SOUTH AMERICA ECOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES Corine, Lindy, Inge, Mark and Marloes Group 3 IBS 2a
CONTENTS <ul><li>1. Ecological trends and issues South America </li></ul><ul><li>2. Political trends and issues South Amer...
1. ECOLOGICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES <ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>geographical and population size </li></ul></ul><ul><...
ECOLOGICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES (CONT) <ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the government has gotten up to date with its legi...
2. POLITICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES <ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Venezula </li></ul><ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Remarka...
POLITICAL: BRAZIL <ul><li>Federal Republic  </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 7 September 1822 (from Portugal) </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Chief of state:  </li></ul><ul><li>President Luiz Inacio &quot;LULA&quot; DA SILVA;  </li></ul><ul><li>Vice Presid...
POLITICAL: VENEZUELA <ul><li>Federal republic </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 5 July 1811 (from Spain)  </li></ul><ul><li>C...
<ul><li>Chief of state:  </li></ul><ul><li>President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 February 1999);  </li></ul><ul><li>Executi...
POLITICAL: CHILE <ul><li>Republic  </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 18 September 1810 (from Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>Constit...
<ul><li>Chief of state:  </li></ul><ul><li>President Michelle BACHELET Jeria (since 11 March 2006); </li></ul><ul><li>Head...
3. SUMMARY OF THE DESTEP
D ESTEP <ul><li>Area: 17,840,000 km²  </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 382,000,000  </li></ul><ul><li>12 countries </li></ul>...
D E STEP <ul><li>The GDP this last year was around 5%  </li></ul><ul><li>The booming export: corns </li></ul><ul><li>The f...
Economical issues <ul><li>The interest rate is very high, usually twice that of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>The ga...
DE S TEP <ul><li>Rural depopulation </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to the important economical growth, the living standard has i...
DE S TEP (cont):elimination of illiteracy <ul><li>Almost all the countries in this region try  to increase this rate by im...
DES T EP <ul><li>Significant capacity in research, but there is still not a link between the production of knowledge and h...
Evolution of the level of infrastructure
http://internetstatstoday.com/?p=356
The  Initiative for the Integration of the Regional Infrastructure of South America  (IIRSA)  <ul><li>New plan launched in...
DEST E P:consequences of the rapid industrialization  <ul><li>Reduction of the Amazon forest by agriculture: reduction of ...
DESTE P <ul><li>Domination of the Socialist party in this region </li></ul><ul><li>Union of South American Nations ( all o...
Question Chapter 19: Issues Management <ul><li>What are the four functions of issues management?   </li></ul>
Answer: <ul><li>1. anticipate and analyze issues 2. develop organisational positions on issues 3. identify key publics who...
<ul><li>Non-governmental organizations are groups....   a. without govermental affiliation that have no particular interes...
Answer: <ul><li>Non-governmental organizations are groups....  a. without govermental affiliation that have no particular ...
Chap 29: Campaigning organisations and pressure groups <ul><li>Which are the three perspectives that can be put forward on...
Answer: <ul><li>1. the macro level perspective 2. the publics perspective 3. the developmental perspective   </li></ul>
<ul><li>The macro level perspective is concerned with the ............., .................... and............ conditions w...
Answer: <ul><li>The macro level perspective is concerned with the  political ,  economic  and cultural  conditions within ...
 
