Cerebral Palsy

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Cerebral Palsy

  1. 1. Cerebral Palsy Shannon Magee ENG 333
  2. 2. What is Cerebral Palsy <ul><li>Any non-curable disorder which does not progress. </li></ul><ul><li>It affects the ability to balance and move. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 4 different types of cerebral palsy. </li></ul><ul><li>The disease can be caused by developmental malformations or neurological damage that occurs before, during, and after birth. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes of Cerebral Palsy <ul><li>Developmental Malformations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The brain fails to develop correctly. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neurological Damage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can occur before, during, or after birth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RH incompatibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood conflict between the mother and the fetus </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illnesses of the mother </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases, malnutrition, diabetes, alcohol, or drugs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Severe lack of oxygen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This could happen several different ways before or during delivery. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of Cerebral Palsy <ul><li>10-20% acquire the condition after birth. </li></ul><ul><li>The lead causes of cerebral palsy after birth are accidental injury, lead poisoning, and illness. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Cerebral Palsy <ul><li>4 main types of cerebral palsy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spastic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athetoid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ataxic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed Forms </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Spastic Cerebral Palsy <ul><li>Tense and contracted muscles </li></ul><ul><li>The most common form of cerebral palsy. </li></ul><ul><li>70-80% of all people with the condition are affected by this type. </li></ul><ul><li>Have stiff and awkward movements. </li></ul><ul><li>3 types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diplegia: affects one side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hemiplegia: affects both arms or legs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quadriplegia: affects all limbs </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy <ul><li>Uncontrolled motion in the face, arms, and torso. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually interferes with speaking, feeding, reaching, grabbing, and any other skills that require motor skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by damage to the cerebellum. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ataxic Cerebal Palsy <ul><li>Poor balance and lack of coordination. </li></ul><ul><li>Results in stumbles and falls. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, caused by damage to the cerebellum. </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts for 10% of individuals with cerebral palsy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mixed Forms <ul><li>Fairly common-25% of individuals with cerebral palsy. </li></ul><ul><li>Have damage to the motor cortex and cerebellum. </li></ul><ul><li>Spastic muscle tone and involuntary movements. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Physical Symptoms <ul><li>Difficulty in sucking </li></ul><ul><li>Poor muscle control </li></ul><ul><li>Poor coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Problems seeing or hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle Spasms </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental delay in crawling, walking, sitting, or any other developmental milestone. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Behavioral Symptoms <ul><li>Unusual tenseness </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Poor ability to concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional problems </li></ul><ul><li>Mental retardation in some </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nonphysical Therapy Treatments <ul><li>Orthopedic Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Orthotics </li></ul><ul><li>Botox injections </li></ul><ul><li>Intrathecal baclofen </li></ul><ul><li>Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapy </li></ul>
  13. 13. Physical Therapy Treatments <ul><li>Prone Development </li></ul><ul><li>Supine Development </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting </li></ul><ul><li>Standing and walking </li></ul>
  14. 14. The End

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