Wark Meiser

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This is Donald J. Pattersons slides from one minute madness at UBICOMP 2008. For the record, it is a joke. Don't actually use these on your paper.

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Wark Meiser

  1. 1. Wark Meiser
  2. 2. Wark Meiser
  3. 3. Wark Meiser Zurich
  4. 4. Wark Meiser Zurich Seattle Berkeley Pittsburgh
  5. 5. Wark Meiser Zurich Seattle Berkeley Pittsburgh UBISEALS
  6. 6. Wark Meiser Zurich Seattle Berkeley Pittsburgh UBISEALS
  7. 7. Wark Meiser Zurich Seattle Berkeley Pittsburgh Opportunity Knocks: a System to Provide Cognitive Assistance with Transportation SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context and SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context and Services Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context SPECs: Wireless Computers. Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand Another Approach to SPECs: Wireless Computers. Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand Another Approach to Donald J. Patterson, Lin Liao, Krzysztof Computers.Collier, Nik Livic, SPECs: Wireless Approach Tiny Peer-to-Peer Activity Sensing Research, Michaelto Human Context and Another Gajos, Using Wireless Computers. Kautz Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peer Katherine Olson, Shiaokai Wang, Dieter Fox, and Henry Wireless Computers. Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peer Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, mik@hp.com Computers. Wireless 98195, USA, Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, University OfMik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, Washington, Seattle WA Computers. Wireless mik@hp.com {djp3,liaolin,kgajos,kolson,fox,kautz}@cs.washington.edu Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, mik@hp.com Denis Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo Mik Lamming, HPLos Altos, CA, Design, Labs, {nlivic,mjc6,shiaokai}@u.washington.eduAlto, CA, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, CA, Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo Alto, Mik Lamming, HPLos Design, Labs, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, CA, Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo Alto, Mik Lamming, HPLos Design, Labs, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Design, Los Abstract. A small batteryan automated Firefly Design, sensing platform that Abstract. We present powered peer-to-peer proximity Los Altos, CA, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Bohm, transportation routing system, calledbe attachedsmall battery powered peer-to-peerbe Design, sensing to conduct Abstract. A to people, placeswhose goal is proximity Los Altos, CA, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com tool platform Bohm, Firefly a valuable can “Opportunity Knocks,”Denis Bohm,can to improve the efficiency, that and things Firefly Design, Los Altos, CA, denis@fireflydesign.com safety Abstract. A small battery powered peer-to-peerbesenses the disabilities. that research inindependence of individualsthings can proximity sensing to conduct be human activity sensing. Such a platform a valuable tool platform canand attached to people, places and with mild cognitive subjects' pres- and activities denis@fireflydesign.com car, to pres- that ence can be is human activity sensing. contexts,ofcanBluetooth sensing platform Abstract. Ain to wide on places andpeer-to-peerbesenses the subjects' conduct small battery powered thingsfor example home, toolbea- Ourresearch in implemented variety of Such a platformproximitysensor work, system attached a people, a combination a a valuable Abstract. A small battery powered peer-to-peerbesenses the tool platform that research It eliminatesdata, sensing. Such a platformproximity sensing to shopping.Abstract.in activity need ofand thingsfor example home,sensing conduct attached people, places contexts, can or thatcan bein human to wide varietypowered peer-to-peer a valuablesubjects' platform that con ence and activitiesGPS tothebatteryfor deployment and maintenance car,pro-pres- broadcasts Aasmall a GPRS-enabled cell-phone, valuable work, of people, places contexts, and proximityremote a and or ence can bein human activity need goalSuch sensecan besenses of subjects' platform that shopping.Abstract.in asmall system usesis to a platform maintenance tool to conduct attached wide sensing. and thingsfor example home, of work, hibitively expensiveeliminates thebatteryfor deployment the activitiesthe one tool to research It in- pres- activity inferencebeininfrastructure.varietypowered peer-to-peerbesenses thecar,pro- conduct and activities of Theplaces researchsoftware. The or ence can and It human to people, than ofandto attached activity sensing. a novel inference engine that A things can proximity sensing a valuablesubjects' expensiveeliminates people, goalSuch a platform maintenance car, work, hibitivelylarge activitiesworld, the need for deployment the activities startoftool pres- dividualshopping.inbeininfrastructure.variety thecontexts, for about a in of well-in- to pres- at researchtheir in a wide provide informationand group valuable pro- example home, does not require usersattached toratherTheplacesisand senseof can besenses the subjects' conduct activitiesplatform the a one to explicitly things a or ence can hibitivelylarge in It human activity variety theSuch senseof a activities a well- work, expensivesetting. wide sensing. activities and maintenance a shopping. their in a Preliminary goal contexts, the group home, dividualpoints ofactivitiesworld,activity thanresultsSuch aafor example in ofthecar,pro- pres- at research eliminates ratherThe of is to and instrumented laboratoryininfrastructure. need for deploymentreal-world applica- ofin- work, the one journeys; instead this with platform senses andtheir human a wide sensing. information a group home,learned subjects' or ending or ence expensiveeliminates the variety ofdeployment theis maintenance car,pro- dividualshopping.in It infrastructure. need for contexts,afor example in a one at large activitiesworld, their in instrumented laboratory Futhermore, wethanresults to sensereal-world applica- ofcar, work, activities and tion arehibitivelybehavior. setting.inPreliminary goalof contexts, for activities of well-in- pro- described. and activities aratherThe the is with ofroute errorshome, of from users’ pastshopping.in It eliminates ratherThe for deploymentof example in of well-in- or encelarge their world, the varietyresults tohow real-world applica- wide need goal is sense the activities a one demonstrate and group maintenance tion arehibitively expensiveItinfrastructure. than the activities dividual at instrumented laboratory setting. Preliminary described. with a a or at instrumented expensivesetting. Preliminary for deploymentof a with in a one pro- dividualshopping. the