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Group 2 Project <ul><li>Mary Toole </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Brennan </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Wilkie </li></ul>
<ul><li>St. Paul’s Letter to the Ephesians </li></ul>
Or is it St. Paul’s Letter  ?
<ul><li>‘authorship’ in the time of Paul </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actually writes the letter himself </li></ul></ul></ul>...
<ul><ul><li>In favor of St. Paul as author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the Captivity Epistles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Reasons for Deutero-Pauline Document <ul><li>Deutero-Pauline document </li></ul><ul><li>Ephesians 2:19-20 </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Was this letter written to Ephesus? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Differences from undisputed Pauline Letters  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>The words “in Ephesus” are in brackets  </li></ul><ul><li>in Eph 1:1 </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks reference to a partic...
 
<ul><li>Theories about the intended audience  </li></ul><ul><li>are without proof </li></ul><ul><li>What is certain is: </...
<ul><li>“so that we might exist for praise of his glory,  we  who first hoped in Christ.  In him  you  also, have heard th...
<ul><li>When and Where was Ephesians written? </li></ul>
<ul><li>For those who argue that Paul wrote this </li></ul><ul><li>letter  - </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>late in Paul’s care...
<ul><li>Nature and Purpose of the Letter </li></ul>
<ul><li>Some theories include: </li></ul><ul><li>To recognize that the tense relations  </li></ul><ul><li>between Gentile ...
<ul><li>It was written to respond to a particular </li></ul><ul><li>group of false teachers, a view that is </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Ephesians concentrates on the identity of </li></ul><ul><li>the church.  </li></ul><ul><li>The universal church ex...
Literary Style
<ul><li>A Letter </li></ul><ul><li>An encyclical – circular letter </li></ul>
<ul><li>Ephesians follows the pattern of a  </li></ul><ul><li>Greco-Roman letter beginning with an </li></ul><ul><li>addre...
<ul><li>These elements enclose the body of the  </li></ul><ul><li>letter (1:15-6:20) which presents a </li></ul><ul><li>te...
Letter Outline
<ul><li>Address  (1:1-14) </li></ul><ul><li>Body of letter  (1:15-6:20)  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The teaching of the...
Two Major Impressions in Contrast
<ul><li>Attention to the Church in form as the fulfillment </li></ul><ul><li>of God’s plan for salvation </li></ul><ul><li...
Most General of all Letters <ul><li>There is an impersonal tone lacking any personal greetings to a place that he had live...
Awkward Areas
<ul><li>1:1 of some translations include the word </li></ul><ul><li>“ and” (kai) what is generally given as “to </li></ul>...
<ul><li>There is the possibility of the two places  </li></ul><ul><li>being named, being deleted and the  </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Some Aspects Possibly indicate the letter being written after Paul’s death by a follower of Paul </li></ul>
<ul><li>Written in long sentences with many  </li></ul><ul><li>“ participle clauses and prepositional  </li></ul><ul><li>p...
<ul><li>Ephesians reflects a setting possibly latter than Paul’s life.  Gone is the struggle over the admission of Gentile...
<ul><li>Letters to Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon are looked at together for a number of reasons </li></ul>
<ul><li>Destination – Asia </li></ul><ul><li>All 3 written when Paul was imprisoned – </li></ul><ul><li>“ Captivity Letter...
Language of Ephesians <ul><li>Similar to Paul’s other writings </li></ul><ul><li>Has a number of new words and phrases </l...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in the heavenly realm (1:3) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>His Beloved (1:6) </li></ul><...
Hapex Legomena <ul><li>More than 80 words not found in other Pauline letters occur in Ephesians </li></ul><ul><li>4 are fo...
<ul><li>Some words are derived from roots used   by the Apostle   and in comparing these hapex legomena one with the other...
Most Pauline letters contain fewer verbs than nouns <ul><li>In Ephesians the ratio of verbs to nouns </li></ul><ul><li>is ...
<ul><li>There are thoughts  – that various sections of the letter have been edited over the years.  The current translatio...
<ul><li>Like Colossians, the two (2) letters share the same broad shape, with a first part that is doctrinal and a second ...
