Red Mangrove Project
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  • 1. Growth Rates of Rhizophora mangle Jean Marc Street Period 4 Mr. Dalke
  • 2. Website
    • http: //redmangrovejms . wiki . lovett .org/Proposal
  • 3. Taxonomy of Rhizophora mangle
    • Kingdom: Plantae
    • Phylum: Tracheophyta
    • Class: Angiosperm
    • Order: Myrtales
    • Family: Rhizophoraceae
    • Genus: Rhizophora
  • 4. Related Species
    • Black Mangrove White Mangrove
    • Family: Acanthaceae Family: Combretaceae
    • Genus: Avcennia Genus: Conocarpus
    • Mangrove Palm
    • Family: Arecaceae
    • Genus: Nypa
  • 5. Red Mangrove Black Mangrove
  • 6. Red Mangrove White Mangrove
  • 7. Red Mangrove Mangrove Palm
  • 8. Habitat
    • Intertidal Zone
      • Marine Shorelines
      • Estuaries
  • 9. Range
  • 10. Importance
  • 11. Erosion/Storm Surge Protection
  • 12.  
  • 13. Adaptations
    • Anoxia- prop up absorb oxygen through lenticels (pores)
    • High Salinity-90% salt excluded, salt taken in stored in vacuoles then exuded through leaves
    • Water Loss-restricting stomata on leaves
  • 14. Hypothesis
    • EDITED: If two Red Mangroves are placed in different systems the propagules will grow at different rates.
    • If the mangrove propagules are placed in a hospitable system under the right conditions, they will mature and grow into adulthood.
  • 15.  
  • 16. Mangrove A
  • 17. Mangrove B, C
  • 18. October- Three New Propagules
  • 19. Propagule 1
  • 20. Propagule 2
  • 21. Propagule 3
  • 22. Propagule?
    • Viviparous- attached germination
    • “Ready to Go”
    • Can remain dormant 1 year
  • 23. (CM) Propagule Growth Chart
  • 24. Growth Distribution Over Time
  • 25. Numbers
    • Propagule 1: 18cm -19.2cm
    • Propagule 2: 21.5cm- 22.3cm
    • Propagule 3: 22cm- 23cm
  • 26. Prop 1 October
  • 27. Prop 1 November
  • 28. Prop 1 Dec/Jan
  • 29. Prop 1 Feburary
  • 30. -------> Mar/April Propgule 1
  • 31. Start
  • 32. End
  • 33. Established Mangroves A,B, and C
  • 34. Mature Mangrove Growth (cm)
  • 35. Mangrove C
  • 36. Mangrove C- Present
  • 37. Conclusions
    • Established Mangroves experienced more growth than the propagules.
    • Hypothesis-supported each propagule matured and grew
    • Propagules hit growth spurt at the same time during development.
    • Loss and addition of leaves by propagules.
  • 38. Future Suggestions
    • Introduce a species found in Mangrove Swamps to the tank.
    • Get a taller light for Mangrove C.
    • Try out another species of mangrove alongside a red mangrove propagule.
  • 39. Bibliography
    • Massel, S. R.; Furukawa, K.and Brinkman R. M. (1999) "Surface wave propagation in mangrove forests" Fluid Dynamics Research 24(4): pp. 219–249
    • Mazda, Yoshihiro et al. (1997) "Drag force due to vegetation in mangrove swamps" Mangroves and Salt Marshes 1: pp. 193–199
    • Baird, Andrew (26 December 2006) "False Hopes and Natural Disasters" New York Times editorial
    • Dahdouh-Guebas, F. et al. (2005) "How effective were mangroves as a defence against the recent tsunami?" Current Biology 15(12): pp. 443–447
    • Anthony Calfo, and Robert Fenner. "Refugium Use." Natural Marine Aquarium . Volume 1. Monroeville, PA: Reading Trees, 2003. Print.
    • Nybakken, James. Marine Biology. Volume 1. United States: Benjamin Cummings, 2005. Print.
    • “ Red Mangrove.” www.untamedscience.com.Web. 30 Sept. 2009.
    • “ Rhizophora mangle.” www.wikipedia.org. Web. 27 Sept. 2009.