system the need results with a the group can be detected andlaboratory eliminates ratherThecorrect to sensereal-world applica- ofin- infrastructure. than the activities and maintenance tion arehibitivelylarge in their world,helps to goal is the errors activities of well- described.how real-time transit information. In setting. Preliminary goalnovel sensereal-world applica- in- tion arehibitivelylarge in their world, we presentresults to solution activities of well- instrumented laboratory addition ratherThe the is with a of a to dividual at expensive infrastructure. than a activities the group in a one described. the problem instrumentedpositions their world, rather thanresults with a real-world applica- of dividual at laboratory setting. Preliminary the activities of a group in a well- labeling large in with place names. tion are described. Introduction tion are described. instrumented laboratory setting. Preliminary results with a real-world applica- Introduction tion are described. Introduction 1 How should researchers explore pervasive applications if they can’t afford to de- Introduction Introduction Introduction ploy How should the experimental infrastructureapplications if theypaper describes a pervasively researchers explore pervasive they need? This can’t afford to de- For ploy How should the experimental infrastructureapplications if theypaper describes a many individuals, mobility in the community means using public can’t afford to de- Introduction transporta- pervasively researchers explore pervasive they need? in human context and platform we have built called SPEC, to support our applicationsThis research tion. It is key Introduction life,SPEC,infrastructure they need? inThis paper describes a ploy Howto theirthe called their to pervasiveour research if human receive to de- pervasively researchers explore support should social they can’t afford platform we have built experimental employment, and their ability to context and activity sensing. should the ploy How pervasively researchersSPEC, pervasiveour through if human context to de- explore applications they can’t afford goodsplatform we have built experimental infrastructure they need? inThis paper describes to de- activity sensing. should the experimentalto supportmoveresearch their commu-afford a a and services. Unless calledcan explore pervasive applications if they can’t and they successfully ploy Howpervasively researchers activity sensing. should the experimentalto support our applicationsThis paper describes to de- platform How an independent life. infrastructure they need? however, can’t afford nity they cannotwe have built called SPEC, Public transportation, in if theypaper describes a lead explore pervasive research ploy pervasively researchersSPEC,infrastructure research human can context and activity sensing. who is called with below average they need? inThis platform we have built to support our human context and be dauntingplatform we have built experimental infrastructurecognitive abilities paper describes a activity anyone Work called SPEC, to support our research inThis or context and for pervasively the ploy born they need? human Lessons fromsensing. have begun called SPEC, to support our research is often context and Earlierhave built to decline, however slightly. There in human whose cognitive abilities platform we Lessons fromsensing. Work activity Earlier no choice but activity sensing. Work potential future independence and be Lessonsfor them to give up their from Earlier under direct supervision of their Work researchers started investigating how appli- Lessons from Earlier care givers or family members; a healthy in- In the early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC dividual InLessons to from Earlier Work researchers started investigating how appli- In theneeded from knowledge of the user’s activities [1] using cognitively early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC cations could benefit detect situations where a mistake made by aActive Badges is the early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC Lessons from knowledge Work user’s activities [1] using Active Badges [2]. PARC, the benefit from Earlieror of theresearchers started investigatingexplore appli- cations could disabled person early 1990s distressdeveloped a Thus,capable platform [3] Active Badges In EuroPARC’s sisterknowledge of theresearchers inability using to use how appli- Lessons from lab, EuroPARC more the started investigating how cations could may cause Xerox harm. EuroPARC’s sister and Work user’s activities [1] capabilities to safely [2]. PARC, the benefit from Earlier demonstrate the capable platform [3] to explore the systemsIn could in harms depthlab, developed a researchers started investigating of appli- issues benefit from knowledgeof life more fundamental their formalhow public transportation more their quality of the asmoreactivitiesplatform [3] to explore [2]. PARC, the earlymore sister lab, developed a well capable [1] using Active Badges cations EuroPARC’s Xerox EuroPARC user’s as that of early 1990s what Weiser [4] coinedbenefit [1–3]. However, technology. fundamentalinvestigatingexplore the systemsIn could in“ubiquitous computing” issues 1990s Xerox EuroPARC user’s At started capabilities of depth and demonstrate the and informal support networkfrom knowledge of theresearchers EuroPARCcapabilities Badges [2]. PARC, the earlymore sister lab, developed a moreactivitiesplatformnumber how appli- cations a [3] to if impaired capable [1] had effec- using Active systemsIn EuroPARC’s depth and demonstrate theindividuals[1] using Active the Weiser [4] could in“ubiquitous computing” technology. fundamentalinvestigating of issues cations 1990s sister lab, Xerox EuroPARC user’s Pepys [5] an automatic novel [2]. PARC, EuroPARC’s to knowledge of theresearchers EuroPARC a number how appli- of whatthe systems coinedbenefit from helpandbuilt, including transportation,capabilities Badges activity-sensing demonstrators weredeveloped a moreactivitiesplatform [3] to explore compensatory cognitive“ubiquitous computing” technology. fundamental using issues in aids depth them use tiveof what Weiser [4] coinedbenefit from knowledge of publicthe Pepys [5] [1] automatic of more demonstrate At started capable their novel [2]. PARC, EuroPARC’s sister weredeveloped a moreactivitiesplatformnumber of activity-sensing in more depthlab, built, the user’s At a EuroPARC a [3] personal the Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitouspersonal memory aid; andAt reminding for Active Badges biographer, could demonstrators computing”including capable an capabilities cations demonstrate the fundamental sys- to explore independence systems Forget-me-not [6] sisterandwould technology.Pepys remindingasys- to explore issues a have new of whatbiographer, Forget-me-not [6] they developed a more capable platformnumber of personal the