Population Reference Bureau
 inform                     empower                                  advance                  ...
Most Populous Countries, 2008 and 2050
                                     2008                                          ...
World PoPulation HigHligHts
Africa and Other Developing Regions Make Up an Increasing Share
of World Population.
As world ...
World PoPulation HigHligHts
Regional Patterns of Fertility Support Continued World Population Growth.
While Europeans opt ...
World PoPulation HigHligHts
The Urban Population Is Now a Majority in Many of the Largest Countries.
The world will pass a...
World PoPulation HigHligHts
Mother’s Education Is Key to Children’s Nutritional Status.
Long-term malnutrition among child...
Demographic Data anD estimates for the countries anD regions of the WorlD

                                               ...
Demographic Data anD estimates for the countries anD regions of the WorlD

                                               ...
Demographic Data anD estimates for the countries anD regions of the WorlD

                                               ...
Demographic Data anD estimates for the countries anD regions of the WorlD

                                               ...
Demographic Data anD estimates                             nutrition environment economy Density
                         ...
World Population Datasheet 2008
World Population Datasheet 2008
World Population Datasheet 2008
World Population Datasheet 2008
World Population Datasheet 2008
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World Population Datasheet 2008

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World’s 10 Largest Countries in Population 2008. China, Russia, India, USA, England, Developing Countries, World Population Datasheet 2008.. Largest countries, Smallest Countries

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  1. 1. Population Reference Bureau inform empower advance prb.org 2008 WORLD POPULATION Data Sheet AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA NORTHERN AFRICA ALGERIA EGYPT LIBYA MOROCCO SUDAN TUNISIA WESTERN SAHARA WESTERN AFRICA BENIN BURKINA FASO CAPE VERDE CÔTE D’IVOIRE GAMBIA GHANA GUINEA GUINEA–BISSAU LIBERIA MALI MAURITANIA NIGER NIGERIA SENEGAL SIERRA LEONE TOGO EASTERN AFRICA BURUNDI COMOROS DJIBOUTI ERITREA ETHIOPIA KENYA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MAURITIUS MAYOTTE MOZAMBIQUE REUNION RWANDA SEYCHELLES SOMALIA TANZANIA UGANDA ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE MIDDLE AFRICA ANGOLA CAMEROON CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD CONGO CONGO, DEM. REP. OF EQUATORIAL GUINEA GABON SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE SOUTHERN AFRICA BOTSWANA LESOTHO NAMIBIA SOUTH AFRICA SWAZILAND NORTHERN AMERICA CANADA UNITED STATES LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN CENTRAL AMERICA BELIZE COSTA RICA EL SALVADOR GUATEMALA HONDURAS MEXICO NICARAGUA PANAMA CARIBBEAN ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA BAHAMAS BARBADOS CUBA DOMINICA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC GRENADA GUADELOUPE HAITI JAMAICA MARTINIQUE NETHERLANDS ANTILLES PUERTO RICO ST. KITTS–NEVIS SAINT LUCIA ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO SOUTH AMERICA ARGENTINA BOLIVIA BRAZIL CHILE COLOMBIA ECUADOR FRENCH GUIANA GUYANA PARAGUAY PERU SURINAME URUGUAY VENEZUELA ASIA WESTERN ASIA ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN BAHRAIN CYPRUS GEORGIA IRAQ ISRAEL JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN PALESTINIAN TERRITORY QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SYRIA TURKEY UNITED ARAB EMIRATES YEMEN SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA AFGHANISTAN BANGLADESH BHUTAN INDIA IRAN KAZAKHSTAN KYRGYZSTAN MALDIVES NEPAL PAKISTAN SRI LANKA TAJIKISTAN TURKMENISTAN UZBEKISTAN SOUTHEAST ASIA BRUNEI CAMBODIA EAST TIMOR INDONESIA LAOS MALAYSIA MYANMAR PHILIPPINES SINGAPORE THAILAND VIETNAM EAST ASIA CHINA CHINA, HONG KON CHINA, MACAO JAPAN KOREA, NORTH KOREA, SOUTH MONGOLIA TAIWAN EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE CHANNEL ISLANDS DENMARK ESTONIA FINLAND ICELAND IRELAND LATVIA LITHUANIA NORWAY SWEDEN UNITED KINGDOM WESTERN EUROPE AUSTRIA BELGIUM FRANCE GERMANY LIECHTENSTEIN LUXEMBOURG MONACO NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND EASTERN EUROPE BELARUS BULGARIA CZECH REPUBLIC HUNGARY MOLDOVA POLAND ROMANIA RUSSIA SLOVAKIA UKRAINE SOUTHERN EUROPE ALBANIA ANDORRA BOSNIA–HERZEGOVINA CROATIA GREECE ITALY MACEDONIA MALTA MONTENEGRO PORTUGAL SAN MARINO SERBIA SLOVENIA SPAIN OCEANIA AUSTRALIA FED. STATES OF MICRONESIA FIJI FRENCH POLYNESIA GUAM KIRIBATI MARSHALL ISLANDS NAURU NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND PALAU PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAMOA SOLOMON ISLANDS TONGA TUVALU VANUATU
  2. 2. Most Populous Countries, 2008 and 2050 2008 2050 Population Population Country (millions) Country (millions) China 1,324.7 India 1,755.2 India 1,149.3 China 1,437.0 United States 304.5 United States 438.2 Indonesia 239.9 Indonesia 343.1 Brazil 195.1 Pakistan 295.2 Pakistan 172.8 Nigeria 282.2 Nigeria 148.1 Brazil 259.8 Bangladesh 147.3 Bangladesh 215.1 Russia 141.9 Congo, Dem. Rep. 189.3 Japan 127.7 Philippines 150.1 Largest Population Growth or Decline, 2008 to 2050 Largest percent increase Largest percent decline Country Percent Country Percent Uganda 263 Bulgaria -35 Niger 261 Swaziland -33 Burundi 220 Georgia -28 Liberia 216 Ukraine -28 Guinea-Bissau 205 Japan -25 Congo, Dem. Rep. 185 Moldova -23 Timor-Leste (East Timor) 179 Russia -22 Mali 169 Serbia -21 Somalia 166 Belarus -20 Angola 155 Romania -20 Bosnia-Herzegovina -20 Note: Excludes countries with fewer than 1 million residents. Lowest and Highest Infant Mortality Rates Lowest Highest Infant deaths Infant deaths Country per 1,000 births Country per 1,000 births China, Hong Kong SAR 1.6 Afghanistan 163 Singapore 2.4 Sierra Leone 158 Sweden 2.5 Liberia 133 Finland 2.7 Angola 132 Japan 2.8 Guinea-Bissau 117 Slovenia 3.1 Somalia 117 Norway 3.1 Guinea 113 Czech Republic 3.1 Mozambique 108 Ireland 3.1 Burundi 107 Portugal 3.5 Chad 106 Israel 3.5 Note: Excludes countries with fewer than 50 infant deaths annually. 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 2 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau
  3. 3. World PoPulation HigHligHts Africa and Other Developing Regions Make Up an Increasing Share of World Population. As world population has risen Population (billions) from 2.5 billion in 1950 to 6.7 billion in 2008, the proportion 10 living in the developing coun- tries of Africa, Asia, and Latin 9 America and the Caribbean has expanded from 68 percent to 8 India more than 80 percent. India 7 and China, with a billion-plus each in 2008, make up about China 6 37 percent of the total. Projec- tions for 2050 show this shift 5 to developing countries con- Africa tinuing. The share living in the 4 more developed countries is projected to drop from about 3 18 percent in 2008 to less than Other less developed countries 14 percent in 2050. Africa’s 2 population, currently growing faster than any other major 1 region, is projected to account More developed countries for 21 percent of world popula- 0 tion by 2050, up from just 9 1950 1970 1990 2010 2030 2050 percent in 1950. Source: UN Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision, Medium Variant (2007). There Has Been Little Improvement in Maternal Mortality in Developing Countries. A maternal death related to pregnancy or childbirth is a rare event in more developed countries: Just 9 women died for every 100,000 births in these countries in 2005, according to new estimates from the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the UN Population Fund, and the World Bank. But the ratio of maternal deaths to births is shockingly high in Maternal deaths per 100,000 births sub-Saharan Africa and South 2005 1990 Asia. Even more worrisome, 430 there has been little improve- WORLD 400 ment over the past 15 years in developing regions as a whole, 480 despite concerted efforts to Less developed countries 450 improve mothers’ health. Pub- lic health experts emphasize 920 the importance of prenatal care Sub-Saharan Africa 900 and skilled medical assistance during childbirth, including 620 South Asia the availability of emergency 490 care to deal with complica- 95 tions. Such health care is often East Asia 50 lacking in countries with poor infrastructure and inadequate 180 health facilities. Latin America/Caribbean 130 Source: World Health Organiza- tion et al., Maternal Mortality 11 in 2005 (2006; www.who.int, More developed countries 9 accessed May 1, 2008). 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 3 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau
  4. 4. World PoPulation HigHligHts Regional Patterns of Fertility Support Continued World Population Growth. While Europeans opt to have one or two children at most, sub-Saharan Africans have more than five children, on average, and Asians have between two and three. There are clear regional patterns of low or high fertility, but there is also wide variation within some regions. South Africa’s rates are well below those of its neighbors, for example, while Bolivia’s fertility is above the level in other South American countries. In the Middle East, Iran stands out as having low fertility, a contrast to much higher rates in Iraq and Yemen. In Asia, China’s below-2-child fertility rate dominates the region statisti- cally, but fertility remains high in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Laos. Total fertility rate around 2008 Fewer than 1.5 births per woman 1.5 to 2.1 births per woman 2.2 to 2.9 births per woman 3.0 to 4.9 births per woman 5.0 or more births per woman Note: The total fertility rate measures the total number of children a woman would have given current birth rates. Source: C. Haub and M.M. Kent, 2008 World Population Data Sheet. Notable Decline in Some Countries, Not in Others. The last quarter century has seen significant drops in Total fertility rate fertility among developing countries. In Bangladesh, the 1950 –1955 Around 2008 total fertility rate dropped from 6.7 lifetime births per woman in the early 1950s to 2.7 in 2008, aided by a strong 8.2 8.1 government commitment to population policies and successful community-based family planning programs. 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 Fertility also fell dramatically in Guatemala, from 7.0 to 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.2 4.4 children per woman, over the period. Mexico saw an even more impressive decline, as that country developed 5.3 economically and embraced the idea of smaller families. 4.4 Ethiopia, Niger, and Uganda show much more modest declines, helping explain why Africa’s population growth continues to outstrip that in other regions. 2.7 2.7 2.3 Note: The total fertility rate measures the total number of children a woman would have given current birth rates. SourceS: UN Population Division and Population Reference Bureau. Yemen Niger Ethiopia Guatemala Uganda Bangladesh Mexico South Africa 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 4 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau
  5. 5. World PoPulation HigHligHts The Urban Population Is Now a Majority in Many of the Largest Countries. The world will pass a milestone in 2008: One-half of the world’s residents will live in urban areas. This event is impressive when we consider that less than 30 percent lived in urban areas in 1950. Less than 15 percent were urban in Nigeria and China in 1950, and just slightly more in India. But while the urban share in these countries showed impressive increases, it is also somewhat surprising how rural they still are. India, known for its megacities of Mumbai, Kolkata, and Delhi, is very much a rural country. Less than 30 percent live in urban areas. Percent of population living in urban areas 100 Nigeria 90 United States 80 India 70 China 60 India Nigeria 50 United Sta 40 China 30 20 10 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 Source: UN Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision (2008; CD-ROM). Most Urbanites Live in Towns and 10 million or more Villages, Not Large Cities. 8% 5 million to 9.9 million While about one-half of the world lives in urban areas, the vast 7% majority of these urbanites reside in small towns and villages, not large modern cities. Just 37 percent of urban dwellers live in cities with 1 million or more residents, and just 8 percent are in megacities of 10 million or more. Source: UN Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision (2008; Cd-roM). 1 million to 4.9 million 22% Fewer than 500,000 500,000 to 52% 0.9 million 10% Urban popluation by size of urban area, 2005 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 5 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau
