AVOIDING DEATH  BY POWERPOINT By Jessamy Rango Anne Arundel Community College From: http://extension.unh.edu/news/health/
TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Video...
TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Video...
SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Create your own slides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- canned lectures generally  are not interesting. </li>...
CANNED  TEXTBOOK SLIDES
Electron Transport System <ul><li>As electrons pass down the electron transport system, energy is captured and ATP is prod...
 
RANGO SLIDES
OVERVIEW OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION
WHAT IS THE ELECTRON TRANSPORT SYSTEM? <ul><li>series of membrane-bound carriers that transfer electrons from one carrier ...
WHAT IS A CYTOCHROME COMPLEX? <ul><li>bunch of cytochrome proteins in membrane </li></ul><ul><li>cytochrome protein contai...
ELECTRON TRANSPORT SYSTEM <ul><li>located in cristae of mitochondria </li></ul><ul><li>high-energy electrons enter, low-en...
Fig. 8.8 HOW IS ATP MADE IN ELECTRON TRANSPORT SYSTEM? OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION: Production of ATP from energy released b...
Fig. 8.9 ENERGY YIELD FROM GLUCOSE BREAKDOWN 39% of available energy transferred from glucose to ATP. Rest is lost as heat...
SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Simplify the background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- avoid busy design  templates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Minimize text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- use bullet sentences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- use large ...
SLIDE LAYOUT A lot of times people include way too many words on the slide and proceed to read the entire slide to the stu...
SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Show interesting images </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- BIG, BRIGHT AND BEAUTIFUL. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
PHOTOSYNTHESIS LAND PLANTS MULTICELLULAR ALGAE UNICELLULAR PROTISTS CYANOBACTERIA OTHER PHOTOSYNTHETIC PROKARYOTES
LIGHT REACTIONS
EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT:  late-eighteenth century <ul><li>Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck (1744-1829) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolutio...
VIRUSES INFECTING A BACTERIAL CELL
1950s FRANKLIN’S X-RAY DIFFRACTION PHOTOS Photo made by Rosalind Franklin, seen by Watson and Crick, led to the discovery ...
Smallest unit of living matter = CELL
DIFFERENT KINDS OF ENERGY KINETIC ENERGY = energy of motion POTENTIAL ENERGY = stored energy KINETIC ENERGY POTENTIAL ENERGY
SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Avoid gimmicks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- tone down custom  animations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- d...
If you use CANNED  TEXTBOOK SLIDES, beware!!
Basic Chemistry Chapter 2
Outline <ul><li>Chemical Elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isotopes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Chemical Elements <ul><li>Matter   refers to anything that has mass and takes up space. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>92 naturally...
 
Atoms <ul><li>Atoms   are the smallest unit of matter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic symbol   represents each element. </li...
TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Video...
NOTES <ul><li>Limit access to lecture slides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- don’t post full lectures on  internet. </li></ul></u...
NOTES <ul><li>Provide abbreviated notes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- bleep out important names,  dates, terms, concepts. </li>...
TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Video...
ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- keep the lights ON. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mental </li></ul><ul><li>...
TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Video...
VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS <ul><li>Use short video clips or animations to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- introduce and/ or review  t...
VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS <ul><li>Video clips or animations are available through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- textbook resources...
VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS
VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS <ul><li>Video clips or animations are  available through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--  internet </li></...
VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS <ul><li>Video clips or animations are available through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--  internet </li></u...
TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Video...
ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Take breaks from powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- brainstorm and write ideas on  the board. </li></ul>
WHAT CHARACTERISTICS DISTINGUISH LIVING THINGS FROM NONLIVING THINGS? VS.
WHAT ARE SOME SPECIAL PROPERTIES OF WATER? ?
ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Take breaks from powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- engage students in classroom  demonstrations </li>...
CROSSING OVER DATA IS USED TO MAP GENES <ul><li>The farther apart alleles are from each other on a chromosome, the greater...
ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Take breaks from powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- give students time to work out  practice problems ...
DIAGRAMMING ATOMS <ul><li>RULES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electron shells contain different #s of electrons. </li></ul></ul><u...
 
 
TWO-TRAIT INHERITANCE EXAMPLE
TWO-TRAIT INHERITANCE EXAMPLE
ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Take breaks from powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- review concepts </li></ul><ul><li>* cell respirati...
ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Use powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- encourage small group  discussions </li></ul><ul><li>* project ...
CALVIN CYCLE
DNA REPLICATION
TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION
ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Use powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- to guide critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>* hide portions of...
THREE MODELS OF DNA REPLICATION
1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment. DNA replication is SEMICONSERVATIVE    each molecule is made up of a...
ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Use powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- engage students in active  reviewing </li></ul><ul><li>* projec...
INTERPHASE IN ONION ROOT CELLS INTERPHASE?
INTERPHASE INTERPHASE IN ONION ROOT CELLS
MITOSIS IN ONION ROOT CELLS ANAPHASE?
MITOSIS IN ONION ROOT CELLS ANAPHASE
MITOSIS REVIEW: what stage?
MITOSIS REVIEW: METAPHASE
MITOSIS REVIEW: what stage?
