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Copia (2) Di 2003
 

Copia (2) Di 2003

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    Copia (2) Di 2003 Copia (2) Di 2003 Document Transcript

    • DGPS NAVIGATOR GPS NAVIGATOR GP-37 !GP-32
    • C Your Local Agent/Dealer 9 - 52, Ashihara - cho, Nishinomiya, Japan Telephone: 0798 - 65 - Telefax: 2111 0798 - 65 - All rights reserved. FIRST EDITION : MAY 2 0 0 2 Printed in Japan C1 : J A N . 1 0 , 200 3 P U B . No . O M E - 4 4 2 0 (DAMI) 0
    • SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS Safety Instructions for the Operator WARNING NOTICE Do not open the equipment. Be sure the power supply is compatible with the equipment. Only qualified personnel should work inside the equipment. Incorrect power supply may cause the equipment to overheat. Do not disassemble or modify the equipment. The useable temperature range for the antenna unit is -25°C to 70°C; Fire, electrical shock or serious injury can -15°C to 55°C for the display unit. result. Use of the equipment out of those ranges Immediately turn off the power at the may damage the equipment. switchboard if the equipment is emitting smoke or fire. Continued use of the equipment can cause fire or electrical shock. Contact a FURUNO agent for service. Use the proper fuse. Use of a wrong fuse can damage the equipment or cause fire. i
    • Safety Instructions for the Installer WARNING NOTICE Do not open the cover unless totally Observe the following compass safe familiar with electrical circuits and distances to prevent interference to a service manual. magnetic compass: Improper handling can result in electrical Standard Steering compass compass shock. Display 0.8 m 0.55 m unit Turn off the power at the switchboard before beginning the installation. Fire or electrical shock can result if the power is left on. Be sure that the power supply is compatible with the voltage rating of the equipment. Connection of an incorrect power supply can cause fire or equipment damage. The voltage rating of the equipment appears on the label above the power connector. Use the proper fuse. Use of a wrong fuse can damage the equipment or cause fire. ii
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ................................... 6. ALARMS ................................... v 29 Arrival Alarm, Anchor Watch 6.1 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .......... Alarm......................................... 29 vi WHAT IS WAAS? .......................... 6.2 XTE (Cross Track Error) Alarm ..30 vii EQUIPMENT LISTS ..................... 6.3 Speed Alarm.............................. 31 1 OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW...... 6.4 WAAS/DGPS Alarm ..................31 . 1 Controls ...................................... 1 1.1 6.5 Time Alarm ................................ 1.2 Turning On and Off Power .......... 2 6.6 31 1.3 Adjusting Brilliance and Contrast 2 6.7 Trip Alarm .................................. 1.4 Display Modes ............................ 3 6.8 32 1.5 Menu Overview........................... 7 Odometer Alarm ........................ 1.6 Simulation Display ...................... 8 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS ............... 33 7.1 Calculating Range, Bearing, 2. PLOTTER DISPLAY OVERVIEW9 TTG and ETA ............................ 33 2.1 Choosing the Display Range....... 9 7.2 WAAS Setup ............................. 34 2.2 Shifting the Cursor ...................... 9 7.3 DGPS setup .............................. 35 2.3 Shifting the Display ................... 10 7.4 Bearing Reference..................... 37 2.4 Centering Own Ship’s Position.. 10 7.5 Magnetic Variation ..................... 2.5 Changing Track Plotting Interval, 7.6 38 Stopping Plotting....................... 10 7.7 Geodetic Chart System .............38 2.6 Erasing Track.............................11 7.8 Units of Measurement ...............38 7.9 Position Display Format.............39 3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS) ............ Time Difference (using local time), 13 3.1 Entering Waypoints ................... 13 Time Format .............................. 7.10 3.2 Entering the MOB Mark ............ 15 39 7.11 3.3 Displaying Waypoint Name ....... 16 GPS Setup ................................ 40 7.12 3.4 Operations on the Waypoint List 16 User Display Setup.................... 41 3.5 Erasing Waypoints .................... 17 Resetting Trip and Odometer 7.13 3.6 Speed for Calculating Time-to-Go, Distances .................................. 42 Estimated Time of Arrival .......... 18 Uploading, Downloading 7.14 Waypoint, Route Data................43 4. ROUTES ................................... 8. MAINTENANCE & 19 4.1 Creating Routes ........................ 19 TROUBLESHOOTING ............. 47 4.2 Editing Routes .......................... 23 8.1 Maintenance.............................. 47 4.3 Erasing Routes ......................... 25 8.2 Displaying the Message Board ..47 8.3 Replacing the Fuse.................... 48 5. DESTINATION .......................... 27 8.4 Replacing the Battery ................48 5.1 Setting Destination by Cursor ... 27 8.5 Satellite Monitor Display ............49 5.2 Setting Destination by Waypoint 27 8.6 Diagnostics................................ 49 5.3 Setting Route as Destination..... 28 8.7 Clearing Data ............................ 50 5.4 Setting User Waypoint as Destination................................ 28 5.5 Canceling Destination ............... 28 iii
    • 9. INSTALLATION ........................ OUTLINE DRAWINGS 53 9.1 Installation of Display Unit......... 53 INTERCONNECTION DIAGRAMS 9.2 Installation of Antenna Unit ....... 54 9.3 Wiring ....................................... 55 INDEX ................................... 9.4 Initial Settings ........................... 56 Index-1 Declaration of Conformity APPENDIX.................................AP- 1 SPECIFICATIONS ..................... iv
    • FOREWORD A Word to the Owner of the Features GP-37, GP-32 The GP-37/GP-32 is a totally integrated GPS Congratulations on your choice of the GP-37 receiver and video plotter, and mainly DGPS Navigator, GP-32 GPS Navigator. consists of a display unit and an antenna unit. The GP-37 is additionally equipped with a For over 50 years FURUNO Electric DGPS beacon receiver, built in the display Company has enjoyed an enviable reputation unit. for innovative and dependable marine electronics equipment. This dedication to The high sensitivity GPS receiver tracks up to excellence is furthered by our extensive 13 satellites (12 GPS, 1 WAAS) global network of agents and dealers. simultaneously. An 8-state Kalman filter ensures optimum accuracy in determination Your navigator is designed and constructed to of vessel position, course and speed. meet the rigorous demands of the marine environment. However, no machine can The main features of the GP-37/GP-32 are perform its intended function unless installed, operated and maintained properly. Please • A DGPS beacon receiver may be carefully read and follow the recommended connected to the GP-32 to add DGPS procedures for installation, operation, and capability. maintenance. • WAAS capability. • Storage for 999 waypoints and 50 routes We would appreciate hearing from you, the • Alarms: Arrival/Anchor Watch, XTE end-user, about whether we are achieving our (Cross-track Error), Trip, Odometer, Time, purposes. WAAS/DGPS, and Speed. • Man overboard feature records position at Thank you for considering and purchasing time of man overboard and provides FURUNO equipment. continuous updates of range and bearing when navigating to the MOB position. • Bright 95 x 60 mm LCD with adjustable contrast and brilliance. • Autopilot (option) may be connected, and steering data output to the autopilot. • Unique Highway display provides a graphic presentation of ship’s progress toward a waypoint. • User displays definable by operator. • Waypoint and route data can be uploaded from a PC and downloaded to a PC. V
    • SYSTEM CONFIGURATION Note: This equipment is intended for use on marine vessels. Do not use it in other applications. ANTENNA UNIT GPA-019 PROCESSOR UNIT* NAVIGATOR FURUNO GPS NAVIGATOR PERSONAL COMPUTER * = With DGPS beacon receiver : Standard Supply : Option 12/24 VDC GP-37 system configuration ANTENNA UNIT GPA-017 PROCESSOR UNIT NAVIGATOR FURUNO GPS NAVIGATOR DGPS BEACON RECEIVER PERSONAL COMPUTER : Standard Supply : Option 12/24 VDC GP-32 system configuration Vi
    • WHAT IS WAAS? WAAS, available in North America, is a provider in the worldwide SBAS (Satellite Based Augmentation System) navigation system. An SBAS provider furnishes GPS signal corrections to SBAS users, for even better position accuracy, typically better than three meters. Two more SBAS providers are also currently under development, MSAS (Multi-Functional Satellite Augmentation System) for Japan and EGNOS (Euro Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service) for Europe. All providers will be compatible with one another, thus providing “seamless” position fixes to SBAS users. At the time of this software release, WAAS is still in the developmental phase. During this developmental phase, which may last several years, there is no guarantee of the accuracy, integrity, continuity, or availability of the WAAS signal. Therefore, FURUNO will accept no responsibility for the use of the signal for other than the above stated purpose. It is the user’s responsibility to exercise common prudence and navigational judgment when using the WAAS signal. 150°W 120°W 90°W 60°W 30°W 0 30°E 60°E 90°E 120°E 150°E 60°N 60°N 40°N EGNOS 40°N MSAS 20°N 20°N 122 120 131 134 0 0 WAAS 20°S 20°S 40°S 40°S 60°S 60°S 150°W 120°W 90°W 60°W 30°W 0 30°E 60°E 90°E 120°E 150°E Satellite, Region Position Expected operations capability 120, AOR-E 15.5°W WAAS: 2003 122, AOR-W 54°W EGNOS: 2004 131, IOR 64.5°E MSAS: 2005 134, POR 178°E Note: This manual uses “WAAS” when referring to any SBAS provider. Vii
    • EQUIPMENT LISTS Standard supply Name Type Qty Remarks Display GP-37 With hanger, knob 1 Unit GP-32 Antenna GPA-019 1 For GP-37, w/10 m cable Unit GPA-017 1 For GP-32, w/10 m cable Installation CP20-02310 1 set Power/data cable (1 pc.) Materials (Type: MJ-A7SPF0009-020, Code No.: 000-145-612) Tapping screw (4 pcs.) (Type: 5X20, Code No.: 000-802-081) Spare Parts SP20-01001 1 set Fuse (2 pcs.) (Type: FGMB1A, Code No.: 000-114-805) Template C42-00201 1 Code No. 000-809-299, flush mounting template Hard Cover FP14-02801 1 Code No. 004-366-960 Optional equipment Name Type Code No. Qty Remarks Right Angle NO.13-QA330 000-803-239 1 For mounting the antenna Antenna Base unit, choose one L-type Antenna NO.13-QA310 000-803-240 1 Base Handrail NO.13-RC5160 000-806-114 1 Antenna Base Mast Mounting CP20-01111 004-365-780 1 set Kit Cable Assy. MJ-A7SPF0009-020 000-145-612 1 Flush Mounting OP20-29 000-041-405 1 set For flush mounting the Kit F display unit, choose one Flush Mounting OP20-17 000-040-720 1 set Kit S Viii
    • 1 OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW . 1. Controls 1 Cursor Pad . Shifts cursor (cursor displayed) and display (cursor off). . Selects items on menus. Press once: Zoom, centering, . Enters alphanumeric data. or escapes from current opera- tion, depending on display in MENU ENT Registers items on menus. use. Press twice: Opens menu. Chooses display mode. DISP GOTO Sets/cancels destination. MARK Momentary press: Inscribes mark. MOB Long press: Inscribes MOB mark. DIM Momentary press: Turns PwR power on. With the power on, press to adjust dimmer and contrast. Long press: Turns power off. Control panel How to attach and remove the hard cover To attach the hard cover, set it to the display unit at an angle. To remove the hard cover, do as follows: Press at arrows and pull toward you to remove. 1
    • 1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW 1. Turning On and Off Power Turning off the power 2 Turning on the power Press and hold down the [DIM/PWR] key until the screen goes blank (about three seconds). Press the [DIM/PWR] key. The unit beeps The time remaining until the power is turned and then starts up with the last-used display off is counted down on the display. mode. Note: The example screens shown in this manual may not match the screens you see 1. Adjusting Brilliance and on your display. The screen you see depends 3 Contrast on your system configuration and equipment 1. Press the [DIM/PWR] key momentarily. settings. The display shown below appears. Your equipment takes about 90 seconds to BRILL (1-8) find its position when turned on for the very 4 first time. Thereafter it typically takes about CONTRAST (0-63) 12 seconds. 41 The equipment shows receiver status EXIT:[ENT] indication at the top left-hand corner in most display modes. The table below shows these Brilliance and contrast adjustment window indications and their meanings. 2. To adjust the brilliance, press A or ▼. Current setting is shown to the right of A. Receiver status indications Maximum setting is 8. Indication Meaning 3. To adjust the contrast, press ◄ or ‘. 2D 2D GPS position fix Current setting is shown to the right of ‘. Maximum setting is 63. 3D 3D GPS position fix 4. Press the [ENT] key to finish. D2D 2D DGPS position fix D3D 3D DGPS position fix Note: If the last-used contrast setting is 36 or W2D 2D WAAS position fix higher, the equipment starts up with that W3D 3D WAAS position fix setting. If the setting is 35 or lower, the DOP* 2D: HDOP larger than 4 equipment starts up with setting 36. 3D: PDOP larger than 6 SIM Simulation mode * = DOP (Dilution of Precision) is the index of position accuracy and is the distribution pattern of satellites used in position fixing. Generally, the smaller the figure the better the position accuracy. 2
    • 1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW 1. Display Modes 4 unit has five display modes: Plotter Display, Highway Display, Steering Display, Nav Data Your Display and User Display (digital data and speedometer). Press the [DISP] key to choose a display mode. Each time the key is pressed, the display mode changes in the sequence shown below. 20 D2D 1 30 [5 n ] m [DISP] key COG: 357° 0 40 SOG: 10.0 k t SOG 0 9.9 KT 60 34°44.000N 135°21.000E [User Display: Speedometer] [Plotter Display] (Display format depends on user setting.) [DISP] key [DISP] key 004 POwER(v) SOG(KT) BRG 242° [+] 12.1 9.9 COG 357° 0.05.05 0.05 TRIP(NM) COG(°) RNG17.5 m 9.99 5.6 SOG10.0 k XTE 0.05 m n [User Display: Digital Data] [Highway Display] (Display format depends on user setting.) [DISP] key [DISP] key D2D MAG CURSOR 15:37 D2D 02-FEB-02 15:37:40 300 330 N 30 60 E 34°44. 000' N 135°21. 000' E [DISP] key SOG: 10.0 kt OG: 357° 357° BRG: 10.0 RNG: 17.5 nm 242° SOG: kt COG: 1H30M ETA: 12:30 TTG: [Nav Data Display] [Steering Display] Display modes (default user displays) Note The unit measures distances up to 9999 nm. Any distance greater than 9999 nm is 1: shown as “*999”. Note 2: Position data can be shown in latitude and longitude or TDs (Loran C or Decca). 3
    • 1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW Plotter display The plotter display traces own ship’s track, and shows position, bearing to cursor, range to cursor, horizontal display range setting and receiver status. Receiver status (See table on page 2.) Own ship mark (blinking) D2D x Waypoint mark (Shape selectable) n Horizontal display [ 40 m ] Boat’s track range setting BRG: + Bearing 180° to cursor* RNG: + Cursor n Range 12.0 m (Displayed six seconds.) to cursor* 34°44.000N 135°21.000E Cursor position (Own ship position when * = COG and SOG replace bearing to cursor and cursor is not displayed.) range to cursor when the cursor is not displayed. Plotter display Highway display The highway display provides a 3-D view of own ship’s progress toward destination (waypoint). Nav data is also shown. Direction to steer (to return to course) Appears to right or left of centerline Bearing from own ship to dependin g on direction to steer; destination waypoint : Steer right, : Steer left. CURSOR Destination waypoint name ”CURSOR” (cursor-selected BRG [+] destination) or waypoint name Course over 11° COG Destination waypoint Moves forward as boat .5 0 0.3 0.5 nears destination. ground g.0 RNG m I I I N I I I I 12.5 Α C (Delta Course) Speed SOG k XTE 0.05 n m The boat mark displays course as follows: over ground When no waypoint is set; The mode is North-up and the arrow shows boat’s course. Range from Analog XTE (Cross-track error) scale When a waypoint is set; own ship to Arrow shifts with boat’s XTE. When the The arrow shows boat’s destination arrow is aligned with the centerline course towards destination. waypoint the boat is on course. The arrow blinks if Digital XTE indication boat’s XTE is greater than XTE scale (in nautical miles) range. ”N” (North) is displayed instead of the arrow when no destination is set. Highway display 4
