Balanchine by Krysten 2

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Balanchine by Krysten 2

  1. 1. George Balanchine Krysten Necessary Dance History 18 March 2009
  2. 2. Early Childhood <ul><li>Born Gyorgy Melitonovich Balanchivadze on January 22 nd 1904 in St. Petersburg (moved to the countryside shortly thereafter) </li></ul><ul><li>His father was a composer and his mother was a pianist </li></ul><ul><li>His first stage appearance occurred when he was a toddler and was lost in a park; he was horrified </li></ul><ul><li>He went to St. Petersburg to apply for the Naval Academy but ended up auditioning for the Imperial Theater School and got accepted in </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Imperial Theater School <ul><li>At first felt ballet technique was against nature </li></ul><ul><li>His uniform was his favorite aspect of the school </li></ul><ul><li>The school was shut down briefly after the revolution </li></ul><ul><li>The theater became the State Theater for Opera and Ballet </li></ul><ul><li>Balanchine graduated in 1921 with honors </li></ul>
  4. 4. Maryinsky Theater <ul><li>Performed in other choreographers’ works </li></ul><ul><li>When it came to his own choreography, he wanted to explore freer movements </li></ul><ul><li>First choreographed piece was a romantic duet which was criticized for being a “scandal of eroticism” </li></ul><ul><li>Founded the Young Ballet </li></ul><ul><li>Went on a European tour as part of the Soviet State Dancers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ballet Russe <ul><li>Had to audition with Diaghilev to attain position </li></ul><ul><li>Became company choreographer shortly after joining </li></ul><ul><li>At first had to write operas </li></ul><ul><li>First full length ballet was Le Chant du Rossignol </li></ul><ul><li>After Diaghilev’s death in 1929, the Ballet Russe fell apart </li></ul><ul><li>Shortly after, a knee injury ended his dancing career </li></ul>
  6. 6. NYC Ballet <ul><li>Balanchine met Lincoln Kirstein at a performance of his Les Ballets in London </li></ul><ul><li>Kirstein asked him to join him in opening a company of American dancers </li></ul><ul><li>“ But first, a school” (Balanchine) </li></ul><ul><li>School of American Ballet </li></ul><ul><li>Dismantled for a while </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hollywood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tour of South American </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ballet Society </li></ul><ul><li>New York City Ballet </li></ul>
  7. 7. Balanchine Dancer <ul><li>Elegance </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Precision </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanliness </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Thin </li></ul><ul><li>Long arms and legs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Balanchine Costume <ul><li>“ [Balanchine] has not been troubled with hour to dress dancers, but how to undress them with elegance, so their nudity is most intelligible” (Kirstein) </li></ul><ul><li>Less restricting </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes barefoot </li></ul><ul><li>Leotard dances </li></ul>
  9. 9. Balanchine Ballet <ul><li>Highly stylized </li></ul><ul><li>Plot less </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ There is nothing abstract about a man and a woman on stage together” (Balanchine) </li></ul></ul></ul>

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