Click to edit the title text format




Новый взгляд
на современные
системы
Владимир Овчинников
Системный инженер
Sun Micr...
CMT-
серверы

          2
Зак Мура:
Закон Мура: количество транзисторов на
 Закон
кристалле удваивается каждые два года
Relative Performance




   ...
Производительность памяти отстает от
      производительности процессоров
                10000
                          ...
Однопотоковые вычисления
Up to 85% Cycles Waiting for Memory
                                                          HUR...
Многопотоковость
или“Прохладные потоки” -
CoolThreads
  Single Threaded
         Performance                              ...
Chip Multi-Threading – много
                       потоков на одном кристалле
Relative Performance




                  ...
4 потока х 8 ядер = UltraSPARC T1
                                Memory
                                Latency

 Core-1 ...
SPARC Enterprise
Click to edit the title text format   • Extreme Rackmount Density
               T1000                   ...
• UltraSPARC T1 @ 1.2 or 1.4 Ghz
SPARCthe title text format
Click to edit Enterprise                 > 4, 6 or 8 core vers...
Новый технологический процесс –
            еще больше много потоков на ядро
                                             ...
SPARC edit the title text format
 Click to Enterprise T5120           • 1 chassis, 26.5” depth
                           ...
SPARC edit the title text format
 Click to Enterprise T5220           • 2 RU chassis, 26.5” depth
                        ...
Each Coherency Link 6.4GBytes/s per direction, 12.8GB/s total
                                       •
    Click to edit t...
Sun SPARC Enterprise
     T5140/T5240                        Continues to offer N2/T5120/T5220
                           ...
Sun SPARC Enterprise                  New features include:
        T5440                          • More capacity:
      ...
Sun и Intel – родственность
        технологий


• многоядерные процессоры
• многопроцессорные системы
• контроллер операт...
Blade-
серверы

          18
Sun Blade 6000
Click to edit the title text format • Chassis
                                     >   10 RU, 24” deep
    ...
Passive Midplane
                                       Front – Server Module                                             ...
21
Passive Midplane Data Interfaces



                                                               thernet E
          ...
CMT Blades
Best for Business Infrastructure
 Free Virtualization and
 Wire-Speed Encryption
 • Sun Blade T6320
 • 3x more ...
AMD Blades
Best Business Virtualization Platform

 • Sun Blade X6240
 • Ideal blade for core IT
   infrastructure apps
 • ...
Intel Blades
Best Scalability and Compute Density
 • Sun Blade X6270:
 ●
     Best business blades, ideal
     for single ...
Gigabit Ethernet Pass-through NEM
Midplane connectors


The Gigabit Ethernet


                            Blade 9



    ...
PCI Express ExpressModules




• EMs available from Sun:        • Future EMs:
  > Dual-port GbE EM               > Quad-po...
Старый
новый способ
  хранения
   данных
           27
Почему приложения тормозят




                             28
Современные жесткие диски
               Enterprise HDD
               > 180 Write IOPS
               > 320 Read IOPS
   ...
Традиционное решение
      проблемы
             Увеличение
             объема кеша




                           30
Традиционное решение
      проблемы
         - большое
         количество дисков
         - запись на внешние
         (б...
Новые возможности хранения
         данных
            • Enterprise SSD
            > 7,000 Write IOPS
            > 35,00...
Что внутри Enterprise SSD




                            33
Похожий на обычный диск ...




                              34
... или на модуль оперативной
            памяти




                                35
... или на RAID-контроллер

                Super Capacitor
                                  Internal SAS
               ...
Новые серверы Compute

с использованием     2x Intel Xeon 5500-series
               ●


               ●     18x DDR3-133...
Нам не
нужны такие
  мощные
 серверы!
              38
Спасение – в
виртуализации


                39
Industry Leading Server Virtualization
 Hard Partitions                 Virtual Machines            OS Virtualization     ...
Logical Domains Technology
   • Virtualization and partitioning of machine resources
       > Each domain is a full virtua...
Driving Innovation at Every Level:
UltraSPARC® T2 Plus Processor
Third-generation CMT Processors Pack 128 Systems into a s...
Click to edit the title text format




