Ap Midterm Review


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AP euro jepoardy review

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Ap Midterm Review

  1. 1. AP EURO Review
  2. 2. t Inventions Continent Social “ Class” Britain America
  3. 3. Inventions 100 Points <ul><li>The British industrial entrepreneur Richard Arkwright invented what? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Inventions 200 Points <ul><li>The first step toward the Industrial Revolution in Britain occurred within its… </li></ul><ul><li>A. cotton textile industry </li></ul><ul><li>B. mining industry </li></ul><ul><li>C. iron industry </li></ul><ul><li>D. railroad industry </li></ul>
  5. 5. Inventions300 Points <ul><li>Britain's Cotton industry in the 18 th century… </li></ul><ul><li>A. could not keep up with French textile production </li></ul><ul><li>B. was responsible for the creation of the first modern. </li></ul><ul><li>C. declined due to the lack of technical innovation. </li></ul><ul><li>D. immediately fell apart with the success of the Industrial Revolution. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Inventions 400 Points <ul><li>In the inventions of the steam Engine in Britain was initially triggered by </li></ul><ul><li>A. the textile industry’s demand for new sources of power </li></ul><ul><li>B. problems in the mining industry. </li></ul><ul><li>C. railroad industry's call for more efficient power. </li></ul><ul><li>D.The need for a more efficient mode of power for ships. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Inventions 500 Points <ul><li>Which of the following inventions proved vital to the industrialization of the British cotton manufacture.? </li></ul><ul><li>A. flying shuttle </li></ul><ul><li>B.Hargreaver’s jenny </li></ul><ul><li>C.Crompton’s mule </li></ul><ul><li>D.Cartwright’s power loom </li></ul><ul><li>E.All of the above </li></ul>
  8. 8. Continent 100 points <ul><li>Industrialization began on the continent first in </li></ul><ul><li>A. Spain and Italy </li></ul><ul><li>B. Belgium and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>C. Russia and Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>D. Norway and Denmark </li></ul>
  9. 9. Continent 200 points <ul><li>Freidrich List’s National systems of political economy </li></ul><ul><li>A. advocated protective tariffs to protect industrialization in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>B. Paved the way for joint stock banks </li></ul><ul><li>C. Blasted the misguided investments policies of the credit Mobilier </li></ul><ul><li>D. Encouraged the British to offer technical advice on industrialization to the continent. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Continent 300 points <ul><li>Continental industrialization differed from great Britain's in that the continent </li></ul><ul><li>A. industrialized more through the private capital </li></ul><ul><li>B. Was dependent on joint stock investment banks </li></ul><ul><li>C. Invested in the latest equipment </li></ul><ul><li>D. Never established technical school to train workers. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Continent 400 points <ul><li>By 1850, all of the following countries were close to Britain in industrial output except. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Russia </li></ul><ul><li>B. Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>C. The US </li></ul><ul><li>D. France </li></ul>
  12. 12. Continent 500 points <ul><li>The industrial revolution on the continent… </li></ul><ul><li>A. Was a generation behind Britain in cotton manufacture </li></ul><ul><li>B. Neglected coal and iron technology </li></ul><ul><li>C. Benefited from the discovery of vast coal </li></ul><ul><li>D. Would remain permanently behind Britain </li></ul>
  13. 13. America 100 points <ul><li>The industrial revolution in the US… </li></ul><ul><li>A. Never matched Britain </li></ul><ul><li>B. Employed large numbers of women in factories </li></ul><ul><li>C. Utilized many unskilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>D. Occurred predominately in the south </li></ul>
  14. 14. America 200 points <ul><li>Due to the size of the country industrialization in the US was dependent upon… </li></ul><ul><li>A. substantial labor source </li></ul><ul><li>B. Improved technology </li></ul><ul><li>C. Better industrial methodology </li></ul><ul><li>D. A good system of transportation. </li></ul>
  15. 15. America 300 points <ul><li>By 1860 what percent of the population in the cities held 80% of the wealth in America? </li></ul><ul><li>A. 10 </li></ul><ul><li>B. 30 </li></ul><ul><li>C. 60 </li></ul><ul><li>D. 75 </li></ul>
  16. 16. America 400 points <ul><li>Compared to Britain, American industrialization was a capital-intensive endeavor because… </li></ul><ul><li>Britain had more unskilled laborers </li></ul><ul><li>There was a labor shortage in America </li></ul><ul><li>There was a skilled labor surplus in Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a far larger pool of unskilled workers in America. </li></ul>
  17. 17. America 500 points
  18. 18. Social 100 points <ul><li>By 1850, the European population </li></ul><ul><li>Could not be closely looked at by the government </li></ul><ul><li>Was close to figures form 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 150 million </li></ul><ul><li>Over 250 million </li></ul>
  19. 19. Social 200 points <ul><li>The European population explosion of the 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Is mainly explained by an increase in births </li></ul><ul><li>Is explained by a disappearance of famine </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of emigration </li></ul><ul><li>Occurred despite a reoccurrence of major diseases </li></ul>