    • 1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW Steering display The steering display provides steering information such as ship’s speed, course, range, bearing, ETA and TTG. Receiver status Bearing reference (MAG or TRUE) Destination (CURSOR or waypoint name) Time D2D MAG CURSOR 04:32 Bearing from own ship ▼ to destination W 300 330 N 30 60 E Bearing scale 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Own ship mark Speed over ground SOG: 12.5 kt COG: 354° Course over ground Range from own ship RNG: 0.16 nm BRG: 60° Bearing to destination TTG: 1H 30M ETA: 12:30 Estimated Time of Time-To-Go Arrival at destination to destination (*9:*9 shown when (*9H*9M is displayed ETA is over 99h59min.) when TTG is over 99 h59min.) Steering display Nay data display The nav data display shows receiver status, position in latitude and longitude (or TDs), course over ground, speed over ground, date and time. Receiver status D2D 10-JAN-02 16 :44 :15 Date and time 3 4 ° 44.000’ Position in latitude N and longitude 135 ° Speed over ground SOG: 12.5 kt COG: 7° Course over ground Nay data display 5
    • 1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW User displays Two user displays are available, digital and speedometer. Digital display The digital display shows digital navigation data. The user may choose what data to display in one to four cells. The choices of data are time, speed over ground, cross-track error, odometer distance, position, course over ground, time-to-go to destination, trip distance, power source voltage, range and bearing to waypoint, and estimated time of arrival at destination. POWER(V) SOG(KT) 12.1 9.9 TRIP(NM) COG(°) 9.99 5.6 Digital display (default display) Speedometer display The speedometer display provides both digital and analog displays of speed over ground. 20 1 30 0 40 SOG 0 9.3 KT 60 Speedometer display 6
    • 1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW 1. Menu Oyeryiew 5 operations of your unit are carried out OFF Most DISTANCE through the menu. Below is a quick AUTO introduction to how to choose a menu and change menu settings. If you get lost in Track recording options operation, press the [MENU] key to return to 5. Press A or V to choose option desired. the MAIN MENU. For your reference, a 6. Press the [ENT] key to register your complete menu tree appears in the Appendix. selection. 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to menu. display the menu. One press: Steering display, nav data How to enter alphanumeric data display and user display. Two presses: Plotter display, highway In some instances it is necessary to enter display. alphanumeric data. The example below shows how to enter a time difference of -6:30, MAIN MENU to use local time instead of UTC time. WAYPOINTS MESSAGES 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to ROUTES SATELLITE PLOTTER USER DISP display the menu. ALARMS GPS SETUP 2. Choose SYS SETUP and then press the ERASE SYS SETUP WAAS!DGPS I!O SETUP [ENT] key. CALCULATE TD SETUP SYSTEM SETUP Main menu LANGUAGE : ENGLISH DATUM : WGS84 2. Operate the cursor pad to choose a menu UNITS : nm, kt and then press the [ENT] key. For TIME DIFF : +00 : 00 TIME DISP : 24HOUR example, choose PLOTTER and then TEST? press the [ENT] key. SIMULATOR? EXCHANGE BATTERY? PLOTTER SETUP SYSTEM SETUP menu TRACK REC : DISTANCE INTERVAL : 0.10 nm 3. Choose TIME DIFF. BRG. REF. : MAG 4. Press the [ENT] key. A cursor MAG. VAR. : AUTO E16 WPT NAME : DSP GOTO circumscribes “+“. This cursor appears TTG!ETA SPD : AUTO whenever selected data can be changed TRACK MEMORY USED 1% with the cursor pad. PLOTTER SETUP menu SYSTEM SETUP 3. Use A or V to choose menu item. For LANGUAGE : ENGLISH DATUM : WGS84 example, choose TRACK REC. UNITS : nm, kt 4. Press the [ENT] key. A window shows the TIME DIFF : +00 : 00 TIME DISP : 24HOUR options for the item selected. (The TEST? illustration at the top of the next shows the SIMULATOR? EXCHANGE BATTERY? options available for TRACK REC.) SYSTEM SETUP menu, TIME DIFF selected 7
    • 1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW 5. Press A to display “-“. 6. Press the [ENT] key, use the cursor pad 6. Press ‘ to send the cursor to the to enter speed to use for the simulation, next digit. and then press the [ENT] key. 7. Press A or V to display “0.” 7. Press the [ENT] key. 8. Press ‘ to send the cursor to the 8. Choose course (AUTO or MAN) and then next digit. press the [ENT] key. For manual entry of 9. Press A or V to display “6.” course, press the [ENT] key, enter course 10. Press ‘ to send the cursor to the with the cursor pad, and then press the next [ENT] key. The AUTO course tracks a digit. circular course. 11. Press A or V to display “3.” Note: Course must be AUTO to set 12. Press ‘ to send the cursor to the simulation destination. last digit. 13. Press A or V to display “0.” 9. Press the [ENT] key, enter latitude with 14. Press the [ENT] key. the cursor pad, and then press the [ENT] 15. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. key. 10. Press the [ENT] key, enter longitude, and then press the [ENT] key. 1. Simulation Display 11. Press the [MENU] key twice. 6 simulation display provides simulated The 12. Choose the PLOTTER display with the operation of this unit. You may set the speed [DISP] key. SIM appears at the upper manually and course manually or left-hand corner when the simulator automatically. All controls are operative - you display is active. may enter marks, set destination, etc. Simulation mode active 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to SIM display the menu. n [ 40 m ] 2. Choose SYS SETUP and then press the COG: Course traced [ENT] key. in AUTO course 3. Choose “SIMULATOR?” and then press 82° SOG: the [ENT] key. (Note that position shown k 9.0 t depends on language selected on the SYS SETUP menu. After changing the 34°44.000N 135°21.000E language, the memory is cleared.) Simulator display, auto course selected SIMULATOR 13. To turn off the simulator display, choose MODE : OFF OFF at step 5 in this procedure, press the SPEED : 20 kt COURSE : AUTO [ENT] key and then press the [MENU] key LAT : 38°00’N twice to finish. LON : 123°00’W Note: If the power is turned off while the simulator display is in use, the indication SIMULATOR menu SIMULATION MODE appears at the top of 4. The cursor is selecting MODE. Press the the screen at the next power up, in addition to [ENT] key. A window shows the choices the indication SIM. SIMULATION MODE ON and OFF. disappears when any key is pressed, 5. Choose ON and then press the [ENT] key. however the simulation mode continues. 8
    • 2. PLOTTER DISPLAY OVERVIEW 2. Choosing the Display 3. Use A (increase) or V (decrease) to 1 choose range desired. Range 4. Press the [ENT] key to close the zoom, You may choose the display range on the ship centering window. plotter and highway displays. The horizontal range in the plotter display is available among 0.02 (40 yd), 0.05 (101 yd), 0.1 (202 yd), 0.2 2.2 Shifting the Cursor (405 yd), 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, 160 and 320 nautical miles. (Nautical mile is the Use the cursor pad to shift the cursor. The default unit of display range. Display range cursor moves in the direction of the arrow or may also be shown in kilometers or miles. diagonal pressed on the cursor pad. Ranges shorter than the 0.5 nm are also shown in yards or meters on the plotter Cursor state and data display.) The horizontal range in the highway Cursor state determines what data is shown display is available among 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1, 2, on the display. 4, 8 and 16 nautical miles. Cursor turned on 1. Press the [MENU] key. The zoom, ship Cursor position is displayed in latitude and centering window appears. longitude or TDs (depending on menu setting) at the bottom of the plotter display when the ZOOM IN!OUT? cursor is on. The range and bearing from own SHIP TO CENTER? ship to the cursor appear at the Quit? left-hand side of the display. Bearing from own PRESS [MENU] TO SEE Own ship Cursor THE MAIN MENU. ship to cursor D2D Zoom, ship centering window n [ .02 m ] Note: “SHIP TO CENTER?” does not 40 y d appear when the highway display mode is BRG: + active. 131° RNG: + 2. ZOOM IN/OUT is selected. Press the n 0.03 m [ENT] key to show the zoom window. + 34°44.000N 135°21.000E ZOOM A OUT Cursor mark Cursor position in latitude and longitude 20 n m Range from own ship to cursor ▼ IN Plotter display, cursor turned on EXIT: [ENT] Zoom window 9
    • 2. PLOTTER DISPLAY OVERVIEW Cursor turned off 2.5 Changing Track Plotting The cursor is erased when there is no cursor Interyal, Stopping Plotting pad operation for about six seconds. Ship’s To trace the ship’s track, the ship’s position is position, speed and course appear when the stored into the memory at an interval of cursor is off. distance or according to display range. For Own ship’s position distance, a shorter interval provides better (Blinking) reconstruction of the track, but the storage Course over ground time of the track is reduced. When the track D2D memory becomes full, the oldest track is erased to make room for the latest. n [ 40 m ] COG: 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 7° display the menu. SOG: k 2. Choose PLOTTER. 9.0 t 3. Press the [ENT] key. 34°44.111N 135°20.555E PLOTTER SETUP Speed over Own ship’s position in TRACK REC : DISTANCE ground latitude and longitude INTERVAL : 0.10 nm BRG. REF. : MAG Plotter display, cursor turned off MAG. VAR. : AUTO E16 WPT NAME : DSP GOTO TTG!ETA SPD : AUTO TRACK MEMORY USED 1% 2.3 Shifting the Display The display can be shifted on the plotter PLOTTER SETUP menu display. Operate the cursor pad to place the 4. The cursor is selecting TRACK REC. cursor at an edge of the screen. The display Press the [ENT] key to show the track shifts in the direction opposite to cursor pad recording method options. operation. OFF DISTANCE 2.4 Centering Own Ship’s AUTO Position Track recording method options When own ship tracks off the plotter display, 5. Choose OFF, DISTANCE or AUTO and the own ship mark is automatically returned then press the [ENT] key. to the screen center. You can also return it OFF: Track is neither recorded nor manually as follows: plotted. This setting is useful when you do not need to record track, for example, 1. Press the [MENU] key. when returning to port. 2. Choose “SHIP TO CENTER?”. DISTANCE: Track is recorded and 3. Press the [ENT] key. plotted at the distance interval set. AUTO: Plotting and recording interval changes with display range selected. 1 0
    • 2. PLOTTER DISPLAY OVERVIEW 6. For AUTO or OFF, go to step 7. For DISTANCE, enter the recording interval as follows: a) Press the [ENT] key. b) Use ◄ or ‘ to choose digit to change. c) Use A or V to change value. d) Press the [ENT] key after setting the recording interval. 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 2.6 Erasing Track All track can be erased. Track cannot be restored once erased, therefore be absolutely sure you want to erase all track. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to display the menu. 2. Choose ERASE and then press the [ENT] key to display the ERASE menu. ERASE WAYPOINTS! MARKS? ROUTES? TRACK? RESET TRIP? (6.4Onm) RESET ODO? (6.4Onm) GPS DATA? MENU SETTINGS? ALL BACKUP DATA? ERASE menu 3. Choose “TRACK?” and then press the [ENT] key. The message shown below appears. ERASE TRACK. ARE YOU SURE? YES NO Prompt for erasure of track 4. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press the [ENT] key. 5. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 1 1
    • 2. PLOTTER DISPLAY OVERVIEW (This page intentionally left blank.) 1 2
    • 3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS) 3. Entering Waypoints c) Press ‘ to move the cursor one 1 place In navigation terminology a waypoint is a and then press A or V to display B. particular location on a voyage, whether it be d) Press ‘ to move the cursor one a starting, intermediate or destination place and then press A or V to waypoint. Your unit can store 999 waypoints. display E. Waypoints can be entered on the plotter e) Press the [ENT] key. The following display three ways: at cursor position, at own Comment (default: date/time) ship’s position, and from the waypoint list. Mark shape Entering a waypoint with the cursor NAME: KOBE 1. Use the cursor pad to place the cursor on 34°39.836’N MARK the location desired for a waypoint. 135°12.059’E x 2. Press the [ENT] key. The following 10-JAN-02 10:25 window appears. TTG 02H00M ETA: 12:25 Exit? LOG RTE? CURSOR POS. → WPT TTG and ETA calculated according ENTER A NEW WPT NAME. to speed set at TTG/ETA SPEED on 0 0 1_ _ _? PLOTTER menu. (001:DEFAULT Waypoint attribute edit window NAME) 4. This window is where you can choose mark shape, enter a comment, and log QUIT: [MENU] the waypoint to a route (LOG RTE?). (If Waypoint name entry window you do not need to change mark shape or 3. The cursor is on the second line of the enter a comment, choose “Exit?” and then display. This is where you may enter press the [ENT] key to finish. “LOG RTE?” waypoint name, which may consist of six is discussed in chapter 4.) alphanumeric characters. The number a) Use the cursor pad to place the cursor shown is the youngest empty waypoint under “MARK.” number. If you would rather have the unit b) Press the [ENT] key. register the waypoint under that number, c) Use A or V to choose mark desired. and you do not need to change mark shape or enter a comment, press the Press . [ENT] key twice to register the waypoint and finish. To enter KOBE as the Note: waypoint name, for example, do the H Operating X following: changes the sequence a) Press A or V to display K. b) Press ‘ to move the cursor one + i place and then press A or V to Mark selection sequence display O. 1 3
    • 3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS) d) Press the [ENT] key. The cursor is 5. To change mark shape, place the cursor selecting date/time, the default under “MARK.” Press the [ENT] key, use comment. Press the [ENT] key. A or ▼ to choose mark desired, and then e) Enter a comment (max. 16 press the [ENT] key again. alphanumeric characters) with the 6. The cursor is selecting date/time. To cursor pad and then press the [ENT] change the date/time to your own key. To create a space, choose the comment, press the [ENT] key, enter a “blank” character. To remove all comment with the cursor pad, and then characters which follow the cursor, press the [ENT] key again. choose the underline. 7. Place the cursor on “Exit?.” Press the f) The cursor is on “Exit?.” Press the [ENT] key to finish. [ENT] key to finish. Entering a waypoint from the waypoint Entering a waypoint at own ship list position 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 1. Press the [MARK/MOB] key momentarily display the menu. on any display. The following window 2. Choose WAYPOINTS. appears. 3. Press the [ENT] key to show the waypoint GPS POS. → MARK list options. Choose LIST. (NEAREST displays waypoints from nearest to NAME: 001 furthest; however, waypoints cannot be 34°39.836’N MARK entered from this display.) 135°12.059’E x 10-JAN-02 10:25D* LIST TTG 02H00M ETA: NEAREST 12:25 Exit? LOG RTE? Waypoint list options * D = Position fixed by DGPS 4. Press the [ENT] key. The WPTS/MARKS W = Position fixed by WAAS list appears. Waypoint attribute edit window 2. If you want to register the waypoint under WPTS!MARKS (LIST) the number shown, and you do not need [NEW?] CURSOR MOB to change mark shape or enter a START ______ ____ _ _ comment, press the [ENT] key to finish. _____ _ ______ ____ _ _ _____ _ ______ ____ _ _ 3. To change name, choose NAME, press _____ _ ______ ____ _ _ the [ENT] key, enter name with the cursor _____ _ ______ ____ _ _ _____ _ ______ ____ _ _ pad, and then press the [ENT] key. The display below appears. WPTS/MARKS list CREATE? CURSOR: Cursor position when RENAME? destination is set with cursor. Quit? MOB: Man overboard position. START: Starting point when destination Create, rename, quit options is selected. 4. Create is selected; press the [ENT] key. 1 4