  6. 6. World PoPulation HigHligHts Mother’s Education Is Key to Children’s Nutritional Status. Long-term malnutrition among children can result in stunting, a failure to reach the biological potential for growth, and an especially low height for their age. Stunting has been associated with lower IQs and fewer years in school for children, and lower productivity and incomes for adults. Efforts to combat stunting focus on fetal development and the first two years of a child’s life, after which the damage may be irreversible. In most countries, children with less-educated mothers are much more likely to become stunted than those with more-educated mothers. In Nigeria, nearly one-half, and in India, nearly 60 percent of the children whose mothers had no education were stunted. The children of more-educated mothers tend to fare much better, but not everywhere. In Madagascar, for example, stunting was surprisingly high even among children of more-educated mothers. Percent of children under age 3 who are stunted, by mother’s education 57 No education Secondary or higher 47 47 39 36 30 28 23 22 20 19 17 17 10 8 5 India* Madagascar Nigeria Cambodia Haiti Colombia Egypt Senegal 2005–2006 2003–2004 2003 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 * Children under age 5. Note: Stunting occurs when a child’s height at a given age is below international standards for normal development. Source: Demographic and Health Surveys (www.measuredhs.com). 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 6 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau
  7. 7. Demographic Data anD estimates for the countries anD regions of the WorlD A Woman’s Projected Net Lifetime Population Migration Rate of Risk of Projected Population Rate Natural Deaths per Dying From Population Births per Infant Total Change (millions) per 1,000 Increase Maternal mid-2008 1,000 1,000 Mortality Fertilty 2008–2050 Population mid–2025 mid–2050 (%) Causes, 1 in: (millions) Population Population Ratea Rateb (%) 6,705 21 8 1.2 — 8,000 9,352 39 49 92 2.6 WORLD 1,227 12 10 0.2 3 1,269 1,294 5 6 6,000 1.6 MorE dEVEloPEd 5,479 23 8 1.5 -1 6,731 8,058 47 54 75 2.8 lEss dEVEloPEd 4,154 26 9 1.8 -1 5,255 6,621 59 59 55 3.2 lEss dEVEloPEd (Excl. China) 797 36 13 2.4 -0 1,139 1,664 109 85 22 4.7 lEast dEVEloPEd 967 37 14 2.4 -1 1,358 1,932 100 82 26 4.9 AFRICA 809 40 15 2.5 -0 1,161 1,698 110 88 22 5.4 suB-saHaran aFriCa 197 26 7 1.9 -1 251 307 56 45 145 3.0 nortHErn aFriCa 34.7 22 4 1.8 -1 43.3 50.1 44 27 220 2.3 Algeria 74.9 27 6 2.0 -1 95.9 117.9 57 33 230 3.1 Egypt 6.3 24 4 2.0 0 8.1 9.7 54 21 350 3.0 Libya 31.2 21 6 1.4 -3 36.6 42.4 36 43 150 2.4 Morocco 39.4 33 12 2.1 1 54.3 73.0 85 81 53 4.5 Sudan 10.3 17 6 1.2 -1 12.1 13.2 27 19 500 2.0 Tunisia 0.5 28 8 2.0 20 0.8 0.9 89 53 — 3.0 Western Sahara 291 42 15 2.6 -1 419 616 112 96 19 5.7 WEstErn aFriCa 9.3 42 12 3.0 1 14.5 22.5 142 98 20 5.7 Benin 15.2 45 15 3.0 -1 23.7 37.5 147 89 22 6.2 Burkina Faso 0.5 30 5 2.5 -2 0.7 0.9 83 28 120 3.5 Cape Verde 20.7 38 14 2.4 -2 26.2 34.7 68 100 27 4.9 Côte d'Ivoire 1.6 38 11 2.7 1 2.3 3.4 117 93 32 5.1 Gambia 23.9 32 10 2.2 -0 33.7 48.8 104 71 45 4.3 Ghana 10.3 42 14 2.9 -6 15.7 24.5 138 113 19 5.7 Guinea 1.7 50 19 3.1 0 2.9 5.3 205 117 13 7.1 Guinea-Bissau 3.9 50 18 3.1 3 6.8 12.5 216 133 12 6.8 Liberia 12.7 48 15 3.3 -3 20.6 34.2 169 96 15 6.6 Mali 3.2 35 9 2.7 1 4.5 6.4 99 77 22 4.8 Mauritania 14.7 46 15 3.1 -0 26.3 53.2 261 81 7 7.1 Niger 148.1 43 18 2.5 -0 205.4 282.2 91 100 18 5.9 Nigeria 12.7 39 10 3.0 -2 18.0 25.3 99 61 21 5.3 Senegal 