“Balancing the Ticket”<br />VP’s are often chosen based on their ability to appeal to a different segment of the population<br />Geographically<br />Politically<br />Still the same party, but slightly different ideas<br />Personality – <br />Make the president look smart?<br />Personalcharacteristics – <br />Gender, racial, even religious <br />VPs also may be chosen to fill a perceived weakness with presidential candidate.<br />
“Balancing the Ticket”<br />Can you figure out how these VP candidates “balanced” their “tickets”?<br />Geographically?<br />Politically?<br />Personality?<br />Personal Characteristics?<br />
A Heartbeat Away…<br />So the VP is next in line, and one of his major functions is just to be ready in case the President can’t be President.<br />But what happens if both the President and the VP are unable to serve at the same time?<br />We have a plan for who would take over if that should happen…<br />It’s called, the “Order of Succession”…<br />
The Order of Succession to the Presidency <br />What does “Order of Succession” mean? <br />Definition: the order in which officials fill the office of the president in case of a vacancy<br />How was the order determined?<br />Article II of the Constitution<br />Acts of Congress<br />The 25th amendment.<br />Constitution- Article II, Section 1<br />Establishes that the VP assumes duties of the President <br />**Leaves many questions unanswered-how long, new VP? <br />
Presidential Succession Act (1947)<br />Established the current “order of succession” –list of positions (in order) of who would take over the presidency<br />Vice President<br />Speaker of the House<br />President pro tempore of the Senate<br />Secretary of State<br />Secretary of the Treasury <br />Secretary of Defense <br />Attorney General<br />- 11 other Cabinet departments follow, last is dept. of homeland security<br />
Line of Presidential Succession<br />Vice President – Joe Biden<br />Speaker of the House- Nancy Pelosi<br />President pro tempore of the Senate - Robert Byrd<br />Secretary of State-Hillary Rodham Clinton<br />Secretary of the Treasury- Timothy Geithner<br />Secretary of Defense- Robert Gates<br />Attorney General- Eric Holder<br />…<br />…<br />
25th Amendment (1967)<br />Specified rules for what happens when the president or VP position is vacant.<br />VP becomes President, names a new VP<br />Congress approves new VP with majority<br /><ul><li> Presidential disability
Prez (or VP and majority of Cabinet) inform Congress that Prez is disabled, VP becomes President</li></li></ul><li>
Pop Quiz:<br />What are the original 3 “formal” Constitutional requirements for the President?<br />List 4 common characteristics of past presidents.<br />What government position have many president’s held just prior to becoming president? (answers may vary)<br />Give an example of one duty performed by the President.<br />What are the only 2 constitutional duties of the Vice President?<br />After the VP, list the next 3 positions in the OoS.<br />Describe what happens if the VP position becomes vacant.<br />**Bonus Question:… <br />
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