Parkinsons Disease

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Parkinsons Disease

  1. 1. PARKINSON’S DISEASE Samir Patel & Ronak Gandhi Adolf Hitler Muhammad Ali Ozzy Osbourne Michael J. Fox
  2. 2. Effect on the Nervous System <ul><li>Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain (central nervous system) that often impairs motor skills, speech, and other functions. </li></ul><ul><li>The primary symptoms are caused by decreased stimulation of the motor cortex . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Symptoms <ul><li>Though symptoms are not completely similar between sufferers of the disease, common characteristics of this disease include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle rigidity (trembling) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tremor (unintentional muscle movement) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor balance (Parkinsonian gait – distinctive unsteady walk) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A slowing of physical movement (Bradykinesia) . </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Treatment <ul><li>Though there are no cures for the disease, certain drugs and treatments can help. </li></ul><ul><li>These drugs can be taken to minimize symptoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Levodopa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amantadine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monoamine Oxidase inhibitors (Selegiline) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anticholinergics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When all drugs fail, different types of surgery can be done. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep Brain Stimulation: Uses electrical impulses to stimulate a targer area in the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pallidotomy & Thalamotomy (Rarely Done Anymore) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurotransplantation: Implanting cells that produce dopamine in the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical Therapy, speech and language therapy, and occupational therapy can al be helpful for people with Parkinson’s disease. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Statistics <ul><li>About 50,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinson's disease each year, with more than half a million Americans affected at any one time. </li></ul><ul><li>There are currently about 1 million people that suffer from the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a disease of late middle age, usually affecting people over the age of 50. On average, the disease begins around the age of 60. </li></ul><ul><li>About 1.5% of the sufferers die because of the disease each year. </li></ul>

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