5.5 48 23 2.5 -4 7.6 10.9 99 158 8 6.1 Sierra Leone 6.8 38 10 2.8 -0 9.9 14.1 108 91 38 5.1 Togo 301 41 15 2.5 -0 440 641 113 81 28 5.4 EastErn aFriCa 8.9 46 16 3.0 7 15.0 28.3 220 107 16 6.8 Burundi 0.7 36 8 2.8 0 1.1 1.8 151 69 52 4.9 Comoros 0.8 30 12 1.8 0 1.1 1.5 75 67 35 4.2 Djibouti 5.0 40 10 3.0 2 7.7 11.5 129 59 44 5.3 Eritrea 79.1 40 15 2.5 -0 110.5 147.6 87 77 27 5.3 Ethiopia 38.0 40 12 2.8 -1 51.3 65.2 72 77 39 4.9 Kenya 18.9 38 10 2.8 0 28.0 41.6 120 75 38 5.0 Madagascar 13.6 48 16 3.2 -0 20.4 30.5 124 80 18 6.3 Malawi 1.3 14 7 0.7 -0 1.4 1.5 17 15.4 3,300 1.7 Mauritius 0.2 39 3 3.6 5 0.3 0.5 174 — — 4.5 Mayotte 20.4 41 20 2.1 -0 27.5 37.2 83 108 45 5.4 Mozambique 0.8 19 5 1.3 -0 1.0 1.1 31 8 — 2.5 Reunion 9.6 43 16 2.7 1 14.6 21.7 126 86 16 6.0 Rwanda 11 0.1 18 7 1.0 6 0.1 0.1 37 — 2.2 Seychelles 9.0 46 19 2.7 3 14.3 23.8 166 117 12 6.7 Somalia 40.2 38 15 2.3 -2 58.2 82.5 105 75 24 5.3 Tanzania 29.2 48 16 3.1 -1 56.4 106.0 263 76 25 6.7 Uganda 12.2 43 22 2.1 -3 15.5 19.3 58 100 27 5.5 Zambia 13.5 31 21 1.1 -1 16.0 19.1 42 60 43 3.8 Zimbabwe 122 43 14 2.8 -0 189 306 151 97 20 6.1 MiddlE aFriCa 16.8 47 21 2.7 2 26.2 42.7 155 132 12 6.8 Angola 18.5 36 13 2.3 0 25.5 34.9 89 74 24 4.7 Cameroon 4.4 38 19 1.9 -1 5.5 6.5 47 102 25 5.0 Central African Republic 10.1 44 17 2.7 2 13.9 20.5 102 106 11 6.3 Chad 3.8 37 13 2.5 -2 5.6 8.8 130 75 22 5.3 Congo 66.5 44 13 3.1 -1 109.7 189.3 185 92 13 6.5 Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.6 39 10 2.9 0 0.9 1.4 132 91 28 5.4 Equatorial Guinea 1.4 27 12 1.5 1 1.7 2.1 54 58 53 3.2 Gabon 0.2 35 8 2.7 -2 0.2 0.3 85 77 — 4.1 Sao Tome and Principe 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 7 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau See Notes on page 14.
  8. 8. Demographic Data anD estimates for the countries anD regions of the WorlD A Woman’s Projected Net Lifetime Population Migration Rate of Risk of Projected Population Rate Natural Deaths per Dying From Population Births per Infant Total Change (millions) per 1,000 Increase Maternal mid-2008 1,000 1,000 Mortality Fertilty 2008–2050 Population mid–2025 mid–2050 (%) Causes, 1 in: (millions) Population Population Ratea Rateb (%) 55 24 16 0.8 0 59 62 12 48 90 2.8 soutHErn aFriCa 1.8 24 14 0.9 6 2.2 2.4 29 44 130 2.9 Botswana 1.8 27 25 0.2 -4 1.7 1.6 -11 91 45 3.5 Lesotho 2.1 25 15 1.0 1 2.3 2.1 3 47 170 3.6 Namibia 48.3 23 15 0.8 0 51.5 54.8 13 45 110 2.7 South Africa 1.1 31 31 0.0 0 1.0 0.8 -33 85 120 3.8 Swaziland 915 18 7 1.2 0 1,080 1,258 37 18 420 2.3 AMERICAS 338 14 8 0.6 4 393 480 42 7 6,000 2.1 NORTHERN AMERICA 33.3 11 7 0.3 7 37.6 41.9 26 5.4 11,000 1.6 Canada 304.5 14 8 0.6 3 355.7 438.2 44 6.6 4,800 2.1 United States 577 21 6 1.5 -2 687 778 35 23 290 2.5 LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN 150 22 5 1.7 -5 180 203 35 22 320 2.5 CEntral aMEriCa 0.3 27 4 2.3 -1 0.4 0.5 57 18 560 3.1 Belize 4.5 16 4 1.3 4 5.6 6.3 40 9.7 1,400 1.9 Costa Rica 7.2 24 6 1.8 -1 9.1 11.2 55 24 190 2.8 El Salvador 13.7 34 6 2.8 -1 20.0 27.9 104 34 71 4.4 Guatemala 7.3 27 5 2.2 -4 9.8 12.4 69 23 93 3.3 Honduras 107.7 20 5 1.6 -6 123.8 131.6 22 19 670 2.3 Mexico 5.7 26 5 2.1 -7 6.8 7.9 40 29 150 2.9 Nicaragua 3.4 20 4 1.6 0 4.2 5.0 46 15 270 2.4 Panama 41 19 8 1.1 -3 46 50 24 33 130 2.5 CariBBEan 20 0.1 17 7 1.0 3 0.1 0.1 29 — 2.1 Antigua and Barbuda 0.3 17 6 1.1 1 0.4 0.5 34 14 2,700 1.9 Bahamas 0.3 14 8 0.6 -1 0.3 0.3 -7 14 4,400 1.8 Barbados 11.2 10 7 0.3 -3 11.2 9.9 -11 5.3 1,400 1.4 Cuba 16 0.1 16 9 0.7 -5 0.1 0.1 -11 — 3.0 Dominica 9.9 24 6 1.8 -3 12.1 14.0 42 32 230 3.0 Dominican Republic 17 0.1 19 7 1.2 -10 0.1 0.1 -10 — 2.1 Grenada 8 0.4 15 7 0.8 -0 0.5 0.5 21 — 2.1 Guadeloupe 9.1 29 11 1.8 -3 11.7 15.1 65 57 44 4.0 Haiti 2.7 17 6 1.1 -6 3.0 3.4 25 21 240 2.1 Jamaica 6 0.4 13 7 0.7 -0 0.4 0.4 -13 — 1.9 Martinique 5 0.2 14 7 0.7 17 0.2 0.2 -4 — 2.0 Netherlands Antilles 4.0 12 8 0.5 -1 4.1 3.8 -5 9.2 2,900 1.7 Puerto Rico 15 0.05 18 8 1.0 -6 0.1 0.1 31 — 2.3 St. Kitts-Nevis 19.4 0.2 15 7 0.8 6 0.2 0.2 30 — 1.7 Saint Lucia 17.6 0.1 17 8 0.9 -8 0.1 0.1 -13 — 2.1 St. Vincent & the Grenadines 1.3 14 8 0.6 -3 1.4 1.3 -1 24 1,400 1.6 