MITOSIS REVIEW: TELOPHASE
ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Use powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- engage students in active  reviewing </li></ul><ul><li>*  jeopa...
POWERPOINT CAN BE EXCITING INSTEAD OF DEADLY!!
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Rango

  1. 1. AVOIDING DEATH BY POWERPOINT By Jessamy Rango Anne Arundel Community College From: http://extension.unh.edu/news/health/
  2. 2. TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Videos and animations </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul>
  3. 3. TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Videos and animations </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul>
  4. 4. SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Create your own slides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- canned lectures generally are not interesting. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. CANNED TEXTBOOK SLIDES
  6. 6. Electron Transport System <ul><li>As electrons pass down the electron transport system, energy is captured and ATP is produced. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxidative phosphorylation refers to the production of ATP as a result of energy released by the electron transport system. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. RANGO SLIDES
  8. 9. OVERVIEW OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION
  9. 10. WHAT IS THE ELECTRON TRANSPORT SYSTEM? <ul><li>series of membrane-bound carriers that transfer electrons from one carrier to another </li></ul><ul><li>each transfer results in a release of energy </li></ul><ul><li>high energy electrons enter, low energy electrons exit </li></ul><ul><li>each carrier is reduced and then oxidized in turn </li></ul>
  10. 11. WHAT IS A CYTOCHROME COMPLEX? <ul><li>bunch of cytochrome proteins in membrane </li></ul><ul><li>cytochrome protein contains iron atom (similar to hemoglobin) </li></ul><ul><li>iron atom helps transfer electrons instead of oxygen </li></ul>
  11. 12. ELECTRON TRANSPORT SYSTEM <ul><li>located in cristae of mitochondria </li></ul><ul><li>high-energy electrons enter, low-energy electrons leave </li></ul><ul><li>oxygen is final electron acceptor </li></ul><ul><li>as electrons pass down ETS, energy is captured and ATP is produced </li></ul><ul><li>NADH  3 ATP </li></ul><ul><li>FADH 2  2 ATP </li></ul>
  12. 13. Fig. 8.8 HOW IS ATP MADE IN ELECTRON TRANSPORT SYSTEM? OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION: Production of ATP from energy released by ETS. H + pumped into intermembrane space. H + flow down concentration gradient into matrix. ATP made by ATP synthase  chemiosmosis.
  13. 14. Fig. 8.9 ENERGY YIELD FROM GLUCOSE BREAKDOWN 39% of available energy transferred from glucose to ATP. Rest is lost as heat. Difference due to shuttle mechanism (NAD + or FAD).
  14. 15. SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Simplify the background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- avoid busy design templates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- use a dark background. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Minimize text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- use bullet sentences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- use large font (28 point or greater). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- use contrasting color for words. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. SLIDE LAYOUT A lot of times people include way too many words on the slide and proceed to read the entire slide to the students. Additionally, the font is often way too small and the color of the words not different enough from the background to be easily read. If I were to show a lot of slides like this one, I guarantee that students would doze off and no longer pay attention. Using short sentences, beefed up font, and a contrasting color for the words increases the focus of students. In fact, a black background with white letters seems to help students focus even better than most color combinations.
  17. 18. SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Show interesting images </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- BIG, BRIGHT AND BEAUTIFUL. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- get images from: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* textbook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* digital cameras + microscopes </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. PHOTOSYNTHESIS LAND PLANTS MULTICELLULAR ALGAE UNICELLULAR PROTISTS CYANOBACTERIA OTHER PHOTOSYNTHETIC PROKARYOTES
  19. 20. LIGHT REACTIONS
  20. 21. EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT: late-eighteenth century <ul><li>Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck (1744-1829) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution occurs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity of species due to adaptation to environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fossil record  more complex organisms are descended from less complex organisms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inheritance of acquired characteristics. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. VIRUSES INFECTING A BACTERIAL CELL
  22. 23. 1950s FRANKLIN’S X-RAY DIFFRACTION PHOTOS Photo made by Rosalind Franklin, seen by Watson and Crick, led to the discovery that DNA was a double helix composed of two strands.
  23. 24. Smallest unit of living matter = CELL
  24. 25. DIFFERENT KINDS OF ENERGY KINETIC ENERGY = energy of motion POTENTIAL ENERGY = stored energy KINETIC ENERGY POTENTIAL ENERGY
  25. 26. SLIDE LAYOUT <ul><li>Avoid gimmicks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- tone down custom animations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- don’t use slide transitions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- avoid noises. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- KISS </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. If you use CANNED TEXTBOOK SLIDES, beware!!