<ul><li>They share a remarkable amount of wording although the common words are combined in different ways. </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Since Paul is not writing to a specific congregation, he does not begin with a prayer that categorizes their spiri...
<ul><li>Different words are used for familiar Pauline expressions (e.g. the use of the word “devil” in 4:27) </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Ephesians has many parallels with Paul’s earlier letters suggesting that Ephesians is the work of a person who kne...
<ul><li>Col  2)  “S”  3) Col (1)  4)  Paul </li></ul><ul><li>Eph  Col  Eph  Eph  Col  Eph </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Major Themes in Ephesians </li></ul>
<ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Church Unity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct of Christians </li></ul...
<ul><li>Church Unity </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jewish Christians vs Gentile Christians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Conduct of Christians </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct of non-Christian Gentiles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul...
Conduct  of non-Christian Gentiles <ul><li>Eph 4:17-25 </li></ul><ul><li>Licentious behavior, deceit, giving in to </li></...
Actions of Christians in imitation of Christ <ul><li>Eph 4:25-32 </li></ul><ul><li>Rules for new life </li></ul><ul><ul><u...
Importance of Prayer <ul><li>Pray constantly </li></ul><ul><li>Just how should we do this? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Christ </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mystery of predestination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eph 1:4 </l...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Christian wisdom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eph 1:17-19 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><ul><li>Riches of Christ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assets of followers and  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Members of one  another </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thr...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual warfare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eph 6:12-17 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><u...
Controversy in Ephesians
<ul><li>Eph 5:21 – 33 </li></ul><ul><li>Eph 6:1 – 9 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Household codes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul...
<ul><li>Thoughts ? </li></ul><ul><li>Questions ? </li></ul>
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Ephesian Slides

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  • Paul spent two years in Ephesus. So why is he not writing a more personal note?
  • Transcript of "Ephesian Slides"

    1. 1. Group 2 Project <ul><li>Mary Toole </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Brennan </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Wilkie </li></ul>
    2. 2. <ul><li>St. Paul’s Letter to the Ephesians </li></ul>
    3. 3. Or is it St. Paul’s Letter ?
    4. 4. <ul><li>‘authorship’ in the time of Paul </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actually writes the letter himself </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dictates letter to a secretary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gives the gist of what is to be said </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to a secretary, the secretary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>composes the letter (ghost writer) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><ul><li>In favor of St. Paul as author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the Captivity Epistles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts 28:16-31 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addressing only members of Gentle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>origin whom he did not know </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>personally and were converted and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>baptized after his final departure from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the city </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Reasons for Deutero-Pauline Document <ul><li>Deutero-Pauline document </li></ul><ul><li>Ephesians 2:19-20 </li></ul><ul><li>E. J. Goodspeed </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish Christian member of Pauline </li></ul><ul><li>Community (Eph 2:11-22) </li></ul><ul><li>No reference to the atoning death of </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus or the nearness of His Parousia </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Was this letter written to Ephesus? </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Differences from undisputed Pauline Letters </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literary style </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time in Church History later than </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paul </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gentile equality in Christian </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fellowship is no longer a controversy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universal Church </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>The words “in Ephesus” are in brackets </li></ul><ul><li>in Eph 1:1 </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks reference to a particular </li></ul><ul><li>community </li></ul><ul><li>Since Paul spent two years in Ephesus, </li></ul><ul><li>why not a more personal note? </li></ul><ul><li>(Acts 19:10) </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the letter is written to churches </li></ul><ul><li>in a wide region. </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Theories about the intended audience </li></ul><ul><li>are without proof </li></ul><ul><li>What is certain is: </li></ul><ul><li>The recipients were predominantly </li></ul><ul><li>Gentiles </li></ul><ul><li>Eph 2:11 “Remember that at one time </li></ul><ul><li>you, Gentiles in the flesh, …” </li></ul><ul><li>The author sometimes distinguishes </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish Christian associated with the </li></ul><ul><li>author FROM the Gentile recipients. </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>“so that we might exist for praise of his glory, we who first hoped in Christ. In him you also, have heard the word of truth …” Eph 1:12 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We = Jewish Christians </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You = Gentile recipients </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>When and Where was Ephesians written? </li></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>For those who argue that Paul wrote this </li></ul><ul><li>letter - </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>late in Paul’s career, probably </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>while Paul was in prison in Rome </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>For those in favor of deutero-Pauline </li></ul><ul><li>authorship – </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>around the time Colossians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>was written since Ephesians has a </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>close connection with Colossians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>dated probably C.E. 80-90 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>impossible to determine where it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>was composed </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>Nature and Purpose of the Letter </li></ul>
    15. 16. <ul><li>Some theories include: </li></ul><ul><li>To recognize that the tense relations </li></ul><ul><li>between Gentile and Jewish Christians </li></ul><ul><li>was a thing of the past </li></ul><ul><li>To summarize and interpret Paul’s </li></ul><ul><li>teaching for a new generation. The </li></ul><ul><li>recipients of Ephesians should hear </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s voice, feel his presence and gain </li></ul><ul><li>his direction (Goodspeed) </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>It was written to respond to a particular </li></ul><ul><li>group of false teachers, a view that is </li></ul><ul><li>difficult to support. </li></ul><ul><li>Clinton Arnold (1989) holds that the </li></ul><ul><li>location of the letter is Asia Minor, a </li></ul><ul><li>center for magical practices. Argues the </li></ul><ul><li>recipients of Ephesians felt threatened by </li></ul><ul><li>the influence of hostile spiritual powers </li></ul><ul><li>and the author of the letter is reassuring </li></ul><ul><li>the recipients of the supremacy of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>over all such powers </li></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>Ephesians concentrates on the identity of </li></ul><ul><li>the church. </li></ul><ul><li>The universal church exists on the basis </li></ul><ul><li>of what God has accomplished through </li></ul><ul><li>Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Ephesians establishes peace, love and </li></ul><ul><li>unity as priorities of the church. </li></ul>
    18. 19. Literary Style
    19. 20. <ul><li>A Letter </li></ul><ul><li>An encyclical – circular letter </li></ul>
    20. 21. <ul><li>Ephesians follows the pattern of a </li></ul><ul><li>Greco-Roman letter beginning with an </li></ul><ul><li>address (1:1-14) and ending with a </li></ul><ul><li>conclusion (6:21-24) </li></ul><ul><li>It also follows a Pauline letter pattern </li></ul><ul><li>with an initial blessing or prayer in the </li></ul><ul><li>address and a conclusion adapted to a </li></ul><ul><li>liturgical assembly </li></ul>
    21. 22. <ul><li>These elements enclose the body of the </li></ul><ul><li>letter (1:15-6:20) which presents a </li></ul><ul><li>teaching or doctrine on the church and </li></ul><ul><li>then applies this teaching to the daily life </li></ul><ul><li>of believers. Ephesians deals not so </li></ul><ul><li>much with a congregation in Ephesus as </li></ul><ul><li>with the worldwide church. </li></ul>
    22. 23. Letter Outline
    23. 24. <ul><li>Address (1:1-14) </li></ul><ul><li>Body of letter (1:15-6:20) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The teaching of the Church </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(1:15-4:24) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unity of the Church (1:15-4:24) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>World Mission of the Church </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(3:1-6:20) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical Applications (4:25-6:20) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion (6:22-24) </li></ul>
    24. 25. Two Major Impressions in Contrast
    25. 26. <ul><li>Attention to the Church in form as the fulfillment </li></ul><ul><li>of God’s plan for salvation </li></ul><ul><li>The usual Pauline Letter body is changed - </li></ul><ul><li>between its “letter” opening (1:1-2) and </li></ul><ul><li>closing (6:21-24) it has two long parts </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An expansion of the usual thanks- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>giving section (1:3-3:21) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An area of ethical exhortation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(4:1-6:20) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Thus the former tells of their privileges as members and the latter of the conduct required of members of the first. </li></ul>
    26. 27. Most General of all Letters <ul><li>There is an impersonal tone lacking any personal greetings to a place that he had lived for 2+ years. </li></ul>
    27. 28. Awkward Areas
