AAG.Electoral College

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  • 1. The Presidential Electoral Process
    Part 2:
    The General Election, Electoral College, and Inauguration
  • 2. Step 5: The General Election
    Takes place on the same day every year
    1stTuesday after the 1st Monday in Nov.
    Next presidential general election?
    Voters turn out to cast their ballots for President/VP and for many other offices as well
    But…when voting for President, they are NOT actually casting their ballots for the candidates.
    • Here is where the Electoral College comes in…
  • Step 5: The General Election
    When voters in each state cast their votes for Prez/VP, they are actually voting for a political party’s slate of electors
    This is a group of “electors” (people who will cast a ballot) from a political party in each state
    THESE PEOPLE actually get to cast the “REAL” votes for President and VP
    These votes are known as Electoral Votes, since they actually elect the president.
  • 3. Each state has a certain number of Electoral Votes
    # of EV’s = # of Sens + # of Reps
  • 4. Changes after the 2000 Census
  • 5. The Electoral College – How does it work?
    The winner of each state’s popular vote (the vote of the people) has all of their electors chosen to cast their votes for President and VP.
    This is called the “winner-take-all” method (**ME, NE)
  • 6. For example:
    In 2008, the popular vote in PA turned out this way:
    John Barack
    McCain Obama
    2,655,855 (44%)3,276,363 (56%)
    • Who won PA’s electoral votes?
    • 7. Barack– his entire “slate” of Democratic electors would be chosen…all 21 electoral votes would be cast for BO
  • The Electoral College
    The number of electoral votes each state has can change…
    As each census changes the # of Reps., it also impacts the # of electoral votes
    But…the total number of electoral votes is always…
    538
    Why this #?
  • 8. Step 6: Electoral College meets and votes
    Each state’s electors meet in their respective state capitals (i.e., Harrisburg) in December to cast their electoral votes for the President
    The winner must get a majority of the Electoral Votes…(270)
    What if there is a tie?
    House chooses the Prez (1 vote per state), Senate chooses the VP
  • 9. 2008 Electoral College results
    http://elections.nytimes.com/2008/results/president/map.html
  • 10. Step 6: The Electoral College votes
    Meet in each state capital to cast their votes for the candidate they support
    Can vote for anyone, but almost always vote for popular vote winner (s/he’s a member of their party, you know…)
    Most states do NOT require electors to vote for the popular vote winner
    **Most electors do vote for the popular vote winner…but a few have not…
  • 11. Step 7: The Inauguration
    Occurs on January 20th of the year following the election
    Sworn in by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
  • 12. The oath of office…
    "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."