Kingdoms Of Southeast Asia And Korea


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Kingdoms Of Southeast Asia And Korea

  1. 1. Kingdoms of Southeast Asia By: S.R. A.C. P.Z. Period 7
  2. 2. Geography of Southeast Asia <ul><li>Geography of Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia lies between the Indian and the Pacific Oceans and stretches from Asia almost to Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes the modern countries of Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Korea , Cambodia, Vietnam , Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, and the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>It consists of the mainland peninsula, which borders China to the north and India to the west, and the islands, the largest of which include Sumatra, Borneo, and Java. </li></ul><ul><li>Warm humid tropics and Monsoons that bring region long annual rains. </li></ul><ul><li>Hills and mountains make travel and communication difficult in the mainland. </li></ul><ul><li>The key to political power was in the control of trade routes and harbors. </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia lies on the most direct sea route between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. Two important waterways connect the two seas: the Strait of Malacca, between the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra, and the Sunda Strait, between Sumatra and Java. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Influence of India and China <ul><li>Hindu and Buddhist missionaries spread their faiths from India to Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdoms arose that followed these religions and were modeled on Indian political ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asian poets wrote poems in the Indian ancient language of Sanskrit. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese ideas spread southward through migration and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese also exerted political influence over parts of mainland Southeast Asia, either through direct rule or by demanding tribunes from local rulers. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Khmer Empire <ul><li>The Khmer Empire was for centuries the main power on the southeast Asia mainland. </li></ul><ul><li>Rice cultivation improvements helped the Khmer become prosperous. </li></ul><ul><li>Built elaborate irrigation systems and waterways. </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer rulers built extensive city-and-temple complexes at its capital, Angkor. </li></ul><ul><li>Angkor Wat was built as a symbolic mountain dedicates to the Hindu god Vishnu and covers nearly a square mile. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Island-trading kingdoms of Southeast Asia <ul><li>On the island Java, the Sailendra dynasty ruled . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Another architectural achievement in Southeast Asia asides from the Angkor Wat was the Buddhist temple at Borobudur, which shows great Indian influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Included nine terraced levels, like on a pyramid </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Sailendra dynasty eventually fell to the powerful island empire of Srivijaya <ul><ul><li>Srivijaya ruled a fairly extensive empire, which included waters around Java, Sumatra and Borneo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Their high wealth depended on taxing incoming trade through these waters. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Their capital was on Palemburg, and became a buddhist center for learning </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Vietnam <ul><li>Vietnam was the area least affected by India. It was highly influenced by China. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During the Han dynasty in China, Vietnam fell under its rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This rule lasted for more than 1,000 years, ending in the 900s when the Tang dynasty was declining </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 939, Vietnam became a free nation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism was one of the many things that the Chinese influenced on Vietnam, but the Vietnamese had their individuality and cultural identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One thing that expressed this was that Vietnamese women usually had more freedom than did the Chinese. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Rulers of the Ly dynasty began their kingdom at their capital at Hanoi, at the red river delta, and ruled from 1009-1225 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These rulers slowly expanded their kingdom by conquering neighboring lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnamese rulers were able to hold off Mongol attacks, even though Hanoi had been captured thrice. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Introduction to Korea <ul><li>There are two Korean legends on how it was formed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One states that it was founded by a hero, Tan’gun who was a demigod. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This legend shows sides of unique Korean native traditions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The other legend says that Korea was founded by a descendant of the royal Shang Dynasty in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This legend shows sides of Chinese influence on Korea </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Geography of Korea <ul><li>Physical Regions: - a peninsula in Asia to the right of China </li></ul><ul><li> - about the size of Utah </li></ul><ul><li> - mountainous, with only a small portion of farmable land </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: - hot in the summer, cold in the winter </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries: - a mountainous barrier separates Korea and its neighbor, Manchuria </li></ul><ul><li> - its mountains and seas cause Korea to develop an isolation from its neighbors </li></ul><ul><li> (1) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Early History <ul><li>1) Korea started out with different clans controlling parts of the land. </li></ul><ul><li>2) In 108 B.C., the Han empire of China conquered Korea and set up a military government. </li></ul><ul><li>a) The Koreans adopted cultural characteristics such as writing, Confucianism, Buddhism and a centralized government from China. </li></ul><ul><li>3) During the Han rule over Korea, Korean tribes began to gather together into federations. </li></ul><ul><li>a) These federations developed into 3 rival kingdoms. </li></ul><ul><li>4) In the mid-600s, the kingdom of Silla defeated its rivals and chased the Chinese out. It gained control of the Korean peninsula. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Koryu Dynasty <ul><li>1) The Koryu Dynasty – founded by Wang Kon (935-1392) </li></ul><ul><li>a) The government was modeled after China’s centralized government </li></ul><ul><li>b) Korea tried to adapt China’s civil service examination system, but it failed. </li></ul><ul><li>2) There was a wide gap between the nobles and the remainder of the population. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Even through the civil service exam system, the only people who were given the positions were rich. </li></ul><ul><li>b) The distinct boundary between the rich and the poor was so strong, it led to rebellions in the 1100s. </li></ul><ul><li>3) In 1231, the Monguls invaded Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>a) The Mongul rule ended in the 1350s, when the Mongul empire fell. </li></ul><ul><li>4) In 1392, a group of scholar-officials and military leaders overthrew the Koryu dynasty and established the Choson dynasty. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Koryu Culture <ul><li>1) The Koryu period produced many contributions to Koryu culture. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Korean potters produced celadon pottery, inspied by Chinese porcelain pottery. </li></ul><ul><li>b) Writers and scholars wrote poetry and the first national history of Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>2) For over 60 years, Koreans artists worked to make a set of thousands of large wooden blocks used for printing. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bibliography <ul><li>(1)“DPRK maps” </li></ul><ul><li>(2)“ArtLex’s K page” </li></ul><ul><li>(Cover picture) “Mr. Howard: General Information” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>*Everyone chose one background for all their slides, slides by a person appear in order of the title page </li></ul>