    28. 29. <ul><li>1:1 of some translations include the word </li></ul><ul><li>“ and” (kai) what is generally given as “to </li></ul><ul><li>the saints who are also faith filled in Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus” </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility that two churches are being </li></ul><ul><li>addressed and thus: to the saints who are </li></ul><ul><li>in X and Y faith filled in Christ Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>This would be more in line with other </li></ul><ul><li>addresses of Paul </li></ul>
    29. 30. <ul><li>There is the possibility of the two places </li></ul><ul><li>being named, being deleted and the </li></ul><ul><li>“and” being maintained in error by a </li></ul><ul><li>scribe </li></ul><ul><li>This epistle is remarkable for the length </li></ul><ul><li>of its sentences. </li></ul>
    30. 31. <ul><li>Some Aspects Possibly indicate the letter being written after Paul’s death by a follower of Paul </li></ul>
    31. 32. <ul><li>Written in long sentences with many </li></ul><ul><li>“ participle clauses and prepositional </li></ul><ul><li>phrases” </li></ul><ul><li>Change in emphasis in the thought of </li></ul><ul><li>this letter in comparison with the </li></ul><ul><li>undisputed ones </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universal Church vs Local Church </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Christ’s exaltation & Cosmic lordship vs His death </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    32. 33. <ul><li>Ephesians reflects a setting possibly latter than Paul’s life. Gone is the struggle over the admission of Gentiles and instead looks back on an achieved unity between Jew and Gentile. </li></ul>
    33. 34. <ul><li>Letters to Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon are looked at together for a number of reasons </li></ul>
    34. 35. <ul><li>Destination – Asia </li></ul><ul><li>All 3 written when Paul was imprisoned – </li></ul><ul><li>“ Captivity Letters” </li></ul><ul><li>Tychicus is being sent with the letters </li></ul>
    35. 36. Language of Ephesians <ul><li>Similar to Paul’s other writings </li></ul><ul><li>Has a number of new words and phrases </li></ul><ul><li>that do not occur in accepted Pauline letters (Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, 1 Thessalonians) </li></ul>
    36. 37. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in the heavenly realm (1:3) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>His Beloved (1:6) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graciously bestowed (1:6) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The first to set our hope (1:12) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community (2:12) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dividing wall (2:14) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dwelling (2:22) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tossed by waves (4:14) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Devil (4:27) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    37. 38. Hapex Legomena <ul><li>More than 80 words not found in other Pauline letters occur in Ephesians </li></ul><ul><li>4 are found exclusively in LXX </li></ul><ul><li>16 outside the LXX only </li></ul><ul><li>38 are nowhere in NT </li></ul><ul><li>5 have not been traced to any Greek document of the pre-Christian era. Many do appear in the writings of the Apostolic Fathers, thus creating the impression that Ephesians was written in the post apostolic age </li></ul>
    38. 39. <ul><li>Some words are derived from roots used by the Apostle and in comparing these hapex legomena one with the other, it is impossible to recognize in them a characteristic vocabulary that would reveal a distinct personality </li></ul>
    39. 40. Most Pauline letters contain fewer verbs than nouns <ul><li>In Ephesians the ratio of verbs to nouns </li></ul><ul><li>is 231:158 </li></ul><ul><li>In Galatians, the ratio is 139:202 </li></ul><ul><li>In Romans, the ratio is 363:377 </li></ul><ul><li>The “hymnotic” liturgical style may </li></ul><ul><li>explain this feature </li></ul>
    40. 41. <ul><li>There are thoughts – that various sections of the letter have been edited over the years. The current translation that we have would have been difficult to express in ancient Greek. </li></ul><ul><li>Most interpreters – deem the epistle style as distinctively “un-Pauline” . Frequently synonyms are employed, they are with preference combined by a genitive (-of) construction or the conjunction “and” </li></ul>
    41. 42. <ul><li>Like Colossians, the two (2) letters share the same broad shape, with a first part that is doctrinal and a second that is practical. </li></ul><ul><li>Their theological ideas and vocabulary are similar and set them apart from other Pauline letters. Supporters of Pauline authorship call the vocabulary Pauline. </li></ul>
    42. 43. <ul><li>They share a remarkable amount of wording although the common words are combined in different ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Ephesians is different in that it has a greater tendency (especially Eph 1-3) to extremely long rambling sentences (1:3-14, 15-23) but this may be due to the use of the language of prayer rather than argument. </li></ul>
    43. 44. <ul><li>Since Paul is not writing to a specific congregation, he does not begin with a prayer that categorizes their spiritual progress but rather uses a general thanksgiving (Jewish Berakah ) in which he thanks God for His gift of salvation </li></ul>
    44. 45. <ul><li>Different words are used for familiar Pauline expressions (e.g. the use of the word “devil” in 4:27) </li></ul><ul><li>Some words are used with slightly different senses; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ mystery” is used especially of God’s purpose for the universe whereas elsewhere it is used in more varied ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ economy” is elsewhere the task of a church leader but here it is God’s plan of salvation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1 Cor 12, the head was just one part of the body now it is identified as Christ </li></ul></ul>
