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  • 1. The World Bank Working for A World Free of Poverty
  • 2. Vision overcome poverty enhance growth Globalization create opportunity & hope World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 3. WORLD BANK THEMES 1. The poorest countries 2. Post-conflict and fragile states 3. Middle-income countries 4. Global public goods 5. The Arab world 6. Knowledge and learning World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 4. Millennium Development Goals World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 5. Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4: Reduce child mortality Goal 5: Improve maternal health Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 6. IBRD The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development IDA The International Development Association World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 7. The World Bank
  • 8. The World Bank in Working for A World Free of Poverty CHINA
  • 9. THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD
  • 10. THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD Purpose: RAPIDLY develop agriculture SIMULTANEOUSLY with industry Method: “People’s communes” in mostly RURAL COMMUNITIES World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 11. China under Mao Zedong World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 12. Result of the Great Leap Forward 1. Shortage of Food 2. Shortage of Raw Materials 3. Overproduction of Poor-Quality Goods 4. Demoralization of Peasants And for the Chinese people? Eighteen more years of widespread poverty, hunger, and political and social unrest. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 13. China After Mao: Deng Xiaping 1978: prompts drastic reforms after becoming the de facto leader of the People’s Republic of China 1979: established diplomatic relations with the United States of America 1981: accepted first World Bank loan NEED: ECONOMIC REFORM AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT!!! World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 14. The Five Pillars 1. Integrate China into the world economy 2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion 3. Resource management and environmental challenges 4. Development of capital markets 5. Improving public and market institutions World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 15. 9 percent GDP growth per year 400 million people out of poverty 3rd largest trading nation 4th largest economy World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 16. World Bank-Supported Projects & Programs Agriculture Industry 1% Energy 7% 5% Transportation 23% Education 11% Health 3% Water Supply 7% 4% Urban Development 6% 12% Environment Technical Assistance 21% Other World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 17. The Five Pillars 1. Integrate China into the world economy 2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion 3. Resource management and environmental challenges 4. Development of capital markets 5. Improving public and market institutions World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 18. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 19. IBRD The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development IDA The International Development Association * $3,000 $2,500 $2,000 $1,500 $1,000 $500 $0 1983 1985 1991 1993 1999 2001 2007 2009 1981 1987 1989 1995 1997 2003 2005 * Million USD $$
  • 20. more than 135 million people living on less than $1 a day World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 21. Challenges of China as a MIDDLE INCOME country 1. A growing but still weak civil society 2. Shortening of the gap between the wealthy and the poor 3. Emphasis on the economy while neglecting environmental concerns World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 22. from LENDER to CONSULTANT the provider of economic analysis, policy advice, technical assistance and training World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 23. Globalization: Wind Power in Pingtan Island Using GLOBAL technology for Clean & Cheap energy World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 24. Call for a Green China A Global Environmental Event World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 25. International conferences with a unique, global, environmental awareness-raising CULTURAL PERFORMANCE World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 26. “ Today, well over 60 percent World Bank Group-financed projects and activities include a strong focus on the environment.” ~World Bank~ World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 27. The Five Pillars 1. Integrate China into the world economy 2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion 3. Resource management and environmental challenges 4. Development of capital markets 5. Improving public and market institutions World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 28. The Five Pillars 1. Integrate China into the world economy 2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion 3. Resource management and environmental challenges 4. Development of capital markets 5. Improving public and market institutions World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 29. The World Bank in Working for A World Free of Poverty GHANA
