What is Homiletics It is a combination of both hermeneutics and exegesis. - Hermeneutics is the science/ principle and art/ task by which the meaning of the biblical text is determined. - Exegesis is the determination of meaning of the biblical text in its historical and literary contexts.
- Topical preaching: takes a text to get only the top. - Unless it is Biblical it does not make a sense. It must strictly be kept biblical. - Textual preaching: this is whereby people a text and they only preach on what is in the text. 1John 2:16 - Biographical preaching: this is a type of preaching that deals with biography of the one preached who is Christ. Paul does not have a mission neither the church has one but God has a mission.
- Exposition is the communication of the text along with its relevance to present day hearers. - Pedagogy is the science/ principle and art/ task by which meaning and relevance to the biblical text is communicated in teaching situation. - Expository preaching is the communication of a biblical concept, derived from and transmitted through a historical, grammatical, and literary study of a passage in its context, which the holy spirit first applies to the personality and the experience of the preacher, then through the preacher, applies to the hearers.
A BOOK OF ROBERTSON - It says the passage governs the sermon - It is more a philosophy than a method DO YOU USE A SCRIPTURE TO SUPPORT YOUR THOUGHTS OR DO YOU USE YOUR THOUGHTS TO SUPPORT THE SCRIPTURE?
- Every passage speaks about a main idea - Single sermon should have one main idea Main idea 1.1 1.2 - Every main idea must be placed applicationably. - It must be done inductively which means – start by experiences of the people and then go to the Bible. - Your main idea must be able to attract the listeners/ hearers.
The subject in homilectics is not based on one word. - The subject cannot stand alone - It must be predicated a) What am I talking about b) What am I saying about it - The compliment changes the idea - Every single text have a context - To make a reference to various units within a text easier, we are to give them names. - A text of course consists of words that are combined into sentences. - A number of sentences make a pericope. A pericope may stand within a form e.g ( controversy saying or miracle narrative). - A pericope is something very closely related to what we today call a paragraph.
Genre Form Pericope Sentence Word Faith to faith ROMAN 1:17
The Anatomy of an idea If a sermon is well designed, these questions can be answered satisfactorily. STRUCTURAL 1. What is the man talking about? 2. What is he saying about it? FUNCTIONAL 3. What does he mean? 4. Is it true? Do I believe it? 5. So what? What difference does it make? Every sermon must have one subject though the compliments are many. For example
1Tim 4:1-8We must live victorious lives so that we can be ready when our end comes. This the main idea.
1. His faith appraisal of the present 1.1. Drinking offering 1.2. Departure 1.3. Application
2. His faith summary of the past 2.1. good fight 2.2. race 2.3. faith 2.4. Application
3. Is faith exaltation regarding the future. 3.1. Crown of righteousness 3.2. Righteous judge 3.3. All 3.4. Application
- Elements in the construction of a good introduction.
An introduction must be constructed to fulfill the overall (telos) purpose of the sermon.
It must be captivating.
It must draw attention, interesting material designed to arrest the of the hearer.
It must carry the main element of what the sermon is about
It must be placed in proper proportion to the sermon.
It must indicate the connection between the text and the subject.
It must indicate the relevance or the importance to contemporary life.
SOME RULES FOR CONCLUSIONS
Prepare the conclusion carefully.
Use no new ideas in the conclusion.
Make the conclusion brief and pointed.
Make the conclusion.
Use no distracting materials or movements in delivering the conclusion.
Make if the conclusion to the whole sermon.
Vary the types of conclusions
THE PURPOSES OF CONCLUSION
- Commonly recognized Purposes of the Conclusion.
OUTLINE OF A BRIEF EXEGETICAL METHOD FOR PREACHING ( Thomas Long -The Witness of Preaching)
Getting the text in View
Select the text
Reconsider where the text begins and ends
Establish a reliable translation of the text
2. Getting introduction to the text
D. Read the text for basic understanding
E. Place the text in its larger context
3. Attending to the Text
F. Listen attentively to the text
4. Testing what is heard in the text G. Explore the text historically H. Explore the literary character of the text Explore the text theologically J. Check the text in the commentaries 5. Moving toward the sermon K. State the claim of the text upon the hearers (including the preacher)
PHRASING THE TITLE
An effective title may be achieved by the inclusion of directional, clue or arrow words, or phrases which point out the line of direction or indicate a key as to the divisions which will be delineated in the body. The key word or line of direction may be accomplished by one of several ways: the emphatic word, the interrogative sentence, the imperative sentence, the declarative sentence, and the limiting word.