    • 3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS) 5. The cursor is selecting “NEW?”; press the 3.2 Entering the MOB Mark [ENT] key. The MOB mark denotes man overboard position. Only one MOB mark may be entered. ENTER A NEW WPT NAME. Each time the MOB mark is entered the previous MOB mark and its position data are 0 0 4_ _ _? written over. (004:DEFAULT NAME) 1. Press the [MARK/MOB] key on any Quit: [MENU] display until the following display appears. Waypoint name entry window SAVED TO MOB. 6. Enter name (if desired) with the cursor GO TO MOB ? pad and then press the [ENT] key. ARE YOU SURE? YES NO NAME: 004 34°39.836’N* MARK 135°12.059’E* x MOB window 10-JAN-02 2. To set MOB position as destination, press 10:25D TTG ◄ to choose YES and then press the 02H00M ETA: 12:25 [ENT] key. Then, the plotter display marks Exit? LOG RTE? MOB position as shown in the illustration * Current position below. Waypoint attribute edit window Note: Selecting “NO” saves the position 7. The cursor is selecting latitude. Press the as a waypoint. [ENT] key. Enter latitude with the cursor MOB position set pad and then press the [ENT] key. as destination 8. Press the [ENT] key, enter longitude in D2D similar fashion as you did with latitude and n then press the [ENT] key. [ 40 m ] Note: To enter position by TDs, see BRG: MOB paragraph 7.7. 1° RNG: 9. To change mark shape, choose the mark n 0.06 m currently shown and then press the [ENT] key. Use A or ▼ to choose mark desired 34°44.000N 135°21.000E and then press the [ENT] key. Bearing and range to MOB position 10. To change date and time to the comment of your choice, press the [ENT] key, enter Plotter display when MOB comment with the cursor pad, and then is set as destination press the [ENT] key again. 11. Place the cursor on “Exit?.” Press the [ENT] key. 12. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 1 5
    • 3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS) 3.3 Displaying Waypoint 3.4 Operations on the Name Waypoint List You may display waypoint name as follows: Editing waypoints Waypoint position, waypoint name, mark 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to shape and comment can be edited from the display the menu. WPTS/MARKS List. 2. Choose PLOTTER and then press the [ENT] key. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 3. Choose WPT NAME and then press the display the menu. [ENT] key to show the waypoint name 2. Choose WAYPOINTS and then press the display options. [ENT] key. 3. Choose LIST or NEAREST and then DSP GOTO press the [ENT] key. DSP RTE DSP ALL 4. Choose waypoint to edit and then press the [ENT] key. Note: CURSOR, MOB and START are Waypoint name display options automatically updated according to 4. Choose DSP GOTO, DSP RTE or DSP destination setting or MOB setting. ALL as appropriate and then press the Therefore, editing these items has no [ENT] key. meaning. DSP GOTO: Displays only the GOTO waypoint name. 5. Choose NAME and then press the [ENT] DSP RTE: Displays all waypoint names key. when a route is set as destination. 6. Change name with the cursor pad and DSP ALL: Displays all waypoint names. then press the [ENT] key. You are then 5. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. asked if you want to create or rename the waypoint, or quit (escape) the display. CREATE? RENAME? Quit? Waypoint edit options 7. Choose objective desired and then press the [ENT] key. 8. Change position, mark shape, comment as desired. 9. Choose “Exit?” and then press the [ENT] key. 10. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 1 6
    • 3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS) Showing nearest waypoints by 3.5 Erasing Waypoints distance, TTG and ETA 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to display the menu. open the menu. 2. Choose ERASE and then press the [ENT] 2. Choose WAYPOINTS and then press the key. [ENT] key. 3. Choose NEAREST and then press the ERASE [ENT] key. The display should look WAYPOINTS! something like the one shown below, MARKS? ROUTES? TRACK? listing waypoints in order of distance from RESET TRIP? (6.40nm) own vessel, from closest to furthest. RESET ODO? (6.40nm) GPS DATA? MENU SETTINGS? WPTS!MARKS (NEAREST) ALL BACKUP DATA? KOBE : 10.0 nm 3440 002 : 20.0 nm 3370 ERASE menu 003 : 25.0 nm 3570 3. The cursor is selecting “WAYPOINTS/ 004 : 40.0 nm 1430 005 : 50.0 nm 900 MARKS?”. Press the [ENT] key. 006 : 60.0 nm 2000 007 : 70.0 nm 3200 ERASE WPTS!MARKS WPTS/MARKS list (NEAREST) by distance [ALL?] CURSOR KOBE 4. To display ETA and TTG for each MOB START 001 002 003 004 waypoint, press ‘. 005 006 007 ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ WPTS!MARKS (NEAREST) ______ ______ ______ KOBE : 1H00M 12:00 002 : 2H00M 13:00 003 : 2H30M 13:30 ERASE WPTS/MARKS display 004 : 4H00M 15:00 4. Choose the waypoint you want to erase. 005 : 5H30M 16:30 006 : 6H00M 17:00 Note: You cannot erase CURSOR, MOB 007 : 7H00M 18:00 or START. To erase all waypoints, choose ALL. WPTS/MARKS (NEAREST) list by TTG to ETA 5. Press the [ENT] key. A screen showing position and other particulars of the 5. To return to the waypoint list by distance, waypoint selected appears. press ◄. 6. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu. NAME: KOBE 34039.836’N MARK 135012.059’E x 10-JAN-02 10:25D TTG 02H00M ETA: 12:25 Quit? ERASE? Waypoint data 6. Press ‘ to choose “ERASE?” and then press the [ENT] key. 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 1 7
    • 3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS) 3.6 Speed for Calculating Time-to-Go, Estimated Time of Arriyal To calculate time-to-go and estimated time of arrival, enter your speed as below. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. 2. Choose PLOTTER and then press the [ENT] key. 3. ChooseTTG/ETA and then press the [ENT] key. 4. Choose AUTO for automatic speed input (GPS calculated speed), or MAN for manual input. 5. Press the [ENT] key. 6. For automatic speed input, go to step 7. For manual speed input, press the [ENT] key, enter speed with the cursor pad and then press the [ENT] key. 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 1 8
    • 4. ROUTES In many cases a trip from one place to Creating a route with the cursor another involves several course changes, This is probably the easiest method by which requiring a series of waypoints which you to create a route. navigate to, one after another. The sequence of waypoints leading to the ultimate 1. Use the cursor pad to place the cursor on destination is called a route. Your unit can position desired. (Cursor position is automatically advance to the next waypoint shown at the bottom of the screen.) on a route, so you do not have to change the 2. Press the [ENT] key. The following destination waypoint repeatedly. window appears. CURSOR POS. → WPT 4. Creating Routes 1 can store up to 50 routes (numbered 01 ENTER A NEW WPT NAME. You 0 0 1_ _ _? to 50) and one LOG route, which is used to (001:DEFAULT temporarily store a route. A route may be NAME) constructed four ways: by the cursor, by waypoints entered from the waypoint list, by QUIT: [MENU] waypoints entered from route menu, and by Waypoint name entry window storing current position automatically or The cursor is on the second line of the manually. display. This is where you may enter waypoint name. The number shown is the A route may contain 30 waypoints. When 30 youngest empty waypoint number. If you waypoints have been saved, a message want to register the waypoint under that informs you that you can no longer save number, and you do not need to change waypoints to the route. Press the [ENT] key mark shape or enter a comment, press to erase the message and save the route, the [ENT] key to register the waypoint, under the name of the first and last waypoint and then go to step 5. numbers used in the route. 3. If desired, change the waypoint name. Note: Be sure to record all important routes Press the [ENT] key. in a separate log. This unit is not a fail-safe record keeping device. NAME: 004 WAYPOINT 34°39.836’N* MARK WAYPOINT (Intermediate point) 135°12.059’E* x (Arrival point) 10-JAN-02 WAYPOINT (Intermediate point) WAYPOINT 10:25D TTG 02H00M (Starting point) WAYPOINT (Intermediate point) ETA: 12:25 Sample route * Current position Waypoint attribute edit window 1 9
    • 4. ROUTES 4. If necessary, change waypoint, position, mark shape, and comment (date and ROUTES time). VOYAGE ROUTE: STOP INTERVAL: TIME 5. Choose “LOG RTE?” and then press the [NEW?] [ENT] key. 00H1M NO 6. Repeat steps 1 through 5 to complete the LOG EMPTY ROUTE 01 001 → 003 route. —— ———————————— 7. When you have entered all the waypoint ———— —— ———————————— positions desired, press the [MENU] key ROUTES list twice, choose ROUTES and then press the [ENT] key. 4. “NEW?” is selected; press the [ENT] key. The screen shown below appears. ROUTES ROUTE-01 Exit? VOYAGE ROUTE: STOP INTERVAL: TIME 00H10M CMNT: EMPTY ROUTE NO [NEW?] TOTAL DISTANCE — — — — nm LOG 001® 003 01 . — — — — nm — — — ———————————— 02. — — — — — — — —° — — — — ———— 03. — — — — nm — — —° — — — — nm — — — ———————————— —— — —° ———— 05. — — — — — — 04. —— ———— — — ———————————— nm — — —° ROUTES menu Screen for entering route by waypoint 8. “LOG” shows the first and last waypoints entered for the log route you are currently 5. Choose location (01, etc.) and then press creating. Choose LOG and then press the the [ENT] key. Use A or V to display [ENT] key. waypoint name. (In the example, KOBE.) 6. Press the [ENT] key. EDIT? 7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 until you have MOVE? entered all waypoints desired. Note: If you enter a waypoint which has Route processing options not been registered, your screen will show 9. “MOVE?” is selected; press the [ENT] key. a message which looks something like the The route is moved from “LOG” and is one below. Press ◄ to choose YES and registered under the next sequential route then press the [ENT] key to create a new number. (To edit the route before saving it, waypoint; choose NO to return to the choose ”EDIT?”. For how to edit a route, route entry screen. see paragraph 4.2.) NEW WPT NAME. CREATE Creating a route from the route menu 008? The procedure which follows describes how ARE YOU SURE? to create a route from two preregistered YES NO waypoints, KOBE and OSAKA. New waypoint creation screen When you choose YES, the following 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to screen appears. Edit the waypoint as display the menu. necessary, choose “Exit?” and then press 2. Choose ROUTES. the [ENT] key. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 20
    • 4. ROUTES 4. Choose a waypoint and then press the NAME: 008 [ENT] key. Your screen should look 34°39.836’N MARK something like the one below. 135°12.059’E x 10-JAN-02 NAME: 001 34°39.836’N MARK 11:25D TTG 02H00M 135°12.059’E x ETA: 12:25 10-JAN-02 Waypoint attribute edit window 8. “CMNT” shows the name of the route: the 10:25D TTG 02H00M names of the first and last waypoints in ETA: 12.25 the route. If you want to change the name, Waypoint attribute edit window press A to choose CMNT, press the 5. Choose “LOG RTE?” and then press the [ENT] key, enter route name with the [ENT] key. cursor pad and then press the [ENT] key. 6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to complete the 9. Choose “Exit?” at the top of the screen. route. 10. Press the [ENT] key to register the route, 7. Press the [MENU] key once. under the next sequential route number. 8. Choose ROUTES and then press the Then, the ROUTES list shows the name [ENT] key. Your screen should now look of the first and last waypoints used, next something like the one shown below. to route number. ROUTES ROUTES VOYAGE ROUTE: STOP VOYAGE ROUTE: STOP INTERVAL: TIME INTERVAL: TIME 00H10M NO [NEW?] 00H10M LOG 004→ 006 NO [NEW?] 01 001→ 003 LOG EMPTY ROUTE 02 KOBE → OSAKA 01 001 → 003 —— ———————————— 02 KOBE → OSAKA ———— — — ———————————— ROUTES list ROUTES list 11. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 9. Choose LOG and then press the [ENT] Creating a route from the waypoint list key. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to EDIT? display the menu. MOVE? 2. Choose WAYPOINTS and then press the [ENT] key. Route processing options 3. Choose LIST or NEAREST and then 10. “MOVE?” is selected; press the [ENT] press the [ENT] key. key. The route is moved from LOG and assigned the next sequential route WPTS!MARKS (LIST) number. [NEW?] 001 002 11. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 003 CURSOR MOB START — ——— —— — ——— — — — —— — — — — ——— —— — ——— —— — —— — — — — ——— —— — ——— —— — —— — — — — ——— WPTS/MARKS (list) 2 1
    • 4. ROUTES Creating a track-based route 5. Choose LOG and then press the [ENT] key. There are two methods by which you can create a track-based route: manual input of EDIT? track points using the [MARK/MOB] key and MOVE? automatic input of track points from the ROUTES menu. A track-based route is useful Route processing options for retracing your track. 6. “MOVE?” is selected; press the [ENT] key. The route is moved from “LOG” and is Creating a track-based route manually registered under the next sequential route This method creates a route by storing number. position each time the [MARK/MOB] key is 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. pressed. Creating a track-based route automatically 1. Press the [MARK/MOB] key momentarily. This method creates a route by automatically storing position at intervals of time or NAME: 001 34°39.836’N MARK distance. 135°12.059’E x 10-JAN-02 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. 10:25D TTG 02H00M 2. Choose ROUTES and then press the ETA: 12:30 [ENT] key. Waypoint attribute edit window 3. Choose INTERVAL and then press the 2. Change name, comment and mark shape [ENT] key. if desired. Choose “LOG RTE?” and then press the [ENT] key. TIME 3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 when you change DISTANCE course. 4. Choose TIME or DISTANCE (the method 4. When you have entered all the waypoint by which position will be stored) as positions desired, press the [MENU] key appropriate and press the [ENT] key. twice, choose ROUTES and then press 5. Press the [ENT] key. Use the cursor pad the [ENT] key. to set time or distance value and then ROUTES press the [ENT] key. VOYAGE ROUTE: STOP 6. Choose VOYAGE ROUTE and then press INTERVAL: TIME 00H10M the [ENT] key. NO [ N E W ? ] LOG 001→ 003 01 KOBE → OSAKA START —— ———————————— STOP ———— —— ———————————— ———— Voyage start options ROUTES menu 7. Choose START and then press the [ENT] key. 22
    • 4. ROUTES 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 5. Place the cursor on the waypoint to The current position is saved under the replace. next sequential waypoint number, the 6. Press the [ENT] key to show the route edit display shows “***SAVED!” (*** = options. waypoint number) and a beep sounds. Thereafter waypoints are saved at the CHANGE? interval of time or distance set. REMOVE? INSERT? When 30 waypoints have been saved, a SKIP? message informs you that you can no Quit? longer save waypoints to the route. Press the [ENT] key to erase the message. The route is automatically saved to “LOG” in Route edit options the ROUTES menu, under the name of 7. “CHANGE?” is selected; press the [ENT] the first and last waypoint numbers used. key. Then, open the ROUTES menu and go to step 13. NAME: 001 34°39.836’N MARK You can manually stop saving waypoints 135°12.059’E x and save the route by going to step 9. 10-JAN-02 9. After the desired number of waypoints have been entered, press the [MENU] key 10:25D TTG 02H00M once or twice to open the menu. ETA: 12:25 10. Choose ROUTES and then press the Waypoint attribute edit screen [ENT] key. 8. NAME is selected. Press the [ENT] key. 11. Choose VOYAGE ROUTE and then press Use the cursor pad to enter waypoint the [ENT] key. name. 12. Choose STOP and then press the [ENT] 9. Press the [ENT] key. key. Note: If the name entered at step 8 does 13. Choose LOG and then press the [ENT] not exist, the window shown below key. appears. Choose “CREATE?”, 14.“MOVE?” is selected; press the [ENT] key. “RENAME?” or “Quit?” as appropriate and The route is moved from “LOG” and is then press the [ENT] key. registered under the next sequential route number. 15. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. CREATE? RENAME? Quit? 4.2 Editing Routes Waypoint name options Replacing waypoints in a route 10. Choose “Exit?.” 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 11. Press the [ENT] key. display the menu. 12. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 2. Choose ROUTES and then press the [ENT] key. 3. Choose the route to edit. 4. Press the [ENT] key. 23
