071010 cyber exclusion   zoran kostov ppt
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

071010 cyber exclusion zoran kostov ppt

on

  • 869 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
869
Views on SlideShare
864
Embed Views
5

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0

3 Embeds 5

http://www.slideshare.net 2
http://events.iminds.be 2
http://events.ibbt.be 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

071010 cyber exclusion   zoran kostov ppt 071010 cyber exclusion zoran kostov ppt Presentation Transcript

  • CYBER EXCLUSION AS SOCIAL EXCLUSION: South-East European Experience Zoran Kostov St. Cyril and Methodius University Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
  • Methodological challenges  Non-standardised definitions for the key indicators  Limited, outdated, non-standardised data  Various types of sources (private/commercial, governmental, international/inter-governmental, NGOs etc.)
  • The information inequality  Information gap  Knowledge gap  Digital divide  Cyber exclusion  Systematic colonization of social knowledge by the rich nations
  • Cyber exclusion  Cyber space as social space  Cyber exclusion as social exclusion: digital divide beyond the technical interpretations  The lack of access to ICT reproduces other kinds of inequalities in the society at large
  • SEE-WB cyber exclusion indicators  External exclusion - Internet users - Internet hosts  In-country exclusion - Age - Gender - Residence
  • Internet users per 100 inhabitants 35 Albania 30 Bosnia & 25 Herzegovina 20 Croatia 15 Macedonia 10 5 Serbia & Montenegro 0 Europe 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
  • Internet hosts per 10.000 inhabitants 400 Albania 350 300 Bosnia & Herzegovina 250 Croatia 200 150 Macedonia 100 Serbia & 50 Montenegro 0 Europe 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
  • Age distribution of Internet users 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Over 45 50% 36 - 45 40% Below 36 30% 20% 10% 0% Croatia Macedonia Serbia & EU25 Montenegro
  • Gender distribution of Internet users 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Female 50% Male 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Bosnia & Croatia Macedonia Serbia & EU25 Herzegovina Montenegro
  • Residence distribution of Internet users 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Rural 50% Urban 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Albania Bosnia & Croatia Herzegovina
  • Widening the debate  Income as an anchor determinant  Infrastructure  Literacy  Beyond access: basic human right, not a goal for itself
  • Income as an anchor determinant (1) Alb. Internet users per B&H aggregate of 100.000 USD of GNI Cro. per capita Mac. Internet hosts per 1 million USD of S&M GDP Eur. 0 2 4 6
  • Income as an anchor determinant (2) Alb. B&H Cro. Internet users per 1 computer Mac. S&M Eur. 0 1 2 3 4
  • Infrastructure (1) Alb. B&H Cro. Telephone subscribers as percentage of Mac. population S&M Eur. 0 50 100 150
  • Infrastructure (2) Alb. B&H Cro. Internet users as persentage of telephone Mac. subscribers S&M Eur. 0 10 20 30 40
  • Literacy  Computer (technological)  Information  Contextual (adaptive)  Media creativity  Social competence  English language
  • Digital divide’s new frontier  Beyond access - Processing speed - Quality of connection - Supporting services  Usage gap - Usage patterns - Accessible content
  • Reaching social inclusion  Effective use of information resources as a precondition for overcoming the cumulative marginalisation from production, consumption, social networking and decision-making.