits European standard
      • available for 300 persons
      • arrive in 5 minutes
      Map of the AVE lines
    • Public transport
      • Different kinds of trains in Spain
      Alaris Trenhotel Euromed Intercity rail Talgo
    • public transport
      • supplemented networks: - FFCC city lines in Barcelona -private railways
      • short distance trains= tram
      • suburban commuter trains : - second class - stop at all station
      • Benefits of train: -cheap travel -deep insights of wealth of history
      • Cons of train: - slow
    • Other Public transport
      • Bus:
      • Most buses don’t have lots of seats
      • urban buses are quite slow
      • most towns have bus terminal, but may not stop at every stop
      • Taxi
      • governed by strict legislation
      • tipping is customary 5-10%
      • Metro
      • metro lines in Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia
      • fast, cheap
      • crowded
    • Impacts of transport on hospitality
      • User-friendly for tourists and local people
      • Safe travelling experience
      • Confident for tourists to ride on
      • Systematic Network - convenient to travel around
      • Multiple choices for people - buses,metro,trains,etc.
      • Fast and accessible - more time to visit more places
    • Sports
    • Bullfighting
      • also known as tauromachy
      • a traditional spectacle
      • The bullfighter(matador) will hold a red cloth to attract the bull
      • dressed in a traditional costume
      • one or more bulls are ritually killed in a bullring as a public spectacle
      Bullfighting Sword
    • Bullfighting
      • Is end when the matador is killed or the bull is killed
      • some cases resulted in injury or even death of the performer
      • usually concludes with the death of the bull by a sword
      A Dead matador (bullfighter) A dying bull killed by sword
    • Bullfighting
      • Survived bull will be kept for breeding strong bulls
      • Some protests are aroused about the dangerous of young matador and the cruelness of killing of bulls
    • Impact of Tourism on Bullfighting
      • As a major attraction
      • As a symbol of Spain
      • A part of tourists itinerary
      • Usually from November to April, number of tourists were attracted at that time
      • Famous bullring in Seville
      • Young matador is admired and getting famous on media
      • Famous in Seville
      A bullfighting ring
    • Soccer
      • Enthusiastic in soccer
      • It is the most popular sports in Spain
      • Football Clubs like FC Barcelona and Real Madrid, are so traditional and attract so many tourists
      • Primera división de Liga holds every year
      • One of the highest quality football leagues in the world
    • Soccer
      • Spain national team got the champion in Euro 2008
    • Soccer
      • Barcelona Football club
      Messi Camp Nou: The biggest football stadium in Europe Can hold 96000 people
    • Impact of tourism on Soccer
      • There are tours and museum for fans to visit the stadium of Camp Nou and other football clubs
      • Many tourists from all over the world are attracted to visit the matches
      • They want to feel the atmosphere
      • For the tour to Camp Nou, a adult is cost 17,00 €
    • Impact of tourism on Soccer
      • There are tours especially for visiting a big soccer match
      • An example is Real Madrid versus Barcelona
      • It is an attraction for tourists to buy club’s souvenirs
      • Real Madrid has the highest average all-time attendance in Spanish football and regularly attracts over 65,000 fans to their football stadium in a season
    • Tennis
      • Also one of the popular sports in Spain
      • Many excellent players, like Rafael Nadal:
      • A former World no.1 tennis player
    • Culture
      • Low-context culture
      • - most information is contained in the spoken words
      • Individualism – individual value
      • Masculinity orientation
      • – the roles of male is more important traditionally
      • Dynamism orientation
    • COnclusion
      • unique, traditional culture
      • passionate, open-minded to tourists
    • REderence
      • http://travel.state.gov/law/citizenship/citizenship_763.html/
      • http://www.spanishpropertyworld.com/
      • http://www.spain-info.com /
      • http://www.red2000.com/spain/primer/arch.html
      • http://architecture.about.com/od/countriescultures/p/spain.htm
      • http://www.torontohispano.com/columnas/cartas/cartas43.shtml
      • http:// www.freshfields.com/publications/pdfs/2007/mar14/17971.pdf
      • http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/eyeq/uploaded_files/documents/country_sheet_es_en.pdf
      • Garcia,m & Saturnino, J. (2007). 6th ESA CONFERENCE MURCIA 2003 RESEARCH NETWORKS9 Sociology of Families and Intimate Lives Family structure effects over children education level and status attainment in Spain .
      • Stanton, Edward F. (1999). Handbook of Spanish popular culture. : Greenwood Press.