1. THE EMPHATIC- WORD TYPE LINE OF DIRECTION.
It is the most prevalent and popular. The title is constructed by placing the sermon idea in phrasal form. In the phrase one or two words, usually nouns, are arranged so as to receive major emphasis. It is around those major or emphatic words that the structural development of the sermon body gathers.
Title: “The Discipline in the Church” Text: Matt18:15-18
Title: “ The mind of Christ” Text: Phil 2:5-8
Title: “The Power of prevailing Prayer” Text: Luke 11:5-13
Title: “The Most Encouraging Verse in the Bible” Text: Hebrews 13:5b
2.THE INTERROGATIVE-SENTENCE TYPE LINE OF DIRECTION
Here the title is stated as a question is another popular method of establishing. The directional word in the question title is either the interrogative word of the verb or the verb phrase. In the development of this form, the points of the sermon must answer the question raised in the title. Therefore, questions which cannot be answered and trite questions with obvious answers should be avoided. The following titles illustrate the interrogative-sentence type line of direction.
Title: “Who shall reign over us?” Text: Judges 9
Title: “But when life tumbles in, what then?” Text Jer 12:5
Title: “Will You Go?” Text: Isaiah 6: 1-8
3. THE IMPERATIVE-SENTENCE TYPE LINE OF DIRECTION
This line of direction may be expressed by phrasing the title as an imperative sentence, indicating either a command or a request. This is probably the rarest form of the sermon title; the develops the command stated in the title. The verb is the arrow word.
Title: “Love One Another” Text: 1Thess 4:9-10
Title: “Keep the Faith anyhow” Text: 2Tim 4:7-18
Title: “Relax – He is Risen” Text: Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-23
4. THE DECLARATIVE-SENTENCE TYPE LINE OF DIRECTION
Another rare title form is that which indicates the line of direction by means of the declarative sentence. In this statement or assertion the development deals with the affirmation set outin the title. The arrow word in the declarative sentence title is, again the verb.
Title: “Faith is the Victory” Text: 1John 5:4-5
Title: “What God is like” Text: Luke 15:1-32
Title: “Hell is not to love anymore” Text: Jonah 3:1-5,10; 1Cor
7:29-31; Mark 1: 14-20
5. THE LIMITING-WORD TYPE LINE OF DIRECTION
The line of direction is sometimes established by adding modifiers or limiting words to the title. For example, “Giving” a title too comprehensive in itself, may be limited like this: “Guideline for giving.” Though the title has been narrowed and has begun to take shape, it is still too broad. Other modifiers should be added to give it more precise shading, as for example: “Guideline for giving.” Sometimes the addition of even one word to the title immeasurably. The arrow or direction word is the primary modifier in the title and usually answers one of the following question: Which? Whose? Where? Why? How? How often? How much?
Title: “God’s Guidelines for Giving” (Whose?)
Title: “The seven stages of spiritual Growth" How Many?
Title: “The Sinner’s Surrender to His Preserver” (Whose)
Title: “The one sufficient refuge” (How many? What kind?)
Title: “Love’s triumph over sin” (Whose?)
Title: “God’s help in the hour of trial” (whose)
Text: 1Cor 16:1-4
Text: 1Peter 2:2
Text: Job 7:20
Text: Ps 142:4-5
Text: Mark 16:7
Text: Rev 3:10
THE ABSTRACT LADDER Principle Biblical World Modern World CLIMB THE LADDER BY ASKING THE QUESTION 1. WHAT DOES THE TEXT TEACH ABOUT GOD AND MAN SOME TEXT MUST BE ABSTACTED TO THEIR INTENTED PRINCIPLES e.g DO NOT BOIL THE KID IN MOTHER'S MILK MEANS DON'T PARTICIPATE IN IDOLATR0US PRACTICES SURROUNDING CULTURES. SOME TEXT GO STRAIGHT ACROSS e.g