Weiser [4] would improve, a personal memory aid;opportunitiesautomatic novel and safetyissuesdemonstrators were demonstrate the fundamental capabilities EuroPARC tem [7]. what[2]. PARC, coined demonstrators andbuilt, including andAt EuroPARC [3] activity-sensing in more depthlab, systems EuroPARC’s “ubiquitous computing” technology. a [5] an socialization andactivity-sensingand stress depth andbuilt, including Pepys remindingasys- tem [7]. what Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitoustheir considerableaid; andAtconducting a number of personal the employment, in more on computing” technology.givers would of novel systems Forget-me-not [6] a werefamilies and care a [5] an automatic number Although these groundbreaking systems[6] personal built, including fundamental capabilities biographer, issues biographer, Forget-me-not showed memory promise, EuroPARC demonstrate the be reduced. novel activity-sensing demonstratorspersonal memory aid; Pepysconducting sys- of a were and a [5] an automatic tem [7]. what Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitous computing” technology. At reminding personal these groundbreaking systems showed considerable promise, EuroPARC number trials Althoughnovel activity-sensing demonstratorspersonal andincluding Pepys remindingasys- beyond the confines of the laboratory proved difficult memory aid; and a [5] an automatic of biographer, Forget-me-not [6] a were built, expensive for conducting personal these groundbreaking systems showed considerable promise,reasons We developed a ubiquitous computing system,acalled built, including and a reminding tem [7]. novel activity-sensing demonstrators were “Opportunity Knocks,” an automatic trials Although biographer, Forget-me-not [6] at work were not availablefor reasons tem of we will beyond the confines of the could be tested showed considerableaid; Pepysconducting sys- detail[7]. these groundbreaking systems personal and expensive in other Although Services thatthe laboratory cognitive aid. memory promise, a reminding sys- personal later. laboratory proved difficult [5] (OK )trials beyondthe feasibility of Forget-me-not [6] at work were not availablefor reasons we to explore work.biographer, just such a proved personal was system targets will detail[7]. confines of This tem the Servicesmemory problems like, difficult and expensive of other contexts outside later. these groundbreakingbe tested showed considerableaid; andfor reasons personal Many that could a memory name in conducting trials Although confines of the couldsystems at“What and expensive that the promise, we will beyondwork. Servicesmemory problems like, work were not availableof that tem the Many that laboratory proved difficult contexts outside later. these groundbreakingbe tested showed considerable promise,other detail[7]. in conducting trials Although confines of the couldsystems at“What was the name for reasons we will beyondwork. Servicesmemory problems like, work were not availableof that detail the Many that laboratory proved difficult and expensive in conducting contexts outside later. these groundbreakingbe tested showed considerable promise,other trials Although confines that laboratory proved“What was the name systems we will beyondwork. Many of the could be tested at work were not availableforthat detail the difficult and expensive in reasons ! contexts outside later. Servicesmemorylaboratory proved“What was the name of for reasons trials detail the confines that problems like, other we will beyondwork. Many of the could be tested at difficult was expensive in other and contexts outside later. Servicesmemory problems like, work were not availableof that “What the name contexts outside later. Servicesmemory problems like, work were not availableof that we will detail work. Many that could be tested at “What was the name in other contexts outside work. Many memory problems like, “What was the name of that No 18 Pages
  8. 8. Wark Meiser Zurich Seattle Berkeley Pittsburgh Opportunity Knocks: a System to Provide Opportunity Knocks: a System to Provide Cognitive Assistance with Transportation Cognitive Assistance with Transportation SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context and Services SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context and Services Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context SPECs: Wireless Computers. Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand Another Approach to Donald J. Patterson, Lin Liao, Krzysztof Gajos, Michael Collier, Nik Livic, SPECs: Wireless Computers. Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand Another Approach to Donald J. Patterson, Lin Liao, Krzysztof Computers.Collier, Nik Livic, SPECs: Wireless Approach Tiny Peer-to-Peer Activity Sensing Research, Michaelto Human Context and Another Gajos, Using Katherine Olson, Shiaokai Wang, Dieter Fox, and Henry Kautz Wireless Computers. Kautz Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peer Katherine Olson, Shiaokai Wang, Dieter Fox, and Henry Wireless Computers. Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peer Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, University Of Washington, Seattle WA 98195, USA, mik@hp.com Computers. Wireless 98195, USA, Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, University OfMik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, Washington, Seattle WA Computers. Wireless mik@hp.com {djp3,liaolin,kgajos,kolson,fox,kautz}@cs.washington.edu {djp3,liaolin,kgajos,kolson,fox,kautz}@cs.washington.edu Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, mik@hp.com {nlivic,mjc6,shiaokai}@u.washington.edu Denis Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo Mik Lamming, HPLos Altos, CA, Design, Labs, {nlivic,mjc6,shiaokai}@u.washington.eduAlto, CA, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, CA, Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo Alto, Mik Lamming, HPLos Design, Labs, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, CA, Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo Alto, Mik Lamming, HPLos Design, Labs, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Design, Los Abstract. A small batteryan automated Firefly Design, sensing platform that Abstract. We present an automated transportation routing system, Abstract. We present powered peer-to-peer proximity Los Altos, CA, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Bohm, transportation routing system, Bohm, Firefly a valuable Abstract. A to people, placeswhose goal is proximity Los Altos, CA, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com tool platform calledbe attachedsmall battery powered peer-to-peerbe Design, sensing to conduct can “Opportunity Knocks,”Denis Bohm,can to improve the efficiency, that and things Firefly Design, Los Altos, CA, called “Opportunity Knocks,” whose goal is to improve the efficiency, denis@fireflydesign.com safety