Enhances status of minority interests (Rural Vs. Urban)
Avoids domination of populous states over smaller ones by requiring the distribution of popular vote
Stabilizes the nation politically by encouraging a two party system (e.g. Election of 1992)
Maintains a Federal system of Government
I Hate It Because…: Disadvantages to Consider
There is possibility of electing a President that does not have the majority of the popular votes (1824 Election & 2000)
There is the risk of faithless Elector (1988)
E.C. can depress voter turnout
Fails to accurately reflect the relative proportions of voters in states (1988)
It’s Still There Because…
The E.C. has performed its function for over 200 years by ensuring that the President has both sufficient popular support to govern and that this support is sufficiently distributed throughout the country
Though there were a few anomalies in its early history, none have occurred in the past century.
Alternatives appear to be more problematic
Supplements 1. Disney Video on the Electoral College This will be used at the beginning of the class to Summarize their learning in earlier lecture and Start the debate 2. http://www.270towin.com : You can pop open the web site to explain the advantages and disadvantages discussed above historically.
For Teachers’ Use Only
The Following Slides Provide the Special Events in past. You can consider them as examples or as a base for the activity supplemented.
Appendix: These Happened in the Past…
1992 - Independent candidate H. Ross Perot received 19,741,065 votes, most ever for a 3rd party candidate, but no Electoral Votes !
1824 - Country was so deeply divided politically that four Presidential candidates split the Electoral Votes. No candidate received a majority of Electors, Adams with only 32% popularity, elected by vote of House of Representatives
1988 - Democratic Elector in West Virginia cast his vote for Lloyd Bensen for President and Michael Dukakis for Vice instead of the other way around (Faithless)
1988 - Combined voting age population (3,119,000) of seven least populous jurisdictions of Alaska, Delaware, DC, ND, SD, Vermont and Wyoming carried same no. of Electoral votes(21) as FL with 9,614,000 population
These Happened in the Past…
Kimberling. William, ” The Electoral College ”, May 1992 , Nov. 2008