Classical Greece Ppt


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Classical Greece Ppt

  1. 1. Classical greece<br />Sam Railey<br />
  2. 2. Origins and Beginnings<br />Started before the Persian empire, Greek city-states developed an economy based on trade<br />They were organized by largely populated city-states, surrounded by farming land<br />They would become a rival power against the Persians, other Mediterranean power<br />
  3. 3. Two Major City-States<br />Sparta-<br />Based more on an aristocratic model, with two kings and an oligarchy underneath them<br />Militaristic state, where women were expected to bear sons who would grow to be brave and loyal soldiers<br />Loyalty and bravery were dominating values, opposed to public speaking and knowledge in Athens <br />Athens-<br />At first was ruled by a rich aristocratic class, but there are problems and social unrest<br />Next, they established a democratic government ruled by the people around 5th century BCE<br />While all citizens can attend the meetings in this first organized direct democracy, there are a few who are the best speakers and their ideas dominate<br />
  4. 4. Leading Up To The Hellenistic Period<br />Persian power and land grabs stressed the need for unification and cooperation between Athens and Sparta<br />The Persian Wars resulted- where some of the most epic battles of all time would happen: Thermopylae, Marathon, etc.<br />After the defeat of Persia, Athens built a Delian League made up of many small states under one empire<br />Tensions grew between Athens and Sparta with their large borders touching and sometimes overlapping<br />The Peloponnesian War started over Corcyra land disputes, but ultimately was about taking over the other city-state and conquering its money and glory<br />While Sparta technically won by cutting Athens off, the War was bad for both city-states in that it greatly weakened them and made their land look appealing to a new group of people: The Macedonians <br />
  5. 5. Achievements of Pre-Hellenistic Greece<br />Homer’s epics the Iliad and the Odyssey-great works of poetry<br />Democracy and trial and jury were first developed in Greece<br />Athletic competitions such as the Olympic Games: these were for entertainment as well as an attempt to improve relations among people from different lands<br />The oracles at Delphi were a religious organization that made predictions and gave advice<br />Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle set up philosophical ways of thinking that stressed logic, ethics, and the need for intelligent rule <br />
  6. 6. The Dawn Of The Hellenistic Period<br />Macedon came to take Greece from the North, then also took the Persians<br />Phillip II takes over and makes his empire, and on his death his son Alexander rose to power<br />He became a series of militaristic and political conquests that together made the largest empire that had ever been <br />
  7. 7. Hellenistic Culture<br />As had happened with Greece before Macedonian conquest, former warriors settled down and started to build large aristocratic homes and positions<br />There was still a peasant class, though they were not used as an army any more, because of all of the trained warriors who wanted glory and riches <br />Merchants also had high positions in society, having a better social position than other merchants in most other classical societies<br />The warrior class was one of prestige, and being a brave soldier was something that increased your status and money <br />
  8. 8. Achievements of the Hellenistic Period<br />With all of the wealth acquired by the military conquests, there was enough money, time, and manpower to make great public works and achievements in art and culture<br />The great library in Alexandria was built, along with museums around the empire<br />The earth’s rotation and revolution were correctly guessed, and mathematical ideas flourished<br />Sculpture and art followed the earlier Greek method of realistic sculpture with heroic qualities<br />Philosophy also made gains in new ideas; the Stoics who preached the living under virtues, which would make happiness <br />
  9. 9. Contributions to the Modern World<br />While many of these accomplishments are known and widely credited to Classical Greece, a great deal of them made large impacts on life for the modern world. They include:<br />Geometry-many of the postulates and theorems came form Greece<br />Greco-Roman architecture is found in the capital building and the White House<br />Medicine- Hippocrates pioneered in treatment of common ailments<br />The Scientific Method comes from early philosophical methods of thinking and learning through logic and fact<br />The Olympic Games were made in Greece, as was wrestling, discus throwing, and other events in track and field <br />
  10. 10. Achievements and Contributions<br />
  11. 11. Works Cited<br />Carr, Dr. Karen. “Classical Greece.” Kidipede. N.p., 15 Jan. 2009. Web. 27 Sept. 2009. &lt;‌learn/‌greeks/‌history/‌classical.htm&gt;.<br />“Classical Greece.” Wikipedia. N.p., 2009. Web. 27 Sept. 2009. &lt;‌wiki/‌Classical_Greece&gt;.<br />Gill, N S. “Classical Greece.” New York Times Co., 2009. Web. 28 Sept. 2009. &lt;‌cs/‌greecehellas1/‌a/‌classicalgreece.htm&gt;.<br />Kreis, Steven. “Classical Greece.” The History Guide. N.p., 2000. Web. 29 Sept. 2009. &lt;‌ancient/‌lecture7b.html&gt;.<br />Stearns, Peter N. World Civlizations: The Global Experience. New York: Pearson Longman, 2008. Print.<br />