NO AMMUNITION  in the classroom NONE ! Firearms UNLOADED Action OPEN On the table in front of you
FIRST Steps Orientation (Pistol) Welcome & Registration F irearms   I nstruction ,  R esponsibility  &  S afety   T raining
Lesson 1 <ul><li>SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>Pistol Parts & Nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>Pistol Operation </li></ul>
NRA Gun Safety Rules <ul><li>Always keep the gun  pointed in a safe direction </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep your  finger o...
Lesson 1 Pistol Parts …Revolvers <ul><li>Frame </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grip panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back strap </l...
Lesson 1 Pistol Parts… Semi-automatics <ul><li>Frame </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide lock </...
Lesson 1 Pistol Operation <ul><li>Loading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cocking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uncocking </li></ul...
Review Lesson 1 – Safety, Parts & Operation <ul><li>Safety Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Pistol Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Pistol O...
Lesson 2 <ul><li>Ammunition Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting Fundamentals </li></ul>
Ammunition Make sure you have the correct ammunition! <ul><li>Box </li></ul><ul><li>Cartridge case </li></ul><ul><li>Barre...
Ammunition Potential ammunition malfunctions <ul><li>Misfire </li></ul><ul><li>Hangfire </li></ul>
Ammunition Potential ammunition malfunctions <ul><li>Squib load </li></ul>
Shooting Fundamentals Physical Characteristics <ul><li>Dominant eye? </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting hand? </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
Shooting Fundamentals The Six Fundamentals <ul><li>1. Position </li></ul><ul><li>2. Grip (fit) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sight ...
Shooting Fundamentals 1. Position <ul><li>Consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><l...
Shooting Fundamentals 2. Grip - “V” high on the backstrap - Lower three fingers wrap & hold - Thumb & middle finger touch ...
Shooting Fundamentals 3.  Sight Alignment
Shooting Fundamentals 3.  Sight Alignment <ul><li>Target, front sight and rear sight aligned  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Six o’cl...
Shooting Fundamentals 3.  Sight Alignment <ul><ul><li>Focus is on the…  front sight </li></ul></ul>
Shooting Fundamentals 4.  Breath Control <ul><li>Body movement affects the shot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So…  quiet yourself ...
Shooting Fundamentals 5. Trigger Squeeze <ul><li>Don’t use the “P” word!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually increasing pressure...
Shooting Fundamentals The Six Fundamentals <ul><li>1. Position </li></ul><ul><li>2. Grip (fit) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sight ...
Review Lesson 2 - Ammunition & Fundamentals <ul><li>Proper Ammo </li></ul><ul><li>Malfunctions </li></ul><ul><li>Hand/eye ...
Lesson 3 Practical Exercise on the Range <ul><ul><li>Safety rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range commands </li></ul></ul...
NRA Gun Safety Rules <ul><li>Always keep the gun  pointed in a safe direction </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep your  finger o...
Other Safety Rules <ul><li>Be sure the gun is safe to operate </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to use the gun safely </li></ul><...
Introduction to Shooting Range Commands & Procedures <ul><ul><li>“ Load” or “Load xx rounds” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ ...
Introduction to Shooting Learning a Position <ul><li>Study the position </li></ul><ul><li>Practice without a pistol </li><...
Introduction to Shooting At the Firing Point <ul><li>TAKE YOUR TIME .  KEEP YOUR COOL .  </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on safety...
Introduction to Shooting Common Problems <ul><li>Flinching — anticipating the shot </li></ul><ul><li>Jerking — </li></ul><...
Review Lesson 3 - Practical Exercise on the Range <ul><li>Bench rest Position </li></ul><ul><li>One Round Exercise </li></...
Lesson 4 Now that you can shoot… <ul><ul><li>Cleaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Next S...
Pistol Cleaning Safety Guidelines <ul><li>Ammunition must not be present in the area </li></ul><ul><li>The gun must be unl...
Pistol Care & Cleaning Purpose of Cleaning <ul><li>Remove powder residue </li></ul><ul><li>Remove rust & crud </li></ul><u...
Pistol Cleaning Materials Needed <ul><li>Soft cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning rod </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning rod attachme...
Pistol Cleaning Procedures <ul><li>1.  Field strip (take down into major parts groups) for cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>(You...
Pistol Cleaning Procedures <ul><li>2.  Wet down bore with a wet patch </li></ul><ul><li>3.  Brush major parts (wet?) and w...
Pistol Cleaning Procedures <ul><li>7.  Reassemble and check function </li></ul><ul><li>Are all parts correctly installed—n...
Health and Hygiene Considerations <ul><li>Avoid eating, drinking or smoking while shooting or cleaning firearms </li></ul>...