Abstract. A small battery powered peer-to-peerbesenses the disabilities. that research inindependence of individualsthings can proximity sensing to conduct be human activity sensing. Such a platform a valuable tool platform canand attached to people, places and with mild cognitive subjects' pres- safety and independence of individuals with mild cognitive disabilities. and activities denis@fireflydesign.com car, to pres- that Ourresearch in implemented variety of Such a platformproximitysensor work, Abstract. Ain to wide on places andpeer-to-peerbesenses the subjects' conduct small battery powered thingsfor example home, toolbea- ence can be is human activity sensing. contexts,ofcanBluetooth sensing platform system attached a people, a combination a a valuable Our system is implemented on a combination of a Bluetooth sensor bea- Abstract. A small battery powered peer-to-peerbesenses the tool platform that research It eliminatesdata, sensing. Such a platformproximity sensing to shopping.Abstract.in activity need ofand thingsfor example home,sensing conduct attached people, places contexts, can or thatcan bein human to wide varietypowered peer-to-peer a valuablesubjects' platform that con ence and activitiesGPS tothebatteryfor deployment and maintenance car,pro-pres- broadcasts Aasmall a GPRS-enabled cell-phone, valuable work, of con that broadcasts GPS data, a GPRS-enabled cell-phone, and remote people, places contexts, and proximityremote a and or ence can bein human activity need goalSuch sensecan besenses of subjects' platform that shopping.Abstract.in asmall system usesis to a platform maintenance tool to conduct attached wide sensing. and thingsfor example home, of work, hibitively expensiveeliminates thebatteryfor deployment the activitiesthe one tool to research It and activities activity inferencebeininfrastructure.varietypowered peer-to-peerbesenses thecar,pro- conduct of Theplaces in- pres- activity inference software. The system uses a novel inference engine that researchsoftware. The or ence can and It human to people, than ofandto attached activity sensing. a novel inference engine that A things can proximity sensing a valuablesubjects' expensiveeliminates people, goalSuch a platform maintenance car, work, hibitivelylarge activitiesworld, the need for deployment the activities startoftool pres- at researchtheir in a wide provide informationand group valuable pro- dividualshopping.inbeininfrastructure.variety thecontexts, for about a in of well-in- to pres- does not require usersattached toratherTheplacesisand senseof can besenses the subjects' conduct to explicitly activitiesplatform the a one things a example home, does not require users to explicitly provide information about the start or ence can hibitivelylarge in It human activity variety theSuch senseof a activities a well- work, expensivesetting. wide sensing. activities and maintenance a shopping. their in a Preliminary goal contexts, the group home, dividualpoints ofactivitiesworld,activity thanresultsSuch aafor example in ofthecar,pro- pres- at research eliminates ratherThe of is to and instrumented laboratoryininfrastructure. need for deploymentreal-world applica- ofin- work, the one journeys; instead this with platform senses andtheir human a wide sensing. information a group home,learned subjects' or ending or ence expensiveeliminates the variety ofdeployment theis maintenance car,pro- or ending points of their journeys; instead this information is learned dividualshopping.in It infrastructure. need for contexts,afor example in a one at large activitiesworld, their in instrumented laboratory Futhermore, wethanresults to sensereal-world applica- ofcar, work, activities and tion arehibitivelybehavior. setting.inPreliminary goalof contexts, for activities of well-in- pro- described. and activities aratherThe the is with ofroute errorshome, of or encelarge their world, the varietyresults tohow real-world applica- wide need goal is sense the activities a one from users’ pastshopping.in It eliminates ratherThe for deploymentof example in of well-in- demonstrate and group maintenance from users’ past behavior. Futhermore, we demonstrate how route errors tion arehibitively expensiveItinfrastructure. than the activities dividual at instrumented laboratory setting. Preliminary described. with a a can be detected andlaboratory eliminates ratherThecorrect to sensereal-world applica- ofin- instrumented expensivesetting. Preliminary for deploymentof a with in a one pro- dividualshopping. the system the need results with a the group or at infrastructure. than the activities and maintenance tion arehibitivelylarge in their world,helps to goal is the errors activities of well- described.how can be detected and how the system helps to correct the errors with real-time transit information. In setting. Preliminary goalnovel sensereal-world applica- in- tion arehibitivelylarge in their world, we presentresults to solution activities of well- instrumented laboratory addition ratherThe the is with a of a to dividual at expensive infrastructure. than a activities the group in a one described. real-time transit information. In addition we present a novel solution to the problem instrumentedpositions their world, rather thanresults with a real-world applica- of dividual at laboratory setting. Preliminary the activities of a group in a well- labeling large in with place names. tion are described. the problem of labeling positions with place names. Introduction tion are described. instrumented laboratory setting. Preliminary results with a real-world applica- Introduction tion are described. Introduction 1 How should researchers explore pervasive applications if they can’t afford to de- Introduction Introduction 1 Introduction Introduction ploy How should the experimental infrastructureapplications if theypaper describes a pervasively researchers explore pervasive they need? This can’t afford to de- For ploy How should the experimental infrastructureapplications if theypaper describes a many individuals, mobility in the community means using public can’t afford to de- Introduction transporta- pervasively researchers explore pervasive they need? in human context and platform we have built called SPEC, to support our applicationsThis research For many individuals, mobility in the community means using public transporta- tion. It is key Introduction life,SPEC,infrastructure they need? inThis paper describes a ploy Howto theirthe called their to pervasiveour research if human receive to de- pervasively researchers explore support should social they can’t afford platform we have built experimental employment, and their ability to context and activity sensing. should the ploy How pervasively researchersSPEC, pervasiveour through if human context to de- explore activity sensing. should the experimentalto supportmoveresearch their commu-afford a a goodsplatform we have built experimental