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071010 interactivity and online newspapers of bangladesh shameen mahmud ppt

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  • 1. Interactivity and Online Newspapers of Bangladesh SHAMEEM MAHMUD Dept. of Mass Communication and Journalism University of Dhaka Bangladesh E-mail: s.mahmud@bracnet.net
  • 2. Purpose  The main aim of the paper is to study how the online newspapers of Bangladesh are using different interactive tools of the Internet.
  • 3. Interactive Communication Sender and receiver alternatively share the role of communicator, with full and immediate feedback Participants take an active role to fully benefit from the communication Challenges journalists’ traditional roles as the sole gatekeeper of news Users share information with journalists as well as other users, may be anonymous Multi-directional communication, not one way
  • 4. Interactive Tools  E-mail contacts with the news media (editor and journalists)  Online discussion forums  Live chat rooms  Blogging  Polls and surveys  Archive and search options  Links to related articles  Rating the story  Send the story to friends/others
  • 5. Bangladeshi Online Newspapers  This paper is based on a content analysis of 15 Bangladeshi online newspapers (mostly online editions of daily newspapers).  Language of 11 newspapers is Bangla, 3 in English and one is bi-lingual (Bangla and English) More than half of the users of the Bangladeshi online newspapers are from outside the country (expatriate Bangladeshis).
  • 6. Major Findings  All the newspapers provide at least one e-mail address to contact the newsroom  Seven newspapers provide a list of e-mail addresses of their different sections (i.e. newsroom, sports, editorial, culture, advertisement, circulation etc.)  at least 10 newspapers provide e-mail addresses of their editors.  None of the newspapers provide e-mail address of the article’s author for giving feedback
  • 7. Continued…  Only one newspaper (Daily Amardesh) has a link to a chat room. Quick polls are a popular tools, and seven newspapers were found use the tool. [topics mostly on politics and economy]  Results of the polls are published in print edition of the newspapers next day  Only two newspapers (The Daily Star and BDNews24.com) have small-scale online discussion forums Users have a very limited scope to add information to a newspaper website.
  • 8. More  Six newspapers update online editions on a round the clock basis, while others only mirror the print edition.  Almost all newspapers offer content free of charges, it does not need registration. Only the daily Prothom Alo, the most popular Bangla daily needs registraiton fees.  None of the Bangla newspapers offer search option of its archive
  • 9. Nutshell…  In can be concluded that users of Bangladeshi online newspapers, specially the Bangla newspapers, have a very limited scope to add information to the site.
  • 10. Other Bangladeshi websites - Interactive  www.somewhereinblog.net is first Bangla blog engine, popular among the students and journalists also. It has become a public forum to discuss social and political issues as well posting poems and short stories in Bangla.  One of the blogger of the site has already published a book, collection of postings, while another volume is coming soon.  <drishtipat.org> is initiated by young Bangladeshi expatriates. Its language is English and promotes human rights issues in Bangladesh.
  • 11. Continued… Drishtipat is an initiative by elite class Bangladeshi diasporas in North America, it has branches in UK and Australia.  Other online portals offer chat rooms, discussion forums, download of Bangla music (MP3), and links to important Bangladeshi sites and newspapers.  In these websites, users have the scope to use different interactive tools to add information in the sites.
  • 12. Problems of Bangladeshi online newspapers  Problems of localization of language (i.e. there is no Bangla search engine, it is almost impossible to give feedback in Bangla Lack of adequate manpower to maintain the online edition, as well as lack of training and funds
  • 13. Suggestions  Well-planned and combined efforts by government and private sector to localize online technologies in Bangla  Provide easy feedback options, like e-mail to the journalists or discussion forums.  Introduction of editor’s blog (i.e. BBC Online and Asian Age of India)
  • 14. Further Study  Large-scale study to analyse the situation  As well as to identify relations between diasporic communication and online journalism  Focus can also be given on citizen journalism, media and politics (the recent case is Myanmar, situation of Bangladesh can also be analysed considering its present political system when a quasi-military regime has imposed censorship on mainstream media)
  • 15. Thank you  Questions please…