Chemical Bonding By: Sana Mohammed
What is hemoglobin? <ul><li>Hemoglobin gives red blood cells their characteristic color.  </li></ul><ul><li>And binds with...
How is hemoglobin important in the transport of oxygen in our bodies? <ul><li>The main function of hemoglobin is to transf...
Why is the transport of oxygen by hemoglobin a real life example of chemical bonding ? <ul><li>It is a real life example b...
How is hemoglobin related to a successful climb to the top of Mt Everest ? <ul><li>There is not much oxygen on the top of ...
pH and hemoglobin <ul><li>There are lots of pH buffers in our blood these buffers help us keep our Hemoglobin under contro...
What is blood doping? <ul><li>This means increasing the number of red blood cells in your body to perform better in sports...
Autologus and homologous <ul><li>Autologous blood doping is the transfusion of one’s own blood, which has been stored (ref...
What is EPO and why is it used? <ul><li>EPO is a peptide that is produced naturally by the human body. EPO is released by ...
What are the medical uses of blood doping? <ul><li>Blood doping is also like blood transfusion it is used to save someone ...
Why is blood doping used in sports? <ul><li>Blood doping is used in sports to increase a persons ability to perform better...
1 st  example of blood doping <ul><li>Blood doping is used in badminton.  </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is injected in the perso...
2 nd  example of blood doping <ul><li>Blood doping is also used in animals  </li></ul><ul><li>Grey hounds are injected wit...
Side effects of blood doping <ul><li>Another persons blood may contain viruses </li></ul><ul><li>An athlete can put her ow...
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Chemical Bonding

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Chemical Bonding

  1. 1. Chemical Bonding By: Sana Mohammed
  2. 2. What is hemoglobin? <ul><li>Hemoglobin gives red blood cells their characteristic color. </li></ul><ul><li>And binds with oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.google.com/search?hl = en&q = define:+hemoglobin&aq =0&aqi=l1g1&oq= what+does+hemoglobin+m </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.shands.org/health/graphics/images/en/19443.jpg </li></ul>
  3. 3. How is hemoglobin important in the transport of oxygen in our bodies? <ul><li>The main function of hemoglobin is to transfer oxygen. Since oxygen is a gas, it binds to hemoglobin which helps it transfer through our body. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.austincc.edu/~emeyerth/hemoglob.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2007/08/01/health/adam/19510.jpg </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why is the transport of oxygen by hemoglobin a real life example of chemical bonding ? <ul><li>It is a real life example because atoms bind together in chemical bonding while oxygen binds with blood inside the human body. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// staff.jccc.net/PDECELL/chemistry/water.gif </li></ul>
  5. 5. How is hemoglobin related to a successful climb to the top of Mt Everest ? <ul><li>There is not much oxygen on the top of Mt Everest. so people use gas tanks to help them get to the top. During this time a persons body and hemoglobin has to be normal in order for the person to be alive and healthy. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.google.com/imgres?imgurl =http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_ogp7eICp4FQ/SnxcZXSthtI/AAAAAAAAABQ/MmgvEWpMrzI/S1600-R/Mount_Everest.jpg&imgrefurl=http://everestsite.blogspot.com/2009/08/photos-of-mount-everest.html&h=400&w=600&sz=38&tbnid=rzZ6HrF_QOolvM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmount%2Beverest&hl= en&usg =__babG3PjS7fAiZQksT8P-8d1SN4A=& ei =HnJkS9zwKZK6NuGUwPcG&sa= X&oimage&ved =0CBEQ9QEwAg </li></ul>
  6. 6. pH and hemoglobin <ul><li>There are lots of pH buffers in our blood these buffers help us keep our Hemoglobin under control. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.chemistry.wustl.edu/~edudev/LabTutorials/Buffer/Buffer.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.yellowtang.org/images/oxygen_levels_effec_c_la_784.jpg </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is blood doping? <ul><li>This means increasing the number of red blood cells in your body to perform better in sports and other activities. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&defl=en&q=define:Blood+ </li></ul><ul><li>doping&ei =53RkS-yxFIq4NqfdwN4G&sa= X&oi </li></ul><ul><li>=glossary_definition&ct=title&ved=0CAcQkAE </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.yourperformance.co.uk/images/15043.jpg </li></ul>
  8. 8. Autologus and homologous <ul><li>Autologous blood doping is the transfusion of one’s own blood, which has been stored (refrigerated or frozen) until needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Homologous blood doping is the transfusion of blood that has been taken from another person with the same blood type. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&defl=en&q=define:Autologous </li></ul><ul><li>+blood+injection&ei=rYNkS7iGNZTINbj6sP0G&sa=X&oi </li></ul><ul><li>=glossary_definition&ct=title&ved=0CAkQkAE </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.byjamesraia.com/content_images/2/Vino.jpg </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is EPO and why is it used? <ul><li>EPO is a peptide that is produced naturally by the human body. EPO is released by the kidneys and and acts on the bone marrow to stimulate red blood cell production . </li></ul><ul><li>IT is used to improve the amount of blood that red blood cells carry to the muscles this helps the muscles function better and for a longer period of time. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wada-ama.org/en/Resources1/Q-and-A/Q-A-Blood-Doping/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_CAmg8xXq7mw/SoTBNW_uZiI/AAAAAAAAAEM/jrZ55JHGN_I/s320/RBC_epo.jpg </li></ul>
  10. 10. What are the medical uses of blood doping? <ul><li>Blood doping is also like blood transfusion it is used to save someone by giving them blood if they have lost their blood. Also blood doping is used to enhance a persons ability while playing sports. </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Use_of_performance-enhancing_drugs_in_sport </li></ul><ul><li>http://repairstemcell.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/blood-doping.jpg </li></ul>
  11. 11. Why is blood doping used in sports? <ul><li>Blood doping is used in sports to increase a persons ability to perform better. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kidzworld.com/article/1832-blood-doping-in-sports-athletes-cheating </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kidzworld.com/img/upload/article/20303/a1686i1_zow.jpg </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1 st example of blood doping <ul><li>Blood doping is used in badminton. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is injected in the persons elbow to help the persons arm swing better. </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Use_of_performance-enhancing_drugs_in_sport </li></ul><ul><li>http://ndinndun.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/badminton_ </li></ul><ul><li>416_tcm146-143959.jpg </li></ul>
  13. 13. 2 nd example of blood doping <ul><li>Blood doping is also used in animals </li></ul><ul><li>Grey hounds are injected with blood to make them run faster in races. </li></ul><ul><li>The blood is injected in the animals legs which helps the hounds legs function better. </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Use_of_performance-enhancing_drugs_in_sport </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.sportinglife.com/greyhounds/images/greyhounds.jpg </li></ul>
  14. 14. Side effects of blood doping <ul><li>Another persons blood may contain viruses </li></ul><ul><li>An athlete can put her own life at risk if the procedure is not done properly </li></ul><ul><li>Or if the blood is not stored or handled in a proper manner </li></ul><ul><li>Also unnaturally high blood cells can increase the rate of heart attack and stroke </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wada-ama.org/en/Resources1/Q-and-A/Q-A-Blood-Doping/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.pharmainfo.net/files/u4142/GeneDoping3_widec.jpg </li></ul>

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