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Features and Examples of Post Modernism
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Features and Examples of Post Modernism

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  • 1.
  • 2. Features of a Post-modern Society
    1. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society.
    2. An emphasis on style at the expense of substance and content.
    3. The breakdown of a distinction between high culture (art) and
    popular culture.
    Confusions over time and space.
    5. The decline of the meta – narrative (i.e the absolute universal and all
    embracing claims to knowledge like science or religion).
     
  • 3. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society
    The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society
    the
    the
    of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship
    The distinction
    The
    • Mass culture is now so influential it is no longer ‘holding a mirror up to society’ – it is society.
    • 4. The distinction between media and reality has collapsed
    • 5. So new art/media artefacts are influenced by ones previous to it.
    • 6. Po-Mo theorists reject the notion of originality and authorship – all new producers can do is re-use and adapt.
    • 7. Simulacrum – a copy of a copy (of a copy)
    • 8. Intertextuality – Using other texts in a ‘new’ one
  • Andre 3000 / Outkast
    Simulacrum
    “A copy of a copy of a copy”
    “There is no such thing as originality”
    “The distinction between media and reality has collapsed”
    Mick Jagger
    Bo Diddley
    Chuck Berry
  • 9. Simulacrum
    “A copy of a copy of a copy”
    “There is no such thing as originality”
    “The distinction between media and reality has collapsed”
    ‘Venice’, Las Vegas
    Pyramid Hotel, Las Vegas
    Venice, Italy
    The great Pyramids - Egypt
  • 10. Simulacrum
    “A copy of a copy of a copy”
    “There is no such thing as originality”
    “The distinction between media and reality has collapsed”
    The Trafford Centre, Manchester
  • 11. Simulacrum
    “A copy of a copy of a copy”
    “There is no such thing as originality”
    “The distinction between media and reality has collapsed”
    Anvil! The Story of Anvil - 2008
    Simulacrum
    This is Spinal Tap – 1984
    Kiss
  • 12. Intertextuality
    Anvil! The Story of Anvil - 2008
    The Simpsons Vs George Bush Sr.
    The Simpsons reference A Clockwork Orange
    Intertextuality is when one media text references another.
    Intertextuality mixes forms, genres, conventions, media; it dissolves boundaries between high and low art, between the serious and the comic
    Fight Club references Ikea catalogue (foreign language version)
  • 13. Mixing of Styles
    Hybrid Genres
  • 14. Intertextuality
    Intertextuality is when one media text references another.
    Intertextuality mixes forms, genres, conventions, media; it dissolves boundaries between high and low art, between the serious and the comic
  • 15. Pastiche
    In modernity, there is parody, which ridicules by exaggerating the distance of the original text from “normal” discourse.
    In Post modernity, there is pastiche, a “blank” parody; there’s no sense of a distance from any norm.
    Jedward on Xfactor
    Blue Harvest - 2
    Britney Spears (2:40)
  • 16. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society
    Confusions over time and space
    the
    the
    of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship
    The distinction
    The
    Travel across the globe is swift, inexpensive and possible for most people.
    Most people have a fair knowledge of other cultures due to news / documentary programmes on television
    The internet has broken down space and time barriers
    24 Hr Cities
    Satellite Link ups
  • 17. Confusions over time and space
  • 18. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society
    An emphasis on style at the expense of substance and content.
    the
    the
    of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship
    The distinction
    The
    The visual and stylistic impact becomes more important than the meaning / message
    Media texts which defy interpretation
    Retro / Nostalgia
    Shallow – Empty?
  • 19. Style over substance
  • 20. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society
    The breakdown of a distinction between high culture (art) and popular culture.
    the
    the
    of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship
    The distinction
    The
    According to Post-modernists, high and low culture are of equal worth
    Against the ‘elitism’ of high modernism.
    Text which contain elements of high and low culture
    Treating ‘low art’ or ‘popular culture’ as if they where high art pieces.
  • 21. The breakdown of a distinction between high culture (art) and popular culture.
    High Art
    Fine Art
    Opera
    Ballet
    Classical Music
    Classic Literature
    Art Cinema
    Sculpture
    Popular Culture (low art)
    Advertising
    Pop Music
    Genre Films
    Television
    Pulp Fiction or trashy novels
    Pornography
    Music Videos
  • 22. Mixing of High and Low art
  • 23. The breakdown of the distinction between culture and society
    The decline of the meta - narrative
    the
    the
    of the mass media and popular culture mean they govern and shape other forms of social relationship
    The distinction
    The
    A meta – narrative is a narrative or story which claims to explain something totally – ie, Christianity, Marxism.
    Because society is so fragmented, we live by individual, ‘hand picked’ beliefs rather than collective ones.
    Post-modern texts reflect this state of being by being ambiguous in their meaning, message. They defy an ‘absolute truth’.