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Theodore Herzl and Eliezer Ben Yehudah Daniel E.
 

Theodore Herzl and Eliezer Ben Yehudah Daniel E.

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Theodore Herzl and Eliezer Ben Yehudah Daniel E.

Theodore Herzl and Eliezer Ben Yehudah Daniel E.

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    Theodore Herzl and Eliezer Ben Yehudah Daniel E. Theodore Herzl and Eliezer Ben Yehudah Daniel E. Presentation Transcript

    • Theodore Herzl
      By: Daniel Egozi
    • Early Life
      • May 2, 1860
      • Born in Budapest, Hungary to Jewish family
      • Studied law, journalism, and literature in Vienna at 18 years old
      • Became literary editor of Neue Freie Presse and wrote plays for Vienna Theater
      • He was engaged in a young German activist group
    • Family
      • Father was Jacob Herzl – highly successful business man
      • Sister was Pauline Herzl – year older than Theodore and her unexpected death from typhus impacted Theodore greatly
      • On June 25 1889 he married Julie Naschauer, a non-Jew and had three kids, Pauline, Trude, and Hans
      • They had a miserable marriage
      • most of his family is buried with him
    • Early Influences
      • His Grandfather, Simon Loeb Herzl, attended Judah Alkalai’s synagogue and had one of the first copies of his 1857 pro Zionist pamphlets
      • As a reporter for Neue Freie Presse, Herzl covered the Dreyfus Affair in 1894 , where a Alfred Dreyfus, a French Jewish army captain, was wrongly convicted of spying for Germany
      • Following the conviction Herzl witnessed mass rallies where people chanted, “Death to the Jews”
      • He then wrote a play called a new ghetto, which showed the lack of equality for Jews in Vienna
    • Zionist Leader
      • Herzl’s belief in Zionism began to spread
      • Theodore Herzl met with the Sultan of Turkey in 1896 to ask for a Jewish home in Palestine but the Sultan rudely refused, saying that Palestine would always remain Muslim
      • In 1897, Herzl planned the First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland and he was elected President
      • In 1898, he began a series of initiatives to build a Jewish country
      • He was received by the German emperor several times and he attended the Hague Peace Conference
      • In 1902-03, Herzl negotiated with the Egyptian government to have the Jewish state in Al’ Arish, in the Sinai Peninsula
    • Zionist Leader
      • In 1902-03, Herzl tried to obtain support for the Jewish homeland from Pope Pius X, but the Pope couldn’t support the Jews if they didn’t accept the divinity of Christ
      • In 1903, the British government offered Herzl British East Africa, Uganda, to be the Jewish state
      • Herzl, being threatened by the Russian government, when to Russia to beg the government to treat Jews in Russia better
      • Herzl was in favor of taking Uganda as the Jewish state because of all of the pogroms in Russia so he proposed the offer at the Sixth Zionist Congress
      • The Seventh Zionist Congress however, voted against it, saying that the Jewish homeland must be in the Promised Land
    • Death and Burial
      • Herzl died July 3, 1904, before the Uganda plan was rejected
      • Died at age 44 of heart failure and pneumonia
      • He wished to have a poor funeral without speeches or flowers, and to be buried in a vault by his father until his remains could be taken to Palestine
      • In 1949 his body was taken to the new State of Israel where it was buried on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem, his memorial, cemetery, and major tourist attraction
      • It is know Israel’s army cemetery, and many famous Zionist leaders were buried there, such as Golda Meir, Yitzhak Rabin, and Levi Eshkol
      • Most of Herzl’s family is also buried there, alongside him
      • Herzl is forever known as the leader of Zionism and the man who pushed for a State of Israel
    • Facts
      • Two of his uncles and one of his aunts completely rejected the religious aspect of Judaism
      • Herzl’s wife, a non-Jew was mentally unstable and so were his children, causing them to die tragically
      • Pauline died of a mental illness and a drug addiction
      • Hans converted to Catholicism and committed suicide
      • Trude, also mentally unstable, died in a Nazi death camp
      • Herzl’s only grandchild, Stephan, jumped off of the Massachusetts Avenue Bridge
      • Herzl’s children lost his wife’s ashes accidentally
      • Herzl’s only son was uncircumcised
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E212ggKqKt0&feature=related
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fwv-W0bvV20&feature=youtube_gdata
    • Eliezer Ben Yehuda
      By: Daniel Egozi
    • Early Life
      • Born January 7, 1858 in Luzhki, Lithuania as Eliezer Yitzhak Perlman
      • At three, he started to attend a cheder where he studied Hebrew and Bible
      • By 12 years old he was reading large portions of
      Torah, Mishna, and Talmud
      • His parents wanted him to become a Rabbi, so
      they sent him to a yeshiva
      • He continued to learn ancient Hebrew but later learned French, German, and Russian
      • Sent to Dunaburg for more education
    • Family
      • Parents were Yehuda Leib and Feyga Perelman
      • First wife, Devora Jonas, died in 1891of tuberculosis, leaving him with five small children
      • She wanted him to marry her younger sister, Paula Beila whose Hebrew name was Hemda, and he did
      • Three of his children died of diphtheria, all within 10 days
    • Early Influences
      • Eliezer Ben Yehuda read the Hebrew language newspaper, HaShahar and became fully acquainted with the language and Zionism
      • With his knowledge in the belief of Zionism, he was convinced that the revival of the Hebrew language could unite all Jews worldwide
      • Moved to Paris to study at Sorbonne University
      • Studied history and politics of the Middle East and advanced Hebrew classes
      • He was then convinced that the revival of the Hebrew language was practical
    • The Making of the Hebrew Language
      • In 1881, Eliezer Ben Yehuda immigrated to Palestine and settled in Jerusalem
      • Motivated by ideas of Zionism, he set out to create a language that would replace Yiddish
      • He successfully renewed the Hebrew language
      • Raised his son entirely on Hebrew
      • Established the Committee of the Hebrew language, later known as the Academy of the Hebrew language
      • Some words never caught on
    • Journalistic Career
      • Editor of several Hebrew language newspapers: HaZvi, Hashkafa, HaOr
      • HaZvi closed down for a year because of Orthodox Jews’ objection to the use of Hebrew, “the holy tongue,” for everyday conversation
      • Wrote first modern Hebrew dictionary
      • His second wife, Hemda, was one of the editors for the newspaper, allowing him to concentrate on creating the language
    • Death and Commemoration
      • Died December of 1922 at age 64 of Tuberculosis
      • He is buried on Mount of Olives
      • 30,000 people went to his funeral
      • Eliezer Ben Yehuda is forever known as the reviver of the Hebrew language
      • One of the most popular streets for tourists in Israel is Ben Yehuda Street
    • Facts
      • Eliezer Ben Yehuda and his first wife, Devora, raised the first ever modern Hebrew speaking family
      • His son Ben Zion Ben Yehuda was the firs child ever raised on the modern Hebrew language
      • Eliezer Ben Yehuda refused to expose his child to any other language
      • When he caught his wife singing his child a Russian lullaby, he scolded her
      • He changed his name from Eliezer Yitzhak Perelman to Eliezer Ben Yehuda in 1879
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YVBM1_9EttY
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQgnHCVmrzw
      Song Lyrics