Verb To Be


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Verb To Be

  1. 1. Verb To Be Prof. Rinkerman
  2. 2. Subject Pronouns They He She It Third Person You You Second Person We I First Person Plural Singular
  3. 3. Remember… <ul><li>You can be singular or plural </li></ul><ul><li>Singular </li></ul><ul><li>Hi, Jane . How are you ? </li></ul><ul><li>Plural </li></ul><ul><li>Hi, Mom and Dad . How are you ? </li></ul><ul><li>They is the plural form of he, she, and it: </li></ul><ul><li>Dan and Tom are tall. They are tall </li></ul><ul><li>Sara and Jessica are friends. They are friends. </li></ul><ul><li>The books are new. They are new. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Subject Pronouns <ul><li>Subject Pronouns take the place of subject nouns </li></ul><ul><li>He They </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio is late. Antonio and Dan are late. </li></ul><ul><li>Use IT for the time, the day, the date, and the weather: </li></ul><ul><li>Time: IT is 5:30 pm </li></ul><ul><li>Day: IT is Monday </li></ul><ul><li>Date: IT is October 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Weather: IT is cold. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Present Tense of BE They are in the class He/She/It is in the class He She It Third Person You are students You are a student You Second Person We are teachers I am a teacher I First Person Plural Singular
  6. 6. Affirmative Statements with BE <ul><li>The Subject of a sentence is a noun or a pronoun: </li></ul><ul><li>Noun Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Alan is here. </li></ul><ul><li>The maps are here. </li></ul><ul><li>Pronoun Subject </li></ul><ul><li>He is here. </li></ul><ul><li>They are here. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Remember! <ul><li>Use a subject pronoun OR a subject noun. DO NOT USE BOTH! </li></ul><ul><li>The city is big. The city it is big. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a form of BE. </li></ul><ul><li>I am from Montreal. </li></ul><ul><li>NOT: I from Montreal </li></ul>
  8. 8. Negative Statements with BE <ul><li>Word order: </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + am / is / are + not </li></ul>You are not late. You are not late. We are not at home. I am not at home. They are not from France. He is not from France. She is not from France. It is not from France. Plural Singular
  9. 9. Yes and No Questions with BE <ul><li>Word order: </li></ul><ul><li>Am / is / are + subject + … </li></ul>Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. Yes, they are. /No, they aren’t Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. Am I late Are we in Room A206 Is Dan happy? Are Dan and Tom at school? Is Paterson big? Short Answers Questions
  10. 10. Wh-Questions with BE Age How Old Conditions How Time on a clock What Time Time When People Who Reason Why Place Where Thing What Meaning Question Word
  11. 11. Wh-Questions <ul><li>Word order: </li></ul><ul><li>Wh- word + am / is / are + Subject </li></ul>Her last name is Rinkerman. What is her last name? The teacher is Miryam. Who is the teacher? She is in the classroom. Where is she? Answers Questions