    • 4. ROUTES Permanently deleting a waypoint from Temporarily deselecting a waypoint in a route a route 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to You can temporarily deselect an unnecessary display the menu. waypoint from a route. Using the route 2. Choose ROUTES and then press the created in the illustration at the top of the next [ENT] key. column as an example, deselect the 2nd 3. Choose the route desired. intermediate waypoint. 4. Press the [ENT] key. [ROUTE Intermediate Point 2 5. Choose the waypoint you want to delete. 01] (WPT 002) OSAKA (Arrival point) 6. Press the [ENT] key. 7. Choose “REMOVE?.” Intermediate Point I 8. Press the [ENT] key. (WPT 00I) 9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. KOBE Intermediate Point I (Starting point) (WPT 003) Inserting a waypoint in a route Sample route To insert a waypoint in a route, do the If you reconstruct the route without the 2nd following: intermediate point it would look like the illustration below. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to WPT 002 display the menu. SKIP “002“ OSAKA 2. Choose ROUTES and then press the [ENT] key. WPT 00I 3. Choose the route desired. 4. Press the [ENT] key. KOBE WPT 003 5. Choose the waypoint which will come Reconstruction of sample route aboye without after the waypoint to be inserted. In the nd the 2 intermediate waypoint illustration below, for example, if you want to insert the waypoint between KOBE and 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 001, choose 001. display the menu. 2. Choose ROUTES and then press the ROUTE-01 Exit? [ENT] key. CMNT: KOBE → OSAKA 3. Choose route desired and then press the TOTAL DISTANCE 21.0nm 01. KOBE [ENT] key. 10.2nm 1800 02. 001 9.8 nm 900 4. Place the cursor on the waypoint to skip. 03. OSAKA 04. — — — — — — 5. Press the [ENT] key. 05. — — — — — — 6. Choose “SKIP?” and then press the [ENT] key. “X” appears to the left of the waypoint skipped as shown in the illustration below. Route contents (Route-Ol) 6. Press the [ENT] key. ROUTE-01 Exit? 7. Choose “INSERT?.” C MNT: KOBE → OSAKA TOTAL DISTANCE 21.0nm 8. Press the [ENT] key. 01. KOBE 10.2nm 9. Use the cursor pad to enter waypoint. Skipped x 02. 001 1800 9.8 nm 900 waypoint 03. OSAKA 10. Press the [ENT] key. 04. — — — — — — 05. — — — — — — 11. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. Route contents (Route-Ol) 24
    • 4. ROUTES 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 4.3 Erasing Routes 1. Press the [MENU] key or twice to display To restore a waypoint to a route, choose the menu. “SKPoFF ?”at step 6 in this procedure, press 2. Choose ERASE and then press the [ENT] the [ENT] key and then press the [MENU] key key. twice to finish. 3. Choose “ROUTES?” and then press the [ENT] key. Changing route comment (name) 4. Choose the route you want delete. If you You can change the comment (name) for a want to delete all routes, choose “ALL?.” route as below. Up to 16 alphanumeric 5. Press the [ENT] key. You are asked if you characters may be used. are sure to delete the route(s). 1. Press the [MENU] key or twice to display ERASE ROUTE 01 the menu. ? 2. Choose ROUTES and then press the ARE YOU SURE? [ENT] key. YES NO 3. Choose route number and then press the [ENT] key. Erase route options 4. Choose CMNT and then press the [ENT] 6. Choose YES and then press the [ENT] key. key. 5. Enter comment with the cursor pad and 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. then press the [ENT] key. 6. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 25
    • 4. ROUTES (This page intentionally left blank.) 26
    • 5. DESTINATION Destination can be set four ways: by cursor, A dashed line connects own ship and the by waypoint, by route, and by MOB position. destination, which is marked with “CURSOR” Previous destination is cancelled whenever a and an “X,” as shown in the illustration below. destination is newly set. CURSOR x 5. Setting Destination by 1 Cursor Destination set by cursor 1. Press the [GOTO] key to display the GOTO options window. GOTO 5.2 Setting Destination by WPT-LIST? — — — — — Waypoint WPT-NEAR? — ? OFF? 1. Press the [GOTO] key. ROUTE? CURSOR? SETUP? 2. Choose “WPT-LIST?” or “WPT-NEAR?”. 3. Press the [ENT] key. The SELECT GOTO GOTO options WPT list appears. 2. Choose “CURSOR?.” SELECT GOTO WPT 3. Press the [ENT] key. The plotter display appears, with “?” shown to the right of the [NEW?] 001 002 003 004 005 cursor. 006 007 008 CURSOR KOBE MOB Cursor appears with “?“. OSAKA START ———— —— —————— —————— — 2D ————— n WPT-LIST [ 40 m ] ? +GQTQ? BRG: + SELECT GOTO WPT 72° START : 2.97 nm 68° RNG: + OSAKA : 1.90 nm 335° n 54.5 m 006 : 3.53 nm 15 005 : 4.79 nm ° 11° 34°44.000N 135°21.000E 004 : 4.86 nm 15 008 : 5.21 nm ° 345° CURSOR : 6.41 nm 356° Cursor appearance when setting destination by cursor WPT-NEAR 4. Use the cursor pad to place the cursor on the location desired for destination. SELECT GOTO WPT screens 5. Press the [ENT] key. 4. Choose a waypoint. 5. Press the [ENT] key. Own ship’s position becomes the starting point and a dashed line runs between it and the waypoint selected, which is shown in reverse video. 27
    • 5. DESTINATION 5.3 Setting Route as 5.4 Setting User Waypoint as Destination Destination 1. Press the [GOTO] key. You may place a desired waypoint in the 2. Choose “ROUTE?”. GOTO options window and use it to set 3. Press the [ENT] key. destination. SELECT GOTO ROUTE Choosing user waypoint NO [NEW?] 1. Press the [GOTO] key. LOG EMPTY ROUTE 01 017®021 2. Choose “SETUP?” and then press the 02 OSAKA®KOBE [ENT] key. 03 EIMI®KIMI 04 BOSTON SELECT USER WPT [NEW?] 001 002 003 004 005 GOTO ROUTE list 006 007 008 4. Choose a route. CURSOR KOBE MOB OSAKA START ————— 5. Press the [ENT] key. The following — options window appears. — ————— ————— — —————— — ————— ————— FORWARD? SELECT USER WPT list REVERSE? 3. Choose waypoint desired and then press Route following direction options the [ENT] key. The GOTO window 6. Choose “FORWARD?” or “REVERSE?”, appears, showing the waypoint selected the order in which to traverse the route as below. waypoints, and then press the [ENT] key. GOTO [ROUTE 01] Intermediate Point 2 OSAKA WPT-LIST? 00 Location of (WPT 002) (Arrival point) WPT-NEAR? 1 ? OFF user waypoint Intermediate Point I (Example: 001) (WPT 00I) ROUTE? CURSOR? SET UP? FORWARD REVERSE KOBE GOTO options (Starting point) Intermediate Point I (WPT 003) 4. Choose user waypoint and then press the Meaning of forward and reyerse [ENT] key. Current position becomes the starting point. A dashed line runs between the starting point A dashed line connects own ship and the and all route waypoints. Next destination waypoint selected, which is shown in reverse waypoint is shown in reverse video. video. The destination waypoint is automatically switched when the boat enters the arrival 5.5 Canceling Destination alarm range or the boat passes an imaginary You can cancel destination as follows: perpendicular line passing through the center of the destination waypoint. For how to set 1. Press the [GOTO] key. the arrival alarm, see paragraph 6.1. 2. Choose “OFF?”. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 28
    • 6. ALARMS There are eight alarm conditions which 6. Arriyal Alarm, Anchor generate both audio and visual alarms: 1 Watch Alarm Arrival alarm, Anchor watch alarm, XTE (Cross-Track Error) alarm, Speed alarm, You may activate the arrival alarm or the WAAS/DGPS alarm, Time alarm, Trip alarm anchor watch alarm; they cannot be activated and Odometer alarm. together. When an alarm setting is violated, the buzzer Arriyal alarm sounds and the name of the offending alarm The arrival alarm informs you that own ship is and the alarm icon appear on the display. approaching a destination waypoint. The area that defines an arrival zone is that of a circle You can silence the buzzer and remove the which you approach from the outside of the alarm name indication by pressing any key. circle. The alarm will be released if own ship The alarm icon remains on the screen until enters the circle. the reason for the alarm is cleared. Alarm In some instances, multiple alarms may have setting been violated. You can see which alarm(s) is Own ship’s sounding by displaying the message board. position The keying sequence is [MENU] (once or twice), MESSAGE, [ENT]. The message : Alarm released Destination waypoint board is discussed in paragraph 8.2 “Displaying the Message Board.” How the arriyal alarm works 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to To disable an alarm, choose OFF as its open the menu. option, press the [ENT] key and then press 2. Choose ALARMS. the [MENU] key twice. 3. Press the [ENT] key to show the ALARMS menu. Alarm message ALARMS 2D XTE ALARM! ! BUZZER : LONG ARV!ANC : ARV 0.30 nm n [ 40 m ] XTE : OFF 0.50 nm SPEED : OFF 12.0 kt COG: Alarm WAAS!DGPS : OFF 82° icon TIME : OFF 00:00 TRIP : OFF 0 nm SOG: k ODOMETER : OFF 0 nm 9.0 t 34°44.000N 135°21.000E ALARMS menu Location of alarm message and alarm icon 29
    • 6. ALARMS 4. Choose ARV/ANC and then press the 6. Press the [ENT] key. Enter the alarm [ENT] key. range (0.01-99.99 nm) with the cursor pad. OFF 7. Press the [ENT] key. ARV 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. ANC When own ship drifts more than the range set Arriyal/anchor watch options here, the buzzer sounds and the message 5. Choose ARV and then press the [ENT] ANC ALARM! and the alarm icon appear. key. 6. Press the [ENT] key. Enter the alarm range (0.0-99.99 nm) with the cursor pad. 6.2 XTE (Cross Track Error) 7. Press the [ENT] key. Alarm 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. The XTE alarm warns you when own ship is off its intended course. When own ship nears the GOTO waypoint by the range set here, the buzzer sounds and the message ARV ALARM! appears. Alarm Destination Anchor watch alarm Own ship’s setting waypoint position The anchor watch alarm sounds to warn you that own ship is moving when it should be at rest. : Alarm released Own ship’s Alarm position How the XTE alarm works setting 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. 2. Choose ALARMS. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 4. Choose XTE and then press the [ENT] Destination waypoint : Alarm released key. 5. Choose ON and then press the [ENT] key. How the anchor watch alarm works 6. Press the [ENT] key. Enter alarm range Before setting the anchor watch alarm, set (0.0-99.99 nm) with the cursor pad. current position as destination waypoint, 7. Press the [ENT] key. referring to paragraph 5.2. 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to When own ship strays from the intended track open the menu. by the range set here, the buzzer sounds and 2. Choose ALARMS. message XTE ALARM! and the alarm icon 3. Press the [ENT] key. appear. 4. Choose ARV/ANC and then press the [ENT] key. 5. Choose ANC and then press the [ENT] key. 30
    • 6. ALARMS 6.3 Speed Alarm When the DGPS/WAAS signal is lost, the buzzer sounds and a message (see table The speed alarm provides visual and aural below) and the alarm icon appear. Further, alerts when the ship’s speed is higher (or the default position is shown. lower) than the alarm range set. WAAS/DGPS mode and alarm message 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. MODE on Alarm condition, alarm 2. Choose ALARMS. WAASIDGPS message 3. Press the [ENT] key. menu Alarms released when 4. Choose SPEED and then press the [ENT] receiver status changes from key. W2D or W3D to 2D or 3D. 5. Choose LOW or HIGH as appropriate and WAAS “WAAS ERROR!” and the then press the [ENT] key. alarm icon appear when this LOW: Alarm sounds when speed is lower occurs. than speed set. Alarms released when HIGH: Alarm sounds when speed is receiver status changes from higher than speed set. INT BEACON, D2D or D3D to 2D or 3D. EXT BEACON “DGPS ERROR!” and the 6. Press the [ENT] key. Enter speed alarm icon appear when this (0.0-999.9 kt) with the cursor pad. occurs. 7. Press the [ENT] key. Alarms released when 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. receiver status changes from D2D, D3D, W2D or W3D to When the speed alarm setting is violated, the AUTO 2D or 3D. “WAAS/DGPS buzzer sounds and the message SPD ERROR!” and the alarm icon ALARM! and the alarm icon appear. appear when this occurs. 6.5 Time Alarm 6.4 WAASIDGPS Alarm The time alarm works like an alarm clock, releasing audio and visual alarms when the This alarm alerts you by aural and visual time entered has come. alarms when the WAAS/DGPS signal is lost. Note that ON cannot be selected if “MODE” in 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to the WAAS/DGPS menu is set to GPS. open the menu. 2. Choose ALARMS. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 3. Press the [ENT] key. open the menu. 4. Choose TIME and then press the [ENT] 2. Choose ALARMS. key. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 5. Choose ON and then press the [ENT] key. 4. Choose WAAS/DGPS and then press the 6. Press the [ENT] key. [ENT] key. 7. Enter time desired with the cursor pad. 5. Choose ON. 8. Press the [ENT] key. 6. Press the [ENT] key. 9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. When the time entered has come, the buzzer sounds and the message TIME ALARM! and the alarm icon appear. 3 1
    • 6. ALARMS 6.6 Trip Alarm 6.8 Buzzer Type Selection This alarm alerts you by aural and visual The buzzer sounds whenever an alarm alarms when your boat has traveled a setting is violated. You can choose the type distance greater than the trip alarm distance. of buzzer to use as follows: 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. open the menu. 2. Choose ALARMS. 2. Choose ALARMS. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 4. Choose TRIP and then press the [ENT] 4. Choose BUZZER and then press the key. [ENT] key. 5. Choose ON and then press the [ENT] key. 6. Press the [ENT] key. Enter distance SHORT desired (001-999 nm) with the cursor pad. LONG 7. Press the [ENT] key. CONSTANT 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. Buzzer sound options When the boat has traveled further than the 5. Choose buzzer type desired and then preset trip distance, the buzzer sounds and press the [ENT] key. the message TRIP ALARM! and the alarm SHORT: Two short beeps icon appear. LONG: Three long beeps CONSTANT: Continuous beeps 6. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 6.7 Odometer Alarm This alarm alerts you by aural and visual alarms when your boat has traveled the total distance you set. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. 2. Choose ALARMS. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 4. Choose ODOMETER and then press the [ENT] key. 5. Choose ON and then press the [ENT] key. 6. Press the [ENT] key. Enter distance desired (001-999 nm) with the cursor pad. 7. Press the [ENT] key. 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. When the boat has traveled further than the preset trip distance, the buzzer sounds and the message ODOMETER ALARM! and the alarm icon appear. 32
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 7. Calculating Range, 10. Press the [ENT] key. Enter speed with the 1 Bearing, TTG and ETA cursor pad and then press the [ENT] key. Range and bearing between two The illustration below shows what the waypoints display might look like using waypoints 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to KOBE and OSAKA as the FROM and TO open the menu. waypoints, respectively. 2. Choose CALCULATE and then press the Time-to-Go [ENT] key. Estimated Time of Arrival CALCULATION CALCULATION MODE : WAYPOINTS MODE : WAYPOINTS FROM : ______ TO : ______ FROM : KOBE SPD : AUTO TO : OSAKA SPD : AUTO TTG: _ _ H _ _ M ETA: _ _ : _ _ RNG: _ . _ _ nm BRG: _ _ _ ° TTG: 1H39M ETA: 5:57 RNG: 9.06 nm BRG: 80 ° CALCULATION menu Range Bearing 3. The cursor is selecting MODE. Press the Typical range and bearing calculation [ENT] key. between two waypoints 11. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. WAYPOINTS ROUTE Range, TTG and ETA between first and Range and bearing calculation options final waypoints of a route 4. Choose WAYPOINTS and then press the You can easily find the range, TTG and ETA [ENT] key. between the first and final waypoints of a 5. Press the [ENT] key. route as follows: 6. Enter the FROM waypoint and then press the [ENT] key. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 7. Press the [ENT] key, enter the TO open the menu. waypoint and then press the [ENT] key. 2. Choose CALCULATE and then press the 8. Press the [ENT] key to display the speed [ENT] key. input options. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 4. Choose ROUTE and then press the [ENT] AUTO key. MAN 5. Press the [ENT] key. 6. Choose route number from the route list Speed input options with the cursor pad. 9. Choose AUTO or MAN and then press the 7. Press the [ENT] key to open the speed [ENT] key. AUTO uses ship’s average input options window. speed; MAN is for manual entry of speed. 8. Choose AUTO or MAN. AUTO uses ship’s For AUTO, see the illustration after step average speed; MAN is for manual entry 10 for sample range and bearing of speed. calculation. For MAN, go to step 10. 33