Trinidad and Tobago 387 20 6 1.4 -1 461 524 36 23 300 2.4 soutH aMEriCa 39.7 19 8 1.1 -0 46.3 52.5 32 13.3 530 2.4 Argentina 10.0 29 8 2.1 0 13.3 16.7 67 51 89 3.7 Bolivia 195.1 20 6 1.3 0 228.9 259.8 33 24 370 2.3 Brazil 16.8 14 5 0.9 0 19.1 20.2 20 8.8 3,200 2.0 Chile 44.4 20 6 1.4 -1 53.8 59.2 33 19 290 2.4 Colombia 13.8 26 6 2.0 -4 17.5 20.4 48 25 170 3.1 Ecuador 0.2 32 4 2.8 5 0.3 0.4 96 10.4 — 3.9 French Guiana 0.8 21 9 1.2 -10 0.8 0.5 -29 48 90 2.7 Guyana 6.2 27 6 2.1 -2 8.0 10.1 62 36 170 3.5 Paraguay 27.9 21 6 1.5 -4 34.0 39.3 41 24 140 2.6 Peru 0.5 17 7 1.1 -7 0.5 0.5 -8 16 530 2.5 Suriname 3.3 14 9 0.5 -3 3.5 3.7 11 10.5 2,100 2.0 Uruguay 27.9 25 4 2.1 0 34.9 41.1 47 16.5 610 2.6 Venezuela 4,052 19 7 1.2 -0 4,793 5,427 34 45 120 2.4 ASIA 2,728 23 7 1.5 -0 3,317 3,990 46 51 90 2.8 ASIA (Excl. China) 225 25 6 1.9 -0 290 363 61 41 170 3.3 WEstErn asia 3.1 15 9 0.5 -2 3.3 3.3 7 26 980 1.7 Armenia 8.7 18 6 1.2 -0 9.7 11.6 34 12 670 2.3 Azerbaijan 0.8 20 3 1.7 7 1.0 1.2 53 8 1,300 2.5 Bahrain 1.1 12 7 0.6 10 1.1 1.1 2 6 6,400 1.5 Cyprus 4.6 11 10 0.1 -3 4.2 3.3 -28 16 1,100 1.4 Georgia 29.5 34 10 2.4 -4 43.3 61.9 110 94 72 4.6 Iraq 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 8 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau See Notes on page 14.
  9. 9. Demographic Data anD estimates for the countries anD regions of the WorlD A Woman’s Projected Net Lifetime Population Migration Rate of Risk of Projected Population Rate Natural Deaths per Dying From Population Births per Infant Total Change (millions) per 1,000 Increase Maternal mid-2008 1,000 1,000 Mortality Fertilty 2008–2050 Population mid–2025 mid–2050 (%) Causes, 1 in: (millions) Population Population Ratea Rateb (%) 7.5 21 5 1.6 2 9.3 11.2 49 3.5 7,800 2.9 Israel 5.8 28 4 2.4 7 7.7 9.7 65 24 450 3.6 Jordan 2.7 21 2 1.9 8 3.6 4.8 80 8 9,600 2.6 Kuwait 4.0 19 5 1.4 -0 4.6 5.0 26 19 290 1.9 Lebanon 2.7 24 3 2.1 5 3.1 3.9 42 10 420 3.4 Oman 4.2 37 4 3.3 0 6.2 8.8 113 25 — 4.6 Palestinian Territory 0.9 17 2 1.5 36 1.1 1.4 48 7 2,700 2.6 Qatar 28.1 29 3 2.7 -5 35.7 49.8 77 16 1,400 4.0 Saudi Arabia 19.9 28 4 2.5 2 26.8 34.0 71 19 210 3.5 Syria 74.8 19 6 1.2 0 87.8 88.7 19 23 880 2.2 Turkey 4.5 15 2 1.3 16 6.2 7.8 75 7 1,000 2.0 United Arab Emirates 22.2 41 9 3.2 -1 35.2 55.8 151 77 39 6.2 Yemen 1,683 25 8 1.7 -0 2,089 2,605 55 61 61 3.0 soutH CEntral asia 32.7 47 21 2.6 0 50.3 81.9 150 163 8 6.8 Afghanistan 147.3 24 7 1.7 -1 180.1 215.1 46 52 51 2.7 Bangladesh 0.7 30 7 2.3 2 0.9 1.0 45 40 55 3.6 Bhutan 1,149.3 24 8 1.6 -0 1,407.7 1,755.2 53 57 70 2.8 India 72.2 20 5 1.4 -1 88.0 100.2 39 32 300 2.1 Iran 15.7 21 10 1.0 1 17.1 17.4 11 29 360 2.5 Kazakhstan 5.2 24 7 1.6 -10 6.5 8.1 54 50 240 2.8 Kyrgyzstan 0.3 19 4 1.6 0 0.4 0.5 73 16 200 2.2 Maldives 27.0 29 9 2.1 -1 36.5 48.7 81 48 31 3.1 Nepal 172.8 31 8 2.2 -1 228.9 295.2 71 75 74 4.1 Pakistan 20.3 19 7 1.2 -2 23.2 25.4 25 15 850 2.4 Sri Lanka 7.3 27 5 2.2 -2 9.5 11.5 57 65 160 3.3 Tajikistan 5.2 24 6 1.7 -3 6.5 7.6 47 74 290 2.9 Turkmenistan 27.2 24 7 1.7 -2 33.3 37.6 38 48 1,400 2.7 Uzbekistan 586 20 7 1.4 -0 709 826 41 31 130 2.5 soutHEast asia 0.4 19 3 1.6 3 0.5 0.6 67 7 2,900 2.0 Brunei 14.7 26 8 1.8 -0 20.6 30.5 108 67 48 3.5 Cambodia 239.9 21 6 1.5 -1 291.9 343.1 43 34 97 2.6 Indonesia 5.9 34 10 2.4 -3 8.7 12.3 110 70 33 4.5 Laos 27.7 21 5 1.6 1 34.6 40.4 46 9 560 2.6 Malaysia 49.2 19 10 0.9 -0 55.4 58.7 19 70 110 2.2 Myanmar 90.5 26 5 2.1 -2 120.2 150.1 66 25 140 3.3 Philippines 4.8 11 5 0.6 37 5.3 5.3 10 2.4 6,200 1.4 Singapore 66.1 13 8 0.5 1 70.2 68.9 4 16 500 1.6 Thailand 1.1 42 11 3.2 0 1.7 3.0 179 88 35 6.7 Timor-Leste 86.2 17 5 1.2 -1 100.1 112.8 31 16 280 2.1 Vietnam 1,558 12 7 0.5 -0 1,705 1,633 5 21 1,200 1.6 East asia 1,324.7 12 7 0.5 -0 1,476.0 1,437.0 8 23 1,300 1.6 China 7.0 10 6 0.5 3 8.0 8.8 26 1.6 — 1.0 China, Hong Kong SARe 2 0.6 9 3 0.6 41 0.6 0.6 5 — 1.0 China, Macao SARe 127.7 9 9 -0.0 0 119.3 95.2 -25 2.8 11,600 1.3 Japan 23.5 16 7 0.9 0 25.8 26.4 12 21 140 2.0 Korea, North 48.6 10 5 0.5 1 49.1 42.3 -13 4 6,100 1.3 Korea, South 2.7 21 6 1.5 0 3.3 3.8 45 41 840 2.3 Mongolia 23.0 9 6 0.3 1 23.1 18.9 -18 4.6 — 1.1 Taiwan 