Новый взгляд
на современные
системы
Владимир Овчинников
Системный инженер
Sun Micr...
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Sun Microsystems

  1. 1. Click to edit the title text format Новый взгляд на современные системы Владимир Овчинников Системный инженер Sun Microsystems 1
  2. 2. CMT- серверы 2
  3. 3. Зак Мура: Закон Мура: количество транзисторов на Закон кристалле удваивается каждые два года Relative Performance 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 3
  4. 4. Производительность памяти отстает от производительности процессоров 10000 2x Every CPU Frequency Two Years Relative Performance DRAM Speeds 1000 Gap 100 10 2x Every Six Years 1 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 4
  5. 5. Однопотоковые вычисления Up to 85% Cycles Waiting for Memory HURRY Single Threaded UP AND Performance WAIT! Typical Processor Utilization:15–25% Thread C M C M C M T Memory Latency Compute ime 5
  6. 6. Многопотоковость или“Прохладные потоки” - CoolThreads Single Threaded Performance Chip Multi-threaded (CMT) Performance Processor Utilization: Up to 85% Thread 4 C M C M C M Thread 3 C M C M C M Thread 2 C M C M C M Thread 1 C M C M C M T Memory Latency Compute ime 6
  7. 7. Chip Multi-Threading – много потоков на одном кристалле Relative Performance 7
  8. 8. 4 потока х 8 ядер = UltraSPARC T1 Memory Latency Core-1 Thread 4 Thread 3 Compute Thread 2 Thread 1 Thread 4 Core-2 Thread 3 Thread 2 Thread 1 Thread 4 Core-3 Thread 3 Thread 2 Thread 1 Thread 4 Thread 3 Core-4 Thread 2 Thread 1 Thread 4 Thread 3 Core-5 Thread 2 Thread 1 Thread 4 Thread 3 Core-6 Thread 2 Thread 1 Thread 4 Thread 3 Thread 2 Core-7 Thread 1 Thread 4 Thread 3 Thread 2 Core-8 Thread 1 Time 8
  9. 9. SPARC Enterprise Click to edit the title text format • Extreme Rackmount Density T1000 > 1RU chassis, 19” depth Network Infrastructure Workhorse > Up to 16 GB DDR2 memory • UltraSPARC T1 processor > 6 or 8 cores @ 1 Ghz > 4 Gb Ethernet ports Expansive web access tier: • Simple, Reliable Design Web Server > 1 S-ATA 3.5” disk drive Identity/Directory Server > 1 PCI-E expansion slot Portal Server, • Low Cost/High Efficiency App Integration, > Under 180 watts typical Index, Search, > Diskless configs available Edge / Network Node > Single power supply 9
  10. 10. • UltraSPARC T1 @ 1.2 or 1.4 Ghz SPARCthe title text format Click to edit Enterprise > 4, 6 or 8 core versions T2000 • Rackmount Dense > 2RU chassis, 24.4” depth The Application Engine > Up to 64* GB DDR-2 Memory • High Reliability > Hot Plug, Redundant Power Supplies & Fans > RAID • Expandable > 3 PCI-E, 1 or 2 PCI-X slots > 4x SAS/SATA 2.5” disk drives with Java Application Servers, Enterprise RAID 0,1 Application Servers (ERP, CRM), Web > Optional DVD drive Tier Consolidation > 2 USB ports – • Low Power/ Low TCO > <325 watts power typical 10
  11. 11. Новый технологический процесс – еще больше много потоков на ядро • Up to 8 cores @1.2GHz or 1.4GHz FB DIMM FB DIMM FB DIMM FB DIMM • Up to 64 threads per CPU FB DIMM FB DIMM FB DIMM FB DIMM • Up to 16 FB-DIMMs, 4 memory controllers Relative Performance > Up to 64GB memory (4GB DIMMs) MC MC MC MC U U U U > 2.5x memory BW of UltraSPARC T1 L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ • 8 x fully pipelined Floating Point units / Full Cross Bar core, 1 per core C0 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 • Dual 10Gbit Ethernet and PCI-E FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU integrated onto chip MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU DMA Sub-System • 4MB L2 (8 banks) 16 way associative • Enhanced MAU/Security co-processor NIU Sys I/F per core PCI-E (E-net+) Buffer Switch Core • Advanced Power saving features Power ~95W <1.5W/thread • 65nm process technology 2x 10GE Ethernet 11
