Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Review for Quiz #2<br />
Substance Abuse vs. Dependence<br />What is the difference between the two?<br />Substance use – repeated use of a substan...
Is he experiencing substance abuse or dependence?<br />Joseph has been going on drinking binges for two months.  He has be...
Recap on different drugs<br />Depressants – decrease rate of activity in CNS.<br />Alcohol, Opiods, Sedatives, barbiturate...
3 types of schemas<br />Schemas – set of beliefs and feelings about something. (stereotypes, prejudices, and generalizatio...
3 types of self<br />Parts of the Self: Physical, Social, and Personal.<br />Physical – sense of physical being<br />Socia...
4 identity statuses - Marcia<br />Identity foreclosure – adopted a commitment to beliefs or action without undergoing iden...
Primary vs. Recency effect<br />Based on social perception.<br />Primacy Effect: The tendency to evaluate others in terms ...
Body language and social relationships <br />What are the ways to use body language to improve your social relationships?<...
Fundamental attribution model<br />What is it?   Tendency to assume that others act due to free will despite evidence sugg...
Elaboration Likelihood model of persuasion<br />2 different routes persuasion works <br />Central route – focus on the qua...
Different tools of persuasion used by advertisers<br />Repeated exposure<br />Counter arguments<br />Emotional appeal<br /...
Sales ploys<br />Foot-in-the-door – compliance in which a small request is followed by a larger request.<br />Low Balling ...
3 types of group influences<br />Obedience to Authority<br />Conformity<br />Mob mentality<br />
Milgram’s study<br />Alerted us to the real and present danger of the tendency of people to obey authority figures, even w...
Mob mentality<br /><ul><li>Deindividuation– state of reduced self-awareness and lowered concern for social evaluation.
Factors:
Anonymity
Diffusion of responsibility – presence of others diffuses any sense of individual responsiblity
Arousal due to noise and crowding
Attending to social norms of group rather than moral values.</li></li></ul><li>Alturism<br />Is a form of pro-social behav...
Factors influencing if someone helps<br />If there are other people around<br />Mood<br />Empathy<br />Gender – women tend...
5 Axis of DSM-IV-TR<br />Axis 1: Clinical Syndromes/Psychological Disorders that Impair Functioning<br />Axis II: Personal...
Adjustment disorder <br />Adjustment disorder: <br /> A maladaptive reaction to an identified stressor<br /> occurs shortl...
Anxiety Disorders<br />Phobias<br />Specific Phobia<br />Social Phobia<br />Agoraphobia<br />Panic Disorder<br />Generaliz...
Dissociative Disorder and Somatoform Disorders<br />Dissociative Disorders:  A class of psychological disorders involving ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Quiz 2 review

806

Published on

Powerpoint of review for Quiz 2

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
806
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Quiz 2 review"

