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Week 2 - Reading Poetry

Week 2 - Reading Poetry






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Week 2 - Reading Poetry Week 2 - Reading Poetry Presentation Transcript

  • Communication & Thought Week 2 Reading Poetry
  • Today…
    • Appreciate the use of poetry as a form of communication.
    • Observe the characteristics of poetry.
    • Understand that poetry does not have to be tightly structured.
    • Develop skills in using creative writing techniques.
  • Poetry defined
    • What is Poetry?
    • Poetry is a powerful form of communication.
    • It can be difficult to read and gain meaning from.
    • A completely different type of writing (and reading) than that used by prose or fiction (stories).
    • It can take as long to read a short poem as it does to read a short story.
    • Don't be discouraged if you don't feel you understand a poem after a single reading; some require many readings.
  • Reading Poetry
    • The first impulse of most readers is to look for the meaning of the poem, and many are frustrated or disappointed when they can't find it.
    • Poems may be intended to be sung, often accompanied by music; the sound and rhythm of these poems can be as important as, or even more important than, the meanings of the words themselves.
    • Some poems are ironic, and seem to contradict themselves.
  • Reading Poetry (cont.)
    • Many poems operate on several levels, so that each time they are read, they seem to be saying something different; and some poems are highly allusive , drawing their meaning from other poems or stories, often from their relationship to those other poems.
    • Poems, like music or paintings, may only hint at meanings or themes.
    • Two techniques can help you to understand and appreciate poetry:
      • read it aloud, and
      • read it with a dictionary!
  • The Guts of Poetry
    • Just like all forms of writing, poetry should have a title, an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
    • A simple example:
    • Fleas
    • Adam
    • Had’em
    • Poetry encourages creativity, imagination and experimentation.
    • Language - usually highly compressed and figurative .
  • Figures of speech
    • Guitarist Frank Zappa describes his love of his instrument:
    “ If ever there's an obscene noise to be made on an instrument, it's going to come out of a guitar. On a saxophone you can play sleaze . On a bass you can play balls . But on a guitar you can be truly obscene . . . Let's be realistic about this, the guitar can be the single most blasphemous device on the face of the earth. That's why I like it... The disgusting stink of a too-loud electric guitar : now that's my idea of a good time.”
  • Figures of speech
    • Imagery - use of words to describe something, to create a "mental picture" of it. Eg to describe a silk cloth as water flowing down a mountain.
    • Symbolism - use of words or objects to create a mental picture, that reminds you of something else. “A term, a name, or even a picture that may be familiar in daily life, yet that possesses specific connotations in addition to its conventional and obvious meaning." (Carl Jung)
    • eg The flag of a country is only a piece of coloured cloth, but it reminds you of your country, and many other things about your country as well. The icons of many religions are a kind of symbol, pictures or other representations that contain special meaning.
  • Using imagery & symbolism
    • Contrasting poems:
      • Using the contrasting ideas suggested below, write a short, 3-5 line poem (or poems) that use symbols or imagery to portray their meaning.
      • True and false
      • Youth and old age
      • Boys and girls
    Day As bright and cheerful as Children at play Night Sparkles deep in velvet tresses Safe in folds of mother’s dresses Downy owls in flight
  • Figures of speech
    • Metaphor s and Similes - words or pictures used to compare one thing to something else.
    • A metaphor is where I say that this equals that. Eg. “Pigeons are flying rats” meaning they eat lots of food and breed quickly and they are vermin.
    • A simile is where I say that something is like something else. Eg. “Politicians are like a bunch of pigs at a trough," meaning they are selfish and greedy.
    • In everyday speech we use metaphors more often than we use similes.
  • Using metaphor and simile
    • Create a short (3-4 line poem) using metaphor and then simile using the following starting ideas:
      • Summer is… - Summer is like …
      • Wind is … - Wind is like ...
      • Feet are … - Feet are like …
    Metaphor spring is flowers all of brilliant colours growing in flowerpots Simile spring is like moonlight shiny, bright and new glittering over fields Fresh with silvery dew
  • Figures of speech
    • Irony - use of words or phrases that say something other than what we really mean.
    • Eg When there is a cyclone we might say “lovely weather we are having!”
    • When we see a giant tree we might say “that’s a nice stick of timber”.
  • Using irony
    • Use the following words in a poem (or poems) to mean the opposite of what you say:
      • Storm
      • Teacup
      • Bagpipe
      • Humming bird
    Melodious! The glorious melody of my beloved’s voice fair, Came to me through the still night air. I stood and listened with tears streaming, As the sounds of love pored forth screaming. And dingos howled in concerted support, With her mighty bellows and ear-shattering thought. Oh pity those who could not a witness be, To the melodious sounds of my love’s opera in D.