The Valley Region <ul><li>The Valley Region has hot summers and cool winters. The major cities are Bakersfield, Fresno, and Sacramento. Their major industries are agriculture, and dairy. The features are two major rivers drain into the Central Valley. </li></ul>
The Mountain Region <ul><li>The Mountain region has mild summers and cool winters. The major cities are Ridge Crest and Lake Tahoe. The major industries are timber, mining, and tourism. The features are Mt. Whitney near lone pine, is the tallest in the lower 48 states </li></ul>
The Coast Region <ul><li>The Coast Region has cool summers and warm winters. The features are farming and tourists. Along the southern coasts there are oil wells. Millions of tons of goods are shipped in and out of these ports every year </li></ul>
The Desert Region <ul><li>The Mojave Desert lies in the southern part of the state. The desert only gets about 10in of rain every year. Many different kinds of plants, such as creosote bushes and sagebrush, grow in the Mojave Desert. </li></ul>
Facts About Columbus <ul><li>During the 1400's European explorers wanted to find an eastward sea route to the Indies. So that they could buy silks and spices.
When Columbus set off in the late spring of 1492, he only had 89 men and three ships </li></ul>
Facts About Cabrillo <ul><li>In 1542 a explorer named Juan Cabrillo sailed north from what is now known as Mexico to find a route to Asia.
The Spanish named the area Alta California , meaning “upper California.”
Juan Cabrillo tripped over a rock and died. </li></ul>
Facts About Cook <ul><li>James grew up in Britain. James Cook was a smart and curious student. James Cook was a well known sailor, explorer, and map-maker.
James Cooks wife's name was Grace Cook </li></ul>
Facts About Drake <ul><li>Drake tried to attack San Juan, Puerto Rico and failed. Sir Francis Drake was a hero to the English but a pirate to the Spaniards. Drake sailed north along California's coast. </li></ul>
Gaspar de Portola <ul><li>In 1767 Spain sent a solider named Gaspar de Portola to run its California colony.
Portola led an expedition to explore the area near present day Monterey. </li></ul>
Father Serra <ul><li>In 1749 Serra left Spain to begin missionary work. After spending some years in Mexico, Serra traveled north to set up missions. </li></ul>
Rancho <ul><li>A Rancho is a strip of land that the Europeans used to have the Indians farm for them and take care of the animals. Cowboys often lived on the Rancho to bring in the cattle. </li></ul>
Presidios <ul><li>The purpose of a presidio was to keep the Indians in and the Russians out. Also they were used to protect the Missions. </li></ul>
Missions <ul><li>Missions were used for housing the Indians. They would make the mission they used a mixture of mud and grass to form adobe. </li></ul>
John Sutter <ul><li>John Sutter was born in Switzerland. In 1841 he had a fort built that became known as Sutter's Fort. It was located where the Sacramento and American rivers meet. </li></ul>
Fort Ross <ul><li>Fort Ross was built for hunting and trading uses. They hunted the sea otter for the skin to trade. After the sea otter figured it out, they left. Then the people had nothing to do so they left the area. </li></ul>
Jedediah Smith <ul><li>People wanted to find new routes to California so the journey began.Jedediah Smith led a big group of American trappers through the Utah and Mojave deserts. </li></ul>
James Beckworth <ul><li>have you ever heard of Beckworth pass? If so you are good don't read this! If you don't know than stay get comfortable and listen good. James Beckworth was African American guide who led people west in the 1850's </li></ul>
John Fremont <ul><li>John C. Fremont traveled all over the area to make maps for the government in the early 1840's. </li></ul>
John Bidwell <ul><li>In 1841 John Bidwell was in the first wagon train of settlers </li></ul>
Sam Brannon <ul><li>Sam Brannon basically bought all mining tools and got a jar of gold dust ran through the town and excited everyone and they bought his mining tools and made much, much more money that way. </li></ul>
49 ers <ul><li>49'ers arrived in 1849 they were a group of mostly men that came to find gold or have a new life.
In a short time, a rush of newcomers came to California in what became known as the Gold rush. </li></ul>
Levis Strauss <ul><li>One entrepreneur was Levis Strauss. He saw that miners needed tough work pants for mining gold. Strauss had riveted denim pants made and began to sell. </li></ul>
Bridget Mason <ul><li>“Biddy” Mason was a slave that petitioned to be free from slavery. She became a nurse and bought land. She donated some of her her profits to charities. </li></ul>
Mary Tape <ul><li>Mary Tape was a Chinese immigrant that sued for the right for her daughter to go to a public school. She won ,and they made an Asian and Chinese school. </li></ul>
Mexican- American War <ul><li>The Mexican American war was between Mexico and America.
It was for who could own or inherit Alta California. </li></ul>