Pistol Storage NRA Rule:  Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons <ul><li>1.   LOCK IT UP! </li></ul...
Pistol Storage NRA Rule:  Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons <ul><li>Lock Box </li></ul><ul><li...
Next Steps How to keep what you’ve learned: <ul><li>Practice, practice, practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Use big close targets,...
Next Steps Additional Training <ul><li>NRA Basic Pistol Shooting Course </li></ul><ul><li>NRA Personal Protection Course <...
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Fs Pistol

  1. 1. NO AMMUNITION in the classroom NONE ! Firearms UNLOADED Action OPEN On the table in front of you
  2. 2. FIRST Steps Orientation (Pistol) Welcome & Registration F irearms I nstruction , R esponsibility & S afety T raining
  3. 3. Lesson 1 <ul><li>SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>Pistol Parts & Nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>Pistol Operation </li></ul>
  4. 4. NRA Gun Safety Rules <ul><li>Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep the gun unloaded until you’re ready to use it. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Lesson 1 Pistol Parts …Revolvers <ul><li>Frame </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grip panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back strap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger guard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rear sight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Barrel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rifling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muzzle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Front sight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hammer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cylinder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chamber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cylinder release </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>latch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Loading gate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Ejector rod) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Lesson 1 Pistol Parts… Semi-automatics <ul><li>Frame </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide lock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(De-cocker) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grip panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back strap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger guard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Barrel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chamber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rifling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muzzle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hammer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ejection port </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magazine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magazine release </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Lesson 1 Pistol Operation <ul><li>Loading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cocking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uncocking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unloading </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Review Lesson 1 – Safety, Parts & Operation <ul><li>Safety Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Pistol Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Pistol Operation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Lesson 2 <ul><li>Ammunition Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting Fundamentals </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ammunition Make sure you have the correct ammunition! <ul><li>Box </li></ul><ul><li>Cartridge case </li></ul><ul><li>Barrel or slide </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ammunition Potential ammunition malfunctions <ul><li>Misfire </li></ul><ul><li>Hangfire </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ammunition Potential ammunition malfunctions <ul><li>Squib load </li></ul>
  13. 13. Shooting Fundamentals Physical Characteristics <ul><li>Dominant eye? </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting hand? </li></ul><ul><li>The opposite strengths problem </li></ul>
  14. 14. Shooting Fundamentals The Six Fundamentals <ul><li>1. Position </li></ul><ul><li>2. Grip (fit) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sight Alignment </li></ul><ul><li>4. Breath Control </li></ul><ul><li>5. Trigger Squeeze </li></ul><ul><li>6. Follow Through </li></ul>
  15. 15. Shooting Fundamentals 1. Position <ul><li>Consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>NPA (Natural Point of Aim) </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort </li></ul>
  16. 16. Shooting Fundamentals 2. Grip - “V” high on the backstrap - Lower three fingers wrap & hold - Thumb & middle finger touch <ul><li>Wrap the four fingers of weak hand around lower three fingers of the strong hand </li></ul><ul><li>- Thumbs on the same side of the pistol </li></ul>
  17. 17. Shooting Fundamentals 3. Sight Alignment
  18. 18. Shooting Fundamentals 3. Sight Alignment <ul><li>Target, front sight and rear sight aligned </li></ul><ul><li>“ Six o’clock” hold, or “center of mass” hold </li></ul>
  19. 19. Shooting Fundamentals 3. Sight Alignment <ul><ul><li>Focus is on the… front sight </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Shooting Fundamentals 4. Breath Control <ul><li>Body movement affects the shot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So… quiet yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Breathing requires muscle movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So… shoot between breaths </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Breathe out part way, hold, and shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t hold your breath too long or muscle tremors will create movement and disrupt the shot. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Shooting Fundamentals 5. Trigger Squeeze <ul><li>Don’t use the “P” word!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually increasing pressure until the mechanism releases </li></ul><ul><li>SURPRISE yourself when the gun shoots </li></ul>
