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Herbert marshall mc luhan


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  • 1. Herbert Marshall McLuhan July 21, 1911 – December 31, 1980
  • 2. Herbert Marshall
    • Herbert was a Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar, a professor of English literature, a literary critic, a rhetorician, and a communication theorist.
    • McLuhan's work is viewed as one of the cornerstones of the study of media theory .
  • 3. Background Information
    • McLuhan was born in Edmonton, Alberta, on July 21, 1911 to Methodist parents Elsie Naomi ( née Hall) and Herbert Ernest McLuhan.
    • McLuhan's father enlisted in the Canadian army when his business failed and World War I and contracted influenza
  • 4. The Marshall - McLuhan Family
    • "Marshall" was a family name: his maternal grandmother's surname.
    • His mother was a Baptist schoolteacher who later in life became an actress.
    • His father had a real estate business in Edmonton
  • 5. More Background Info.
    • After Herbert's discharge from the army in 1915, the McLuhan family moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba,
    • Marshall went to school attending Kelvin Technical High School before enrolling in the University of Manitoba in 1928
    • McLuhan earned a BA (1933)—winning a University Gold Medal in Arts and Sciences—and MA (1934) in English from the University of Manitoba
  • 6. Education
    • He had always wanted to pursue graduate studies in England and McLuhan was accepted for enrollment at the University of Cambridge.
    • He entered Trinity Hall, Cambridge in the Fall of 1934, where he studied under I. A. Richards and F. R. Leavis, and was influenced by New Criticism
  • 7. Education Continued
    • These studies formed an important precursor to his later ideas on technological forms
    • He received his bachelor's degree from Cambridge in 1936 and began graduate work.
    • While studying the trivium at Cambridge he took the first steps toward his eventual conversion to Roman Catholicism in 1937, founded on his reading of G. K. Chesterton.
    • After consulting with a minister, his father accepted the decision to convert, despite his mother’s objections
  • 8. Religion
    • McLuhan was devout throughout his life, but his religion remained a private matter.
    • He had a lifelong interest in the number three—the trivium, the Trinity—and sometimes said that the Virgin Mary provided intellectual guidance for him
    • For the rest of his career he taught
    • in Roman Catholic institutions of
    • higher education.
  • 9. Teaching Career
    • From 1937 to 1944 he taught English at Saint Louis University
    • At Saint Louis he tutored and befriended Walter J. Ong, S.J. (1912–2003)
    • He was awarded a Ph.D. in December 1943
  • 10. Teaching Career Continued
    • From 1944 to 1946 McLuhan taught at Assumption College in Windsor, Ontario.
    • Moving to Toronto in 1946, McLuhan joined the faculty of St. Michael's College, a Catholic college of the University of Toronto
  • 11. Advancements In His Field
    • In the early 1950s, McLuhan began the Communication and Culture seminars, funded by the Ford Foundation, at the University of Toronto.
    • His reputation grew, and the University of Toronto, desperate to keep him, created the Centre for Culture and Technology in 1963.
    • McLuhan was named to the Albert Schweitzer Chair in Humanities at Fordham University in the Bronx, New York, for one year (1967–68).
  • 12. Sickness and Recovery
    • While at Fordham, McLuhan was diagnosed with a benign brain tumor; it was treated successfully.
    • He returned to Toronto where for the rest of his life, he worked at the University of Toronto and lived in Wychwood Park.
  • 13. Interesting Information
    • Marshall and Corinne McLuhan had six children: Eric, twins Mary and Teresa, Stephanie, Elizabeth and Michael.
    • The demanding costs of supporting a large family eventually drove McLuhan to advertising work and consulting and speaking seminars for large corporations such as IBM and AT&T.
  • 14. Stroke, Followed By Death
    • The University of Toronto's School of Graduate Studies attempted to close his research centre shortly after the stroke but was stopped by substantial protests
    • The most famous protestor was Woody Allen, (McLuhan had a cameo role in Allen's Oscar-winning motion picture Annie Hall ).
    • Mcluhan never fully recovered from the stroke and died in his sleep on December 31, 1980.
  • 15. Works Cited
    • “ MarshallMcLuhan.”
    • .  April, 2010.  
  • 16.
    • The End!