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Prayer In Public Schools
 

Prayer In Public Schools

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  • Prayer in Public SchoolsBy: Rachel Tracey
  • Prayer in Public School’s is an ongoing debate on your Constitutional FreedomsThe main thing which is heavily debated is whether or not prayer in school violates your first amendment.The first amendment deals with the civil liberties of the people, such as religion.
  • Lets take a closer look at the first amendment.The first amendment prevents the government from trying to establish religion, such as in schoolsIt also establishes limits on the conduct of public schools, such as prayer
  • The history of prayer in public school all depends on how people legally interpret it.For years congress has debated on whether or not prayer in public schools is legal.Religion in school is governed by the first amendment.
  • The Supreme Court has constantly debated Religion in Schools over the past 40 yearsOne of the first cases debated was Engle v Vitale 1962, where teachers or other public school officials can lead their class in prayer, readings from the Bible, or any other religious activity
  • The supreme court currently has upheld that public schools have to be neutral in treatment when it comes to religion in schoolNeutral means that public school officials cannot show any favoritism nor hostility against things which express religion, such as prayers
  • The courts decisions on prayer inschools only effect public schoolsPrivate schools are able to freely express religion without fear of violating the first amendmentPublic school teachers and officials have to be careful of how they talk about religion in schools
  • The students are dramatically affected by prayer in public schools The answer is yes. This is made evident in the Santa Fe School District v Doe (2000)The court concluded that student initiated prayer is permissible but not required by students
  • Prayer is not only used during school hours, but it is also used outside of the classroom during extra curricular activities; sports being the biggest oneBoth coaches and athletes have to consider if their actions violate the constitution or not in regards to prayerThe US supreme court has not yet addressed the constitutionality of a coach leading prayer before or after a gameA case was brought fourth to them stating it is illegal for coaches to engage in prayer before and after games, but the Supreme Court refused to hear it, leaving it at a close
  • There are always cases which are being brought forth the Supreme Court about prayer in public schoolsMany of these cases are refused to be heard by the Supreme CourtAn example of this is where Borden lead prayer for his football team and was told to stopHe then sued and tried to appeal it to the Supreme Court, they refused to hear leaving it as a closed case
  • One of the latest cases the Supreme Court heard in regards to prayer in school was Good News Club v Milford Cent Sch (2001)The court ruled that public officials have to be neutral in regards to religion in schoolThe court concluded "there is a crucial difference between government speech endorsing religion, which the Establishment Clause forbids, and private speech endorsing religion, which the Free Speech and Free Exercise Clauses protect."
  • It is always going to be an ongoing debate on whether or not prayer in public schools is constitutionalThese decisions not only affect the school officials and teachers, but they affect the students and parents as wellThere are always going to be new cases brought fourth to the Supreme Court in regards to prayer being constitutional in public schools

Prayer In Public Schools Prayer In Public Schools Presentation Transcript

  • Prayer in Public Schools
    By: Rachel Tracey
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/timpearcelosgatos/3498307957/
  • Introduction
    Prayer in Public School’s is an ongoing debate on your Constitutional Freedoms
    PRAYER IN PUBLIC SCHOOL AND THE CONSTITUTION
    Does it violate the first amendment?
  • A Close Look at the First Amendment
    What is the First Amendment?
    • Prevents the government from trying to establish religion
    • Establishes limits on the conduct of public schools
  • Background Info
    The history of prayer in public school all depends on how people legally interpret it
    For years congress has debated on whether or not prayer in public schools is legal
    Religion in school is governed by the First Amendment
  • Background Info
    Religion in schools has been debated over the past 40 years.
    One of the first cases was
    Engle vs Vitale 1962
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/bootbearwdc/37621686/
  • Background Info
    PUBLIC SCHOOLS
    SHOULD BE
    NEUTRAL
    NEUTRAL: That public school officials cannot show any favoritism nor hostility against things which express religion.
    EX. Prayers
  • Impact K-12 Education
    PUBLIC SCHOOLS
    VS
    PRIVATE SCHOOLS
    Public Schools & Private Schools are treated differently in terms of prayer inside of the school.
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/ijames/112866961/
  • Impact K-12 Education
    It affects the students in public schools.
    Is student initiated prayer
    Legal?
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/hellochris/338056037/
  • Impact K-12 Education
    Sports & Prayer
    Clipart File
  • Future Direction
    There are always cases which are being brought forth the Supreme Court about prayer in public schools
    Many of these cases are refused to be heard by the Supreme Court
    An example of this is where Borden lead prayer for his football team and was told to stop
    He then sued and tried to appeal it to the Supreme Court, they refused to hear leaving it as a closed case
  • Future Direction
    One of the latest cases the Supreme Court heard in regards to prayer in school was Good News Club v Milford Cent Sch (2001)
    The court ruled that public officials have to be neutral in regards to religion in school
    The court concluded "there is a crucial difference between government speech endorsing religion, which the Establishment Clause forbids, and private speech endorsing religion, which the Free Speech and Free Exercise Clauses protect."
  • Conclusion
    This will always
    Be a huge
    debate
    -Affects teachers,
    School officials,
    Parents, and students
  • Works Cited
    Bennett, Tom, and George Foldesy. “Our Father in Heaven”: A legal Analysis of the Recitation of the Lord’s prayer by Public Schools coaches.” The Clearing House March & April 2008: 185-89. Wilson Select Plus. Web. 24 Mar. 2010
    Boston, Rob. “Faith and freedom: What’s Conservative about School Prayer?” The Humanist May & June 2009: 33-34. Wilson Select Plus. Web. 24 Mar. 2010
    Sekulow, Jay. “Prayer in Public School- The Legal Precedents.” Popular Issues. Populars Issues/ ACLJ, 07 Feb. 2003. Web. 24 Mar. 2010
    Source:
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/timpearcelosgatos/3498307957/
    Author:
    Tim Pearce, Los Gatos
    File Name:
    American flag old glory on flagpole flying
    Source:
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/bootbearwdc/37621686/
    Author:
    dbking
    File Name:
    US Supreme Court
    Source:
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/ijames/112866961/
    Author:
    James Sarmiento
    File Name:
    Classroom Chairs
    Source:
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/hellochris/338056037/
    Author:
    Hello Chris
    File Name:
    School Bus Parking Lot, Coney Island