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India's Nationalism

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  • 1. By: JESSICA ESTRADA & MARIA ZAMORA
  • 2. INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
    • Were not allowed to advance to high positions in government service or to become officers in the army.
    • Indian lawyers and professionals formed the Indian National Congress
    • Members of the organization belonged to various religions and came from all parts of India
    • 1905, the British divided the state of Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections
    • propelled by its legacy as the flagship of India's Independence Movement
    Rise of Indian Nationalism :
  • 3.
    • Stand for ; Bharatiya Janata Party
    • employs a more aggressively nationalistic expression
    • seeks to defend the culture and heritage of India and the majority of its people, the Hindu population
    • Ties nationalism with the aggressive defense of India's borders and interests against archrivals China and Pakistan, with the defense of the majority's right to be a majority
    The B.J.P.
  • 4. PAKISTAN
    • Great deal of conflict within the various Muslim communities as to how to best function within the complex political and cultural mosaic that defines Indian politics in India today
    • Creation of Pakistan has created a deep identity crisis for Muslim Indian
    • Hindus in India bitterly resent the fact that their motherland was, allegedly, divided by Muslims to gain their own land
    • Often turns against Indian Muslims
    • The BJP seeks to defend the culture and heritage of India and the majority of its people, the Hindu population.
  • 5. TENSION AND RIOTS
    • Widespread riots in Gujarat targeting the Muslim population, which were seen by many to have been encouraged (or even orchestrated) by the incumbent BJP State government.
    • Destabilized the national government
    • Exposed the tension between a populist nationalist program and the upholding of acceptable limits of tolerance and democratic behavior.
  • 6.
    • Indian supporters of The Student Federation of India (SFI) shout anti-government slogans as they burn an effigy of Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Siliguri
    • India's government has raised fuel prices to stem huge losses at state oil firms caused by surging crude costs, raising the prospect of a voter backlash. Petrol prices were increased by 11 percent or five rupees
    Riots Continue!!
  • 7.
    • Supporters of hardline Hindu group Shiv Sena shout slogans during a protest in the western Indian city of Ahmedabad in 2008
    • Hundreds of Shiv Sena activists protested against the non-inclusion of Hindus in the relief package
    • The Godhr carnage sparked statewide riots in India's western Indian state of Gujarat killing nearly 1,000 people, mainly Muslims.
    And more Riots...
  • 8. Hindu Nationalism
    • The British crown had direct rule over India
    • When World War I broke out in 1914, Britain declared that India was also at war with Germany. Indian troops fought in many parts of the world. In return for support, the British promised more reforms and agreed to let Indians have a greater role in political affairs  protests against British continued
    • After WW1 Gandhi and his followers directed an all India drive that forced British out giving them freedom in 1947
    • He used his faith if Hinduism which stands for “unity in diversity”
    • Hinduism never tried to spread hatred towards any religion;
    • Their philosophy of Sarva dharma samabhava means equality for all religions
  • 9. MOHANDAS K. GANDHI
    • Mohandas K. Gandhi had become a leader in the Indian independence movement and in the Indian National Congress, which had become the most important Indian political organization.
    • Gandhi persuaded the Congress to adopt his program of nonviolent disobedience, also known as nonviolent non co-operation
    • Gandhi's program asked Indians to boycott British goods, to refuse to pay taxes, and to stop using British schools, courts, and government services
  • 10. FOLLOWERS OF GANDHI
    • As a result, some Indians gave up well-paying jobs that required them to cooperate with the British.
    • Gandhi changed the Indian National Congress from a small party of educated men to a mass party with millions of followers
  • 11. Super-Cyclone Exposes Pretense Of India's Nationalism
    • Cyclone Aila hit Orissa in 1999, leaving massive destruction
    • as well as many dead bodies lying around!!!!!
    • The society didn’t want to help out the government to
    • get rid of the bodies, and it
    • became a problem for south India.
    • The BJP government and Orissa’s government started
    • fighting over the sharing of the aid- money
  • 12. Cyclone continued.....
    • government finally
    • released funds, but only as an
    • advance next to the state's
    • normal part of national taxes.
    • The picture above
    • shows the decaying
    • Bodies and people just
    • standing around not
    • doing anything!!!
  • 13. India's Future with Nationalism
    • I predict that India will still have some difficulties between
    • the Muslims and Hindu, and will still be heading into many riots.
    • Also that Gandhi's teachings and beliefs will still be used
    • for political reasons
  • 14. THE END !!!