Butt dyke, adjacent to the Nottingham Castle, was the archery practice ground, and it was by statute that young lads had to practice archery as an art of war. But over the years football proved a diversion. Edward II in 1314 and later Richard II in 1377 prohibited football, along with quoits, dicing.
In the 'The Anatomy of Abuses in the Realm of England' of 1583, the author classed football as a 'devilish pastime . . . more a bloody and murdering practice than a fellowly sport or pastime.' Henry VIII and Elizabeth I attempted to suppress football but it still flourished.
unchecked mayhem seemed to be the overall object of the games, some played over miles of countryside, pitting entire villages of men and women (numbering in the hundreds) against each other in days-long matches. Crippling injuries were often the result, along with at least one papal dispensation issued to one player who accidentally killed an opponent.
Women’s bare knuckle fighting, stripped to the waist for money with gambling on the outcome.
London: First-staged women fights. The women would punch, use their feet and knee lifting/kicking to all parts of their opponents body. They also could maul, scratch and throw. This resulted in serious injury for either or both fighters. In other reports, in London in 1722 at the Boarded House, near what is now Oxford Circus, Elizabeth Wilkinson, the Cockney Championess, defeated Martha Jones.
WOMEN’S SPORTING ACTIVITIES WAS MOVED ON BY TWO UNRELATED DEVELOPMENTS (1)
Although not good for women’s internal organs a huge movement for cycling. Freedom of movement, exercise and changes in dress to prevent skirts catching in the wheels.
SOME OF THE ‘RATIONAL DRESS’ PROPOSALS DID NOT FIND MUCH FAVOUR WITH CYCLING WOMEN -Dr Mary Walker CMO – Marietta Stow 1884 ran for California Gov. – Dr Harriet Austin 1865 – Dr Lydia Hasbrouk
EXTENSION OF PRIVATE AND HIGHER EDUCATION TO WOMEN
Ist International England v Ireland 1897 played in long skirts, boaters, collars and ties.
GYM SLIP introduced by Madam Bergman a Swedish teacher. But with black stockings and liberty bodice
ONE TRANSPLANTED SPORT THRIVED IN THE NEW WORLD – BUT I DON’T THINK IT HAD ANYTHING TO DO WITH COOPERS-TOWN
Women have been enjoying some form of baseball for centuries. The predecessor to baseball, stoolball, was apparently invented by milkmaids who used their stools as bats and targets. There is some debate as to how early it began, but it was documented as early as 1450. Stoolball is still played by women in Sussex, England, but no longer with milking stools.
STOOL is the old West of England name for a tree stump. When men played an adaptation called cricket they replaced the milking stool with a sheep hurdle called a wicket.
In the 1800’s people began to recognize the importance of exercise and encouraged women to participate in sports. Women’s baseball clubs were formed at Vassar College in 1866, at Smith College in 1879, and Mount Holyoke College in 1891. Their long skirts were sometimes a hindrance, as a fielder would often get tripped up in her own dress. An instruction booklet at Vassar encouraged the women to use their skirts as makeshift backstops by spreading their legs, citing the technique as “the only safe way to stop a ball.”