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 9. Press the [ENT] key. If you selected 4. Choose appropriate mode referring to the AUTO no further operation is necessary. descriptions below. Press the [ENT] key. See the illustration below for a calculation WAAS: Position fix by WAAS example. For MAN, press the [ENT] key, AUTO: Position fix in priority order of enter speed with the cursor pad and then DGPS, WAAS, and GPS. press the [ENT] key. 5. Press the [ENT] key. The illustration below shows what the 6. WAAS SEARCH is selected; press the display might look like using Route-01 as [ENT] key. an example. Time-to-Go AUTO Estimated Time of Arrival MANUAL CALCULATION WAAS search options MODE : ROUTE NO. : 01 (WPTS: 4) 7. Choose AUTO for automatic search or KOBE → OSAKA SPD : AUTO MANUAL for manual search and then press the [ENT] key. For MANUAL, press TTG: 1H55M ETA: 07:17 RNG: 11.25 nm BRG: _ _ _ ° the [ENT] key, enter appropriate WAAS satellite number, referring to the illustration below and then press the Range [ENT] key. Typical TTG, ETA, range calculation for route AUTO mode and GEO satellite 10. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. (as of April 2002) 7.2 WAAS Setup Proyider GEO Satellite Longitude 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to POR (134) 178°E WAAS open the menu. AOR-W (122) 54°W 2. Choose WAAS/DGPS and then press the AOR-E (120) 15.5°W [ENT] key. EGNOS IOR (131) 64.5°E WAAS!DGPS SETUP 118° 34.75°W 24.5°E 121.25° MODE : AUTO W 2° 2° 2° E 2° WAAS SEARCH: AUTO 120 CORRECTIONS DATA SET: 02 122 120 13 134 DGPS STATION: AUTO 1 RATE : 200BPS AOR-W AOR-E POR FREQ : 310.0 kHz 54°W 15.5° IOR 178° STATION : GOOD DATA: GOOD W 64.5°W E SIG.S: 55.2 dB SNR: 22.0dB WAAS/DGPS SETUP menu One-degree threshold 3. The cursor is selecting MODE; press the Longitude Range Satellite [ENT] key. 120.25°E to 117°W 134 119°W to 33.75°W 122 GPS GPS position fixing 35.75°W to 25.5°E 120 WAAS 23.5°E to 122.25°E 131 INT BEACON DGPS position fixing EXT EXT BEACON GEO satellite and coyerage area AUTO WAAS/DGPS mode options 34
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 8. The cursor is now selecting INT BEACON: Position fix by internal CORRECTIONS DATA SET; press the DGPS beacon receiver (GP-37 only, [ENT] key. cannot be selected on GP-32) CORRECTIONS DATA SET determines EXT BEACON: Position fix by external how to use the WAAS signal, currently in DGPS beacon receiver (GP-32) the test mode. Use the default setting AUTO: Position fix by DGPS, WAAS and (02) until the WAAS system becomes GPS, in order of availability. operational, then change the setting to Note: When connecting FURUNO “00”. external DGPS beacon receiver GR-80 to 9. Press the [ENT] key. the GP-32, turn the GR-80’s remote 10. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the function on to set up the beacon receiver menu. with data set on the GP-32. 5. DGPS STATION is selected; press the [ENT] key. 7.3 DGPS setup 6. Choose DGPS beacon station selection 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to method: AUTO, MANUAL or LIST. open the menu. AUTO: Automatically searches for best of 2. Choose WAAS/DGPS. five nearest DGPS beacon station. It first searches DGPS beacon stations from WAAS!DGPS SETUP closest to furthest. If unsuccessful it MODE : GPS WAAS SEARCH: AUTO 120 searches stations by signal strength. This CORRECTIONS DATA SET: 02 procedure is repeated until a suitable DGPS STATION: AUTO RATE : 200BPS station is found. FREQ : 310.0 kHz MANUAL: Manually enter DGPS beacon STATION : ---* DATA: ---* SIG.S: 00.0 dB * SNR: 02.0dB* station specifications at RATE and FREQ, * = See note below. referring to a DGPS beacon station list. LIST: Lists five of the closest DGPS WAAS/DGPS SETUP menu beacon stations, including DGPS Data user-programmed stations. 7. Press the [ENT] key. If you selected AUTO STATION: Shows GOOD or NG. no further operation is required; go to step DATA: Shows GOOD or NG. 8. If you selected MANUAL or LIST, do one SIG. S: Signal Strength. A figure of the following and then go to between 0 and 99 is shown. The higher step 8. the figure the stronger the beacon signal. MANUAL SNR: Signal to Noise Ratio. A figure between 1and 22 is shown. A figure under a) The cursor is selecting RATE. Press 18 means position will be inaccurate. the [ENT] key. When your boat is in the service area of a beacon station, SNR should be 21 or 22. b) Choose the transmission rate of the If not, the problem may lie with the DGPS beacon station to be used, grounding, radar interference or generator noise on own boat. among 50, 100 or 200 bps. Press the [ENT] key. 3. Press the [ENT] key to show the mode c) The cursor is selecting FREQ. Press options window. the [ENT] key. 4. Choose one of the following and then press the [ENT] key. 35
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS d) Use the cursor pad to enter the STATION (USER) transmission frequency of the DGPS [EXIT] [NEW?] [CLR?] beacon station to be used and then 01 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 02 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ press the [ENT] key. 03 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 04 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ LIST 05 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 06 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ a) The following display appears after pressing the [ENT] key at step 6. DGPS STATION (USER) list 6. Choose “NEW?” and then press the [ENT] STATION (NEAREST) key. [EXIT] [USER] 310.0 29.1 nm 92° 287.0 56.7 nm 134° NEW USER CHANNEL 292.0 160 nm 320° 321.0 234 nm 134° STATION (USER) 302.0 426 nm 121° * FREQ : 310.0kHz RATE : 200BPS LAT Tx frequency of “*“ denotes LON : 37°59’N 123°00’ beacon station user channel. W Range (ref. only) and bearing from ship to beacon station EXIT? SAVE? DGPS beacon station list b) Use the cursor pad to choose station NEW USER CHANNEL (DGPS) set up menu desired. 7. Press the [ENT] key, enter frequency of c) Press the [ENT] key. the station, and then press the [ENT] key. 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 8. Press the [ENT] key, enter baud rate of the station, and then press the [ENT] key. Programming DGPS user channels 9. Press the [ENT] key, enter latitude of the (stations) station, and then press the [ENT] key. 10 Press the [ENT] key, enter longitude of The user may program 20 DGPS beacon the station, and then press the [ENT] key. stations from which to use in DGPS beacon 11. Choose “SAVE?” and then press the station selection. Whenever a new station is [ENT] key. constructed you can add it to the list. 12. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 1. Press the [MENU] key twice to open the Editing DGPS user channels menu. 2. Choose DGPS/WAAS and then press the 1. Press the [MENU] key twice to open the [ENT] key. menu. 3. Choose DGPS STATION and then press 2. Choose WAAS/DGPS and then press the the [ENT] key. [ENT] key. 4. Choose LIST and then press the [ENT] 3. Choose DGPS STATION and then press key. the [ENT] key. 5. Choose USER and then press the [ENT] 4. Choose LIST and then press the [ENT] key. key. 5. Choose USER and then press the [ENT] key. 36
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 6. Choose a station from the list and then Erasing indiyidual user channels press the [ENT] key. The display looks 1. Press the [MENU] key twice to open the something like the one below. menu. 2. Choose DGPS/WAAS and then press the FREQ : 310.0kHz RATE : 200BPS [ENT] key. LAT : 37°59’N 3. Choose DGPS STATION and then press LON : 123°00’W the [ENT] key. 4. Choose LIST and then press the [ENT] EXIT? SAVE? ERASE? key. 5. Choose USER and then press the [ENT] key. Screen for entering DGPS station data 6. Choose a channel from the list and then 7. Choose item, press the [ENT] key, edit press the [ENT] key. data, and then press the [ENT] key. 7. Choose “ERASE?”. 8. Choose “SAVE?” and then press the 8. Choose YES and then press the [ENT] [ENT] key. key. 9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. Erasing all user channels 7.4 Bearing Reference 1. Press the [MENU] key twice to open the menu. Ship’s course and bearing to a waypoint may 2. Choose DGPS/WAAS and then press the be displayed in true or magnetic bearing. [ENT] key. Magnetic bearing is true bearing plus (or 3. Choose DGPS STATION and then press minus) earth’s magnetic deviation. Use the the [ENT] key. bearing reference in accordance with the 4. Choose LIST and then press the [ENT] compass interfaced: magnetic for magnetic key. compass, true for gyrocompass. The default 5. Choose USER and then press the [ENT] setting displays magnetic bearings. key. 6. Choose “CLR?” and then press the [ENT] 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to key. The following message appears. open the menu. 2. Choose PLOTTER. ERASE ALL ? 3. Press the [ENT] key. 4. Choose BRG. REF. ARE YOU SURE ? 5. Press the [ENT] key. YES NO MAG TRUE DGPS channel erase options 7. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press Bearing reference options the [ENT] key. 6. Choose MAG or TRUE as appropriate. 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 7. Press the [ENT] key. 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 37
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 7.5 Magnetic Variation 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. The location of the magnetic north pole is 2. Choose SYS SETUP and then press the different from the geographical north pole. [ENT] key. This causes a difference between the true and magnetic north direction. This difference SYSTEM SETUP is called magnetic variation, and varies with LANGUAGE : ENGLISH respect to the observation point on earth. DATUM : WGS84 Your unit is preprogrammed with all the UNITS : nm, kt TIME DIFF : +00 : 00 earth’s magnetic variation. However, you may TIME DISP : 24HOUR wish to enter variation manually to refine TEST? SIMULATOR? accuracy. Set “BRG REF” on the PLOTTER EXCHANGE BATTERY? is set to “MAG” to use magnetic variation. SYSTEM SETUP menu 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 3. Choose DATUM and then press the [ENT] open the menu. key. 2. Choose PLOTTER and then press the 4. Choose WGS84 (GPS standard), WGS72 [ENT] key. or OTHER as appropriate and then press 3. Choose MAG. VAR. the [ENT] key. 4. Press the [ENT] key. 5. If you selected WGS84 or WGS72, go to 5. Choose AUTO or MAN as appropriate step 6. For OTHER, do the following: and then press the [ENT] key. For a) Press the [ENT] key. automatic magnetic variation, current b) Use the cursor pad to enter chart magnetic variation appears to the right of number, referring to the geodetic chart AUTO. list on page AP-3. 6. If you selected AUTO, no further c) Press the [ENT] key. operation is necessary; go to step 7. For 6. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. MAN, press the [ENT] key and enter magnetic variation as follows: a) If necessary, change coordinate from 7.7 Units of Measurement east to west or vice versa by pressing A or V. Distance/speed can be displayed in nautical b) Press ‘ to shift cursor, use A or V miles/knots, kilometers/kilometers per hour, to set value, referring to a nautical or statute miles/miles per hour. chart. 7. c) Press the [ENT] key. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. 2. Choose SYS SETUP and then press the 7.6 Geodetic Chart System [ENT] key. Choose 3. UNITS. Press the Your unit is preprogrammed to recognize 4. [ENT] key. most of the major chart systems of the world. 5. Choose combination desired; nm, kt; km, Although the WGS-84 system, the GPS km/h; sm, mph. standard, is now widely used other categories 6. Press the [ENT] key. of charts still exist. Choose the chart system 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. used, not the area where your boat is sailing. The default chart system is WGS-84. 38
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 7.8 Position Display Format d) If necessary enter TD offsets at ATD1 and ATD2 to refine position accuracy. Position may shown in latitude and longitude or TDs (Loran C or Decca) as follows. Decca For Decca TD: and Loran C chain data is preprogrammed. a) Choose DECCA and then press the [ENT] key. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to b) Use the cursor pad to choose open the menu. appropriate Decca chain number and 2. Choose TD SETUP and then press the lane pair (R, Red, G, Green, P, Purple), [ENT] key. referring to the Decca chain list on page AP-5. TD SETUP c) Press the [ENT] key. DISPLAY : xx.xxxI LORAN C : 7980: 23-43 d) If necessary enter TD offsets at ATD1 ΑTD1 : +00 . 0 and ATD2 to refine position accuracy. ΑTD2 : +00 . 0 DECCA : 25: G-P 7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. ΑTD1 : +00 . 0 ΑTD2 : +00 . 0 7.9 Time Difference (using TD SETUP menu local time), Time Format 3. The cursor is on the first line. Press the [ENT] key. GPS uses UTC time. If you would rather use local time, enter the time difference (range: xx.xxxI -13:30 to +13:30) between it and UTC time. xxIxx.x" LC TD DE TD You may display the time in 12 or 24 hour format. Position display options 4. Choose desired position format. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. XX.XXX’: Shows L/L position with no 2. Choose SYS SETUP and then press the seconds. [ENT] key. XX’XX.X’: Displays L/L position with seconds. 3. Press V to choose TIME DIFF and then LC TD: Loran C TDs press the [ENT] key. DE TE: Decca TDs 4. Press A or V to display “+“ or “-“ as 5. Press the [ENT] key. If you selected a appropriate. latitude and longitude format, go to step 7. 5. Enter time difference with the cursor pad. 6. For Loran C or Decca, do one of the 6. Press the [ENT] key. following and then go to step 7. 7. The cursor is selecting TIME DISP. Press the [ENT] key. For Loran C TD: 8. Choose 12 HOUR or 24 HOUR as a) The cursor is on LORAN C. Press the appropriate and then press the [ENT] key. [ENT] key. 9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. b) Use the cursor pad to choose appropriate GRI code and secondary codes, referring to the Loran C chain list on page AP-4. c) Press the [ENT] key. 39
