Galicia is known internationally as a gastronomic paradise. The quality and the variety of the products remains demonstrated by more than 30 Galician products with DENOMINATION OF ORIGIN, some of them with Denomination of Origin Protected (DOP), so in order to show the qualities of the Galician products, many gastronomic festivals take place throughout the year. According to a study published in the book FESTA‘S IN GALICIA, there are more than 8.000 annual festivals of which it 1.575 are gastronomic.
Geographically the populations close to the sea celebrate festivals related to the products of the sea, and almost always they are celebrated in summer . On the other hand, in the interior of Galicia, where the pork is king , they are celebrated more in winter.
We must not forget the excellent Galician wines with five Denominations of Origin (Ribeiro, Valdeorras, You Laugh Baixas, Ribeira Sacra and Monterrei), and their festivals.
Some travelers say they come to Galicia only for its gastronomy, so these festivals are used to promote tourism i in Galicia .
FESTIVALS DECLARED OF TOURIST NATIONAL INTEREST
During the second week of October, of O Grove (Pontevedra) celebrates its
festival of the Shellfish. This gastronomic - cultural event emphasizes the basic products of the economy of this coastal village: tourism and fishing. What started as a small festival became very popular at the end of the eighties in such a way that the party has been declared of Tourist National Interest. Different stalls selling seafood and fish are opened to the public at popular prices. It is obvious that this is one of the best shop windows of their products, since more than 200.000 visitors came to O Grove in the last edition.
It is the oldest wine festival in Galicia and the second one in Spain and is declared of Tourist National Interest. Celebrated from 1952, this party brings every year thousands of tourists from all the corners of the peninsula. The grape albariño has been improved up to the creation of what today we know as D.O Rías Baixas, denomination of origin created in 1988, which a lot of wine cellars produce. During the first week of August, the wine cellars of albariño open to the public, where they offer their wines that can be accompanied of typically Galician tapas as GAlician pie or octopus . THe New Route of Wine of Ribeiro in Cambados has been certified. With this certificate, the Region of Ribeiro with its 52 establishments is part of a select group of l 11 routes of wine in Spain.
The festival of Carballiño's octopus is celebrated on the second sunday of August, in a Park in O Carballiño, in the banks of the Arenteiro.
Although the region of O Carballiño does not have sea, it was a tradition to bring the dry octopus to Osera's monastery and there to use it as currency to exchange it for inland products.This festival was declared of Tourist National Interest in 1992, and year after year beats records of attendance, up to 70.000 visitors.