  12. 12. SPARC edit the title text format Click to Enterprise T5120 • 1 chassis, 26.5” depth • Up to 8 cores @1.4GHz > Up to 64 threads • 16 FB-DIMM memory slots > 128GB of memory, (8GB DIMMs) • 4 hot plug SATA/SAS 2.5” disk • Optimized for best price / drive (Raid 0,1) performance & performance / watt • Redundant, hot-swappable PSUs and Fans • Scale-Out of web & network • 3 PCI-E expansion slots infrastructure (2 x 10 GBE I/0 slots) • 4 x 1GbE Ethernet as standard • Direct replacement of • 4 USB ports T1000/T2000 12
  13. 13. SPARC edit the title text format Click to Enterprise T5220 • 2 RU chassis, 26.5” depth • Up to 8 cores @1.4GHz > Up to 64 threads • 16 FB-DIMM memory slots > 128GB of memory, (8GB DIMMs) • 8 hot plug SATA/SAS 2.5” disk drive (Raid 0,1) • Optimized for best price / • Redundant, hot-swappable PSUs performance & performance / watt and Fans • Scale-Out of web & network • 6 PCI-E expansion slots (2 x 10 GBE I/0 slots) infrastructure • 4 x 1GbE Ethernet as standard • Direct replacement of • 4 USB ports T1000/T2000 13
  14. 14. Each Coherency Link 6.4GBytes/s per direction, 12.8GB/s total • Click to edit the title text format Per Socket 4 x Coherency links give Snoop bandwidth of 51.2GB/s > Up to 8 cores @1.2GHz or 1.4GHz FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM > Up to 64 Threads per socket 4x FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM Coherency > 4MB L2$ 8 banks x 16 Way SA Links > Up to 8 FPU's, 1 per core MCU MCU > Up to 8 Crypto cores, 1 per core CU CU CU CU > 2 memory Controllers, 16 DIMMS L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ > 25Read+13WriteGB/s Memory BW Full Cross Bar > One x8 PCIe interface CO C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU • Per system MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU > 2 sockets glue-less > 4 sockets using UST2 Plus XBR System I/F PCI-Express > 16 or 32 PCIe lanes on 2 or 4 x8 @2.5GHz Socket systems SSI Bus Power ~105W 4GBytes/s • 65nm process technology <1.5W/thread bi-directional 14
  15. 15. Sun SPARC Enterprise T5140/T5240 Continues to offer N2/T5120/T5220 values: • Security – embedded crypto • Networking – on-board 10GbE (not on- chip) • Floating Point – FPU per core • High Reliability – hot-plug HDD, • Expanding the CMT line to include redundant/hot-swap PSU and fans, low total part count multi-processor systems New features include: • First Victoria Falls based platform • More capacity: > 2 VF processors per system • 4/6/8 cores per CPU - Up to 128 > More PCI-E IO lanes (all slots x8) threads > 8-disk 1U and 16-disk 2U configs available • Twice the threads of T5120/T5220 in > Up to 32 DIMMs in the 2U the same footprint • Enhanced Virtualization: > 128 isolated OS instances utilizing • Memory capacity at RR of up to 64GB LDOMs (1U) or 128GB (2U), FB-DIMM 15
  16. 16. Sun SPARC Enterprise New features include: T5440 • More capacity: > 4 VF processors per system > 1.2 and 1.4 GHz offerings > 6 or 8 cores per CPU > 8 PCI-E slots (all slots x8) > Scaling CMT to New Heights > Two intended for graphics > 4 sockets / 256 threads > Two shared with XAUI > Up to 512GB Memory > Up to 64 DIMMs slots > Up to 28 x PCI-E slots (with 2 I/O > 256 GB with 4 GB DIMMs Boxes) • Enhanced Virtualization: > 128 isolated OS instances > Extends T5120/T5220 and utilizing LDOMs T5140/T5240 proposals > Electronic Prognostics > Monitors internal sensors to anticipate failures 16