736 11 11 -0.0 3 726 685 -7 6 9,400 1.5 EUROPE 98 12 10 0.3 4 108 117 19 4 7,800 1.8 nortHErn EuroPE 3.7 0.2 11 9 0.2 6 0.2 0.1 -5 — 1.4 Channel Islands 5.5 12 10 0.2 5 5.6 5.5 0 4.0 17,800 1.8 Denmark 1.3 12 13 -0.1 -0 1.2 1.1 -18 4.9 2,900 1.7 Estonia 5.3 11 9 0.2 3 5.6 5.7 8 2.7 8,500 1.8 Finland 1.3 0.3 15 6 0.8 10 0.4 0.4 37 12,700 2.1 Iceland 4.5 16 6 0.9 15 4.9 5.1 13 3.1 47,600 2.1 Ireland 2.3 10 14 -0.4 -0 2.1 1.9 -16 7.6 8,500 1.5 Latvia 3.4 10 14 -0.4 -2 3.1 2.9 -14 5.9 7,800 1.4 Lithuania 4.8 12 9 0.4 8 5.6 6.6 38 3.1 7,700 1.9 Norway 9.2 12 10 0.2 6 9.9 10.4 13 2.5 17,400 1.9 Sweden 61.3 13 9 0.3 3 68.8 76.9 26 4.9 8,200 1.9 United Kingdom 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 9 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau See Notes on page 14.
  10. 10. Demographic Data anD estimates for the countries anD regions of the WorlD A Woman’s Projected Net Lifetime Population Migration Rate of Risk of Projected Population Rate Natural Deaths per Dying From Population Births per Infant Total Change (millions) per 1,000 Increase 1,000 Maternal mid-2008 1,000 Mortality Fertilty 2008–2050 Population mid–2025 mid–2050 (%) Population Causes, 1 in: (millions) Population Ratea Rateb (%) 188 10 9 0.1 1 191 187 -0 4 11,000 1.6 WEstErn EuroPE 8.4 9 9 0.0 4 8.8 9.5 14 3.7 21,500 1.4 Austria 10.7 12 10 0.2 5 10.8 11.0 2 3.7 7,800 1.7 Belgium 62.0 13 8 0.4 1 66.1 70.0 13 3.6 6,900 2.0 France 82.2 8 10 -0.2 1 79.6 71.4 -13 3.9 19,200 1.3 Germany 2.6 0.04 10 6 0.4 3 0.04 0.04 17 — 1.4 Liechtenstein 4.4 0.5 11 8 0.3 12 0.5 0.6 29 5,000 1.6 Luxembourg 0.03 25 16 0.9 8 0.04 0.04 9 — — — Monaco 16.4 11 8 0.3 1 16.9 16.8 2 4.4 10,200 1.7 Netherlands 7.6 10 8 0.2 1 8.1 8.1 6 4.0 13,800 1.5 Switzerland 295 11 14 -0.3 1 272 231 -22 9 3,500 1.4 EastErn EuroPE 9.7 11 14 -0.3 6 9.0 7.7 -20 6 4,800 1.4 Belarus 7.6 10 15 -0.5 -0 6.6 5.0 -35 9.2 7,400 1.4 Bulgaria 10.4 11 10 0.1 8 10.2 9.4 -9 3.1 18,100 1.4 Czech Republic 10.0 10 13 -0.4 1 9.6 8.9 -11 5.9 13,300 1.3 Hungary 4.1 11 12 -0.1 -1 3.8 3.2 -23 12 3,700 1.3 Moldova 38.1 10 10 0.0 -1 36.7 31.4 -18 6.0 10,600 1.3 Poland 21.5 10 12 -0.2 -0 19.7 17.1 -20 12.0 3,200 1.3 Romania 141.9 12 15 -0.3 2 129.3 110.1 -22 9 2,700 1.4 Russia 5.4 10 10 0.0 1 5.2 4.7 -12 6.1 13,800 1.2 Slovakia 46.2 10 16 -0.6 0 41.7 33.4 -28 11 5,200 1.3 Ukraine 155 10 9 0.1 9 156 150 -3 5 9,400 1.4 soutHErn EuroPE 3.2 13 6 0.7 -3 3.5 3.6 11 8 490 1.6 Albania 2.5 0.1 10 3 0.7 26 0.1 0.1 -4 — 1.2 Andorra 3.8 9 9 0.0 -0 3.7 3.1 -20 8 29,000 1.2 Bosnia-Herzegovina 4.4 9 12 -0.3 2 4.3 3.8 -14 5.7 10,500 1.4 Croatia 11.2 10 9 0.1 4 11.3 10.8 -4 3.7 25,900 1.4 Greece 59.9 9 10 -0.0 8 62.0 61.7 3 4.2 26,600 1.3 Italy 2.2 21 7 1.4 — 2.7 3.2 45 33 — 2.5 Kosovof 2.0 11 10 0.2 0 2.0 1.7 -15 13 6,500 1.5 Macedoniag 3.6 0.4 10 8 0.2 5 0.4 0.4 -6 8,300 1.4 Malta 0.6 12 10 0.3 -1 0.6 0.6 -4 11.0 — 1.6 Montenegro 10.6 10 10 -0.0 1 10.5 9.3 -12 3.5 6,400 1.3 Portugal 3.3 0.03 10 7 0.3 10 0.04 0.04 13 — 1.2 San Marino 7.4 10 14 -0.4 0 6.7 5.8 -21 7.4 4,500h 1.4 Serbia 2.0 10 9 0.1 6 2.1 1.9 -7 3.1 14,200 1.4 Slovenia 46.5 11 9 0.2 16 46.2 43.9 -6 3.7 16,400 1.4 Spain OCEANIA 35 18 7 1.1 5 42 49 40 25 160 2.4 21.3 14 7 0.7 9 24.7 28.1 32 4.7 13,300 1.9 Australia 0.1 26 6 2.0 -17 0.1 0.1 21 40 — 4.1 Federated States of Micronesia 0.9 21 6 1.5 -7 0.9 0.9 8 17 160 2.6 Fiji 6.8 0.3 18 4 1.3 1 0.3 0.4 34 — 2.2 French Polynesia 10.7 0.2 19 4 1.5 2 0.2 0.2 38 — 2.6 Guam 0.1 27 9 1.8 0 0.1 0.2 99 52 — 3.5 Kiribati 23 0.1 38 6 3.2 -16 0.1 0.1 101 — 4.4 Marshall Islands 42 0.01 31 10 2.1 -18 0.01 0.02 49 — 3.4 Nauru 7 0.2 18 5 1.3 5 0.3 0.4 46 — 2.3 New Caledonia 4.3 15 7 0.8 1 4.9 5.5 28 5.0 5,900 2.2 New Zealand 20 0.02 13 7 0.6 2 0.02 0.03 27 — 1.9 Palau 6.5 31 10 2.1 0 8.6 11.2 73 62 55 3.9 Papua New Guinea 0.2 29 6 2.4 -11 0.2 0.2 14 20 — 4.4 Samoa 0.5 34 8 2.6 -2 0.7 1.0 88 48 100 4.5 Solomon Islands 12 0.1 26 6 2.0 -17 0.1 0.1 -27 — 3.7 Tonga 35 0.01 26 10 1.6 -8 0.01 0.02 74 — 3.7 Tuvalu 27 0.2 31 6 2.5 0 0.4 0.5 109 — 4.0 Vanuatu 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 10 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau See Notes on page 14.