infrastructure they need? inThis paper describes to de- they successfully and services. Unless calledcan explore pervasive applications if they can’t and applications they can’t afford tion. It is key to their social life, their employment, and their ability to receive ploy Howpervasively researchers activity sensing. should the experimentalto support our applicationsThis paper describes to de- platform How an independent life. infrastructure they need? however, can’t afford goods and services. Unless they can successfully move through their commu- nity they cannotwe have built called SPEC, Public transportation, in if theypaper describes a lead explore pervasive research ploy pervasively researchersSPEC,infrastructure research human can context and activity sensing. who is called with below average they need? inThis platform we have built to support our human context and be dauntingplatform we have built experimental infrastructurecognitive abilities paper describes a nity they cannot lead an independent life. Public transportation, however, can activity anyone Work called SPEC, to support our research inThis or context and for pervasively the ploy born they need? human Lessons fromsensing. have begun called SPEC, to support our research is often context and Earlierhave built to decline, however slightly. There in human whose cognitive abilities platform we be daunting for anyone who is born with below average cognitive abilities or Lessons fromsensing. Work activity Earlier no choice but activity sensing. Work potential future independence and be Lessonsfor them to give up their from Earlier whose cognitive abilities have begun to decline, however slightly. There is often under direct supervision of their Work researchers started investigating how appli- Lessons from Earlier care givers or family members; a healthy in- In the early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC no choice but for them to give up their potential future independence and be dividual InLessons to from Earlier Work researchers started investigating how appli- In theneeded from knowledge of the user’s activities [1] using cognitively early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC cations could benefit detect situations where a mistake made by aActive Badges is the early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC under direct supervision of their care givers or family members; a healthy in- Lessons from knowledge Work user’s activities [1] using Active Badges [2]. PARC, the benefit from Earlieror of theresearchers started investigatingexplore appli- cations could disabled person early 1990s distressdeveloped a Thus,capable platform [3] Active Badges In EuroPARC’s sisterknowledge of theresearchers inability using to use how appli- Lessons from lab, EuroPARC more the started investigating how [2]. PARC, the benefit from Earlier demonstrate the capable platform [3] to explore cations could may cause Xerox harm. EuroPARC’s sister and Work user’s activities [1] capabilities to safely dividual is needed to detect situations where a mistake made by a cognitively the systemsIn could in harms depthlab, developed a researchers started investigating of appli- issues benefit from knowledgeof life more fundamental their formalhow public transportation more their quality of the asmoreactivitiesplatform [3] to explore [2]. PARC, the earlymore sister lab, developed a well capable [1] using Active Badges cations EuroPARC’s Xerox EuroPARC user’s as that of early 1990s disabled person may cause distress or harm. Thus, the inability to safely use what Weiser [4] coinedbenefit [1–3]. However, technology. fundamentalinvestigatingexplore the systemsIn could in“ubiquitous computing” issues 1990s Xerox EuroPARC user’s At started capabilities of depth and demonstrate the and informal support networkfrom knowledge of theresearchers EuroPARCcapabilities Badges [2]. PARC, the earlymore sister lab, developed a moreactivitiesplatformnumber how appli- cations a [3] to if impaired capable [1] had effec- using Active systemsIn EuroPARC’s depth and demonstrate theindividuals[1] using Active the Weiser [4] could in“ubiquitous computing” technology. fundamentalinvestigating of issues public transportation harms their quality of life as well as that of their formal cations 1990s sister lab, Xerox EuroPARC user’s Pepys [5] an automatic novel [2]. PARC, EuroPARC’s to knowledge of theresearchers EuroPARC a number how appli- of whatthe systems coinedbenefit from helpandbuilt, including transportation,capabilities Badges activity-sensing demonstrators weredeveloped a moreactivitiesplatform [3] to explore compensatory cognitive“ubiquitous computing” technology. fundamental using issues in aids depth them use tiveof what Weiser [4] coinedbenefit from knowledge of publicthe Pepys [5] [1] automatic of more demonstrate At started capable their novel [2]. PARC, EuroPARC’s sister weredeveloped a moreactivitiesplatformnumber of activity-sensing in more depthlab, built, the user’s At a EuroPARC a [3] personal the Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitouspersonal memory aid; andAt reminding for Active Badges biographer, could demonstrators computing”including capable an capabilities cations demonstrate the fundamental sys- to explore and informal support network [1–3]. However, if impaired individuals had effec- independence systems Forget-me-not [6] sisterandwould technology.Pepys remindingasys- to explore issues a have new of whatbiographer, Forget-me-not [6] they developed a more capable platformnumber of personal the Weiser [4] would improve, a personal memory aid;opportunitiesautomatic novel and safetyissuesdemonstrators were demonstrate the fundamental capabilities EuroPARC tem [7]. what[2]. PARC, coined demonstrators andbuilt, including andAt EuroPARC [3] activity-sensing in more depthlab, systems EuroPARC’s “ubiquitous computing” technology. a [5] an tive compensatory cognitive aids to help them use public transportation, their socialization andactivity-sensingand stress depth andbuilt, including Pepys remindingasys- tem [7]. what Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitoustheir considerableaid; andAtconducting a number of personal the employment, in more on computing” technology.givers would of novel systems Forget-me-not [6] a werefamilies and care a [5] an automatic number Although these groundbreaking systems[6] personal built, including fundamental capabilities biographer, issues biographer, Forget-me-not showed memory promise, EuroPARC demonstrate the independence and safety would improve, they would have new opportunities for be reduced. novel activity-sensing demonstratorspersonal memory aid; Pepysconducting sys- of a were and a [5] an automatic tem [7]. what Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitous computing” technology. At reminding personal these groundbreaking systems showed considerable promise, EuroPARC number Ye trials Althoughnovel activity-sensing demonstratorspersonal andincluding Pepys remindingasys- beyond the confines of the laboratory proved difficult memory aid; and a [5] an automatic of biographer, Forget-me-not [6] a were built, expensive for conducting personal these groundbreaking systems showed considerable promise,reasons socialization and employment, and stress on their families and care givers would We developed a ubiquitous computing system,acalled built, including and a reminding tem [7]. novel activity-sensing demonstrators were “Opportunity Knocks,” an automatic trials Although biographer, Forget-me-not [6] at work were not availablefor reasons we will beyond the confines of the could be tested showed considerableaid; Pepysconducting sys- tem of personal later. laboratory proved difficult detail[7]. these groundbreaking systems personal and expensive in other [5] Although Services thatthe laboratory cognitive aid. memory promise, a reminding sys- be reduced. 