Gloabl2 H Final Presentation2003

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Gloabl2 H Final Presentation2003

  1. 1. Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea By: M.W., M.C., K.L. Period 4
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Southeast Asia was filled with activity around the first century A.D. Southeast Asia is the region that now encompasses countries such as Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam. The Korean Peninsula was also a busy place, and even while competing with the successful China of time, individual kingdoms still manage to rise throughout Southeast Asia and the Korean Peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>M. W. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kingdoms of Southeast Asia Geography of Southeast Asia <ul><li>Located between the Indian and the Pacific Oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Stretches fro Asia to Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into two sections; mainland peninsula (China to the North, India to the West), and the islands (Sumatra, Borneo, Java etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical climate and monsoon rains leads to long periods of rain </li></ul><ul><li>Never has been united either culturally or politically </li></ul><ul><li>M. W. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Travel and communication made difficult by the mountainous and difficult terrain </li></ul><ul><li>Home to a variety of cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Power rests in those who control the trade routes </li></ul><ul><li>Locates on most direct sea route between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>M. W. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hindu and Buddhist missionaries spread their faiths and practices by the first century A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Future kingdoms followed these religions and were based on Indian political ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese ideas spread through migration and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese also influenced Southeast Asia politically. </li></ul><ul><li>K. L. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>main power on the Southeast Asian mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Early kingdom called Funan took over much of the sea trade between India and China </li></ul><ul><li>Funan reached highest point of power around 1200 </li></ul><ul><li>Became prosperous from improved rice cultivation and building elaborate irrigation systems and waterways. </li></ul><ul><li>Angkor Wat – one of the extensive city-and-temple projects built by the Khmer rulers and it is one of the world’s greatest architectural achievements </li></ul><ul><li>K. L. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Dynasty called ‘Sailendra’ ruled a kingdom on the island of Java while Khmer Empire expanded </li></ul><ul><li>Fell under the powerful empire of ‘Srivijaya’ </li></ul><ul><li>Srivvijaya ruled waters around the islands of: </li></ul><ul><li>Sumatra </li></ul><ul><li>Borneo </li></ul><ul><li>Java </li></ul><ul><li>and became prosperous by taxing trade that passed through its waters </li></ul><ul><li>K. L. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>People of Southeast Asia were least influenced by the Vietnamese </li></ul><ul><li>China ruled over northern Vietnam for 1,000 years during the Han Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Became an independent kingdom in 939 </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly expanded by taking over neighboring people </li></ul><ul><li>Used many Chinese cultures including Buddhism but kept their own form of identity. </li></ul><ul><li>K.L. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Adapted cultures from others to form their own </li></ul><ul><li>Learned about centralized government, Confucianism, and Buddhism from the Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Tribes began to gather together into federations </li></ul><ul><li>Federations eventually developed into 3 rival kingdoms that chased out the Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Silla’ eventually gained control over the whole Korean peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Koreans built Buddhist monasteries and made stone and bronze statues </li></ul><ul><li>Developed a writing system good enough for writing and reading in Korean, while using Chinese characters </li></ul><ul><li>K. L. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Overtime Sillia rule declined </li></ul><ul><li>Rebel officer, Wang Kon gained control over the country and became king, creating the Koryu Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>The Koryu Dynasty lasted from 935 to 1392 </li></ul><ul><li>Modeled their central government after China’s </li></ul><ul><li>Organized a Confucian civil service examination system along with a university to train male scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Koryu society was sharply segregated between rich and poor </li></ul><ul><li>Sons of nobles were given the best positions, stimulating a series of rebellions in the 1100s </li></ul><ul><li>M.C. </li></ul>__ ____ ______
  11. 11. <ul><li>The Koryu dynasty was able to remain in power but soon had to face the Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>In 1231, the Mongols demanded from the Koryu rulers, an insane tribute of 20,000 horses, enough clothing for 1 million soldiers, and many children and artisans to be slaves </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongol empire collapsed around the 1350s </li></ul><ul><li>In 1392, a group of scholar officials and military leaders overthrew the Koryu Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>They began a new dynasty, the Choson (or Yi) dynasty, that would rule for 518 years </li></ul><ul><li>M. C. </li></ul>__ ____ ______ ________
  12. 12. M. C. <ul><li>Korean artists created celadon pottery, known for its milky green glaze </li></ul><ul><li>Writers and scholars also create fine pottery and wrote the first national history of Korea </li></ul><ul><li>The entire canon of Buddhist scriptures were printed by the thousands of carved wooden blocks made by Korean printers of over 60 years </li></ul>____ ______
  13. 13. <ul><li>The Chinese and the Indian had the most influence on many other parts of Asia, especially the influence of religion. The Khmer empire was greatly influenced by India and built a monument dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. The Sailendra kingdom built a monument as well which is the Buddhist temple, influenced by India. The Vietnamese absorbed many Chinese cultural influences such as Buddhism. When Korea was under the China’s rule, they learned things from the Chinese. The Koreans built Buddhist monasteries and created a writing system for Korea and still using Chinese characters. The Koryu Dynasty based their central government on China’s government. All of these kingdoms have a part of their culture relating to China’s or India’s culture. </li></ul><ul><li>M. C. </li></ul>_________
  14. 14. <ul><li>http:// www.destination360.com/asia/china/images/s/china-great-wall-of-china.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://bulgar.no-ip.info/downloads/snimki/wall/Taj%20Mahal,%20Agra,%20India.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.theage.com.au/ffximage/2005/06/21/syracuse_wideweb__430x259.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.edwebproject.org/anatolia/images/akdamar.boat.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cringel.com/files/images/adia_2007_03_25_DSC_6813_fishermen_strange_oval_round_boats_vietnam_mui_ne_cringel.com.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://rokdrop.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/08/changdeokgung31.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>K.L. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>www.artlex.com/.../celadon_korea.3vessels.lg.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>lh3.google.com/.../tKCCu82sqe4/s800/DSC03412.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>M. C. </li></ul>___________

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