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Growth Rates of  Rhizophora mangle Jean Marc Street Period 4 Mr. Dalke
Website <ul><li>http: //redmangrovejms . wiki . lovett .org/Proposal </li></ul>
Taxonomy of  Rhizophora mangle <ul><li>Kingdom: Plantae  </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum: Tracheophyta </li></ul><ul><li>Class: A...
Related Species <ul><li>Black Mangrove  White Mangrove </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Acanthaceae  Family: Combretaceae </li></...
Red Mangrove Black Mangrove
Red Mangrove White Mangrove
Red Mangrove Mangrove Palm
Habitat <ul><li>Intertidal Zone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine Shorelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estuaries </li></ul></ul>
Range
Importance
Erosion/Storm Surge Protection
 
Adaptations <ul><li>Anoxia- prop up absorb oxygen through lenticels (pores) </li></ul><ul><li>High Salinity-90% salt exclu...
Hypothesis <ul><li>EDITED: If two Red Mangroves are placed in different systems the propagules will grow at different rate...
 
Mangrove A
Mangrove B, C
October- Three New Propagules
Propagule 1
Propagule 2
Propagule 3
Propagule? <ul><li>Viviparous- attached germination </li></ul><ul><li>“Ready to Go” </li></ul><ul><li>Can remain dormant 1...
(CM) Propagule Growth Chart
Growth Distribution Over Time
Numbers <ul><li>Propagule 1: 18cm -19.2cm </li></ul><ul><li>Propagule 2: 21.5cm- 22.3cm </li></ul><ul><li>Propagule 3: 22c...
Prop 1 October
Prop 1 November
Prop 1 Dec/Jan
Prop 1 Feburary
-------> Mar/April Propgule 1
Start
End
Established Mangroves A,B, and C
Mature Mangrove Growth (cm)
Mangrove C
Mangrove C- Present
Conclusions <ul><li>Established Mangroves experienced more growth than the propagules. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesis-suppor...
Future Suggestions <ul><li>Introduce a species found in Mangrove Swamps to the tank. </li></ul><ul><li>Get a taller light ...
Bibliography <ul><li>Massel, S. R.; Furukawa, K.and Brinkman R. M. (1999) &quot;Surface wave propagation in mangrove fores...
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Red Mangrove Project

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Transcript of "Red Mangrove Project"

  1. 1. Growth Rates of Rhizophora mangle Jean Marc Street Period 4 Mr. Dalke
  2. 2. Website <ul><li>http: //redmangrovejms . wiki . lovett .org/Proposal </li></ul>
  3. 3. Taxonomy of Rhizophora mangle <ul><li>Kingdom: Plantae </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum: Tracheophyta </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Angiosperm </li></ul><ul><li>Order: Myrtales </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Rhizophoraceae </li></ul><ul><li>Genus: Rhizophora </li></ul>
  4. 4. Related Species <ul><li>Black Mangrove White Mangrove </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Acanthaceae Family: Combretaceae </li></ul><ul><li>Genus: Avcennia Genus: Conocarpus </li></ul><ul><li>Mangrove Palm </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Arecaceae </li></ul><ul><li>Genus: Nypa </li></ul>
  5. 5. Red Mangrove Black Mangrove
  6. 6. Red Mangrove White Mangrove
  7. 7. Red Mangrove Mangrove Palm
  8. 8. Habitat <ul><li>Intertidal Zone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine Shorelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estuaries </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Range
  10. 10. Importance
  11. 11. Erosion/Storm Surge Protection
  12. 13. Adaptations <ul><li>Anoxia- prop up absorb oxygen through lenticels (pores) </li></ul><ul><li>High Salinity-90% salt excluded, salt taken in stored in vacuoles then exuded through leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Water Loss-restricting stomata on leaves </li></ul>
  13. 14. Hypothesis <ul><li>EDITED: If two Red Mangroves are placed in different systems the propagules will grow at different rates. </li></ul><ul><li>If the mangrove propagules are placed in a hospitable system under the right conditions, they will mature and grow into adulthood. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Mangrove A
  15. 17. Mangrove B, C
  16. 18. October- Three New Propagules
  17. 19. Propagule 1
  18. 20. Propagule 2
  19. 21. Propagule 3
  20. 22. Propagule? <ul><li>Viviparous- attached germination </li></ul><ul><li>“Ready to Go” </li></ul><ul><li>Can remain dormant 1 year </li></ul>
  21. 23. (CM) Propagule Growth Chart
  22. 24. Growth Distribution Over Time
  23. 25. Numbers <ul><li>Propagule 1: 18cm -19.2cm </li></ul><ul><li>Propagule 2: 21.5cm- 22.3cm </li></ul><ul><li>Propagule 3: 22cm- 23cm </li></ul>
  24. 26. Prop 1 October
  25. 27. Prop 1 November
  26. 28. Prop 1 Dec/Jan
  27. 29. Prop 1 Feburary
  28. 30. -------> Mar/April Propgule 1
  29. 31. Start
  30. 32. End
  31. 33. Established Mangroves A,B, and C
  32. 34. Mature Mangrove Growth (cm)
  33. 35. Mangrove C
  34. 36. Mangrove C- Present
  35. 37. Conclusions <ul><li>Established Mangroves experienced more growth than the propagules. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesis-supported each propagule matured and grew </li></ul><ul><li>Propagules hit growth spurt at the same time during development. </li></ul><ul><li>Loss and addition of leaves by propagules. </li></ul>
  36. 38. Future Suggestions <ul><li>Introduce a species found in Mangrove Swamps to the tank. </li></ul><ul><li>Get a taller light for Mangrove C. </li></ul><ul><li>Try out another species of mangrove alongside a red mangrove propagule. </li></ul>
  37. 39. Bibliography <ul><li>Massel, S. R.; Furukawa, K.and Brinkman R. M. (1999) &quot;Surface wave propagation in mangrove forests&quot; Fluid Dynamics Research 24(4): pp. 219–249 </li></ul><ul><li>Mazda, Yoshihiro et al. (1997) &quot;Drag force due to vegetation in mangrove swamps&quot; Mangroves and Salt Marshes 1: pp. 193–199 </li></ul><ul><li>Baird, Andrew (26 December 2006) &quot;False Hopes and Natural Disasters&quot; New York Times editorial </li></ul><ul><li>Dahdouh-Guebas, F. et al. (2005) &quot;How effective were mangroves as a defence against the recent tsunami?&quot; Current Biology 15(12): pp. 443–447 </li></ul><ul><li>Anthony Calfo, and Robert Fenner. &quot;Refugium Use.&quot; Natural Marine Aquarium . Volume 1. Monroeville, PA: Reading Trees, 2003. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Nybakken, James. Marine Biology. Volume 1. United States: Benjamin Cummings, 2005. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Red Mangrove.” www.untamedscience.com.Web. 30 Sept. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rhizophora mangle.” www.wikipedia.org. Web. 27 Sept. 2009. </li></ul>
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