Jews Of England

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Jews Of England

  1. 1. The Jews in England
  2. 2. The Jews Before the Expulsion <ul><li>The invitation by William I (William the Conqueror) of the Jews - 1070. </li></ul><ul><li>The status of the Jews in the feudal system. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry I’s royal charter. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood libel under King Stephen’s rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Good relations with King Henry II. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Good terms with the non-Jewish neighbors. </li></ul><ul><li>Massacre of Jews by English mobs – London, Norwich, York etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Ordinance of the Jewry” – 1194. </li></ul><ul><li>The application of the Royal Charter – 1205. </li></ul><ul><li>The Law of the Badges – 1217. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The looting of the Jewish communities with the outbreak of the barons. </li></ul><ul><li>A drop in the value of the Jewish community in the eyes of the royal treasury. </li></ul><ul><li>The change in the state of the Jews – 13 th century. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Edict of Expulsion <ul><li>Widespread anti-Semitism in England in comparison to Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>49 levies are enforced on Jews, totaling 200,000 Marks. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Statute of the Jewry (Stätütüm dè Jûdèísmö) is issued in 1275 by Edward I: </li></ul><ul><li>“ And that each Jew after he shall be seven years old, shall wear a badge on his outer garment (cloth) that is to say in the form of two tables (triangle) joined of yellow fait (made) of the length of six inches and of the breadth (width) of three inches. „ </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1287 - Edward orders the expulsion of the Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>July 18 th 1290 - the Edict of Expulsion is issued and 3,000 Jews are told to leave England by November 1 st . </li></ul><ul><li>The official reason: the Jews have abandoned the Statute of the Jewry. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The edict is popular, and meets little resistance among the population. </li></ul><ul><li>The Jews depart England without raising an outcry. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Resettlement of the Jews 1655 <ul><li>In line with the Navigation Act, Cromwell seeks to have Dutch Jews transfer their commercial ties with the Spanish colonies from Holland to England. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Cromwell promises Menashe Ben Israel a pass to enter England. </li></ul><ul><li>David Abarbanel Dormido is sent to London to present a petition for the readmission of Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>Cromwell invites Ben Israel to London. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>A council is summoned, and the readmission is opposed. </li></ul><ul><li>1656 - Antonio Rodrigues Robles is arrested. </li></ul><ul><li>At his trial, Cromwell gives informal permission to the Jews to reside in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of consensus to expel Jews; Jews still considered aliens. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>In fact, the Edict of Expulsion was never actually cancelled or expired, so if you go to London – be careful! </li></ul>

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