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 7.10 GPS Setup SMOOTH SIC (Smoothing speedIcourse) The GPS SETUP menu smoothes position During position fixing, ship’s velocity (speed and course, averages speed, applies position and course) is directly measured by receiving offset, and deactivates unhealthy satellites. GPS satellite signals. The raw velocity data may changes randomly depending on 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to receiving conditions and other factors. You open the menu. can reduce this random variation by 2. Choose GPS SETUP and then press the increasing the smoothing. Like with latitude [ENT] key. and longitude smoothing, the higher the speed and course smoothing the more GPS SETUP smoothed the raw data. If the setting is too SMOOTH POS : 0SEC high, however, the response to speed and SMOOTH SIC : 5SEC course change slows. The setting range is AVR. SPEED : 60SEC LAT OFFSET : 0.000’N from 0 (no smoothing) to 9999 seconds. LON OFFSET : 0.000’E DISABLE SV : __ AVR. SPEED (Speed ayeraging) _ _ _ _ FIX MODE : 2I3D Calculation of ETA and TTG, etc. is based on average ship’s speed over a given period. If GPS SETUP menu the period is too long or too short, calculation 3. Choose item and then press the [ENT] error will result. Change this setting if key. calculation error occurs. The default setting is 4. Change setting with the cursor pad and 60 seconds. The setting range is from 0 (no then press the [ENT] key. averaging) to 9999 seconds. 5. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. LATILON OFFSET (LIL position offset) GPS SETUP menu description You may apply an offset to latitude and SMOOTH POS (Smoothing position) longitude position generated by the GPS When the DOP (Dilution of Precision, the receiver, to increase position accuracy. index for position-fixing accuracy) or receiving condition is unfavorable, the GPS fix may DISABLE SV change greatly, even if the vessel is dead in Every GPS satellite is broadcasting abnormal water. This change can be reduced by satellite number(s) in its Almanac, which smoothing the raw GPS fixes. The setting contains general orbital data about all GPS range is from 0 (no smoothing) to 999 satellites. Using this information, the GPS seconds. The higher the setting the more receiver automatically eliminates any smoothed the raw data, however too high a malfunctioning satellite from the GPS satellite setting slows response time to change in schedule. However, the Almanac sometimes latitude and longitude. This is especially may not contain this information. You can noticeable at high ship’s speeds. “0” is the disable an inoperative satellite manually. normal setting; increase the setting if the Enter satellite number in two digits and then GPS fix changes greatly. press the [ENT] key. To restore a satellite enter “00”. 40
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS DISABLE GEO 3. Choose 1 or 2 and then press the [ENT] key. Like GPS satellites, the GPS receiver automatically eliminates any malfunctioning OFF WAAS satellite. To disable a WAAS satellite DIGITAL manually, enter three-digit satellite number SPEEDOMETER with the cursor pad and then press the [ENT] key. To restore a satellite, enter “000”. User display type options FIX MODE 4. Choose DIGITAL and then press the [ENT] key. Chooses position fixing method; 2D or 2/3D. 5. The cursor is selecting the square at the 2D requires three satellites in view of the right side of the screen. Press the [ENT] GPS receiver; 2/3D requires three or four key. satellites in view of the GPS receiver, whichever is available. When the 2D mode is : I indication selected, enter the antenna height above the : 2 indications : 3 indications waterline, to obtain accurate position data. : 4 indications The default setting is 5 m. User display screen diyision options 6. Choose the screen division desired, that 7.11 User Display Setup is, the number of data to display, and then The user displays, which appear when the press the [ENT] key. The display now [DISP] key is pressed several times, provide looks something like the one shown user-customized digital data and a below. speedometer. USER DISPLAY Digital data A: POWER B: TRIP A C * The user may choose 1-4 items of navigation C: SOG B D D: COG data to display on the digital display. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. * = Changes according to selection at step 6. 2. Choose USER DISP and then press the A A A [ENT] key. B B C USER DISPLAY menu, USER DISPLAY default digital display settings 1: DIGITAL 7. “A” is selected. Press the [ENT] key. 2: SPEEDOMETER NONE ODO TRIP TIME POSN POWER SOG COG WPT XTE TTG ETA USER DISPLAY menu Digital data options 4 1
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 8. Use the cursor pad to choose data 9. Enter scale interval: Use ◄ or ‘ desired and then press the [ENT] key. to NONE: No display choose location and A or V to enter ODO: Odometer distance 10. value. the [ENT] key. Press The setting range is 1 to 99. TRIP: Trip distance 11. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the TIME: Time and date POSN: Position menu. POWER: Power source voltage SOG: Speed over ground COG: Course over ground 7.12 Resetting Trip and WPT: Rng and brg to waypoint XTE: Cross-track error Odometer Distances TTG: Time to go (to destination) 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to ETA: Estimated time of arrival open the menu. (at destination) 2. Choose ERASE and then press the [ENT] 9. Control returns to the User display setup, key. with “B” selected. Depending on the 3. Choose “RESET TRIP?” (or “RESET selection made at step 5, set other ODO?”) and then press the [ENT] key. indications similar to how you did with “A”. One of following displays appears. 10. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. Speedometer display RESET TRIP METER? 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to ARE YOU SURE? open the menu. YES NO 2. Choose USER DISP and then press the [ENT] key. 3. Choose 1 or 2 and then press the [ENT] key. RESET 4. Choose SPEEDOMETER and then press ODOMETER? the [ENT] key. ARE YOU SURE? YES NO SPEEDOMETER Reset trip meter, odometer options START FROM : + 0 INTERVAL : 10 4. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press the [ENT] key to reset distance to zero. 5. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. 0 10 20 30 40 Start point Interval Speedometer menu 5. The cursor is selecting START FROM. Press the [ENT] key. 6. Enter starting speed: Use ◄ or ‘ to select location and A or V to enter value and switch from plus to minus and vice versa. The setting range is -99 to +99. 7. Press the [ENT] key, and the cursor shifts to INTERVAL. 8. Press the [ENT] key. 42
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 7.13 Uploading, Downloading Setting for communication software on Waypoint, Route Data PC Baud Rate: 4800 bps Waypoint and route data may be downloaded Character Length: 8 bit to a PC or uploaded from a PC to your unit. Stop Bit: 1 bit Parity: None Wiring X Control: XON/OFF Your equipment provides a wiring diagram which shows how to connect to a PC using a DownloadinglUploading between PC DSUB 9-pin connector (EIA-574). You may and GP-37lGP-32 display it as follows. Waypoint data and route data can be downloaded/uploaded between a personal 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to computer and the GP-37/GP-32. open the menu. 2. Choose I/O SETUP and then press the Note 1: There are two kinds of data for [ENT] key. route 3. Choose WIRING INFO and then press the data: route data and route comment data. [ENT] key to display the wiring diagram. Note 2: No position fix is available during uploading or downloading. WIRING INFO Downloading data to a PC ITD-H WHITE PC/AT DSUB-9 2TD-C/SG BLUE 5 GND 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 3SD YELLOW 2 RXD 4RD 3 TXD open the menu, choose I/O SETUP and GREEN 5 + RED 4 DTR then press the [ENT] key. 6 - BLACK 6 DSR 7FG - + 7 RTS 8 CTS I!O SETUP GP-32/37 I2/24VDC DATA1 : NMEA-REM1 DATA2 : NMEA-REM NMEA VER : VER2.0 Wiring diagram, using SAVE WPT!RTE → PC? DSUB 9-pin connector LOAD WPT!RTE PC? LOAD WPT YEOMAN? Note: A DSUB 25-pin (EIA-232) may also be WIRING INFO? used to make the connection. In this case the wiring diagram is as follows. I/O SETUP menu I TD-H 2. Choose SAVE WPT/RTE →PC?. WHITE 2 TD-C/SG BLUE 7 GND 3. Press the [ENT] key. 3 SD YELLOW 3 RXD 4 RD GREEN 2 TXD SAVE WPT!RTE 5 + RED 4 RTS 6 - BLACK 5 CTS ALL WPTS!ROUTES 7 FG - + 6 DSR WILL BE SAVED TO PC. 20 DTR SET PC PORT TO 4800 8 BIT, P-N, S1, XON!OFF. Wiring diagram, using CONTINUE? DSUB 25-pin connector SAVE WP/RTE display 4. Press the [ENT] key. 43
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS LOADING START? SAVING START? (PC READY?) (PC READY?) ARE YOU SURE? ARE YOU SURE? YES NO YES NO LOADING START? prompt SAVING START? prompt 5. Set up the computer to output data. 5. Set up the computer to receive data. 6. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press 6. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press the [ENT] key to upload. the [ENT] key to download. Note: The waypoint and route data are Data is being deleted when the [ENT] key is pressed. WPTS & ROUTES saved. To can- SAVING ... cel, press the WPTS & ROUTES Now loading [ENT] key. LOADING.... data CANCEL? CANCEL? To cancel, press [ENT] key. Message when data is being loaded 7. When the loading is completed, the Saving is following message appears. SAVING completed. COMPLETED Hit any key LOADING to escape. COMPLETED. HIT ANY KEY. HIT ANY KEY. Downloading sequence 7. Press any key to escape. Message when data is loaded successfully 8. Press any key to escape. Uploading data from a PC Note that all waypoint and route data stored Loading data from a YEOMAN in the GP-37/GP-32 will be deleted when data Waypoint data from a YEOMAN has the is uploaded. same format as does the NMEA 0183 data sentence WPL. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu, choose I/O SETUP and 1. Press the [MENU] key twice, choose I/O then press the [ENT] key. SETUP and then press the [ENT] key. 2. Choose LOAD WPT/RTE PC?. 2. Choose LOAD WPT YEOMAN?. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 3. Press the [ENT] key. LOAD WPT!RTE LOAD YEOMAN WPT LOADING ERASES CUR- LOADING YEOMAN WPT RENT WPT!RTE DATA. DATA. SET PC PORT TO 4800 8 BIT, P-N, Si, XON!OFF. CONTINUE? CONTINUE? LOAD WP/RTE display LOAD YEOMAN WP display 4. Press the [ENT] key. 44
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 4. Press the [ENT] key. 7: Waypoint comment (2 byte for mark code + 16 characters of comment.) LOADING START? 1st byte of mark code: Fixed to ’@’. (YEOMAN READY?) 2nd byte of mark code: Internal mark ARE YOU SURE? code + ’a’ (0 x 61). See Note 1 on the YES NO next page. Number of characters for comment is LOADING START? prompt less than 16 (variable length). See Note 2 on the next page. 5. Set up the YEOMAN to output data. 8: Flag making waypoint. Always set to “A”. 6. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press “A”: Displayed the [ENT] key to load data. ”V”: Not displayed Now WAYPOINTS 1oading 9: UTC (Always NULL) LOADING.... data 10: Day (Always NULL) END? To quit 1oading, 11: Month (Always NULL) press the [ENT] key. 12: Year (Always NULL) Message when waypoints are being loaded Note 1: Internal mark code is 0 x 10 through 7. Data is loaded to empty location and the 0 x 18. 0 x 71 through 0 x 79 are always buzzer sounds twice to signify successful placed at 2nd byte of mark code. loading. If there is not enough memory Note 2: Following characters can be used for free to store the waypoints, the message comments: below appears. _ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789&()+-/=?} WAYPOINTS FULL 0x10: (q) 0x11: (r) 0x12: (s) 0x13: (t) 0x14: (u) FULLNOT LOADING 0x15: (v) 0x16: (w) 0x17: (x) 0x18: (y) HIT ANY KEY. Characters ayailable for comments Message when waypoints could not be loaded Route data format Waypoint data format $GPRTE, x, x, a, cc, c----c, c----c, ... , c----c <CR><LF> 1 2 3 4 5 6 12 $PFEC, GPwp1, 1111.111, a, yyyyy.yyy, a, c----c, c, c----c, a, hhmmss, xx, xx, xxxx <CR><LF> 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Route data format Waypoint data format 1 Number of sentences required for one 1 Waypoint latitude : complete route data (1 to 4). See Note. : N/S 2: Number of sentences currently used (1 to 2: Waypoint longitude 4) 3: E/W 3: Message mode (Always set to C). 4: Waypoint name (Number of characters is 4: Route No. (01 to 51 (51 is LOG route, 2 5: fixed to 6 and space code is placed when digits required) the number of characters are less than 5 through Waypoint name (Max. 8 6.) 12: names, length of each 6: Waypoint color (This field is always kept waypoint name is fixed to 7 NULL.) byte) 45
    • 7. OTHER FUNCTIONS 1st byte: Skip code ‘-‘ (Hyphen) = 7.14 Language Skip ON, Space code = Skip OFF English and other languages are available. After 2nd byte: Waypoint name (fixed to 6 bytes) 1. Press the [MENU] key. 2. Choose SYS SETUP and then press the Note: A route can contain max. 30 waypoints [ENT] key. and GPRTE sentence for one route data may 3. The cursor is selecting LANGUAGE. exceed 80 byte limitation. In this case, route Press the [ENT] key. data is divided into several GPRTE sentences (Max. 4 sentences). This value ENGLISH ESPANOL shows the number of sentences route data FRANCAIS ITALIANO PORTUGUES DEUTSCH has been divided. NEDERLANDS JAPANESE TIENG VIET Route comment data format Language options $PFEC, GPrtc, xx, c----c <CR><LF> 4. Choose language desired and then press 1 2 the [ENT] key. 5. Press the [MENU] key once to return to the main menu. Route comment data format 6. Clear all backup data as shown in 1: Route No. (01 to 51, 2 digits paragraph 8.7. required) 2: Route comment (Max. 16 characters, variable length) The same characters of the comment for waypoint comment can be used. End of sentence $PFEC, GPxfr, CTL, E <CR><LF> End of sentence format 46
    • 8. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 8. Maintenance 4. Press the [MENU] key twice to quit the 1 message board. Regular maintenance is important to maintain performance. Check the following points Messages monthly to help maintain performance. Messages and their meanings . Check that connectors on the rear panel are firmly tightened and free of rust. Message Meaning, Remedy . Check that the ground system is free of ANCHOR WATCH! Anchor watch alarm rust and the ground wire is tightly fastened. violated. ARRIVAL ALARM! Arrival alarm violated. . Check that battery terminals are clean and BACKUP ERROR RAM data corrupted. free of rust. DATA/ Try to clear backup . Check the antenna for damage. Replace if data. See para. 8.4. damaged. BATTERY ALARM! Voltage of battery in display unit is low. . Dust and dirt on the keyboard and display Request replacement. screen may be removed with a soft cloth. NO DGPS SIGNAL! WAAS/DGPS alarm Do not use chemical cleaners to clean the violated. *1 equipment; they may remove paint and GPS NO FIX! No GPS signal. Check markings. Use special care when cleaning antenna cable. the LCD — it is easily scratched. HIGH VOLTAGE! Power source voltage too high. LOW VOLTAGE! Power source voltage 8.2 Displaying the Message too low. Board ODOMETER ALARM! Odometer distance The message board displays error messages alarm violated. and alerts. You can display it as follows: RAM ERROR! Request service. ROM ERROR! Request service. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to RTC ERROR! Request service. open the menu. SPEED ALARM! Speed alarm violated. 2. Choose MESSAGES. TIME ALARM! Time alarm violated. 3. Press the [ENT] key. TRIP ALARM! Trip distance alarm violated. MESSAGES ! NO WAAS SIGNAL! WAAS/DGPS alarm . NO GPS FIX! violated. *2 NO WAAS/DGPS WAAS/DGPS alarm SIGNAL! violated. *3 XTE ALARM! XTE alarm violated. *1 = WAAS/DGPS mode: INT/EXT BEACON MESSAGE board *2 = WAAS/DGPS mode: WAAS *3 = WAAS/DGPS mode: AUTO 47
    • 8. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 8.3 Replacing the Fuse 1. Turn on the power and then press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the The fuses (1A) in the power cable (+1- menu. lines) 2 Choose SYS SETUP and then press the protects the equipment from overcurrent, [ENT] key. reverse polarity of the power source and equipment fault. If the fuse blows, find the SYSTEM SETUP cause before replacing the fuse. If the fuse LANGUAGE : ENGLISH blows again after replacement, request DATUM : WGS84 service. UNITS : nm, kt WARNING TIME DIFF TIME DISP : +00 : 00 : 24HOUR TEST? Use the proper fuse. SIMULATOR? EXCHANGE BATTERY? Use of a wrong fuse can result in damage to the equipment. SYSTEM SETUP menu 3. Choose “EXCHANGE BATTERY?” and then press the [ENT] key. The display 8.4 Replacing the Battery shows the following message. A lithium battery (type: CR2354-1F2, code EXCHANGE no.: 000-142-305) on the circuit board inside BATTERY? the display unit preserves data when the ARE YOU SURE? power is turned off. The life of the battery is YES NO 3-5 years. When its voltage is low, the message shown below appears and data is Exchange battery prompt transferred from the RAM to the flash memory. 4. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press the [ENT] key. The following display BATTERY ALARM! appears. INTERNAL BATTERY READY FOR VOLTAGE IS LOW. BATTERY CHANGE. REPLACE BATTERY. PRESS ANY KEY PUSH ENTER KEY TO TO SHUT DOWN. BACKUP WPTS, ROUTES & TRACKS. Battery exchange confirmation window Low battery yoltage warning 5. Press any key to automatically turn off the When this message appears, all open unit. windows are closed, no alarm will be 6. Replace the battery. generated and no key input other than the [ENT] key is accepted. Press the [ENT] key to Note 1: When it is expected that the back up data and then turn off the power. equipment will not be used for a long time, Contact your dealer to request replacement execute the above procedure before turning of the battery. Below is the procedure for the power off, to prevent loss of data. replacing the battery. Note 2: Data is copied from the flash memory to the RAM at the next power up. 48
