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Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
Singular Plurals Articles
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Singular Plurals Articles

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  • 1. Plurals, Articles, There + Be By Prof. Rinkerman
  • 2. Plurals
    • A popular song says:
    • … If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn't the plural of booth be beeth? It's one goose, two geese. Why not one moose, two meese? If it's one index, two indices; why not one Kleenex,two Kleenices? English is cuh-ray-zee!
  • 3. Regular – Spelling Rules
    • Most nouns – Just add “ s ”
    • Example: banana – banana s
    • bed – bed s
    • Noun ends in “ss” “sh” “ch” “x” – add “ es ”
    • Example: class – class es
    • box – box es
    • church – church es
    • dish - dish es
  • 4. Regular – Spelling Rules
    • Noun ends vowel + y – just add “ s ”
    • Example: boy – boy s
    • monkey – monkey s
    • Noun ends consonant + y – change y to “i” and add “ es ”
    • Example: lady – lad ies
    • story – stor ies
    • memory - memor ies
  • 5. Regular – Spelling Rules
    • Noun ends vowel + o – just add “ s ”
    • Example: radio – radio s
    • patio – patio s
    • Noun ends consonant + o – add “es”
    • Example: mosquito – mosquito es
    • tomato – tomato es
    • potato – potato es
    • Exceptions! Piano – piano s
    • auto - auto s
  • 6. Regular – Spelling Rules
    • Noun ends in f or fe – change f to v and add “ es ”
    • Example: knife – kni ves
    • leaf – lea ves
    • Exceptions!
    • roof – roof s
    • chef – chef s
    • chief - chief s
  • 7. Pronunciation
    • After voiceless sounds – /s/
    • Example: lip – lips
    • rock – rocks
    • After voiced sounds - /z/
    • Example: bag – bags
    • can – cans
    • After “ss” “sh” “ch” or x - /ez/
    • Example: dish – dishes
    • beach – beaches
    • tax - taxes
  • 8. Irregular Plurals
    • Vowel change
    • Example:
    • Man men
    • Woman women
    • Mouse mice
    • No change
    • Example:
    • Sheep sheep
    • Fish fish
  • 9. Irregular Plurals
    • Different word form
    • Example:
    • Child – children
    • Person – people (or persons)
    • No singular form
    • Example:
    • Pajamas, clothes, pants, scissor, (eye)glasses
  • 10. Articles – Indefinite
    • A – An
    • To make generalizations:
    • Examples:
    • A house is expensive.
    • A child needs love.
    • To speak about a noun FOR THE FIRST TIME
    • Example: I went to a party yesterday. The party was at Miryam’s house.
    • Use before a Singular COUNT noun
    • Example: Paterson is a big city.
  • 11. Definite Article: THE
    • Use it with singular or plural nouns:
    • Example: the White House / the white houses
    • Use THE when the noun is identified before:
    • Example: I went to a party yesterday. The party was at Miryam’s house.
    • Do not use THE with a noun used in a general way:
    • Example: People must have food and water.
    • Pedro is studying history
    • Use THE with a general noun if a phrase identifies it:
    • Example: The people in my class are interesting.
    • Pedro is studying the history of South America
  • 12. Piano Man     By Billy Joel It's nine o'clock on _______ Saturday _______ regular crowd shuffles in There's ________ old man sitting next to me Making love to his tonic and gin He says, "Son can you play me ________ memory I'm not really sure how it goes But it's sad and it sweet and I knew it complete When I wore _________ younger man's clothes"
  • 13. Piano Man {Bridge} La la-la di-di da La-la di-di da, da dum Sing us ________ song, you're ________ piano man Sing us ________ song tonight Well, we're all in ________ mood for _______ melody And you've got us feeling all right
  • 14. Piano Man Now John at _________ bar is ________ friend of mine He gets me my drinks for free And he's a quick with a joke or a light up your smoke But there's someplace that he'd rather be He says "Bill, I believe this is killing me" As the smile ran away from his face "Well I'm sure that I could be ______ movie star If I could get out of this place"
  • 15. Piano Man Now Paul is _______ real estate novelist Who never had time for __________ wife And he's talking with Davey who's still in _______ Navy And probably will be for life And _________ waitress is practicing politics As __________ businessmen slowly get stoned Yes they're sharing a drink they call loneliness But it's better than drinking alone
  • 16. Piano Man It's _________ pretty good crowd for ______ Saturday And ________ manager gives me _______ smile 'Cause he knows that it's me they've been coming to see To forget about life for awhile And _________ piano sounds like ______ carnival And ________ microphone smells like ______ beer And they sit at ______ bar and put bread in my jar And say "Man, what are you doing here?"  

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