National Standards For Music Education

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National Standards For Music Education

  1. 1. National Standards for Music Education Andrew Bowling, Lavianna Felder, and Lance Bird
  2. 2. History <ul><li>1980’s - Education reforms and accountability in all curricular subjects </li></ul><ul><li>1994 - MENC created national standards </li></ul><ul><li>Not adopted by all states </li></ul><ul><li>Some states created their own standards </li></ul>
  3. 3. Three Levels <ul><li>Grades K - 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can “answer” simple melodies in same style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differentiate genres of music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize earliest elements of music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4/4, ¾,2/4, quarter notes, eight notes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Three Levels continued <ul><li>Grades 5 - 8 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More difficult levels of music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Able to compose short pieces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize advances time signatures and rhythms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3/8, 6/8, sixteenth notes, dotted notes and rests </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Three Levels continued <ul><li>Grades 9 – 12 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into proficient and advanced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play high, or highest, level of music </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. National Standards <ul><li>Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music. </li></ul><ul><li>Performing on instruments, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music. </li></ul><ul><li>Improvising melodies, variations, and accompaniments. </li></ul><ul><li>Composing and arranging music within specified guidelines. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Standards continued <ul><li>Reading and notating music. </li></ul><ul><li>Listening to, analyzing, and describing music. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating music and music performances. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding relationships between music, the other arts, and disciplines outside the arts. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding music in relation to history and culture. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music <ul><li>Sing accurately </li></ul><ul><li>Sing with expression and technicality </li></ul><ul><li>Sing diverse genres </li></ul><ul><li>Sing in groups, and eventually multiple parts </li></ul><ul><li>Choral students sing in appropriate difficulty </li></ul>
  9. 10. Performing on instruments, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music <ul><li>Students perform on at least one instrument </li></ul><ul><li>Students perform on instrument on their appropriate difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>Play diverse genres </li></ul><ul><li>Play simple melodies by ear </li></ul><ul><li>Band students play on appropriate difficulty </li></ul>
  10. 11. Improvising melodies, variations, and accompaniments. <ul><li>K-4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“answers,” short & simple melodies, simple embellishments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Becomes more and more complex as they continue </li></ul><ul><li>9-12 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvise over chord changes, and improvise harmonies that fit in the style (proficient) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Composing and arranging music within specified guidelines. <ul><li>K-4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create music to accompany readings or dramas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compose short songs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use variety of sound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>9-12 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compose in several different styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create arrangements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use many different sounds (electronic, acoustic, traditional, non-traditional, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Reading and notating music <ul><li>Students read notes, times, and expressional phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Students can sight read </li></ul><ul><li>Students can read standard notation symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Students use standard notation to create their own ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Choral or band students can sight read on appropriate difficulty </li></ul>
  13. 14. Listening to, analyzing, and describing music <ul><li>Students accurately describe music events in an aural example </li></ul><ul><li>Students analyze the uses of elements of music that represent different cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Students display knowledge of music while listening to music </li></ul><ul><li>K-4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond through purposeful movement </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Evaluating music and music performances. <ul><li>Students can evaluate music and apply the positives to their own playing </li></ul><ul><li>Students can evaluate their own playing and their peers’ playing and use constructive criticism </li></ul>
  15. 16. Understanding relationships between music, the other arts, and disciplines outside the arts <ul><li>Students will take ideas from various arts to form original ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Students will transfer subject matter between music and other academic fields </li></ul><ul><li>Find similarities between music and scholarly principles and disciplines </li></ul>
  16. 17. Understanding music in relation to history and culture. <ul><li>Students will describe different genres from different time periods by characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Students compare musicals roles throughout cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Students will describe different genres from different time periods by composer </li></ul>
  17. 18. Sources <ul><li>http://www.education-world.com/standards/national/arts/music/5_8. shtml </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.menc.org/resources/view/national-standards-for-music- education </li></ul>

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