    • 8. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 8.5 Satellite Monitor Display 8.6 Diagnostics The satellite monitor display shows The diagnostic test checks ROM, RAM, data information about GPS and GEO satellites. port, beacon receiver, battery, RTC, keyboard and LCD for proper operation. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to 2. Choose SATELLITE. open the menu. 3. Press the [ENT] key. 2. Choose SYS SETUP and then press the Number, bearing and elevation angle of [ENT] key. all GPS and GEO satellites (if applicable) 3. Choose “TEST?” and then press the in view of your receiver appear. Satellites [ENT] key. You are asked if you are ready being used in fixing position are displayed to start the test. in reverse video; satellites not being used TEST START ? are shown in normal video. (STOP: PWR OFF) Receive signal level ARE YOU SURE ? Receiver Bars show signal level. YES NO status Satellites whose signal (See page 2.) level extends past the dashed line are used TEST START? prompt North in fixing position. 4. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press DOP value the [ENT] key to start the test. D3D 5. The equipment tests ROM, RAM, data DOP 01 Elevation N 1. 5 02 port, beacon receiver, internal battery and -- 45ο 07 06 04 RTC. The results are individually 02 05 08 06 displayed as OK or NG (No Good). 04 07 1 08 0 12 -- TEST 05 1 - - 0 ROM : OK 01 W 1 RAM : OK 85m 122 DATA2 : - - (STOP: PWR OFF) BEACON : OK 085-0182-0XX GEO satellite BATTERY : OK GEO RTC : OK satellite Satellite number in reverse 205-1412-0XX CNT: Altitude 001 205-1411-0XX video is used for positioning. Elevation 5ο XX = Program version no. TEST results (GP-37) Satellite monitor display 4. Press the [MENU] key twice to quit the Note 1: BEACON test result shown as SATELLITE display. NONE when no beacon receiver is connected to the GP-32. Note 2: DATA2 requires a special connector to check. “- -” appears as the result when no connector is connected. Note 3: No program number shown for BEACON in case of the GP-32. Note 4: CNT shows the number of times the test has been executed consecutively. 49
    • 8. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 6. After the equipment has displayed the test ERASE GPS DATA? results, a beep sounds and the message PUSH KEY appears at the top right-hand ARE YOU SURE? corner. YES NO 7. Press each key one by one. The name of the key pressed momentarily appears at the top right-hand corner if the key is GPS DATA functioning properly. Note: If no key is pressed within approx. MENU SETTINGS five seconds, the equipment automatically TO DEFAULT? proceeds to step 8. ARE YOU SURE? 8. The equipment displays the following YES NO message to inform you that it is now going to check the LCD: MENU SETTINGS <LCD CHECK> ERASE ALL BACKUP ALL ON 2 SEC. DATA? (DEFAULT) ALL OFF 3 SEC. ARE YOU SURE? YES NO LCD check BACKUP DATA 9. The LCD is checked, and then the test is repeated. To stop the test, turn off the Prompt for erasure of GPS data, menu power. settings, backup data 4. Press ◄ to choose YES and then press the [ENT] key. The following display 8.7 Clearing Data appears. You may clear GPS data, menu settings and RESTART FOR all backup data to start afresh. ERASING DATA. PUSH ANY KEY. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to open the menu. Prompt for restarting 2. Choose ERASE and then press the [ENT] key. 5. Hit any key to erase item selected. A 3. Choose GPS DATA, MENU SETTINGS, beep sounds while the selected item is or ALL BACKUP DATA as appropriate being erased. and then press the [ENT] key. One of the following messages appears. Note 1: If you were using the simulation mode when data is cleared, the message “Start Simulation — Are You Sure? appears. Choose YES and press the [ENT] key to start the simulation mode, or press the [ENT] key to start normal operation 50
    • 8. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING Note 2: When the memory is cleared the default position is restored as below. Language and default position, unit and time difference Language Default Position Unit Time Difference English 38°N, 123°W nm, kt 0:00 German 54°N, 10°E nm, kt 0:00 French 44°51E, 0°40W km, km/h 0:00 Spanish 40°26E, 3°40W nm, kt +2:00 Italian 42°N, 12°E nm, kt +1:00 Portuguese 22°44S, 43°10W nm, kt -3:00 Dutch 38°N, 123°W nm, kt 0:00 Vietnamese 12°15N, 109°13E nm, kt +7:00 Japanese 34°44N, 135°21E nm, kt +9:00 5 1
    • 8. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING (This page intentionally left blank.) 52
    • 9. INSTALLATION 9. Installation of Display Unit Flush mounting 1 Mounting considerations There are two types of flush mounting kits. For details, see the outline drawings at the The display unit can be installed on a desktop, end of this manual. on the overhead, or in a panel (optional flush mounting kit required). Refer to the outline Flush mount F kit drawings at the end of this manual for installation instructions. When choosing a Flush mount F kit mounting location, keep in mind the following Type: 0P20-29 Code No. 000-041-405 points: Name Type Code No. Qty . Locate the unit away from exhaust pipes Cosmetic 20-016- and vents. 100-251-370 1 panel 1051 . The mounting location should be well Tapping 5X20 000-802-840 4 screw SUS304 ventilated. Hexagon- M6X12 . Mount the unit where shock and vibration 000-862-127 2 head bolt SUS304 are minimal. Spring M6 000-864-260 2 . Locate the unit away from equipment which washer SUS304 generates electromagnetic fields such as a 1. Using the template (supplied), cut out a motor or generator. hole 92(H)X183(W) in the mounting . Allow sufficient maintenance space at the location. sides and rear of the unit and leave 2. Fasten the cosmetic panel to the display sufficient slack in cables, to facilitate unit with hexagon-head bolts and spring maintenance and servicing. washers. 3. Set the display unit to the mounting . Observe compass safe noted on page ii to location and fix it with tapping screws. prevent interference to a magnetic compass. Desktop and oyerhead mounting Desktop Overhead Desktop and oyerhead mounting methods 53
    • 9. INSTALLATION Flush mount S kit • Choose a location out of the radar beam. The radar beam will obstruct or prevent Flush mount S kit reception of the GPS signal. Type: 0P20-17 Code No. 000-040-720 • The location should be well away from a Name Type Code No. Qty VHF/UHF antenna. A GPS receiver is Flush mount 20-007- interfered by a harmonic wave of a VHF/ 100-183-190 2 fixture 2401 UHF antenna. Hexagon- M6X12 000-862-127 2 head bolt SUS304 • There should be no interfering object within M4X30 the line-of-sight to the satellites. Objects Wing bolt YBSC2 000-804-799 4 within line-of-sight to a satellite, for MBN12 example, a mast, may block reception or M4 prolong acquisition time. Wing nut YBSC2 000-863-306 4 MBN12 • Mount the antenna unit as high as possible Spring M6 to keep it free of interfering objects and 000-864-260 2 water spray, which can interrupt reception washer SUS304 of GPS satellite signal if the water freezes. 1. Using the template (supplied), cut out a hole (92(H)X167(W)) in the mounting • See the outline drawing for the antenna unit at the back of this manual for minimum location. separation distances from other antennas. 2. Fix the two flush mount fixtures to the display unit with hexagon-head bolts and • If the antenna cable is to be passed spring washers. through a hole which is not large enough to 3. Screw in wing nut in wing bolt. pass the connector, you may unfasten the 4. Set the display unit to the mounting connector with a needle nose pliers and location and fix it with wing bolts and wing 3/8-inch open-end wrench. Refasten it as nuts from the rear side. shown below, after running the cable through the hole. Spring 9.2 Installation of Antenna Washer Gasket (reddish-brown) Unit Shield Nut Mounting considerations Pin Connector Install the antenna unit referring to the antenna installation diagram at the end of this manual. When choosing a mounting location How to assemble the connector for the antenna unit, keep in mind the following points: • Do not shorten the antenna cable. • The antenna unit can be installed three ways: screwed into a pipe (local supply), fixed to a post with the optional mast mounting kit, or screwed into an optional mounting base. For fixing by post or pipe, it is recommended to use stays to secure the post or pipe to prevent damage to the GPS receiver by vibration. 54
    • 9. INSTALLATION 9.3 Wiring Grounding The illustration below shows where to The display unit contains a CPU. While it is connect cables on the rear of the display unit. operating, it radiates noise, which can Please review the INSTALLATION interfere with radio equipment. Ground the GUIDELINES at the front of this manual unit as follows to prevent interference: before wiring the equipment. . The ground wire for the display unit should ANTENNA UNIT ANTENNA UNIT be I.25sq or larger and as short as GPA-017 GPA-019 possible. (For GP-32) (For GP-37) . The signal ground and frame ground are separated, however the power line is not OR isolated. Therefore, do not connect the signal ground to the frame ground when DISPLAY UNIT connecting other equipment to a positive With 10 GP-32 OR GP-37 ground battery. m cable External equipment MJ-A7SPF0009-020, 2m The power supply port is commonly used for connection of external equipment such as a Ground radar. Refer to the interconnection diagram on page S-I or S-2 for connection of external Black - *+ Red equipment. POWER (12-24 1A VDC) Fuse (+1- line) * = Cut unused cores and tape individually. Wiring Note: The fuse holder contains a spring that fixes the fuse. To prevent detachment of the spring, which would cause loss of power, tie the line as shown below. Fuse Holder + Line (Red) - Line (Black) Fix here. How to fix spring in fuse holder 55
    • 9. INSTALLATION 9.4 Initial Settings DATA2 This equipment can output navigation data to External Beacon lnternal Beacon external equipment, in NMEA 0183 format. Receiver Setting Receiver Setting For example, it can output position data to a Output Output of internal GGA beacon receiver’s radar or echo sounder for display on its MSK correction data display screen. (correction data and lnput $CRMSS) Correction data of Output data format, data sentences external beacon receiver NMEA 0183 version 1.5 or 2.0 can be selected from the I/O SETUP menu. BEACON on WAAS/DGPS BEACON on WAAS/DGPS SETUP menu set to SETUP menu set to EXT lNT DATAI: Current loop data Data sentence description With waypoint Sentence Description AP REM1 REM2 AAM Arrival alarm GLL GLL GLL APB Autopilot data (XTE and bearing to VTG GGA GGA waypoint) ZDA VTG VTG BOD Bearing from own ship to AAM *2 ZDA ZDA destination *2 RMC *1 BWC Range and bearing to waypoint APB RMA (Ver 2.0) *2 *2 *1 (great circle navigation) BOD RMB GTD (Ver 1.5) GGA GPS position fixing condition (time *2 BWC RMC of fix, latitude, longitude, receiving *2 *2 XTE RMB condition, number of satellites *2 used, DOP) BWC (1 s interval) (1s interval) GLL Latitude and longitude (2 s interval) *1 GTD Loran-C time difference : Output when Loran C TDs are displayed. RMA Generic navigational information *2 : Not output when no waypoint is set. (latitude, longitude, Loran-C time AP: Autopilot differences, ground speed, true course REM1/REM2: Radar, echo sounder, etc. RMB Generic navigational information DATA2: RS-232C leyel (cross track error, steering direction, starting waypoint no., With waypoint destination waypoint no., latitude and longitude of starting waypoint, AP REM latitude and longitude of destination GLL GLL waypoint, range and bearing to VTG GGA waypoint, range and bearing from ZDA VTG present position to destination *2 waypoint, velocity to destination, AAM ZDA arrival alarm) *2 *1 APB RMA (Ver 2.0) RMC Generic navigational information *2 *1 BOD GTD (Ver 1.5) (UTC time, latitude, longitude, BWC *2 RMC ground speed, true course, day, *2 *2 month, year) XTE RMB *2 VTG Actual track and ground speeds BWC XTE Course error amount and direction *1 : Output when Loran C TDs are displayed. to steer *2 : Not output when no waypoint is set. ZDA UTC time (day, month, year) 56
    • 9. INSTALLATION Output setting 6. Use A or V to choose desired option. 1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to NMEA-REMI, 2: Output data to radar, open the menu. echo sounder, etc. 2. Choose I/O SETUP. NMEA-AP: Output data to an autopilot. 3. Press the [ENT] key. RTCM-OUT: Choose when equipped with internal DGPS beacon receiver (GP-37). I!O SETUP VER I.5, 2.0: Choose the NMEA version DATA1 : NMEA-REM1 DATA2 : NMEA-REM of external equipment. If you are unsure NMEA VER : VER2.O of the version number, try both and SAVE WPT!RTE → PC? LOAD WPT!RTE PC? choose the one which successfully LOAD WPT YEOMAN? outputs data. WIRING INFO? 7. Press the [ENT] key. 8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish. I/O SETUP menu 4. Choose DATA1, DATA2 or NMEA VER as appropriate. 5. Press the [ENT] key. One of the following screens appears depending on the item selected at step 4. NMEA-REMI NMEA-REM VER I.5 NMEA-REM2 NMEA-AP VER 2.O NMEA-AP RTCM-OUT* For DATAI For DATA2 For NMEA Version *= For GP-37, fixed at “BEACON“ when MODE on DGPS/WAAS menu is set to EXT BEACON. DATA1, DATA 2 and NMEA yersion options 57
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    • APPENDIX Menu Tree Default settings shown in bold italics. MENU WAYPOINTS LIST, NEAREST ROUTES VOYAGE ROUTE (START, STOP) INTERVAL (TIME, 00H01M - 99H99M, 00H10M; DISTANCE, 0.1 - 99.9 nm, 2 nm) PLOTTER TRACK REC (OFF, DISTANCE, AUTO) INTERVAL (0.10 nm) BRG. REF (MAG, TRUE) MAG. VAR. (AUTO, MAN) WPT NAME (DSP GOTO, DSP ROUTE, DSP ALL) TTG/ETA SPD (AUTO, MAN) ALARMS BUZZER (SHORT, LONG, CONSTANT) ARV/ANC (OFF, ARV, ANC) XTE (OFF, ON) SPEED (OFF, LOW, HIGH) WAAS/DGPS (OFF, ON) TIME (OFF, ON) TRIP (OFF, ON) ODOMETER (OFF, ON) ERASE WAYPOINTS/MARKS ? ROUTES? TRACK? RESET TRIP? RESET ODO? GPS DATA? MENU SETTINGS? ALL BACKUP DATA? WAAS/DGPS MODE (GPS, WAAS, INT BEACON, EXT BEACON, AUTO) WAAS SEARCH (AUTO, MANUAL) CORRECTIONS DATA SET (00-99, 02) DGPS STATION (AUTO, MANUAL, LIST) RATE (50, 100, 200 BPS) FREQ (310.0 kHz) CALCULATE MODE (wAYPOINTS, ROUTE), SPD (AUTO, MAN) MESSAGES Displays operational messages. SATELLITE Shows satellite status display. (Continued on next page) AP-I
    • APPENDIX (Continued from previous page) USER DISP I (OFF, DIGITAL SPEEDOMETER) DIGITAL (Display division: , , , 2 (OFF, DIGITAL Available data: Odometer, trip, time, SPEEDOMETER) position, power voltage, SOG, COG, range and bearing to waypoint, XTE, TTG and ETA) SPEEDOMETER START FROM (-99 to +99; 0) INTERVAL (0I to 99; 10) GPS SETUP SMOOTH POS (0-999 SEC; 0 SEC) SMOOTH S/C (0-9999 SEC; 5 SEC) AVR. SPEED (0-9999 SEC; 60 SEC) LAT OFFSET LON OFFSET DISABLE SV (Disable GPS satellite.) FIX MODE (2D/ 2!3D) For 2D, default antenna height is 5 m. SYS SETUP LANGUAGE (ENGLISH, FRANCAIS, PORTUGUES, NEDERLANDS, TIENG VIET, ESPANOL, ITALIANO, DEUTSCH, (JAPANESE)) DATUM (wGS84, WGS72, OTHER) UNITS (nm, kt; km, km/h; sm, mph) TIME DIFF (+00:00) TIME DISP (I2HOUR, 24HOUR) TEST? SIMULATOR? (MODE: ON, OFF, SPEED: 0-99 kt, 20 kt, COURSE: MAN (40°), AUTO; LAT, 38°00’N, LON, 123°00’w) EXCHANGE BATTERY? I/O SETUP DATAI (NMEA-REM1, NMEA-REM2, NMEA- AP) DATA2 (NMEA-REM, NMEA-AP, RTCM- OUT*) NMEA VER (VER I.5, VER 2.0) SAVE WPT/RTE →PC? LOAD WPT/RTE PC? LOAD WPT YEOMAN? WIRING INFO? TD SETUP DISPLAY (xx.xxx’, XX’XX.X” LC TD, DE TD) LORAN C (7980: 23-43) LORAN C ΑTDI, ΑTD2 (-99.9-+99.9;+00.0) DECCA (25: G-P) DECCA ΑTDI, ΑTD2 (-9.99-+9.99;+0.0) * = For GP-37. Replaced with ”BEACON” when MODE on DGPS/WAAS menu is set to EXT BEACON. AP-2