  17. 17. Sun и Intel – родственность технологий • многоядерные процессоры • многопроцессорные системы • контроллер оперативной памяти на одном кристалле с процессором • скоростная шина обмена данными • встроенная поддержка технологий виртуализации 17
  18. 18. Blade- серверы 18
  19. 19. Sun Blade 6000 Click to edit the title text format • Chassis > 10 RU, 24” deep > 6000W (N+N grid redundant) > Service Processor/CMM > 2 PCI-E Express modules/blade > 2 NEMs • Up to 10 Blades > AMD Opteron dual socket > Intel Xeon dual/quad socket > Niagara T2 single socket 19
  20. 20. Passive Midplane Front – Server Module Rear – NEM, EM and and Power Supply Connectors Rear Fan Module Connectors PCI-E ExpressModule Connectors to Server Server Module power connectors Front Panel LED control board ● Server Module I/O connectors ● Network Express Module connectors ● Network Express Modules ● Each NEM provides: ● Two PCI Express x8 interfaces or CMM connector ● To every Server Module ● Two XAUI interfaces (GbE, FC or IB) ● PCI Express x8 interface or ● Serial Attached SCSI links (4 total) ● XAUI interface (GbE, FC or IB) ● Gigabit Ethernet links (2 total) Serial Attached SCSI links (2 total) Modules ● ● PCI ExpressModules ● Gigabit Ethernet link (1 total) ● Two PCI Express x8 interfaces ● CMM Ethernet link ● Service Processor Ethernet link ● I2C Network 20 ● I2C Network
  21. 21. 21 Passive Midplane Data Interfaces thernet E rocessor E x8 Service P PCI- x8 -E AUI I PC or X net E x8 r PCI- bit Ethe a Gig SAS AUI o r X net E x8 r PCI- bit Ethe a Gig AS S
  22. 22. CMT Blades Best for Business Infrastructure Free Virtualization and Wire-Speed Encryption • Sun Blade T6320 • 3x more I/O throughput T6320 T6340 than IBM Sockets 1 2 • 2x more memory than IBM 8 Core 2X UltraSPARC T2+ CPU • Sun Blade T6340 UltraSPARC T2 with 16 Core Memory Up to 128 GB Up to 256 GB • 5x more core density than HP On-Chip 10 GbE Yes No 2X PCIe 1.0 X8, 2X PCIe 1.0 X8, • 2x more memory than HP PCle I/O 2X Pcle X4 2X Pcle X4 • Industry’s most flexible I/O • Pre-installed cost free Solaris 10 and LDom 22
  23. 23. AMD Blades Best Business Virtualization Platform • Sun Blade X6240 • Ideal blade for core IT infrastructure apps • 2.7x more I/O throughput X6240 X6440 and 2x more memory Sockets 2 4 than HP Six-Core or Quad-core Six-Core or Quad-core CPU • Sun Blade X6440 AMD Opterons AMD Opterons • Ideal blade for core business Memory Up to 128 GB Up to 256 GB applications requiring I/O virtualization Throughput 142 Gb/s 142 Gb/s • Industry’s leading I/O throughput and leading memory capacity 23
  24. 24. Intel Blades Best Scalability and Compute Density • Sun Blade X6270: ● Best business blades, ideal for single demanding or multiple virtualized business workloads X6270 X6275 ● Up to 2x more hot plug storage ● Up to 4x the I/O throughput Sockets 2 2 per node/4 total (270Gb/s) Four-Core Intel® Xeon® Four-Core Intel® Xeon® CPU Processor 5500 Series Processor 5500 Series • Sun Blade X6275: ● On-board IB or standard Ethernet Memory Up to 144 GB (18 DDR3 DIMMs) Up to 96 GB per node/ 192 GB total (24 DDR3 DIMMs) ● Industry TOP HPC blade with I/O unmatched capabilities Throughput Up to 270 Gb/s Up to 129 Gb/s per node ● Up to 9 TFLOPS peak performance ● Leading density - 2x compute nodes in a single blade ● End-to-End Quad Data Rate IB 24
