Zero And First Conditionals

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Zero And First Conditionals

  1. 2. Conditional Sentences Structure : A conditional sentence is composed of 2 parts : If-clause + Main Clause Example : If it rains tomorrow, we will not come. If-clause Main Clause
  2. 3. Conditional Sentences Types : <ul><li>The order of the two clauses is flexible, it’s not </li></ul><ul><li>important. </li></ul><ul><li>But if the if-clause comes first, it must be followed by </li></ul><ul><li>a comma. </li></ul><ul><li> If it rains, I’ll stay at home </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Zero Conditional: </li></ul><ul><li>present simple/present simple </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water boils if it reaches 100 º </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>First Conditional: </li></ul><ul><li>present simple/ future </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If I study, I ’ ll pass </li></ul></ul></ul>Conditional Sentences
  4. 5. <ul><li>Tense : </li></ul>Present tense in both clauses Example : If you heat water to 100°C, it boils . If you pour oil into water, it floats . Present Tense Present Tense
  5. 6. <ul><li>Use : </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about universal truth. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you heat ice, it turns to water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To give commands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are tired, go to bed! </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Tense : </li></ul>If-clause ~ Present Tense Main Clause ~ Future Tense If I feel sick tomorrow, I will not go to school. If it rains , the match will be cancelled . Present Tense Future Tense
  7. 8. <ul><li>Use : </li></ul><ul><li>To speak about possible or probable future events. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the weather is sunny tomorrow, we will go surfing. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To make promises or warnings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you forget my birthday, I’ll never speak to you again. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unless is used in negative conditionals </li></ul><ul><li>Unless we recycle more, we won’t have a better world. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Exercise One. First Conditionals <ul><li>If you ___________________ (not come), </li></ul><ul><li>You ________________ (miss ) the show. </li></ul>do not come will miss <ul><li>John __________________ (buy)a car if he </li></ul><ul><li>_____________ (get) a job. </li></ul>will buy gets <ul><li>Mary ________________(get) a toothache if </li></ul><ul><li>she_________________ (eat) too many sweets. </li></ul>will get eats

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