  • 30. GHANA Location: West Africa Population: 22,532,600 people (2006) One of poorest countries in the world GHANA World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 31. The World Bank in Ghana 1. POVERTY REDUCTION and SUSTAINABLE GROWTH 2. SOLUTIONS in dealing with special CHALLENGES OF POST CONFLICT countries 3. DISEASES and TRADE 4. GLOBAL KNOWLEDGE World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 32. International Development Association (IDA) QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA  53 years of invested time!  Provider of most of the income to the country, excluding the government  Holistic approach World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 33. International Development Association (IDA) QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA  About 6-7 percent economic growth since 2005  Politically they have had two peaceful elections  Poverty rate has dropped 23 percent in 14 years 1992 = 52 percent 2006 = 29 percent World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 34. International Development Association (IDA) QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA They have provided money for almost 200 cases that directly contribute to eradicating poverty: 1. Education 4. Water 2. Health 5. Energy 3. Roads 6. Agriculture World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 35. SANITATION AND WATER 500,000 people have been provided water-giving services 50,000 people with sanitation amenities World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 36. ENERGY Akosombo and Kpong dams and power plants  Repair transmission system  Electricity access is 55 percent World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 37. EDUCATION  National enrollment at 95 percent  Gender equality  Foundational education achievement rate  Teacher training  Vocational learning  Adult literacy World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 38. HEALTH 50 percent have health insurance World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 39. AGRICULTURE AND DEPLETION  Ghana’s economy: heavily dependent on natural resources therefore causing major depletions  Long-term reforms World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 40. COMMUNITY SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS (CSOs) Look out for the good of the country, like a checks and balances system World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 41. OTHER IMPORTANT FACTORS….  “Public Information Center and Development Dialogue Series,” which meet to discuss country issues  Challenges ahead  Improvement needed World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 42. CONCLUSION  Major contributors financially  Cooperation  Holistic approach  Long-term focus World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 43. The World Bank in Working for A World Free of Poverty YEMEN
  • 44. YEMEN (The Republic of Yemen) Location: Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia Population: More than 23 million people One of the poorest countries in the world World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 45. The Safe Childhood Center The Social Fund for Development (SFD): a Yemeni development agency established in 1997 with support from the World Bank, bilateral donors and the government of Yemen. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 46. The Safe Childhood Center The SFD aims to improve access to basic services: 1. Education 2. Healthcare or Health Services 3. Income generation through microfinance and saving-service access World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 47. The Safe Childhood Center MICROFINANCING: extending credit, usually in the form of small loans with no collateral, to nontraditional borrowers such as the poor in rural or undeveloped areas World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 48. Education Focus Over 50 percent of its budget is dedicated to education. The Social Fund for Development (SFD) is delivering basic education to even the most remote corners of the country. 1. Primary school enrollment has increased from 61 to 67 percent. 2. The goal is universal enrollment by 2015. 3. The focus is on the number of girls in school (whose enrollment numbers are far behind those of boys). 4. The SFD refurbished 8,790 classrooms. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 49. On the streets of Sana’a, Yemen, young AHMAD used to spend his Ahmad days begging. He moved to the Safe Childhood Center— a home for street children under fourteen — and now has had a safe home and is attending elementary school. School officials say he has grown cheerful and more social. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 50. Small Business Microfinancing In 1998, with support from the World Bank through the Social Fund for Development, the Yemeni government created the Small and Microenterprise Development Program: 1. To provide financial and non-financial services to small and microenterprises 2. To increase the income of the poor 3. Generate new job opportunities 4. Encourage microfinance through a number of capable Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) 5. Extended loans to more than 17,000 borrowers World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 51. They lend to women like 47-year-old Samira Hasan Khalid. This mother of nine borrowed $100 to buy a billiard table to rent to the Samira local kids. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 52. “Perhaps with the expansion of my business, I will employ others.” Obeida Mansour El-Sharif Making credit available to some of the poorest people in Yemen is creating innovation where once there was despair. Though times were “extremely hard,” as a mother of eleven, she  obtained a loan from a microcredit agency and bought a sewing machine;  obtained a second loan and started a women’s wear clothing shop; and  obtained a third loan and bought a small minibus. Now she employs her sons to help World Bank her manage her businesses. A World Free of Poverty
  • 53. Health Services Promoting access to  518 water projects providing potable water to safe water and health 1.4 million Yemenis for the first time services is also a  New health care projects—focused on involving project priority, local communities in managing and maintaining accounting for 24 health facilities percent of SFD  Training for health workers—having served funding: hundreds of thousands of Yemenis World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 54. Sakia Pumps Improving the management of irrigation and drainage for all farmers in two command areas in the Nile Delta, and thereby mainstreaming Integrated Water Resources Management principles World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  • 55. CHINA YEMEN GHANA World Bank A World Free of Poverty IN CONCLUSION