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Egypt
 

Egypt

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    Egypt Egypt Presentation Transcript

    • EGYPT
    • Geography
      • Fertile soil in Nile Delta
        • Floods every spring
        • Mouth of the river
      • Cataracts: rocky area with swift currents and rapids
        • Too rough to use for invasions
    • Two Kingdoms
      • Different dialects and customs
      • Lower Egypt
        • Most of the Nile Delta
        • Mild climate
        • Worshipped a cobra goddess
      • Upper Egypt
        • South of Lower
        • Worshipped a vulture goddess
    • Old Kingdom (2650 BCE-2100 BCE
      • Pyramids
        • Tombs for rulers
        • Workers were peasants
      • Pharaohs
        • Absolute Power: God, Judge, leader of army
        • Owned all the land in the country
        • Responsible for prosperity
      • Theocracy: State ruled by religious figures
      • Bureaucracy: organization managed by officials
        • Pharaoh's relatives
        • No power of their own
        • Vizier was assistant
    • Middle Kingdom (2055-1650)
      • Economic prosperity
      • Capital: Thebes
      • Sailors and merchants
      • Fortresses along Nile
        • Trade routes through Egypt not safe
      • Hyksos conquered M.K.
    • New Kingdom (1500-332)
      • 1st permanent army
        • Foot soldiers, archers, charioteers
      • Expanded empire
      • Monotheism under Akhenaten
        • sun god Aten
      • Polytheism restored under King Tut
      • Invasions plagued Egypt
        • Broke into small states
        • No Egyptian ruled after 343 BC
        • Greeks took over until Rome conquered
    • Hatshepsut (15000
      • Only woman pharaoh
      • Dressed like a man
      • Promoted huge trading expedition
      • Nephew destroyed nearly everything she created
    • Rames II or Ramses the Great
      • Led battle against the Hittites
      • Ruled for 60 years
      • Built more temples and monuments than any other pharaoh
      • Most remembered Pharaoh
    • Religion
      • Re, Amon-Re: Sun God
        • Father of the Pharaohs
      • Anubis: Protector of the Dead
      • Osiris: Civilization of Egypt (took Anubis job)
        • Pieces of his body was chopped up and spread around Egypt
      • Isis: Goddess of nature and women
      • Horus: God of sky
        • Son of Osiris and Isis
    • Religion continued
      • Obelisks: pillars w/ pyramid shaped tops
      • Priests were responsible for taking care of the gods
        • Rituals
        • Festivals
      • Mummification
        • Tombs
        • Needs food/drink
        • Treasures for nobles and pharaohs
        • Painted walls
    • Daily Life
      • Society
        • Pharaoh
        • Priest, Gov. officials
        • Artisans and Merchants
        • Farmers, miners, soldiers
        • Slaves
      • Women had more rights
        • Jobs, own property
      • Very focused on appearance
        • Makeup, wigs, skirts, robes, jewelry
    • Art, Writing, and Science
      • Great Sphinx
      • Hieroglyphics
        • Rosetta Stone: Translator
          • Greek, Demotic, and Hieroglyphic
      • Arithmetic
        • Add, subtract, multiply and divide
        • Geometry
        • Engineering: pyramids
      • Anatomy
        • Doctors and medical knowledge