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  9. 9. Wark Meiser Zurich Seattle Berkeley Pittsburgh Opportunity Knocks: a System to Provide Cognitive Assistance with Transportation SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context and SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context and Services Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand SPECs: Another Approach to Human Context SPECs: Wireless Computers. Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand Another Approach to SPECs: Wireless Computers. Human Context Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peerand Another Approach to Donald J. Patterson, Lin Liao, Krzysztof Computers.Collier, Nik Livic, SPECs: Wireless Approach Tiny Peer-to-Peer Activity Sensing Research, Michaelto Human Context and Another Gajos, Using Wireless Computers. Kautz Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peer Katherine Olson, Shiaokai Wang, Dieter Fox, and Henry Wireless Computers. Activity Sensing Research, Using Tiny Peer-to-Peer Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, Wireless 98195, USA, mik@hp.com Computers. Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, Washington, Seattle WA Computers. University OfMik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, Wireless mik@hp.com {djp3,liaolin,kgajos,kolson,fox,kautz}@cs.washington.edu Sust Mik Lamming, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA, mik@hp.com Design, Labs, Mik Lamming, HPLos Altos, CA, Denis Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo {nlivic,mjc6,shiaokai}@u.washington.eduAlto, CA, Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo Alto, Mik Lamming, HPLos Design, Labs, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, CA, Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Palo Alto, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, CA, Mik Lamming, HPLos Design, Labs, Design, Los Bohm, Firefly mik@hp.com Denis denis@fireflydesign.com Altos, CA, Denis denis@fireflydesign.com aina Abstract. We present powered peer-to-peer proximity Los Altos, CA, ble! Bohm, transportation routing system, Abstract. A small batteryan automated Firefly Design, sensing platform that Denis denis@fireflydesign.com tool platform calledbe attachedsmall battery powered peer-to-peerbe Design, sensing to conduct Abstract. A to people, placeswhose goal is proximity Los Altos, CA, Bohm, Firefly a valuable can “Opportunity Knocks,”Denis Bohm,can to improve the efficiency, that and things Firefly Design, Los Altos, CA, denis@fireflydesign.com research inindependence of individualsthings can proximity sensing to conduct safety Abstract. A small battery powered peer-to-peerbesenses the disabilities. that be human activity sensing. Such a platform a valuable tool platform canand attached to people, places and with mild cognitive subjects' pres- denis@fireflydesign.com car, to pres- that Abstract. Ain to wide on places andpeer-to-peerbesenses the subjects' conduct small battery powered thingsfor example home, toolbea- Ourresearch in implemented variety of Such a platformproximitysensor work, ence can be is human activity sensing. contexts,ofcanBluetooth sensing platform system attached a people, a combination a and activities a valuable Opportunity Knocks: a System to Provide Cognitive Assistance with Transportation Services Donald J. Patterson, Lin Liao, Krzysztof Gajos, Michael Collier, Nik Livic, Katherine Olson, Shiaokai Wang, Dieter Fox, and Henry Kautz University Of Washington, Seattle WA 98195, USA, {djp3,liaolin,kgajos,kolson,fox,kautz}@cs.washington.edu {nlivic,mjc6,shiaokai}@u.washington.edu Abstract. We present an automated transportation routing system, called “Opportunity Knocks,” whose goal is to improve the efficiency, safety and independence of individuals with mild cognitive disabilities. Our system is implemented on a combination of a Bluetooth sensor bea- Abstract. A small battery powered peer-to-peerbesenses the tool platform that research It eliminatesdata, sensing. Such a platformproximity sensing to shopping.Abstract.in activity need ofand thingsfor example home,sensing conduct attached people, places contexts, can or thatcan bein human to wide varietypowered peer-to-peer a valuablesubjects' platform that con ence and activitiesGPS tothebatteryfor deployment and maintenance car,pro-pres- broadcasts Aasmall a GPRS-enabled cell-phone, valuable work, of con that broadcasts GPS data, a GPRS-enabled cell-phone, and remote people, places contexts, and proximityremote a and or ence can bein human activity need goalSuch sensecan besenses of subjects' platform that shopping.Abstract.in asmall system usesis to a platform maintenance tool to conduct attached wide sensing. and thingsfor example home, of work, hibitively expensiveeliminates thebatteryfor deployment the activitiesthe one tool to research It and activities activity inferencebeininfrastructure.varietypowered peer-to-peerbesenses thecar,pro- conduct of Theplaces in- pres- activity inference software. The system uses a novel inference engine that researchsoftware. The or ence can and It human to people, than ofandto attached activity sensing. a novel inference engine that A things can proximity sensing a valuablesubjects' expensiveeliminates people, goalSuch a platform maintenance car, work, hibitivelylarge activitiesworld, the need for deployment the activities startoftool pres- at researchtheir in a wide provide informationand group valuable pro- dividualshopping.inbeininfrastructure.variety thecontexts, for about a in of well-in- to pres- does not require usersattached toratherTheplacesisand senseof can besenses the subjects' conduct to explicitly activitiesplatform the a one things a example home, does not require users to explicitly provide information about the start or ence can hibitivelylarge in It human activity variety theSuch senseof a activities a well- work, expensivesetting. wide