Example: “I am preparing a bomb, which will blow the old goat higher than hell” (Catbird Seat; Thurber, 5).
A near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds followed by different vowel sounds.
Example: home, same; worth, breath.
Pedestrian vs. Pedantic
Everyday language vs. borish inflated language
Example: “Each of these files plays an indispensable part in the system of F&S.” vs. “Well don’t tear up the pea patch!” (The Catbird Seat; Thurber, 2).
Represents the plain language of everyday use, and often includes slang, contractions, and many simple, common words.
Example: “What’s up dude.”
Consists of an impersonal and elevated use of language and is often characterized by complex words.
Example: “How are you.”
Euphonious vs. Cacophonous
Pleasant sounding vs. harsh sounding
Ex. Her singing voice was euphonious, she did not hit a wrong note
Ex. The cacophonous music coming from the band room was painful to those who passed by.
Literal vs. Figurative
Accurate without embellishments vs. comparison creating a pictorial effect
Ex. She is as pretty as a rose.
Figurative language that has lost its freshness and clarity
Ex. “Doesn’t even lift a finger”
For Esme ~ J.D. Salinger
Denotative vs. Connotative
Exact meaning vs. suggested, emotional meaning
“ What is a name. That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.”
Romeo and Juliet
Hyperbole (overstated) vs. Understated
Deliberate exaggeration of facts vs. deliberate misrepresentation of less
Ex. “I’d become addicted to reading bulletin boards.”
For Esme ~ J.D. Salinger
Regional or provincial
Vernacular speech sometimes humorous, exaggerated, or shortened for effect
Ex. Cool, awesome, fun, dope
Specific to a field or profession
Ex. Football jargon: tackle, fumble, blitz, field goal, touch down
Repetition of initial consonate sound in closely associated words
Ex. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
Ex. No nonsense near noon
Ex. Opposites only open oppositely
Objective/Subjective Diction • Objective diction is impersonal diction that is without emotion. • Subjective Diction is diction that shows emotion and is personal. Ex: “Lissa was full-out crying now, her face buried in my shoulder.” -This Lullaby , Sarah Dessen
Mono/Poly Syllabic Diction
Mono syllabic diction is diction using one syllable.
Ex: “big blonder hair.”- This Lullaby , Sarah Dessen
• Poly syllabic diction is diction using more than one syllable.
Active/ Passive Diction
Active diction is diction that states action.
Ex: “She laughed louder than ever.”- The Catbird Seat ,
• Passive diction is diction that states being.
Concrete diction is giving a description of something specific and tangible.
Ex. “Sitting in his apartment, drinking a glass of milk.”
- The Catbird Seat , James Thurber
• Abstract Diction is showing something that is conceptional and philisophical.
An assonance is the repetition of a similar vowel sound in closely associated words.
Ex. “Hear the mellow wedding bells.” -Edgar Allen Poe “The Bells”