Conquistadors

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Conquistadors

  1. 1. Conquistadors
  2. 2. Conquistador <ul><li>Explorers from Spain who wanted to take over and conquer parts of Latin America </li></ul>
  3. 3. Francisco Pizarro <ul><li>Conquistador who took over the Inca Empire </li></ul>
  4. 4. Inca Empire <ul><li>Group of native people who lived in the Andes mountains and were conquered by Pizarro </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hernan Cortes <ul><li>Conquistador who took over the Aztec Empire </li></ul>
  6. 6. Aztec Empire <ul><li>Group of native people who lived in present day Mexico and were conquered by Cortes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reasons why the conquistadors took over so much of Latin America <ul><li>Natural Resources (Gold and Silver) </li></ul><ul><li>To become rich and powerful </li></ul><ul><li>For the Glory of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>To grab land for the Spanish Empire </li></ul><ul><li>To convert the Native people to Christianity </li></ul>
  8. 8. European countries that established colonies in the Americas <ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ways the conquistadors harmed native American people <ul><li>Killing thousands in battle </li></ul><ul><li>Enslaving the population to work </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing diseases the Natives couldn’t fight off </li></ul>
  10. 10. Two native civilizations the Spanish wiped out <ul><li>Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>Incas </li></ul>
  11. 11. Advantages the Spanish had over native armies, despite being greatly outnumbered <ul><li>Guns </li></ul><ul><li>Steel swords </li></ul><ul><li>Armor </li></ul><ul><li>Horses </li></ul>
  12. 12. Lasting effects of Spanish conquest in Latin America <ul><li>Most people speak Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>Most people are Roman Catholic (Christians) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Who <ul><li>Explorers from Spain who wanted to take over and conquer land in Latin America </li></ul>
  14. 14. What <ul><li>Killed thousands </li></ul><ul><li>Enslaved many </li></ul><ul><li>Brought diseases the Natives couldn’t fight off </li></ul>
  15. 15. When <ul><li>1500s </li></ul><ul><li>(16 th Century) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Where <ul><li>Mexico-Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>Western South America (Andes Mountains)-Incas </li></ul>
  17. 17. Why <ul><li>Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Expand Spain’s empire </li></ul><ul><li>Glory </li></ul><ul><li>Spread Christianity </li></ul>
  18. 18. How <ul><li>Converted most people to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>People started speaking Spanish </li></ul>

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