Patau Syndrome<br />By Reba Sines<br />
Patau Syndrome<br /><ul><li>Caused by having an extra copy of the chromosome 13
Also by the chromosome 13  in the wrong place
It causes many physical and mental abnormalities such as heart defects.
Some abnormalities are…
Unusual facial features,  small head, missing eyes, low set ears, extra fingers and toes, and spinal defects.</li></li></u...
Trisomy is the condition of having 3 identical chromosomes instead of 2.
It is named after Klaus Patau, who reported the syndrome.</li></li></ul><li>Diagnosis<br /><ul><li>Ultrasounds or x-rays c...
MRI or CT scans can reveal cerebral hemispheres are fused.
Chromosomes studies show trisomy.</li></li></ul><li>Treatments<br /><ul><li>When a child is first born all surgical treatm...
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Patau Syndrome

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Patau Syndrome

  1. 1. Patau Syndrome<br />By Reba Sines<br />
  2. 2. Patau Syndrome<br /><ul><li>Caused by having an extra copy of the chromosome 13
  3. 3. Also by the chromosome 13 in the wrong place
  4. 4. It causes many physical and mental abnormalities such as heart defects.
  5. 5. Some abnormalities are…
  6. 6. Unusual facial features, small head, missing eyes, low set ears, extra fingers and toes, and spinal defects.</li></li></ul><li>Other Names<br /><ul><li>Trisomy 13 (A disorder associated with the presence of an extra copy of chromosome 13.)
  7. 7. Trisomy is the condition of having 3 identical chromosomes instead of 2.
  8. 8. It is named after Klaus Patau, who reported the syndrome.</li></li></ul><li>Diagnosis<br /><ul><li>Ultrasounds or x-rays can reveal abnormal of the internal organs
  9. 9. MRI or CT scans can reveal cerebral hemispheres are fused.
  10. 10. Chromosomes studies show trisomy.</li></li></ul><li>Treatments<br /><ul><li>When a child is first born all surgical treatments are generally suspended for a few months.
  11. 11. Most surgical treatments focus on the certain physical problems with each child.
  12. 12. Many infants have difficulty surviving the first few weeks because of the neurological problems or heart defects.</li></li></ul><li>Symptoms <br /><ul><li>Features that you can recognize:
  13. 13. Small head size
  14. 14. Either small or no eyes
  15. 15. 60% of children have a cleft lip
  16. 16. Extra toes or fingers
  17. 17. 80% of children have a heart defect</li></li></ul><li>Rates Patau syndrome OCcurs<br /><ul><li>Trisomy 13 occurs in about 1 in 12,000 births.
  18. 18. The other the mother is the more of a chance the baby will Trisomy.</li></li></ul><li>Risk Factors<br /><ul><li>More then half of the children with this syndrome don’t survive past the first month of birth.
  19. 19. Multiple abnormalities that lead to seizures.
  20. 20. Most eyes are small, which defects the iris.</li></li></ul><li>Organizations that Help<br /><ul><li>National Organization for Rare Disorders
  21. 21. Rainbows Down Under- Edward’s & Patau Syndrome(Trisomy 18 & 13)
  22. 22. Support Organization for Trisomy 18, 13, and Related Disorders </li></li></ul><li>Sources<br /><ul><li>http://www.healthline.com/galecontent/patau-syndrome
  23. 23. http://www.healthline.com/galecontent/patau-syndrome-2/3
  24. 24. http://www.pregnancy-info.net/chromosomal_patau.html
  25. 25. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2601/is_0010/ai_2601001030/</li>

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