  25. 25. Gigabit Ethernet Pass-through NEM Midplane connectors The Gigabit Ethernet Blade 9 Blade 7 Blade 2 Blade 1 Blade 8 Blade 6 Blade 5 Blade 4 Blade 3 Blade 0 pass-through NEM provides connectivity to external network switches which allow Server Module communications to the outside External Network Ports 25
  26. 26. PCI Express ExpressModules • EMs available from Sun: • Future EMs: > Dual-port GbE EM > Quad-port Gb EM > Dual-port 4Gbps > 10GbE EM FiberChannel EM > Quad-port FC-AL > Dual-port 4X InfiniBand EM 26
  27. 27. Старый новый способ хранения данных 27
  28. 28. Почему приложения тормозят 28
  29. 29. Современные жесткие диски Enterprise HDD > 180 Write IOPS > 320 Read IOPS > 300 GB > ~18W 29
  30. 30. Традиционное решение проблемы Увеличение объема кеша 30
  31. 31. Традиционное решение проблемы - большое количество дисков - запись на внешние (более быстрые) дорожки 31
  32. 32. Новые возможности хранения данных • Enterprise SSD > 7,000 Write IOPS > 35,000 Read IOPS > 32GB > ~3W 32
  33. 33. Что внутри Enterprise SSD 33
  34. 34. Похожий на обычный диск ... 34
  35. 35. ... или на модуль оперативной памяти 35
  36. 36. ... или на RAID-контроллер Super Capacitor Internal SAS Connectors (SFF 8087) Flash Modules 36
  37. 37. Новые серверы Compute с использованием 2x Intel Xeon 5500-series ● ● 18x DDR3-1333 RDIMMs SSD ● 144 GB Max (RR + 90 days) ● 72 GB Max at RR I/O ● 3/6x PCIe Gen 2 slots (1 x16, 2 x8) ● 8/16 x SFF SAS & SATA drives ● 8/16 SAS/SATA HDDs/SSDs (w/ HBA) ● 6/12 SATA HDDs/SSDs (w/o HBA) ● Internal CompactFlash and USB ● 4x on-board Gigabit Ethernet ports Availability ● Hot-swap disks ● HW RAID 0,1,5,6,10,50,60 (w/ HBA) ● Hot-swap redundant 750W PSUs ● Hot-swap redundant fans Management ● Integrated LOM Service Processor 37
  38. 38. Нам не нужны такие мощные серверы! 38
  39. 39. Спасение – в виртуализации 39
  40. 40. Industry Leading Server Virtualization Hard Partitions Virtual Machines OS Virtualization Resource Management App Server Database Identity Server File Server Web Server Mail Server Calendar Server Database Web Server SunRay Server Database App Server App OS Server Multiple OSs Single OS Trend to flexibility Trend to isolation Dynamic System Solaris Resource Sun xVM Solaris Containers Domains (Zones + SRM) Manager > Very High RAS (LDoms and Xen) (SRM) > Very Scalable VMware Solaris Trusted > Very scalable and low overhead > Mature Technology Microsoft Extensions > Single OS to manage > Ability to run different Virtual Server Solaris Containers for Linux Applications > Fine grained resource OS versions management 40
  41. 41. Logical Domains Technology • Virtualization and partitioning of machine resources > Each domain is a full virtual machine, with a dynamically reconfigurable sub-set of machine resources, and its own independent OS > Protection & isolation via SPARC hardware and hypervisor firmware LDom A LDom B LDom C LDom D OS Environment of choice Linux FreeBSD LDoms Manager Hypervisor CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU Platform Memory Memory Memory Memory Hardware I/O I/O 41
  42. 42. Driving Innovation at Every Level: UltraSPARC® T2 Plus Processor Third-generation CMT Processors Pack 128 Systems into a single 4RU package Sun started the multithreaded revolution in 2005, and is still the industry leader, with more threads per core than anyone else 42
  43. 43. Click to edit the title text format Новый взгляд на современные системы Владимир Овчинников Системный инженер Sun Microsystems 43
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