    45. 46. <ul><li>Ephesians has many parallels with Paul’s earlier letters suggesting that Ephesians is the work of a person who knew these parallels and used them in a new manner. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a large degree of sharing of phrases between Ephesians and Colossians. This would not be surprising were it not for the varied way in which the same words and phrases are used. </li></ul>
    46. 47. <ul><li>Col 2) “S” 3) Col (1) 4) Paul </li></ul><ul><li>Eph Col Eph Eph Col Eph </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Col (2) </li></ul>
    47. 48. <ul><li>Major Themes in Ephesians </li></ul>
    48. 49. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Church Unity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct of Christians </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Christ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    49. 50. <ul><li>Church Unity </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jewish Christians vs Gentile Christians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One in Christ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 person from 2 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 body through the cross </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>diverse gifts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    50. 51. <ul><li>Conduct of Christians </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct of non-Christian Gentiles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actions of Christians in </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>imitation of Christ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of prayer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    51. 52. Conduct of non-Christian Gentiles <ul><li>Eph 4:17-25 </li></ul><ul><li>Licentious behavior, deceit, giving in to </li></ul><ul><li>desires </li></ul><ul><li>Called to put on “new self” </li></ul>
    52. 53. Actions of Christians in imitation of Christ <ul><li>Eph 4:25-32 </li></ul><ul><li>Rules for new life </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Truth and honest </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>no foul language </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>remove bitterness, fury, anger, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>shouting, reveling </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>add compassion, forgiveness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Eph 5:1 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be imitators of Christ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    53. 54. Importance of Prayer <ul><li>Pray constantly </li></ul><ul><li>Just how should we do this? </li></ul>
    54. 55. <ul><li>Christ </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mystery of predestination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eph 1:4 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Christ chose us </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fulfillment of Divine Plan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How big is Christ? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eph 3:14-21 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eph 3:18 “…the breath and </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>length and height and depth, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and to know the love of Christ …” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    55. 56. <ul><ul><ul><li>Christian wisdom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eph 1:17-19 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perception of the love of Christ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Church as Christ’s Mystical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Union of Jews and Gentiles in Christ </li></ul></ul></ul>
    56. 57. <ul><ul><li>Riches of Christ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assets of followers and </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>implications for living </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>being “in Christ” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pure Grace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Riches of Christ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gift of God’s plan for our salvation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most radical change </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New mind </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    57. 58. <ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Members of one another </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three main relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Husband/wife </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father/Child </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Master/Slave </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changes to relationships </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Reciprocity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>liberation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>obedience </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    58. 59. <ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual warfare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eph 6:12-17 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most important sub-theme </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>existence of forces of evil </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>faith as shield (verse 16) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    59. 60. Controversy in Ephesians
    60. 61. <ul><li>Eph 5:21 – 33 </li></ul><ul><li>Eph 6:1 – 9 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Household codes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change of status </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change of outlook and course of </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>action </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    61. 62. <ul><li>Thoughts ? </li></ul><ul><li>Questions ? </li></ul>
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