    • APPENDIX Geodetic Chart List 001: WGS84 088: NORTH AMERICAN 1927 : Western United States 002: WGS72 089: : Eastern United States 003: TOKYO : Mean Value (Japan, Korea & 090: : Alaska Okinawa) 091: : Bahamas (excl. San Salvador Is.) 004: NORTH AMERICAN 1927 : Mean Value (CONUS) 092: : Bahamas, San Salvador Is. 005: EUROPEAN 1950 : Mean Value 093: : Canada (incl. Newfoundland Is.) 006: AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1984 : Australia & Tasmania 094: : Alberta & British Columbia 007: ADINDAN : Mean Value (Ethiopia & Sudan) 095: : East Canada 008: : Ethiopia 096: : Manitoba & Ontario 009: : Mali 097: : Northwest Territories & 010: : Senegal Saskatchewan 011 : Sudan 098: : Yukon 012: AFG : Somalia 099: : Canal Zone 013: AIN EL ABD 1970 : Bahrain Is. 100: : Caribbean 014: ANNA 1 ASTRO 1965 : Cocos Is. 101: : Central America 015: ARC 1950 : Mean Value 102: : Cuba 016: : Botswana 103: : Greenland 017: : Lesotho 104: : Mexico 018: : Malawi 105: NORTH AMERICAN 1983 : Alaska 019: : Swaziland 106: : Canada 020: : Zaire 107: : CONUS 021: : Zambia 108: : Mexico, Central America 022: : Zimbabwe 109: OBSERVATORIO 1966 : Corvo & Flores Islands (Azores) 023: ARC 1960 : Mean Value (Kenya & 110: OLD EGYPTIAN 1930 : Egypt 024: Tanzania) 111: OLD HAWAIIAN : Mean Value 025: : Kenya 112: : Hawaii 026: ASCENSION IS. 1958 : Tanzania 113: : Kauai 027: ASTRO BEACON OEO : Ascension Is. 114: : Maui 028: ASTRO B4 SOR. ATOLL : Iwo Jima Is. 115: : Oahu 029: ASTRO POS 71/4 : Tern Is. 116: OMAN : Oman 030: ASTRONOMIC STATION 1952 : St. Helena Is. 117: ORDNANCE SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN 1936: Mean Value 031: AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1966 : Marcus Is. 118: : England 032: BELLEVUE (IGN) : Australia & Tasmania 119: : England, Isle of Man & Wales 033: BERMUDA 1957 : Efate & Erromango Islands 120: : Scotland, & Shetland Islands 034: BOGOTA OBSERVATORY : Bermuda Islands 121: : Wales 035: GAUPO INCHAUSPE : Columbia 122: PICO DE LAS NIVIES : Canary Islands 036: CANTON IS. 1966 : Argentina 123: PITCAIRN ASTRO 1967 : Pitcairn Is. 037: CAPE : Phoenix Islands 124: PROVISIONS SOUTH CHILEAN 1963: South Chile (near 038: CAPE CANAVERAL : South Africa 53°S) : Mean Value (Florida & Bahama 125: PROVISIONAL SOUTH AMERICAN 1956: Mean Value 126: : Bolivia 039: CARTHAGE Islands) 127: : Chile-Northern Chile (near 19°S) 040: CHATHAM 1971 : Tunisia 128: : Chile-Southern Chile (near 041: CHUA ASTRO : Chatham Is. (New Zealand) 129: 43°S) 042: CORREGO ALEGRE : Paraguay 130: : Columbia 043: DJAKARTA (BATAVIA) : Brazil 131: : Ecuador 044: DOS 1968 : Sumatra Is. (Indonesia) 132: : Guyana 045: EASTER IS. 1967 : Gizo Is. (New Georgia Is.) 133: : Peru 046: EUROPEAN 1950 (Con’t) : Easter Is. 134: PUERTO RICO : Venezuela 047: : Western Europe 135: QATAR : Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands 048: : Cyprus NATIONAL : Qatar 049: : Egypt 136: QORNOQ : South Greenland : England, Scotland, Channel & 137: ROME 1940 : Sardinia Islands 050: Shetland Islands 138: SANTA BRAZ : Sao Maguel, Santa Maria : England, Ireland, Scotland, & 139: SANTO (DOS) Islands (Azores) 051: Shetland Islands 140: SAPPER HILL 1943 : Espirito Santo Is. 052 : Greece 141: SOUTH AMERICAN 1969 : East Falkland Is. 053: : Iran 142: : Mean Value 054: : Italy, Sardinia 143: : Argentina 055: : Italy, Sicily 144: : Bolivia 056: : Norway & Finland 145: : Brazil 057: EUROPEAN 1979 : Portugal & Spain 146: : Chile 058: GANDAJIKA BASE : Mean Value 147: : Columbia 059: GEODETIC DATUM 1949 : Republic of Maldives 148: : Ecuador 060: GUAM 1963 : New Zealand 149: : Guyana 061: GUX 1 ASTRO : Guam Is. 150: : Paraguay 062: HJORSEY 1955 : Guadalcanal Is. 151: : Peru 063: HONG KONG 1363 : Iceland 152: : Trinidad & Tobago 064: INDIAN : Hong Kong 153: SOUTH ASIA : Venezuela 065: : Thailand & Vietnam 154: SOUTHEAST BASE : Singapore 066: IRELAND 1965 : Bangladesh, India & Nepal 155: SOUTHWEST BASE : Porto Santo & Madeira Islands 067: ISTS 073 ASTRO 1969 : Ireland : Faial, Graciosa, Pico, Sao 068: JOHNSTON IS. 1961 : Diego Garcia 156: TIMBALAI 1948 Jorge, & Terceira Is. 069: KANDAWALA : Johnston Is. : Brunei & East Malaysia 070: KERGUELEN IS. : Sri Lanka 157: TOKYO (Sarawak & Sadah) 071: KERTAU 1948 : Kerguelen Is. 158: : Japan 072: LA REUNION : West Malaysia & Singapore 159: : Korea 073: L. C. 5 ASTRO : Mascarene Is. 160: TRISTAN ASTRO 1968 : Okinawa 074: LIBERIA 1964 : Cayman Brac Is. 161: VITI LEVU 1916 : Tristan da Cunha 075: LUZON : Liberia 162: WAKE-ENIWETOK 1960 : Viti Levu Is. (Fiji Islands) 076: : Philippines (excl. Mindanao Is.) 163: ZANDERIJ : Marshall Islands 077: MAHE 1971 : Mindanao Is. 164: BUKIT RIMPAH : Surinam 078: MARCO ASTRO : Mahe Is. : Bangka & Belitung Islands 079: MASSAWA : Salvage Islands 165: CAMP AREA ASTRO (Indonesia) 080: MERCHICH : Eritrea (Ethiopia) 166: G. SEGARA : Camp Mcmurdo Area, Antarctica 081: MIDWAY ASTRO 1961 : Morocco 167: HERAT NORTH : Kalimantan Is. (Indonesia) 082: MINNA : Midway Is. 168: HU-TZU-SHAN : Afghanistan 083: NAHRWAN : Nigeria 169: TANANARIVE OBSERVATORY 1925 Taiwan : : Madagascar 084: : Masirah Is. (0man) 170: YACARE : Uruguay 085: : United Arab Emirates 171: RT-90 : Sweden 086: NAMIBIA : Saudi Arabia 172: Pulkovo 1942 : Russia 087: MAPARIMA, BWI : Namibia 173: FINNISH KKJ : Finland : Trinidad & Tobago AP-3
    • APPENDIX Loran C Chains Chain GRI Si S2 S3 S4 S5 Central Pacific 4990 11 29 — — — Canadian East Coast 5930 11 25 38 — — Commando Lion (Korea) 5970 11 31 42 — — Canadian West Coast 5990 11 27 41 — — South Saudi Arabia 7170 11 26 39 52 — Labrador Sea 7930 11 26 — — — Eastern Russia 7950 11 30 46 61 — Gulf of Alaska 7960 11 26 44 — — Norwegian Sea 7970 11 26 46 60 — Southeast USA 7980 11 23 43 59 — Mediterranean Sea 7990 11 29 47 — — Western Russia 8000 10 25 50 65 — North Central USA 8290 11 27 42 — — North Saudi Arabia 8990 11 25 40 56 69 Great Lakes 8970 11 28 44 59 — South Central USA 9610 11 25 40 52 65 West Coast USA 9940 11 27 40 — — Northeast USA 9960 11 25 39 54 — Northeast Pacific (old) 9970 11 30 55 81 — lcelandic 9980 11 30 — — — North Pacific 9990 11 29 43 — — Suez 4991 10 24 England, France 8940 12 30 Northwest Pacific 8930 11 30 50 70 Newfoundland East Coast 7270 11 25 Lessay 6731 10 39 B0 7001 11 27 Sylt 7499 11 26 Ejde 9007 10 23 38 Saudia Arabia North 8830 11 25 39 56 Saudia Arabia South 7030 11 25 37 55 AP-4
    • APPENDIX Decca Chains Chain Chain Chain Location Chain Chain Chain Location No. code No. code 0l South Baltic 0A Europe 25 Skagerrak l0B " 02 Vestlandet 0E " 26 North Persian Gulf 5C Persian Gulf & lndia 03 Southwest British lB " 27 South Persian Gulf lC " 04 Northumbrian 2A " 28 Bombay 7B " 05 Holland 2E " 29 Calcutta 8B " 06 North British 3B " 30 Bangladesh 6C " 07 Lofoten 3E " 3l Saliyah 2F " 08 3F " 32 Hokkaido 9C Japan 09 North Baltic 4B " 33 Tohoku 6C " l0 North West 4C " 34 Kanto 8C Japan ll Trondelag 4E " 35 Shikoku 4C " l2 English 5B " 36 Hokuriku 2C " l3 North Bothnian 5F " 37 Kita Kyushu 7C " l4 Southern Spanish 6A " 38 Namaqualand 4A Southern Africa l5 North Scottish 6C " 39 Cape 6A " l6 Gulf of Finland 6E " 40 Eastern Province 8A " l7 Danish 7B " 4l South West Africa 9C " l8 lrish 7D " 42 Natal l0C " l9 Finnmark 7E " 43 Dampier 8E Australia 20 French 8B " 44 Port Headland 4A " 2l South Bothnian 8C " 45 Anticosti 9C Northern America 22 Hebridean 8E " 46 East Newfoundland 2C " 23 Frisian lslands 9B " 47 Cabot Strait 6B " 24 Helgeland 9E " 48 Nova Scotia 7C " AP-5
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    • SPECIFICATIONS OF GPS NAVIGATOR GP-32 DGPS NAVIGATOR GP-37 I GPS RECEIVER 1.1 Receiving Channels GPS 12 channels parallel, 12 satellites tracking WAAS 1 channel 1.2 Rx Frequency 1575.42 MHz 1.3 Rx Code C1A code, WAAS 1.4 Position Fixing System All in view, 8-state Kalman filter 1.5 Position Accuracy GPS 10 m (95% of the time, HDOP 4) DGPS 5 m (95% of the time, external data required) WAAS 3 m (95% of the time) 1.6 Tracking Velocity 999 kt 1.7 Position-Fixing Time Warm start: 12 s approx., Cold start: 90 s approx. 1.8 Position Update interval 1 s 1.9 Beacon Receiver (GP-37 only) Frequency Range 283.5 kHz to 325.0 kHz MSK Rate 50,100,200 bps (Auto1Manual selectable) 2 RECEIVER UNIT 2.1 Display System Monochrome LCD, 95 (W) x 60 (H) mm, 120 x 64 dots 2.2 Display Mode Plotter, Steering, Highway, NAV data, Destination, User display 2.3 Projection Mercator 2.4 Memory Capacity Track: 1000 pts, Waypoint: 999 pts w1 comment 2.5 Storage Capacity 50 routes w1 30 waypoint each 2.6 Alarms Arrival and anchor watch, Cross track error, Odometer alarm, Ship’s speed in and out alarms, Time alarm, Trip alarm, WAAS1DGPS alarm 2.7 Display Scale Plotter Display 0.0210.0510.110.210.511121511012014018011601320 nm Highway Display 0.210.410.8111021418116 nm 3 INTERFACE 3.1 Data 1 Current Loop Output Data: NMEA0183 Ver 1.512.0 selected SP - I E4420S01B00M
    • NMEA-REM1: GLL, GGA, VTG, ZDA, RMC, RMB NMEA-REM2: GLL, GGA, VTG, ZDA, RMC, RMB, BWC, RMA (Ver2.0), GTD (Ver1.5) when TD indication selected NMEA-AP: GLL, VTG, ZDA, AAM, APB, BOD, BWC, XTE 3.2 Data 2 RS-232C Output Data: NMEA0183 Ver 1.512.0 selected NMEA-REM: GLL, GGA, VTG, ZDA, RMC, RMB, BWC, RMA (Ver2.0), GTD (Ver1.5) when TD indication selected NMEA-AP: GLL, VTG, ZDA, AAM, APB, BOD, BWC, XTE DGPS RTCM SC-104 (GP-37 only) Downloading to PC (WP1 Route Data) Input Data: DGPS RTCM SC-104 Ver 2.1 Uploading from PC (WP1 Route Data) NMEA WPL (WP Data) 4 POWER SUPPLY 4.1 GP-32: 12-24 VDC: 240-120 mA 4.2 GP-37: 12-24 VDC: 340-170 mA 5 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION 5.1 Ambient Temperature Antenna unit: -25°C to +70°C Receiver unit: -15°C to +55°C 5.2 Damp Heat 93% or less at 40°C 5.3 Waterproofing Antenna unit: IPX6 (IEC 60529) Receiver unit: IPX5 (USCG CFR-46) 5.4 Vibration IEC 60945 6 COATING COLOR 6.1 Antenna Unit N9.5 6.2 Receiver Unit Chassis: 2.5GY511.5, Panel: N3.0 SP - 2 E4420S01B00M
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    • INDEX Digital display A overview ..................................................... 6 Alarms setting up .................................................. 41 anchor watch ............................................ 30 DIM/PWR key................................................. 2 arrival ........................................................ 29 Dimmer........................................................... 2 buzzer type ............................................... 32 DISP key ........................................................ 3 odometer................................................... 32 Downloading data to a PC ........................... 43 speed ........................................................ 31 time ........................................................... 31 E trip ............................................................. Erasing routes 32 track...........................................................11 WAAS/DGPS ............................................ waypoints (marks) .................................... 17 31 F XTE ........................................................... 30 Fuse replacement ........................................ 48 Alarms menu ................................................ 29 G Anchor watch alarm...................................... 30 Geodetic chart system Arrival alarm ................................................. 29 list ......................................................... AP-3 B selection ................................................... 38 Battery replacement ..................................... 48 GOTO key .............................................. 27, 28 Bearing reference ......................................... GPS setup menu.......................................... 40 37 H Buzzer........................................................... 32 Highway display ............................................. 4 C I Calculation menu.......................................... 33 Installation ................................................... 53 Centering (own ship mark) ........................... 10 Clearing data ................................................ 50 L Contrast .......................................................... 2 Language ..................................................... 46 Controls .......................................................... 1 Loran C chains ......................................... AP-4 Cursor ............................................................. 9 M D Magnetic variation ........................................ 38 Decca chains ............................................ Maintenance................................................. 47 AP-5 MARK/MOB key ........................................... 15 Destination MENU key ...................................................... 7 canceling................................................... 28 Menu tree ................................................. AP-1 setting by cursor ....................................... 27 Messages ..................................................... 47 setting by route ......................................... MOB mark .................................................... 15 28 setting by user waypoint N ........................... 28 setting by waypoint Nav data display ............................................ 5 ................................... 27 DGPS 0 editing user channels................................ 36 Odometer alarm ........................................... 32 Odometer resetting ...................................... 42 Index-I
    • INDEX P erasing.......................................................11 Plotter display ................................................. 4 plotting interval ......................................... 10 Position offset ............................................... 40 starting, stopping plotting ......................... 10 Trip alarm ..................................................... 32 R Trip resetting ................................................ 42 Receiver status indications ............................ 2 Routes U changing route name................................ 25 Units of measurement.................................. 38 creating track-based ................................. Uploading data from a PC ........................... 44 22 creating with cursor .................................. User display 19 creating with waypoints ...................... 20, overview ..................................................... 6 21 deleting waypoints from............................ setting up.................................................. 41 24 destination ................................................ User waypoint .............................................. 28 28 erasing W ...................................................... 25 WAAS inserting waypoints ................................... description ................................................. 24 replacing waypoints vii setup......................................................... .................................. 23 skipping waypoints 34 ................................... 24 WAAS/DGPS alarm ..................................... 31 S WAAS/DGPS menu ............................... 34, 35 Satellite disabling ......................................... 40 Waypoints (marks) Satellite monitor............................................ 49 displaying name ....................................... 16 Shifting the display ....................................... 10 editing ....................................................... 16 Simulation display .......................................... 8 entering at own ship position ................... 14 Smoothing entering through the waypoint list ............ 14 position ..................................................... 40 entering with cursor.................................. 13 speed/course ............................................ erasing...................................................... 17 41 setting as destination ............................... 27 Speed alarm ................................................. 31 user waypoint ........................................... 28 Speed averaging .......................................... 40 waypoints/marks list (nearest) ................. 17 Speedometer display Wiring diagram ............................................. 43 overview...................................................... 6 X setting up .................................................. 42 XTE alarm .................................................... 30 Steering display .............................................. 5 System configuration ..................................... vi Y Yeoman data loading ................................... 44 T TD setup menu ............................................. 38 Z Index-2
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