Mitosis and Meiosis Simulation Lab<br />Vinal, Kameron, and Drew<br />
Interphase<br />During the Interphase, the cell grows and synthesizes new molecules and organelles. Interphase is not part...
Mitosis<br />Prophase<br />Metaphase<br />Anaphase<br />Telaphase<br />
Prophase<br />During prophase the two centriole pairs move apart until they are at opposite ends of the cell. While they m...
Metaphase<br />As the microtubules grow, they attach to the chromosomes and pull them until they align on an imaginary met...
Anaphase<br />During the anaphase the chromatids are pulled apart at the centromere by the spindle fibers, separating them...
Telophase<br />During telophase the spindles dissolve and a new nuclear envelope forms around both sets of daughter chroma...
Interphase (Meiosis)<br />The chromosomes duplicate. At the end, each chromosome has two identical sister chromatids attac...
Meiosis I<br />
Prophase I<br />Takes up 90 percent of meiotic cell division. In this phase, chromatin coils up and synapsis occurs, which...
Metaphase I<br />The chromosome tetrads align on the metaphase plate. Each chromosome is condensed and thick with sister c...
Anaphase I<br />The chromosomes move towards two opposite poles of the cell. Only the tetrads split up from their centrome...
Telaphase I/ Cytokinesis<br />The chromosomes are at two poles of the cell. In the end, each pole has a haploid set. Each ...
Meiosis II<br />
Prophase II<br />Just like before, the chromatids are linked at spindle fibers to centrioles.<br />
Metaphase II<br />The chromosomes line up between the two centrioles. This is done in both daughter cells.<br />
Anaphase II<br />The centromeres are seperated, and the daughter chromosomes are pulled toward the centrioles<br />
Telophase II<br />Now four distinct daughter cells forms, with only half the regular number of chromosomes in each. The cy...
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Mitosis And Meiosis Simulation Ppt Vinal Kam and Drew

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Mitosis And Meiosis Simulation Ppt Vinal Kam and Drew

  1. 1. Mitosis and Meiosis Simulation Lab<br />Vinal, Kameron, and Drew<br />
  2. 2. Interphase<br />During the Interphase, the cell grows and synthesizes new molecules and organelles. Interphase is not part of mitosis. It consists of three generalized phases : G1, S, and G2. The cell grows (G1), continues to grow as chromosomes are duplicated (S), and grows even more as it prepares for mitosis (G2). <br />
  3. 3. Mitosis<br />Prophase<br />Metaphase<br />Anaphase<br />Telaphase<br />
  4. 4. Prophase<br />During prophase the two centriole pairs move apart until they are at opposite ends of the cell. While they move, microtubules are formed. The nuclear envelope breaks down and the spindle fibers extend across the entire cell.<br />
  5. 5. Metaphase<br />As the microtubules grow, they attach to the chromosomes and pull them until they align on an imaginary metaphase plate.<br />
  6. 6. Anaphase<br />During the anaphase the chromatids are pulled apart at the centromere by the spindle fibers, separating them as free chromosomes.<br />
  7. 7. Telophase<br />During telophase the spindles dissolve and a new nuclear envelope forms around both sets of daughter chromatids.<br />
  8. 8. Interphase (Meiosis)<br />The chromosomes duplicate. At the end, each chromosome has two identical sister chromatids attached together. The centrosome has also been duplicated by the end.<br />
  9. 9. Meiosis I<br />
  10. 10. Prophase I<br />Takes up 90 percent of meiotic cell division. In this phase, chromatin coils up and synapsis occurs, which is when homologous chromosomes composed of two sister chromatids composed of pairs resulting in a tetrad. Subsequently, crossing over occurs. In the end, the nuclear envelope breaks up and chromosome tetrads are moved to the center of the cell.<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Metaphase I<br />The chromosome tetrads align on the metaphase plate. Each chromosome is condensed and thick with sister chromatids attached to the kinechores at the centromeres. Later, the homologous chromosomes of each tetrad are poised to move toward the opposite poles of the cell.<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Anaphase I<br />The chromosomes move towards two opposite poles of the cell. Only the tetrads split up from their centromere.<br /> <br />
  15. 15. Telaphase I/ Cytokinesis<br />The chromosomes are at two poles of the cell. In the end, each pole has a haploid set. Each chromosome still consists of two chromatids. Cytokinesis usually occurs with Telophase 1 when two haploid daughter cells are formed.<br />
  16. 16. Meiosis II<br />
  17. 17. Prophase II<br />Just like before, the chromatids are linked at spindle fibers to centrioles.<br />
  18. 18. Metaphase II<br />The chromosomes line up between the two centrioles. This is done in both daughter cells.<br />
  19. 19. Anaphase II<br />The centromeres are seperated, and the daughter chromosomes are pulled toward the centrioles<br />
  20. 20. Telophase II<br />Now four distinct daughter cells forms, with only half the regular number of chromosomes in each. The cytoplasm now divides in cytokinesis.<br />

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