  20. 20. Social 300 points <ul><li>The only European country with a declining population in the 19 th century… </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Austria </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul>
  21. 21. Social 400 points <ul><li>Urbanization in the first half of the 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Was more dramatic for the cont. then Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Caused over 50% of Russian population to live in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Was a phenomenon tied to industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Accounted for widespread poverty. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Social 500 points <ul><li>Which of the following statements best applies to urban life in 19 th century? </li></ul><ul><li>Government intervention prevented consumer fraud </li></ul><ul><li>A decline in death rates </li></ul>
  23. 23. Britain 100 points <ul><li>The new set of values established by factory owners during the Industrial Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>was rejected by evangelical religions as being “unchristian.” </li></ul><ul><li>was basically a continuation from the cottage industry system. </li></ul><ul><li>was never adopted by the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>relegated the worker to a life of harsh discipline subject to the clock and the rigors of highly competitive wage labor. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Britain 200 points <ul><li>The most frequent method employed to make the many very young boys and girls working in new British industries obey the owner’s factory discipline was </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated beatings </li></ul><ul><li>Bribes of candy </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy fines for lost time </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures and schooling in the rules to parents </li></ul>
  25. 25. Britain 300 points <ul><li>The rise of the industrial factory system deeply affected the lives and status of workers who now </li></ul><ul><li>Were often pain in kind </li></ul><ul><li>No longer owned the means of economic production and could only sell their labor for a wage </li></ul><ul><li>Were less vulnerable to more rapid cycles of economic boom and bust </li></ul><ul><li>Got both good wages and fringe benefits </li></ul>
  26. 26. Britain 400 points <ul><li>The Great Exhibition of 1851 </li></ul><ul><li>Showed how the Industrial Revolution had produced wealth from the coal mines of England </li></ul><ul><li>Displayed Great Britain’s industrial wealth to the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Was housed in the Royal Palace </li></ul><ul><li>Showed British agriculture technology to the world. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Britain 500 points <ul><li>One of the chief reasons why Europe lagged behind England in industrialization was </li></ul><ul><li>A lack of banking facilities </li></ul><ul><li>A lack of roads and means of transportation </li></ul><ul><li>A lack of manpower </li></ul><ul><li>A lack of capital for investment </li></ul>
  28. 28. “ Class” 100 points <ul><li>Edwin Chadwick: </li></ul><ul><li>Was a leader in expressing the dislike of the middle class for the working poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the Treatise on the Iron Law of Wages . </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated modern sanitary reforms that resulted in Britain’s first Public Health Act </li></ul><ul><li>Was representative of the new entrepreneurial, industrial class </li></ul>
  29. 29. “ Class” 200 points <ul><li>Members of the new industrial entrepreneurial class in the early 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Particularly excluded aristocrats. </li></ul><ul><li>Were responsible for the predominance of giant corporate firms. </li></ul><ul><li>Were usually resourceful individuals with diverse social backgrounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Were more often from the lower classes than the bourgeoisie </li></ul>
  30. 30. “ Class” 300 points <ul><li>The new social class of industrial workers in the early Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Did not include women at all </li></ul><ul><li>Worked under appallingly dangerous conditions for incredibly long hours at the mercy of profit-making bosses </li></ul><ul><li>Excluded large numbers of children from factory work </li></ul><ul><li>Unionized and achieved a good amount of political power </li></ul>
  31. 31. “ Class” 400 points <ul><li>Working conditions in the early decades of the Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Were poor in all areas except for pottery and craft workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Were poor despite close government regulation of factories </li></ul><ul><li>Were satisfactory in the coal mines following the invention of steam power </li></ul><ul><li>Were probably worse in cotton mills with their high temperatures and hazardous air </li></ul>
  32. 32. “ Class” 500 points <ul><li>The Industrial Revolution’s effect on the standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>Especially benefitted the middle classes </li></ul><ul><li>Led to much increased disparity between the richest and poorest classes in society </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually led to an overall increase in real wages for the working classes </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above </li></ul>