sensing. activities and maintenance a shopping. their in a Preliminary goal contexts, the group home, dividualpoints ofactivitiesworld,activity thanresultsSuch aafor example in ofthecar,pro- pres- at research eliminates ratherThe of is to and instrumented laboratoryininfrastructure. need for deploymentreal-world applica- ofin- work, the one journeys; instead this with platform senses andtheir human a wide sensing. information a group home,learned subjects' or ending or ence expensiveeliminates the variety ofdeployment theis maintenance car,pro- or ending points of their journeys; instead this information is learned dividualshopping.in It infrastructure. need for contexts,afor example in a one at large activitiesworld, their in instrumented laboratory Futhermore, wethanresults to sensereal-world applica- ofcar, work, activities and tion arehibitivelybehavior. setting.inPreliminary goalof contexts, for activities of well-in- pro- described. and activities aratherThe the is with ofroute errorshome, of or encelarge their world, the varietyresults tohow real-world applica- wide need goal is sense the activities a one from users’ pastshopping.in It eliminates ratherThe for deploymentof example in of well-in- demonstrate and group maintenance from users’ past behavior. Futhermore, we demonstrate how route errors tion arehibitively expensiveItinfrastructure. than the activities dividual at instrumented laboratory setting. Preliminary described. with a a can be detected andlaboratory eliminates ratherThecorrect to sensereal-world applica- ofin- instrumented expensivesetting. Preliminary for deploymentof a with in a one pro- dividualshopping. the system the need results with a the group or at infrastructure. than the activities and maintenance tion arehibitivelylarge in their world,helps to goal is the errors activities of well- described.how can be detected and how the system helps to correct the errors with real-time transit information. In setting. Preliminary goalnovel sensereal-world applica- in- tion arehibitivelylarge in their world, we presentresults to solution activities of well- instrumented laboratory addition ratherThe the is with a of a to dividual at expensive infrastructure. than a activities the group in a one described. real-time transit information. In addition we present a novel solution to the problem instrumentedpositions their world, rather thanresults with a real-world applica- of dividual at laboratory setting. Preliminary the activities of a group in a well- labeling large in with place names. tion are described. the problem of labeling positions with place names. Introduction tion are described. instrumented laboratory setting. Preliminary results with a real-world applica- Introduction tion are described. Introduction 1 How should researchers explore pervasive applications if they can’t afford to de- Introduction Introduction 1 Introduction Introduction ploy How should the experimental infrastructureapplications if theypaper describes a pervasively researchers explore pervasive they need? This can’t afford to de- For ploy How should the experimental infrastructureapplications if theypaper describes a many individuals, mobility in the community means using public can’t afford to de- Introduction transporta- pervasively researchers explore pervasive they need? in human context and platform we have built called SPEC, to support our applicationsThis research For many individuals, mobility in the community means using public transporta- tion. It is key Introduction life,SPEC,infrastructure they need? inThis paper describes a ploy Howto theirthe called their to pervasiveour research if human receive to de- pervasively researchers explore support should social they can’t afford platform we have built experimental employment, and their ability to context and activity sensing. should the ploy How pervasively researchersSPEC, pervasiveour through if human context to de- explore activity sensing. should the experimentalto supportmoveresearch their commu-afford a a goodsplatform we have built experimental infrastructure they need? inThis paper describes to de- they successfully and services. Unless calledcan explore pervasive applications if they can’t and applications they can’t afford tion. It is key to their social life, their employment, and their ability to receive ploy Howpervasively researchers activity sensing. should the experimentalto support our applicationsThis paper describes to de- platform How an independent life. infrastructure they need? however, can’t afford goods and services. Unless they can successfully move through their commu- nity they cannotwe have built called SPEC, Public transportation, in if theypaper describes a lead explore pervasive research ploy pervasively researchersSPEC,infrastructure research human can context and activity sensing. who is called with below average they need? inThis platform we have built to support our human context and be dauntingplatform we have built experimental infrastructurecognitive abilities paper describes a nity they cannot lead an independent life. Public transportation, however, can activity anyone Work called SPEC, to support our research inThis or context and for pervasively the ploy born they need? human Lessons fromsensing. have begun called SPEC, to support our research is often context and Earlierhave built to decline, however slightly. There in human whose cognitive abilities platform we be daunting for anyone who is born with below average cognitive abilities or Lessons fromsensing. Work activity Earlier no choice but activity sensing. Work potential future independence and be Lessonsfor them to give up their from Earlier whose cognitive abilities have begun to decline, however slightly. There is often under direct supervision of their Work researchers started investigating how appli- Lessons from Earlier care givers or family members; a healthy in- In the early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC no choice but for them to give up their potential future independence and be dividual InLessons to from Earlier Work researchers started investigating how appli- In theneeded from knowledge of the user’s activities [1] using cognitively early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC cations could benefit detect situations where a mistake made by aActive Badges is the early 1990s Xerox EuroPARC under direct supervision of their care givers or family members; a healthy in- Lessons from knowledge Work user’s activities [1] using Active Badges [2]. PARC, the benefit from Earlieror of theresearchers started investigatingexplore appli- cations could disabled person early 1990s distressdeveloped a Thus,capable platform [3] Active Badges In EuroPARC’s sisterknowledge of theresearchers inability using to use how appli- Lessons from lab, EuroPARC more the started investigating how [2]. PARC, the benefit from Earlier