Ap Midterm Review
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AP euro jepoardy review

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Ap Midterm Review Presentation Transcript

  • 1. AP EURO Review
  • 2. t Inventions Continent Social “ Class” Britain America
  • 3. Inventions 100 Points
    • The British industrial entrepreneur Richard Arkwright invented what?
  • 4. Inventions 200 Points
    • The first step toward the Industrial Revolution in Britain occurred within its…
    • A. cotton textile industry
    • B. mining industry
    • C. iron industry
    • D. railroad industry
  • 5. Inventions300 Points
    • Britain's Cotton industry in the 18 th century…
    • A. could not keep up with French textile production
    • B. was responsible for the creation of the first modern.
    • C. declined due to the lack of technical innovation.
    • D. immediately fell apart with the success of the Industrial Revolution.
  • 6. Inventions 400 Points
    • In the inventions of the steam Engine in Britain was initially triggered by
    • A. the textile industry’s demand for new sources of power
    • B. problems in the mining industry.
    • C. railroad industry's call for more efficient power.
    • D.The need for a more efficient mode of power for ships.
  • 7. Inventions 500 Points
    • Which of the following inventions proved vital to the industrialization of the British cotton manufacture.?
    • A. flying shuttle
    • B.Hargreaver’s jenny
    • C.Crompton’s mule
    • D.Cartwright’s power loom
    • E.All of the above
  • 8. Continent 100 points
    • Industrialization began on the continent first in
    • A. Spain and Italy
    • B. Belgium and Germany
    • C. Russia and Sweden
    • D. Norway and Denmark
  • 9. Continent 200 points
    • Freidrich List’s National systems of political economy
    • A. advocated protective tariffs to protect industrialization in Germany
    • B. Paved the way for joint stock banks
    • C. Blasted the misguided investments policies of the credit Mobilier
    • D. Encouraged the British to offer technical advice on industrialization to the continent.
  • 10. Continent 300 points
    • Continental industrialization differed from great Britain's in that the continent
    • A. industrialized more through the private capital
    • B. Was dependent on joint stock investment banks
    • C. Invested in the latest equipment
    • D. Never established technical school to train workers.
  • 11. Continent 400 points
    • By 1850, all of the following countries were close to Britain in industrial output except.
    • A. Russia
    • B. Belgium
    • C. The US
    • D. France
  • 12. Continent 500 points
    • The industrial revolution on the continent…
    • A. Was a generation behind Britain in cotton manufacture
    • B. Neglected coal and iron technology
    • C. Benefited from the discovery of vast coal
    • D. Would remain permanently behind Britain
  • 13. America 100 points
    • The industrial revolution in the US…
    • A. Never matched Britain
    • B. Employed large numbers of women in factories
    • C. Utilized many unskilled workers
    • D. Occurred predominately in the south
  • 14. America 200 points
    • Due to the size of the country industrialization in the US was dependent upon…
    • A. substantial labor source
    • B. Improved technology
    • C. Better industrial methodology
    • D. A good system of transportation.
  • 15. America 300 points
    • By 1860 what percent of the population in the cities held 80% of the wealth in America?
    • A. 10
    • B. 30
    • C. 60
    • D. 75
  • 16. America 400 points
    • Compared to Britain, American industrialization was a capital-intensive endeavor because…
    • Britain had more unskilled laborers
    • There was a labor shortage in America
    • There was a skilled labor surplus in Britain.
    • There was a far larger pool of unskilled workers in America.
  • 17. America 500 points
  • 18. Social 100 points
    • By 1850, the European population
    • Could not be closely looked at by the government
    • Was close to figures form 1800
    • Over 150 million
    • Over 250 million
  • 19. Social 200 points
    • The European population explosion of the 19 th century
    • Is mainly explained by an increase in births
    • Is explained by a disappearance of famine
    • Lack of emigration
    • Occurred despite a reoccurrence of major diseases
  • 20. Social 300 points
    • The only European country with a declining population in the 19 th century…
    • Ireland
    • Italy
    • Austria
    • France
  • 21. Social 400 points
    • Urbanization in the first half of the 19 th century
    • Was more dramatic for the cont. then Great Britain
    • Caused over 50% of Russian population to live in cities
    • Was a phenomenon tied to industrialization
    • Accounted for widespread poverty.
  • 22. Social 500 points
    • Which of the following statements best applies to urban life in 19 th century?
    • Government intervention prevented consumer fraud
    • A decline in death rates
  • 23. Britain 100 points
    • The new set of values established by factory owners during the Industrial Revolution.
    • was rejected by evangelical religions as being “unchristian.”
    • was basically a continuation from the cottage industry system.
    • was never adopted by the working class.
    • relegated the worker to a life of harsh discipline subject to the clock and the rigors of highly competitive wage labor.
  • 24. Britain 200 points
    • The most frequent method employed to make the many very young boys and girls working in new British industries obey the owner’s factory discipline was
    • Repeated beatings
    • Bribes of candy
    • Heavy fines for lost time
    • Lectures and schooling in the rules to parents
  • 25. Britain 300 points
    • The rise of the industrial factory system deeply affected the lives and status of workers who now
    • Were often pain in kind
    • No longer owned the means of economic production and could only sell their labor for a wage
    • Were less vulnerable to more rapid cycles of economic boom and bust
    • Got both good wages and fringe benefits
  • 26. Britain 400 points
    • The Great Exhibition of 1851
    • Showed how the Industrial Revolution had produced wealth from the coal mines of England
    • Displayed Great Britain’s industrial wealth to the world.
    • Was housed in the Royal Palace
    • Showed British agriculture technology to the world.
  • 27. Britain 500 points
    • One of the chief reasons why Europe lagged behind England in industrialization was
    • A lack of banking facilities
    • A lack of roads and means of transportation
    • A lack of manpower
    • A lack of capital for investment
  • 28. “ Class” 100 points
    • Edwin Chadwick:
    • Was a leader in expressing the dislike of the middle class for the working poor.
    • Wrote the Treatise on the Iron Law of Wages .
    • Advocated modern sanitary reforms that resulted in Britain’s first Public Health Act
    • Was representative of the new entrepreneurial, industrial class
  • 29. “ Class” 200 points
    • Members of the new industrial entrepreneurial class in the early 19 th century
    • Particularly excluded aristocrats.
    • Were responsible for the predominance of giant corporate firms.
    • Were usually resourceful individuals with diverse social backgrounds.
    • Were more often from the lower classes than the bourgeoisie
  • 30. “ Class” 300 points
    • The new social class of industrial workers in the early Industrial Revolution
    • Did not include women at all
    • Worked under appallingly dangerous conditions for incredibly long hours at the mercy of profit-making bosses
    • Excluded large numbers of children from factory work
    • Unionized and achieved a good amount of political power
  • 31. “ Class” 400 points
    • Working conditions in the early decades of the Industrial Revolution
    • Were poor in all areas except for pottery and craft workshops
    • Were poor despite close government regulation of factories
    • Were satisfactory in the coal mines following the invention of steam power
    • Were probably worse in cotton mills with their high temperatures and hazardous air
  • 32. “ Class” 500 points
    • The Industrial Revolution’s effect on the standard of living
    • Especially benefitted the middle classes
    • Led to much increased disparity between the richest and poorest classes in society
    • Eventually led to an overall increase in real wages for the working classes
    • All of the above