  11. 11. Demographic Data anD estimates nutrition environment economy Density Percent of Percent of % of Pop. Motor Population Married Women Percent of Vehicles With Access Percent Ages 15–49 15–49 Using Percent of Population per 1,000 to Improved GNI PPP in Urban With HIV/ Contraception* Population Life Expectancy Water Areas of Under- Pop. per Capita Population AIDS of Ages at Birth (years) Sources, Percent 750,000+ Modern nourished 2000– (US$) per Sq. All 2006 2005 2001 2007 Methods Methods 2002–2004 2005 2007 Kilometer <15 65+ Total Males Females Urban 28 7 68 67 70 49 21 0.8 0.8 62 55 14 153 86 $ 9,600 49 WORLD 17 16 77 74 81 74 30 0.4 0.5 69 58 <2.5 536 97 31,200 27 MorE dEVEloPEd 30 6 67 65 68 44 19 1.2 1.0 61 55 17 43 84 4,760 66 lEss dEVEloPEd 34 5 65 63 66 44 18 1.6 1.4 51 43 18 52 82 4,560 57 lEss dEVEloPEd (Excl. China) 41 3 55 53 56 27 10 3.2 3.0 27 21 35 — 62 1,060 38 lEast dEVEloPEd 41 3 54 53 55 38 14 4.3 4.0 28 22 26 64 32 — 2,430 AFRICA 43 3 50 49 51 35 13 5.7 5.0 21 16 31 — 58 1,830 33 suB-saHaran aFriCa 33 5 69 67 71 50 19 0.3 0.3 50 44 8 61 87 4,760 23 nortHErn aFriCa 30 5 72 71 74 63 12 0.1 0.1 61 52 4 91 85 5,490 15 Algeria 33 5 72 70 74 43 21 — — 59 57 4 39 98 5,400 75 Egypt 49 26 71 30 4 73 71 76 77 54 — — <2.5 137 11,500 4 Libya 29 6 70 68 72 56 22 0.1 0.1 63 55 6 60 83 3,990 70 Morocco 41 4 58 56 59 38 12 1.4 1.4 8 6 26 — 70 1,880 16 Sudan 63 53 25 6 74 72 76 65 18 <0.1 0.1 <2.5 86 94 7,130 63 Tunisia 31 2 64 62 66 81 — — — — — — — — — 2 Western Sahara 44 3 51 50 52 42 15 2.7 2.5 13 8 15 — 58 1,480 47 WEstErn aFriCa 44 3 56 54 57 41 9 1.3 1.2 17 6 12 — 65 1,310 83 Benin 46 3 51 49 52 16 8 2.1 1.6 14 9 15 — 72 1,120 56 Burkina Faso 53 46 80 38 6 71 68 74 59 — — — — — 2,940 125 Cape Verde 40 2 52 50 53 48 19 6.0 3.9 13 8 13 — 81 1,590 64 Côte d'Ivoire 10 9 42 3 58 57 59 54 — 0.9 0.9 29 — 86 1,140 138 Gambia 40 4 59 58 59 48 16 2.3 1.9 17 14 11 — 80 1,330 100 Ghana 46 3 54 52 55 30 16 1.2 1.6 9 6 24 — 70 1,120 42 Guinea 48 3 45 43 47 30 — 1.8 1.8 10 6 39 — 57 470 48 Guinea-Bissau 47 2 46 45 47 58 33 1.4 1.7 11 10 50 — 64 290 35 Liberia 48 4 56 54 59 31 12 1.5 1.5 8 6 29 10 60 1,040 10 Mali 40 4 60 59 62 40 — 0.7 0.8 9 8 10 — 60 2,010 3 Mauritania 49 3 57 58 56 17 6 0.7 0.8 11 5 32 — 42 630 12 Niger 45 3 47 46 47 47 16 3.2 3.1 12 8 9 1 47 1,770 160 Nigeria 44 4 62 60 64 41 21 0.4 1.0 12 10 20 17 77 1,640 64 Senegal 42 4 48 48 49 37 14 1.3 1.7 5 4 51 3 53 660 76 Sierra Leone 43 3 58 56 60 40 21 3.6 3.3 17 11 24 — 59 800 119 Togo 44 3 49 48 50 22 6 6.6 5.8 26 20 40 — 54 940 47 EastErn aFriCa 16 10 45 3 49 47 50 10 — 3.5 2.0 66 — 71 330 318 Burundi 26 19 42 3 64 62 66 28 — <0.1 <0.1 60 — 85 1,150 328 Comoros 39 3 54 53 55 87 — 3.1 3.1 18 17 24 — 92 2,260 37 Djibouti 43 2 57 54 59 21 — 1.2 1.3 8 5 75 — 60 400 43 Eritrea 43 3 49 48 51 16 4 2.4 2.1 15 14 46 2 42 780 72 Ethiopia 42 2 53 53 53 19 10 6.7c 7.8c 39 32 31 18 57 1,540 65 Kenya 44 3 58 57 60 30 9 0.1 0.1 27 17 38 — 47 920 32 Madagascar 46 3 46 45 47 17 — 13.3 11.9 42 39 35 — 76 750 115 Malawi 23 7 72 69 76 42 — 0.3 1.7 76 42 5 133 100 11,390 622 Mauritius 42 2 74 72 76 28 — — — — — — — — — 500 Mayotte 43 3 43 42 44 29 7 10.3 12.5 17 12 44 8 42 690 25 Mozambique 67 64 27 7 76 72 80 92 — — — — 513 — — 324 Reunion 44 3 47 47 48 18 8 4.3 2.8 17 10 33 3 65 860 365 Rwanda 87 23 8 72 67 77 53 — — — — — 9 102 8,670 191 Seychelles 45 3 48 47 49 37 17 0.5 0.5 15 1 — — 29 — 14 Somalia 44 3 51 50 52 25 7 7.0 6.2 26 20 44 — 55 1,200 43 Tanzania 49 3 48 47 48 13 5 7.9 5.4 24 18 19 6 64 920 121 Uganda 46 2 38 38 37 37 11 15.4 15.2 34 23 46 — 58 1,220 16 Zambia 40 4 40 40 40 37 12 26.0 15.3 60 58 47 54 81 — 34 Zimbabwe 46 3 51 48 52 41 18 2.6 2.5 19 7 55 — 52 1,550 18 MiddlE aFriCa 6 5 46 2 43 41 44 57 27 1.6 2.1 35 — 51 4,400 13 Angola 42 4 52 51 52 57 18 6.0 5.1 26 13 26 14 70 2,120 39 Cameroon 28 7 43 4 43 43 44 38 — 6.4 6.3 44 — 66 740 7 Central African Republic 46 3 47 46 48 27 9 3.4 3.5 3 2 35 — 48 1,280 8 Chad 42 3 53 52 54 60 34 4.4 3.5 44 13 33 — 71 2,750 11 Congo 47 3 53 49 55 33 17 d d 21 6 74 — 46 290 28 Congo, Dem. Rep. 42 4 59 59 60 39 — 3.7 3.4 — — — — 43 21,230 22 Equatorial Guinea 33 12 36 5 57 56 58 84 — 5.6 5.9 5 — 87 13,080 5 Gabon 29 27 42 4 64 63 66 58 — — — 10 — 86 1,630 164 Sao Tome and Principe 2008 World PoPulation data Sheet 11 © 2008 Population Reference Bureau See Notes on page 14.

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