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Parkinsons Disease
 

Parkinsons Disease

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    Parkinsons Disease Parkinsons Disease Presentation Transcript

    • PARKINSON’S DISEASE Samir Patel & Ronak Gandhi Adolf Hitler Muhammad Ali Ozzy Osbourne Michael J. Fox
    • Effect on the Nervous System
      • Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain (central nervous system) that often impairs motor skills, speech, and other functions.
      • The primary symptoms are caused by decreased stimulation of the motor cortex .
    • Symptoms
      • Though symptoms are not completely similar between sufferers of the disease, common characteristics of this disease include:
        • Muscle rigidity (trembling)
        • Tremor (unintentional muscle movement)
        • Poor balance (Parkinsonian gait – distinctive unsteady walk)
        • A slowing of physical movement (Bradykinesia) .
    • Treatment
      • Though there are no cures for the disease, certain drugs and treatments can help.
      • These drugs can be taken to minimize symptoms:
        • Levodopa
        • Amantadine
        • Monoamine Oxidase inhibitors (Selegiline)
        • Anticholinergics
      • When all drugs fail, different types of surgery can be done.
        • Deep Brain Stimulation: Uses electrical impulses to stimulate a targer area in the brain
        • Pallidotomy & Thalamotomy (Rarely Done Anymore)
        • Neurotransplantation: Implanting cells that produce dopamine in the brain
      • Physical Therapy, speech and language therapy, and occupational therapy can al be helpful for people with Parkinson’s disease.
    • Statistics
      • About 50,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinson's disease each year, with more than half a million Americans affected at any one time.
      • There are currently about 1 million people that suffer from the disease.
      • This is a disease of late middle age, usually affecting people over the age of 50. On average, the disease begins around the age of 60.
      • About 1.5% of the sufferers die because of the disease each year.