Child labor can be defined as the employment of children at a regular and sustained labor. This practice is illegal and has become a matter of discussion among many world organizations.
Child labor is mostly common among the poorer communities as they have to work harder in order to survive.
CAUSES IN INDIA
Poverty and high unemployment.
Free education is limited forcing children to work at an early age.
Urbanization: movement of people from rural areas to big cities.
Poverty and High Unemployment
Poor children and their families may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. About one-fifth of the world’s 6 billion people live in absolute poverty. The intensified poverty in parts of Africa, Asia, and Latin America causes many children there to become child laborers. In India, the parents send the children to sell petty items so they can have money to buy food and other basic amenities. This is due to the high unemployment in the country leaving lots of people living below the minimum cash per capita.
Approximately 125 million children in the world do not attend school, limiting future opportunities for the children and their communities. The Global Campaign for Education estimates that free, quality education for all children would cost ten billion dollars, the same as 4 days of global military spending.
Most of the Asian and African countries are overpopulated. Due to limited resources and more mouths to feed, Children are employed in various forms of work. Over crowding of people causes the unemployment to rise, leaving a lot of people jobless. India is now one of the most populated countries in the world.
The Industrial Revolution has its own negative side. Many a time companies and export industries in the developing world employ child workers, particularly in the garment industry. They move from the rural areas to the urban cities
Illiterate parents do not realize the need for a proper physical, emotional and cognitive development of a child. As they are uneducated, they do not realize the importance of education for their children. This chart shows the literacy flow in india.
Child labor directly affects the future of the country,destroying the capabilities of the youths in india,depriving them on pursueing thier dreams of being professionals such as architects,doctors and even professional cricket players as it is known cricket is very important in india.
Child labor also exposes children to physical and mental hazards endangering their lives. This in turn affects thier life morally.it makes the child develop mentally fast which is a dangerous sign for youths. This can lead them to becoming gangsters and bad people of the society.
Child labor also creates and perpetuate poverty because the earnings are not substantial to sustain or be used as capital for other business oppotunities.
It condemns a child of a good childhood.depriving him many services in the society as well as depriving him from being educated.instead,wastes valuable time being unskilled and badly paid attimes tortured too.
Child labor is recognised world wide and alot of world organisations have stuck their necks out to stop this bad practice. Some papers have labelled it the slavery of the modern age. Such organisations are