Prayer in Public Schools By: Rachel Tracey http://www.flickr.com/photos/timpearcelosgatos/3498307957/
Introduction Prayer in Public School’s is an ongoing debate on your Constitutional Freedoms PRAYER IN PUBLIC SCHOOL AND THE CONSTITUTION Does it violate the first amendment?
A Close Look at the First Amendment What is the First Amendment?
Prevents the government from trying to establish religion
Establishes limits on the conduct of public schools
Background Info The history of prayer in public school all depends on how people legally interpret it For years congress has debated on whether or not prayer in public schools is legal Religion in school is governed by the First Amendment
Background Info Religion in schools has been debated over the past 40 years. One of the first cases was Engle vs Vitale 1962 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bootbearwdc/37621686/
Background Info PUBLIC SCHOOLS SHOULD BE NEUTRAL NEUTRAL: That public school officials cannot show any favoritism nor hostility against things which express religion. EX. Prayers
Impact K-12 Education PUBLIC SCHOOLS VS PRIVATE SCHOOLS Public Schools & Private Schools are treated differently in terms of prayer inside of the school. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ijames/112866961/
Impact K-12 Education It affects the students in public schools. Is student initiated prayer Legal? http://www.flickr.com/photos/hellochris/338056037/
Future Direction There are always cases which are being brought forth the Supreme Court about prayer in public schools Many of these cases are refused to be heard by the Supreme Court An example of this is where Borden lead prayer for his football team and was told to stop He then sued and tried to appeal it to the Supreme Court, they refused to hear leaving it as a closed case
Future Direction One of the latest cases the Supreme Court heard in regards to prayer in school was Good News Club v Milford Cent Sch (2001) The court ruled that public officials have to be neutral in regards to religion in school The court concluded "there is a crucial difference between government speech endorsing religion, which the Establishment Clause forbids, and private speech endorsing religion, which the Free Speech and Free Exercise Clauses protect."
Conclusion This will always Be a huge debate -Affects teachers, School officials, Parents, and students
Works Cited Bennett, Tom, and George Foldesy. “Our Father in Heaven”: A legal Analysis of the Recitation of the Lord’s prayer by Public Schools coaches.” The Clearing House March & April 2008: 185-89. Wilson Select Plus. Web. 24 Mar. 2010 Boston, Rob. “Faith and freedom: What’s Conservative about School Prayer?” The Humanist May & June 2009: 33-34. Wilson Select Plus. Web. 24 Mar. 2010 Sekulow, Jay. “Prayer in Public School- The Legal Precedents.” Popular Issues. Populars Issues/ ACLJ, 07 Feb. 2003. Web. 24 Mar. 2010 Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/timpearcelosgatos/3498307957/ Author: Tim Pearce, Los Gatos File Name: American flag old glory on flagpole flying Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bootbearwdc/37621686/ Author: dbking File Name: US Supreme Court Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ijames/112866961/ Author: James Sarmiento File Name: Classroom Chairs Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/hellochris/338056037/ Author: Hello Chris File Name: School Bus Parking Lot, Coney Island