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    Questionnaires Questionnaires Presentation Transcript

    • Questionnaire A Questionnaire is an instrument for data collection. It consist of a number of questions printed or typed in a definite order on a form or set of forms.
      • Planning what to measure
      • Formatting the Questionnaire
      • Select scale of measurement (data type)
      • Question wording
      • Sequencing and layout decisions
      • Pretesting and correcting problems
      Steps to be followed to design a Questionnaire
      • Be clear of the objective to ensure that enough questions are asked to generate information necessary to address research problems.
      • Go for exploratory research
      Planning what to measure
      • Open response questions
      • Closed response questions
      • Number of response categories (Simple dichotomous vs. Multi-choice)
      • Order of response categories
      • Handling uncertainty and ignorance
      Formatting the Questionnaire
      • Use simple language that is consistent with your population
      • Be as specific as possible, avoid being vague
      • Avoid leading and loaded questions
      • Avoid double-barreled questions
      • Avoid questions that are too difficult to answer
      Question wordings
      • Always begin with simple, non-offensive questions and get more complex as you move along.
      • Pay attention to whether certain questions are relevant for every respondent or only some
      • Give clear instructions for completing questionnaire
      • Use appropriate fonts and white space to avoid crowding
      Sequencing and layout decisions
      • Pretest done to ensure that the questionnaires meet
      • The researchers expectation in terms of information
      • that will be obtained. The objective of pretest is to
      • identify and correct deficiencies.
      • Two approaches may be used.
      • 1) Debriefing approach
      • 2) Protocol approach
      Pretesting and Correcting problems
      • 1) Variations
      • 2) Meaning
      • 3) Task difficulty
      • 4) Respondent’s interest and attention
      • 5) Flow of questionnaire
      • 6) Skip pattern
      • 7) Length
      Objectives of Pretest (to find out)
      • Sent through mail/physical presence
      • Cost of data collection
      • Case of non-response
      • Identity of the Respondent
      • Speed of administration
      • Clarifications
      • Personal contact
      • Suitability of diverse sampling
      • Risk of collecting information
      • Degree of success depends on
      Questionnaires vs Schedules
      • Clearly identify the problem of study
      • Identify nature of information sought, sample, kind of analysis
      • Rough draft to be prepared and need proper sequencing of questions
      • Technical defects to be rectified and if required redraft it
      • Pretesting / Pilot study
      • Questions should be simple with straightforward directions
      Guidelines for Constructing questionnaires / Schedules