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Poetic Conventions Display

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  • 1. POETIC CONVENTIONS similes, metaphors, personification, assonance & alliteration, repetition, onomatopoeia, imagery, rhyme, rhythm.
  • 2. SIMILIES
    • Comparing two things using the words “like” or “as”
    “ cutting, swift as an executioner” “ Keith walks inside like a defeated soldier” (Herrick, S. By the River , page 34)
  • 3. METAPHORS
    • Comparing two things without using the words “like” or “as”
    “ the battlefield we call a playground” “ the moon is a shiny silver fingernail” (Herrick, S. By the River , page 34, 179)
  • 4. PERSONIFICATION
    • Giving human feelings to something that is not alive
    “ the branches scrape their fingers down my window…” (Herrick, S. By the River , page 79)
  • 5. ASSONANCE & ALLITERATION
    • Assonance: repetition of the same vowel sound in words close together
    • ‘ fly high’
    • Alliteration: repetition of same letter to start two or more words in a row
    • ‘ cool, calm and collected’
  • 6. REPETITION
    • Repeating the same word or phrase to draw attention to it.
    “ Mrs Appleyard says... Mrs Appleyard says... Mrs Appleyard says... Mrs Appleyard says... Mrs Appleyard. Mrs Appleyard. Go and get stuffed.” (Herrick, S. By the River , page 23)
  • 7. ONOMATOPEAIA
    • A word that sounds like the word it represents.
    “ lightning snaps electricity” “ Dad slams our shutters” “ raindrops pound the chook shed” (Herrick, S. By the River , page 149)
  • 8. IMAGERY
    • Descriptive language used to show what is physically happening, particularly using the five senses
    “ All I can hear are frogs, rhythmic and low, and my heart, beating, waiting for Johnny” (Herrick, S. By the River , page 160)
  • 9. RHYME
    • Using words that sound alike
    “ as we hide, eyes wide” (Herrick, S. By the River , page 101)
  • 10. RHYTHM
    • Using syllable length and stress to create a beat or pace in poetic lines.
    “’ NO!’ I shout again, ‘NO!’ I pick up a rock, hurl it blind, turn and run, Keith fast behind as the glass shatters and doors bang. I don’t stop until bedroom safe” (Herrick, S. By the River , page 100-1)