  1. 1. Review for Quiz #2<br />
  2. 2. Substance Abuse vs. Dependence<br />What is the difference between the two?<br />Substance use – repeated use of a substance despite the fact that is is causing or compounding social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems.<br />Amount is not crucial; it’s the fact that your patter of use disrupts your life.<br />Substance dependence (addiction) – more severe. <br />Has both behavioral and biological aspects (loss of control over the use of the substance. <br />Tolerance is often present. <br />
  3. 3. Is he experiencing substance abuse or dependence?<br />Joseph has been going on drinking binges for two months. He has been missing work and coming in late for work (to sleep off the hangovers) and he has been more argumentative with his friends and coworkers. He does not seem to realize how the drinking is interfering with his life. At this point, he has not developed tolerance or withdrawl symptoms.<br />What type of substance use does he have?<br />
  4. 4. Recap on different drugs<br />Depressants – decrease rate of activity in CNS.<br />Alcohol, Opiods, Sedatives, barbiturates<br />Stimulants – increases rate of CNS.<br />Nicotine, amphetamines, cocaine, ecstacy<br />Hallucinogens – induce sensory distortions or hallucinations. <br />LSD,Marijuana<br />Note: *Know the drugs under each category <br />
  5. 5. 3 types of schemas<br />Schemas – set of beliefs and feelings about something. (stereotypes, prejudices, and generalizations)<br />3 types:<br />Role schema – how people in certain roles should behave<br />Person schema – how a particular individual is expected to behave. <br />Self- schema – the set of beliefs, feelings and generalizations we have about ourselves.<br />
  6. 6. 3 types of self<br />Parts of the Self: Physical, Social, and Personal.<br />Physical – sense of physical being<br />Social – social roles one plays<br />Personal - One’s private, continuous sense of being oneself in the world.<br />
  7. 7. 4 identity statuses - Marcia<br />Identity foreclosure – adopted a commitment to beliefs or action without undergoing identity crisis<br />Identity moratorium – In an identity crisis; intense examination of alternatives.<br />Identity achievement – resolved identity crisis and have stable set of beliefs and action plan.<br />Identity diffusion – neither arrived at or committed as to who they are or stand for and have not had crisis.<br />**There will be examples on the quiz. Be able to know which one they fall in. <br />
  8. 8. Primary vs. Recency effect<br />Based on social perception.<br />Primacy Effect: The tendency to evaluate others in terms of first impressions. <br />Recency Effect: The tendency to evaluate others in terms of the most recent impression.<br />
  9. 9. Body language and social relationships <br />What are the ways to use body language to improve your social relationships?<br />Use physical gestures that are consistent with your words<br />Be aware of what other people are telling you with body language<br />Pay attention to your own body language as a way of helping to make the desired impressions on other people<br />Pay attention to your own body language as a way of learning about yourself.<br />
  10. 10. Fundamental attribution model<br />What is it? Tendency to assume that others act due to free will despite evidence suggestive of the importance of their situations.<br />Actor-Observer Effect: The tendency to attribute our own behavior to external, situational factors but to attribute the behavior of others to internal, dispositional factors such as choice or will. (ex. Breakups/relationships) <br />Self-Serving Bias: The tendency to view one’s successes as stemming from internal factors and one’s failures as stemming from external factors.<br />*Make sure to understand these concepts and how they would look like. <br />
  11. 11. Elaboration Likelihood model of persuasion<br />2 different routes persuasion works <br />Central route – focus on the quality of the product, give concrete information.<br />Peripheral route – associate the product with appealing images.<br />Note: *If people don’t have skill or knowledge to understand concepts, they tend to revert back to the peripheral route. <br />
  12. 12. Different tools of persuasion used by advertisers<br />Repeated exposure<br />Counter arguments<br />Emotional appeal<br />Persuasive communicators<br />Music<br />Mood <br />Element of surprise.<br />*Know what these might look like.<br />
  13. 13. Sales ploys<br />Foot-in-the-door – compliance in which a small request is followed by a larger request.<br />Low Balling – extremely attractive terms/items are offered to induce a commitment. Once person is committed, the terms are revised.<br />Bait-and-Switch – baiting customer with low prices, but merchandise is inferior. Then sales person switches them to a higher-priced item of more acceptable quality. <br />
  14. 14. 3 types of group influences<br />Obedience to Authority<br />Conformity<br />Mob mentality<br />
  15. 15. Milgram’s study<br />Alerted us to the real and present danger of the tendency of people to obey authority figures, even when it involves immoral actions. <br />Had two roles – teacher and learner<br />Teacher’s punished learner’s errors by using electric shock.<br />
  16. 16. Mob mentality<br /><ul><li>Deindividuation– state of reduced self-awareness and lowered concern for social evaluation.
  17. 17. Factors:
  18. 18. Anonymity
  19. 19. Diffusion of responsibility – presence of others diffuses any sense of individual responsiblity
  20. 20. Arousal due to noise and crowding
  21. 21. Attending to social norms of group rather than moral values.</li></li></ul><li>Alturism<br />Is a form of pro-social behavior, which is behavior that benefits the welfare of others. <br />Example: Someone puts their life at risk without thinking to save another’s life<br />
  22. 22. Factors influencing if someone helps<br />If there are other people around<br />Mood<br />Empathy<br />Gender – women tend to help more than men<br />Similarity to person in need<br />There is clear sense that emergency exists<br />
  23. 23. 5 Axis of DSM-IV-TR<br />Axis 1: Clinical Syndromes/Psychological Disorders that Impair Functioning<br />Axis II: Personality Disorders<br />Axis III: Medical Conditions<br />Axis IV: Psychosocial and environmental factors<br />Axis V: Global assessment functioning (GAF)<br />
  24. 24. Adjustment disorder <br />Adjustment disorder: <br /> A maladaptive reaction to an identified stressor<br /> occurs shortly following exposure to the stressor <br />Characterized by academic, occupational, or social problems that exceed those normally caused by stressor.<br />Resolved if person learns how to cope or stressor is removed<br />
  25. 25. Anxiety Disorders<br />Phobias<br />Specific Phobia<br />Social Phobia<br />Agoraphobia<br />Panic Disorder<br />Generalized Anxiety Disorder<br />Obsessive Compulsive Disorder<br />Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder<br />Acute Stress Disorder<br />* Make sure to know examples of each classification of disorders<br />
  26. 26. Dissociative Disorder and Somatoform Disorders<br />Dissociative Disorders: A class of psychological disorders involving changes in consciousness or self-identity.<br />Somatoform Disorders: A class of psychological disorders in which people have physical complaints that cannot be explained medically or attribute their physical problems to grave causes despite lack of medical evidence<br />
  27. 27. Mood disorders<br />Major Depression<br />Lack of energy<br />Loss of self-esteem<br />Changes in eating<br />Changes in sleeping<br />Suicidal thoughts<br />Difficulty concentrating<br />Loss of interest in things that find pleasurable<br />Bipolar Disorder<br />Presence of depressive symptoms and manic phase<br />
  28. 28. Schizophrenia<br />3 types<br />Paranoid Schizophrenia <br />Disorganized Schizophrenia<br />Catatonic Schizophrenia<br />* Be able to know the differences in characteristics between each type.<br />
  29. 29. Personality Disorders<br />Cluster A – odd or eccentric behavior<br />Paranoid <br />Schizoid<br />Schizotypal<br />Cluster B – Overly dramatic, emotional or erratic behaviors<br />Borderline<br />Histrionic<br />Narcissistic<br />Antisocial<br />Cluster C – Anxious and fearful behavior<br />Avoidant <br />Dependent<br />Obsessive-Compulsive<br />
  30. 30. Time for “Who Wants to Be A Millionaire”<br />
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×