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Overview Of The Dstep

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  • Overview Of The Dstep

    1. 1. SOUTH AMERICA ECOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES Corine, Lindy, Inge, Mark and Marloes Group 3 IBS 2a
    2. 2. CONTENTS <ul><li>1. Ecological trends and issues South America </li></ul><ul><li>2. Political trends and issues South America </li></ul><ul><li>3. Summary of the DESTEP </li></ul><ul><li>4. Exam questions </li></ul><ul><li>5. Our wiki </li></ul>
    3. 3. 1. ECOLOGICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES <ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>geographical and population size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>its rapid industrialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and its unparalleled biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Amazon forest </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. ECOLOGICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES (CONT) <ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the government has gotten up to date with its legislation to make Chile a safe place for all whales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A lake fed by a Glacier dried up over about a month. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many old yellow busses are being sold to cities in southern Chile, smog included </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no direct road connecting Chile South of Hornopiren to the rest of Chile. The road happens to be missing where the largest private park and nature reserves in the World is located. Pumalin Park is in danger </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. 2. POLITICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES <ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Venezula </li></ul><ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Remarkable: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- the president is both the chief of state and head of government in all the three countries </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. POLITICAL: BRAZIL <ul><li>Federal Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 7 September 1822 (from Portugal) </li></ul><ul><li>5 October 1988 Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Legal system based on Roman codes; has not </li></ul><ul><li>accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Suffrage voluntary between 16 and 18 years of age and over 70; compulsory over 18 and under 70 years of age </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Chief of state: </li></ul><ul><li>President Luiz Inacio &quot;LULA&quot; DA SILVA; </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President Jose ALENCAR; both since january 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Head of government: </li></ul><ul><li>President Luiz Inacio &quot;LULA&quot; DA SILVA; </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President Jose ALENCAR </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet appointed by the president </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties: </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian Labor Party (PTB) </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian Renewal Labor Party (PRTB) </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic Labor Party (PDT) </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) </li></ul><ul><li>Workers’ Party (PT) </li></ul>
    8. 8. POLITICAL: VENEZUELA <ul><li>Federal republic </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 5 July 1811 (from Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution 30 December 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Legal system open, adversarial court system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Suffrage 18 years of age; universal </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Chief of state: </li></ul><ul><li>President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 February 1999); </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Vice President Ramon Alonzo CARRIZALEZ Rengifo (since 4 January 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Head of government: </li></ul><ul><li>President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias; </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Vice President Ramon Alonzo CARRIZALEZ Rengifo </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties: </li></ul><ul><li>A New Time (UNT) </li></ul><ul><li>Christan Democrats (COPEI) </li></ul><ul><li>Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV) </li></ul><ul><li>Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) </li></ul><ul><li>United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) </li></ul>
    10. 10. POLITICAL: CHILE <ul><li>Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 18 September 1810 (from Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution 11 September 1980, effective 11 March 1981; amended 1989, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, and 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Legal system based on Code of 1857 derived from Spanish law and subsequent codes influenced by French and Austrian law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; </li></ul><ul><li>Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Chief of state: </li></ul><ul><li>President Michelle BACHELET Jeria (since 11 March 2006); </li></ul><ul><li>Head of government: </li></ul><ul><li>President Michelle BACHELET Jeria </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties: </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance for Chile with the party National Renewal (APC/RN) </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Democratic Union (UDI) </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition of Parties for Democracy with the party Christian Democratic Party (CPD/PDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist Party (PS) </li></ul><ul><li>Party for Democracy (PD) </li></ul><ul><li>Radical Social Democratic Party (PRSD) </li></ul><ul><li>Communist Party (PC) </li></ul><ul><li>Humanist Party </li></ul>
    12. 12. 3. SUMMARY OF THE DESTEP
    13. 13. D ESTEP <ul><li>Area: 17,840,000 km² </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 382,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>12 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Main languages: Portuguese, Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>Largest cities: Sao paulo, Buenos aires, Rio de janeiro </li></ul>
    14. 14. D E STEP <ul><li>The GDP this last year was around 5% </li></ul><ul><li>The booming export: corns </li></ul><ul><li>The foreign investment from Europe and the USA </li></ul><ul><li>The income generated from tourism represents one important part of the GDP </li></ul>
    15. 15. Economical issues <ul><li>The interest rate is very high, usually twice that of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>The gap between the rich and the poor in most of the South American countries (social issues) </li></ul><ul><li>The financial self-sufficiency to the foreign investment </li></ul><ul><li>The influence of the price of oil </li></ul>
    16. 16. DE S TEP <ul><li>Rural depopulation </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to the important economical growth, the living standard has increased these last few years </li></ul><ul><li>But 200 million people still live below the poverty line in this region </li></ul><ul><li>High level of crime </li></ul>
    17. 17. DE S TEP (cont):elimination of illiteracy <ul><li>Almost all the countries in this region try to increase this rate by improving the quality of the education: the percentage of PIB for education went from 2.7% to 5% in 5 years as the average in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Country value </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil 89 </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuela 93 </li></ul><ul><li>Chil 96 </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivie 81 </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia 93 </li></ul><ul><li>Perou 82 </li></ul>
    18. 18. DES T EP <ul><li>Significant capacity in research, but there is still not a link between the production of knowledge and how the population uses it </li></ul><ul><li>In average 33% of the population has access to the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of infrastructure ( road, railway, telephone line…) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Evolution of the level of infrastructure
    20. 20. http://internetstatstoday.com/?p=356
    21. 21. The Initiative for the Integration of the Regional Infrastructure of South America (IIRSA) <ul><li>New plan launched in 2000, which links the 12 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Areas: transportation, energy and telecommunications projects </li></ul><ul><li>Technical and financial support from the Technical Coordination Commitee(TCC) </li></ul>
    22. 22. DEST E P:consequences of the rapid industrialization <ul><li>Reduction of the Amazon forest by agriculture: reduction of biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>The depletion of WATER over the years (contamination of the rivers) </li></ul><ul><li>The increase in temperatures has an economical impact on the agriculture in the region </li></ul>
    23. 23. DESTE P <ul><li>Domination of the Socialist party in this region </li></ul><ul><li>Union of South American Nations ( all of the region except: French Guiana and the overseas territories of the United Kingdom) free movement of people, economic development, a common defense policy and the elimination of tariffs </li></ul>
    24. 24. Question Chapter 19: Issues Management <ul><li>What are the four functions of issues management?   </li></ul>
    25. 25. Answer: <ul><li>1. anticipate and analyze issues 2. develop organisational positions on issues 3. identify key publics whose support is vital to the public policy issue 4. identify desired behaviour of key publics </li></ul>
    26. 26. <ul><li>Non-governmental organizations are groups....   a. without govermental affiliation that have no particular interest in a subject b. without govermental affiliation that have a particular interest in a subject c. with govermental affiliation that have no particular interest in a subject   </li></ul>
    27. 27. Answer: <ul><li>Non-governmental organizations are groups....  a. without govermental affiliation that have no particular interest in a subject b. without govermental affiliation that have a particular interest in a subject c. with govermental affiliation that have no particular interest in a subject   </li></ul>
    28. 28. Chap 29: Campaigning organisations and pressure groups <ul><li>Which are the three perspectives that can be put forward on how pressure or activist organisations are formed: </li></ul>
    29. 29. Answer: <ul><li>1. the macro level perspective 2. the publics perspective 3. the developmental perspective   </li></ul>
    30. 30. <ul><li>The macro level perspective is concerned with the ............., .................... and............ conditions within a particular country that may encourage activism.   a. political, cultural and environmental b. political, economic and cultural c. political, economic and demographical   </li></ul>
    31. 31. Answer: <ul><li>The macro level perspective is concerned with the political , economic and cultural conditions within a particular country that may encourage activism </li></ul>
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