  22. 22. Shooting Fundamentals The Six Fundamentals <ul><li>1. Position </li></ul><ul><li>2. Grip (fit) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sight Alignment </li></ul><ul><li>4. Breath Control </li></ul><ul><li>5. Trigger Squeeze </li></ul><ul><li>6. Follow Through </li></ul>
  23. 23. Review Lesson 2 - Ammunition & Fundamentals <ul><li>Proper Ammo </li></ul><ul><li>Malfunctions </li></ul><ul><li>Hand/eye choice </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamentals </li></ul>
  24. 24. Lesson 3 Practical Exercise on the Range <ul><ul><li>Safety rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range commands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning a position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoot the exercise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review & critique </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. NRA Gun Safety Rules <ul><li>Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep the gun unloaded until you’re ready to use it. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Other Safety Rules <ul><li>Be sure the gun is safe to operate </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to use the gun safely </li></ul><ul><li>Use only the correct ammunition </li></ul><ul><li>Know your target and what is beyond it </li></ul><ul><li>Wear hearing and eye protection </li></ul><ul><li>Never use alcohol or drugs before or while shooting </li></ul><ul><li>Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons </li></ul><ul><li>*** Other rules may apply! </li></ul>
  27. 27. Introduction to Shooting Range Commands & Procedures <ul><ul><li>“ Load” or “Load xx rounds” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Commence Firing” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Cease Firing” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malfunction? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dropped ammo? </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Introduction to Shooting Learning a Position <ul><li>Study the position </li></ul><ul><li>Practice without a pistol </li></ul><ul><li>Practice with an unloaded pistol </li></ul><ul><li>Test the position by live firing </li></ul>
  29. 29. Introduction to Shooting At the Firing Point <ul><li>TAKE YOUR TIME . KEEP YOUR COOL . </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on safety and the shooting fundamentals. </li></ul><ul><li>Strive for consistent shot groups. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Introduction to Shooting Common Problems <ul><li>Flinching — anticipating the shot </li></ul><ul><li>Jerking — </li></ul><ul><li>uneven trigger pull </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue — </li></ul><ul><li>man, this is work! </li></ul>
  31. 31. Review Lesson 3 - Practical Exercise on the Range <ul><li>Bench rest Position </li></ul><ul><li>One Round Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>5/6/10 Round Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Two-handed Standing Position </li></ul>
  32. 32. Lesson 4 Now that you can shoot… <ul><ul><li>Cleaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Next Steps </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Pistol Cleaning Safety Guidelines <ul><li>Ammunition must not be present in the area </li></ul><ul><li>The gun must be unloaded </li></ul><ul><li>The action must be open </li></ul>
  34. 34. Pistol Care & Cleaning Purpose of Cleaning <ul><li>Remove powder residue </li></ul><ul><li>Remove rust & crud </li></ul><ul><li>Protect the pistol from rust, corrosion and wear </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure pistol is correctly assembled and functions properly </li></ul>
  35. 35. Pistol Cleaning Materials Needed <ul><li>Soft cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning rod </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning rod attachments </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth patches </li></ul><ul><li>Small brush </li></ul><ul><li>Bore cleaner </li></ul><ul><li>Gun oil </li></ul>
  36. 36. Pistol Cleaning Procedures <ul><li>1. Field strip (take down into major parts groups) for cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>(Your firearm’s manual tells you how far to go) </li></ul>
  37. 37. Pistol Cleaning Procedures <ul><li>2. Wet down bore with a wet patch </li></ul><ul><li>3. Brush major parts (wet?) and wipe off powder residue with cloth </li></ul><ul><li>4. Brush bore with a wet brush </li></ul><ul><li>5. Clean bore with dry patches until they come out clean </li></ul><ul><li>6. Wipe parts clean and lightly lubricate including bore (one patch, light oil) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Pistol Cleaning Procedures <ul><li>7. Reassemble and check function </li></ul><ul><li>Are all parts correctly installed—nothing left over? </li></ul><ul><li>Do all features work, especially safeties ? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it operate in single & double action? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it operate with a magazine removed? </li></ul><ul><li>8. Store with springs relaxed, I.e. hammer down, trigger released, etc. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Health and Hygiene Considerations <ul><li>Avoid eating, drinking or smoking while shooting or cleaning firearms </li></ul><ul><li>After shooting and cleaning firearms wash hands and face before eating or drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>Change clothes and shower after a shooting session </li></ul>
  40. 40. Pistol Storage NRA Rule: Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons <ul><li>1. LOCK IT UP! </li></ul><ul><li>- Lockable gun case or rug </li></ul><ul><li>- Trigger lock </li></ul><ul><li>- Any lockable box </li></ul><ul><li>2. Separate guns from ammunition </li></ul>
  41. 41. Pistol Storage NRA Rule: Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons <ul><li>Lock Box </li></ul><ul><li>Safe </li></ul>
  42. 42. Next Steps How to keep what you’ve learned: <ul><li>Practice, practice, practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Use big close targets, don’t lose bullets </li></ul><ul><li>First practice skills you’re weak in. </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy first, then speed! </li></ul>
  43. 43. Next Steps Additional Training <ul><li>NRA Basic Pistol Shooting Course </li></ul><ul><li>NRA Personal Protection Course </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive shooting ( IPSC, IDPA, SASS, etc .) </li></ul>

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