  27. 28. Basic Chemistry Chapter 2
  28. 29. Outline <ul><li>Chemical Elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isotopes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Molecules and Compounds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chemical Bonding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ionic and Covalent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Properties of Water </li></ul><ul><li>Acids and Bases </li></ul>
  29. 30. Chemical Elements <ul><li>Matter refers to anything that has mass and takes up space. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>92 naturally occurring elements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only six make up 98% body weight of organisms. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CHNOPS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 32. Atoms <ul><li>Atoms are the smallest unit of matter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic symbol represents each element. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protons and neutrons found in nucleus. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electrons orbit nucleus. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mass number equals sum of protons and neutrons. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic number refers to number of protons. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 33. TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Videos and animations </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul>
  32. 34. NOTES <ul><li>Limit access to lecture slides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- don’t post full lectures on internet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- don’t hand-out copies of complete lecture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- require students to get notes from each other. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 35. NOTES <ul><li>Provide abbreviated notes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- bleep out important names, dates, terms, concepts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- enlarge important images. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 36. TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Videos and animations </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul>
  35. 37. ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- keep the lights ON. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mental </li></ul><ul><li>-- regularly ask questions and call on students by name. </li></ul><ul><li>-- refrain from reading slides word for word. </li></ul>
  36. 38. TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Videos and animations </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul>
  37. 39. VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS <ul><li>Use short video clips or animations to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- introduce and/ or review topics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- show concepts in motion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- add some variety. </li></ul></ul>
  38. 40. VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS <ul><li>Video clips or animations are available through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- textbook resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* discovery channel video clip on cells. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* BioFlix cell animation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* newt lung cell division. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* transcription animation. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 41. VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS
  40. 42. VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS <ul><li>Video clips or animations are available through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* PBS evolution video clips. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. pbs .org/ wgbh /evolution/educators/ teachstuds / svideos .html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* DNAinteractive website. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. dnai .org/ </li></ul></ul>
  41. 43. VIDEOS AND ANIMATIONS <ul><li>Video clips or animations are available through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-- internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* PBS mitosis/meiosis comparison. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. pbs .org/ wgbh /nova/baby/divide.html# </li></ul></ul>
  42. 44. TIPS TO ENGAGE STUDENTS <ul><li>Slide layout </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Videos and animations </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul>
  43. 45. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Take breaks from powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- brainstorm and write ideas on the board. </li></ul>
  44. 46. WHAT CHARACTERISTICS DISTINGUISH LIVING THINGS FROM NONLIVING THINGS? VS.
  45. 47. WHAT ARE SOME SPECIAL PROPERTIES OF WATER? ?
  46. 48. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Take breaks from powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- engage students in classroom demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>* chemical bonds. </li></ul><ul><li>* chances of crossing over. </li></ul>
  47. 49. CROSSING OVER DATA IS USED TO MAP GENES <ul><li>The farther apart alleles are from each other on a chromosome, the greater the chance that a crossing-over event will occur to unlink the alleles. </li></ul><ul><li>A B C </li></ul><ul><li>a b c </li></ul>50 % 5 %
  48. 50. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Take breaks from powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- give students time to work out practice problems </li></ul><ul><li>* diagramming atoms. </li></ul><ul><li>* genetics problems. </li></ul>
  49. 51. DIAGRAMMING ATOMS <ul><li>RULES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electron shells contain different #s of electrons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st shell = 2 electrons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subsequent shells = 8 electrons each </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to fill each lower electron shell before going to next higher electron shell. </li></ul></ul>O 16 8 O
  50. 54. TWO-TRAIT INHERITANCE EXAMPLE
  51. 55. TWO-TRAIT INHERITANCE EXAMPLE
  52. 56. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Take breaks from powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- review concepts </li></ul><ul><li>* cell respiration summary table. </li></ul><ul><li>* mitosis versus meiosis phase drawings. </li></ul><ul><li>* transcription/translation activity. </li></ul>
  53. 57. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Use powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- encourage small group discussions </li></ul><ul><li>* project images of complex concepts. </li></ul>
  54. 58. CALVIN CYCLE
  55. 59. DNA REPLICATION
  56. 60. TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION
  57. 61. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Use powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- to guide critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>* hide portions of images so students </li></ul><ul><li> must make predictions. </li></ul>
  58. 62. THREE MODELS OF DNA REPLICATION
  59. 63. 1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
  60. 64. 1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
  61. 65. 1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
  62. 66. 1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
  63. 67. 1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
  64. 68. 1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment.
  65. 69. 1950s MESELSON & STAHL’S DNA replication experiment. DNA replication is SEMICONSERVATIVE  each molecule is made up of an old strand and a new strand.
  66. 70. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Use powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- engage students in active reviewing </li></ul><ul><li>* project images and call on students to identify them. </li></ul>
  67. 71. INTERPHASE IN ONION ROOT CELLS INTERPHASE?
  68. 72. INTERPHASE INTERPHASE IN ONION ROOT CELLS
  69. 73. MITOSIS IN ONION ROOT CELLS ANAPHASE?
  70. 74. MITOSIS IN ONION ROOT CELLS ANAPHASE
  71. 75. MITOSIS REVIEW: what stage?
  72. 76. MITOSIS REVIEW: METAPHASE
  73. 77. MITOSIS REVIEW: what stage?
  74. 78. MITOSIS REVIEW: TELOPHASE
  75. 79. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Use powerpoint to: </li></ul><ul><li>-- engage students in active reviewing </li></ul><ul><li>* jeopardy . </li></ul>
  76. 80. POWERPOINT CAN BE EXCITING INSTEAD OF DEADLY!!
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