demonstrate the capable platform [3] to explore cations could may cause Xerox harm. EuroPARC’s sister and Work user’s activities [1] capabilities to safely dividual is needed to detect situations where a mistake made by a cognitively the systemsIn could in harms depthlab, developed a researchers started investigating of appli- issues benefit from knowledgeof life more fundamental their formalhow public transportation more their quality of the asmoreactivitiesplatform [3] to explore [2]. PARC, the earlymore sister lab, developed a well capable [1] using Active Badges cations EuroPARC’s Xerox EuroPARC user’s as that of early 1990s disabled person may cause distress or harm. Thus, the inability to safely use what Weiser [4] coinedbenefit [1–3]. However, technology. fundamentalinvestigatingexplore the systemsIn could in“ubiquitous computing” issues 1990s Xerox EuroPARC user’s At started capabilities of depth and demonstrate the and informal support networkfrom knowledge of theresearchers EuroPARCcapabilities Badges [2]. PARC, the earlymore sister lab, developed a moreactivitiesplatformnumber how appli- cations a [3] to if impaired capable [1] had effec- using Active systemsIn EuroPARC’s depth and demonstrate theindividuals[1] using Active the Weiser [4] could in“ubiquitous computing” technology. fundamentalinvestigating of issues public transportation harms their quality of life as well as that of their formal cations 1990s sister lab, Xerox EuroPARC user’s Pepys [5] an automatic novel [2]. PARC, EuroPARC’s to knowledge of theresearchers EuroPARC a number how appli- of whatthe systems coinedbenefit from helpandbuilt, including transportation,capabilities Badges activity-sensing demonstrators weredeveloped a moreactivitiesplatform [3] to explore compensatory cognitive“ubiquitous computing” technology. fundamental using issues in aids depth them use tiveof what Weiser [4] coinedbenefit from knowledge of publicthe Pepys [5] [1] automatic of more demonstrate At started capable their novel [2]. PARC, EuroPARC’s sister weredeveloped a moreactivitiesplatformnumber of activity-sensing in more depthlab, built, the user’s At a EuroPARC a [3] personal the Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitouspersonal memory aid; andAt reminding for Active Badges biographer, could demonstrators computing”including capable an capabilities cations demonstrate the fundamental sys- to explore and informal support network [1–3]. However, if impaired individuals had effec- independence systems Forget-me-not [6] sisterandwould technology.Pepys remindingasys- to explore issues a have new of whatbiographer, Forget-me-not [6] they developed a more capable platformnumber of personal the Weiser [4] would improve, a personal memory aid;opportunitiesautomatic novel and safetyissuesdemonstrators were demonstrate the fundamental capabilities EuroPARC tem [7]. what[2]. PARC, coined demonstrators andbuilt, including andAt EuroPARC [3] activity-sensing in more depthlab, systems EuroPARC’s “ubiquitous computing” technology. a [5] an tive compensatory cognitive aids to help them use public transportation, their socialization andactivity-sensingand stress depth andbuilt, including Pepys remindingasys- tem [7]. what Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitoustheir considerableaid; andAtconducting a number of personal the employment, in more on computing” technology.givers would of novel systems Forget-me-not [6] a werefamilies and care a [5] an automatic number Although these groundbreaking systems[6] personal built, including fundamental capabilities biographer, issues biographer, Forget-me-not showed memory promise, EuroPARC demonstrate the independence and safety would improve, they would have new opportunities for be reduced. novel activity-sensing demonstratorspersonal memory aid; Pepysconducting sys- of a were and a [5] an automatic tem [7]. what Weiser [4] coined “ubiquitous computing” technology. At reminding personal these groundbreaking systems showed considerable promise, EuroPARC number Ye trials Althoughnovel activity-sensing demonstratorspersonal andincluding Pepys remindingasys- beyond the confines of the laboratory proved difficult memory aid; and a [5] an automatic of biographer, Forget-me-not [6] a were built, expensive for conducting personal these groundbreaking systems showed considerable promise,reasons socialization and employment, and stress on their families and care givers would We developed a ubiquitous computing system,acalled built, including and a reminding tem [7]. novel activity-sensing demonstrators were “Opportunity Knocks,” an automatic trials Although biographer, Forget-me-not [6] at work were not availablefor reasons we will beyond the confines of the could be tested showed considerableaid; Pepysconducting sys- tem of personal later. laboratory proved difficult detail[7]. these groundbreaking systems personal and expensive in other [5] Although Services thatthe laboratory cognitive aid. memory promise, a reminding sys- be reduced. (OK )trials beyondthe feasibility of Forget-me-not [6] at work were not availablefor reasons we to explore work.biographer, just such a proved personal was system targets will detail[7]. confines of This tem the Servicesmemory problems like, difficult and expensive of other personal Many that could a memory name in conducting contexts outside later. these groundbreakingbe tested showed considerableaid; andfor reasons trials Although confines of the couldsystems at“What and expensive that the promise, We developed a ubiquitous computing system, called “Opportunity Knocks,” we will beyondwork. Servicesmemory problems like, work were not availableof that tem the Many that laboratory proved difficult contexts outside later. these groundbreakingbe tested showed considerable promise,other detail[7]. in conducting trials Although confines of the couldsystems at“What was the name for reasons we will beyondwork. Servicesmemory problems like, work were not availableof that detail the Many that laboratory proved difficult and expensive in conducting (OK ) to explore the feasibility of just such a cognitive aid. This system targets contexts outside later. these groundbreakingbe tested showed considerable promise,other trials Although confines that laboratory proved“What was the name systems we will beyondwork. Many of the could be tested at work were not availableforthat detail the difficult and expensive in reasons ! contexts outside later. Servicesmemorylaboratory proved“What was the name of for reasons trials detail the confines that problems like, other we will beyondwork. Many of the could be tested at difficult was expensive in other and contexts outside later. Servicesmemory problems like, work were not availableof that “What the name contexts outside later. Servicesmemory problems like, work were not availableof that we will detail work. 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